Viscount Powerscourt ( // PORZ-kort ) is a title that has been created three times in the Peerage of Ireland, each time for members of the Wingfield family. It was created first in 1618 for the Chief Governor of Ireland, Richard Wingfield. However, this creation became extinct on his death in 1634. It was created a second time in 1665 for Folliott Wingfield. He was the great-great-grandson of George Wingfield, uncle of the first Viscount of the 1618 creation. However, the 1665 creation also became extinct on the death of its first holder in 1717.
It was created for a third time in 1744 for Richard Wingfield, along with title of Baron Wingfield, of Wingfield in the County of Wexford. He was the grandson of Lewis Wingfield, uncle of the first Viscount of the 1665 creation. Richard Wingfield had earlier represented Boyle in the Irish House of Commons. His eldest son, the second Viscount, represented Stockbridge in the British House of Commons. He was succeeded by his younger brother, the third Viscount, who married into the House of Stratford (from which all latter holders of the Powerscourt Viscountcy descend).[ citation needed ] The latter's grandson, the fifth Viscount, sat in the House of Lords as an Irish Representative Peer from 1821 to 1823. His son, the sixth Viscount, sat as a Member of Parliament for Bath. On his death the titles passed to his son, the seventh Viscount, who was an Irish Representative Peer from 1865 to 1885. The latter year he was created Baron Powerscourt, of Powerscourt in the County of Wicklow, in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. This peerage gave him and his descendants an automatic seat in the House of Lords until the passing of the House of Lords Act 1999. His son, the eighth Viscount, served as Lord Lieutenant of County Wicklow and was a member of the short-lived Senate of Southern Ireland. As of 2015 [update] the titles are held by his great-grandson, the eleventh Viscount, who succeeded his father in 2015.
The family seat was the once vast Powerscourt House, near Enniskerry, County Wicklow.
The heir presumptive to the viscountcy is the current holder's fifth cousin once removed: Richard David Noel Wingfield (born 1966), a great-great-great-grandson of the Rev. Hon. Edward Wingfield (1792–1874), the third son of the fourth Viscount. He has a son, Dylan.
There is no heir to the barony created in 1885.
Line of succession
|Ancestors of Viscount Powerscourt|
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Wingfield may refer to:
Mervyn Edward Wingfield, 7th Viscount Powerscourt was an Irish peer. He became Viscount Powerscourt in 1844 on the death of his father Richard Wingfield, 6th Viscount Powerscourt. Through this Wingfield line he was a maternal descendant of the Noble House of Stratford. His mother was Lady Elizabeth Frances Charlotte, daughter of Robert Jocelyn, 3rd Earl of Roden.
Richard Wingfield, 6th Viscount Powerscourt, was a British peer and Conservative Party politician.
Richard Wingfield, 1st Viscount Powerscourt, PC was an English-born army officer and military administrator during the reigns of Elizabeth I and James I. He is notable for his defeat of Sir Cahir O'Doherty's forces at the 1608 Battle of Kilmacrennan during O'Doherty's Rebellion in Ireland.
The House of Stratford is a British aristocratic family, originating in Stratford-on-Avon between the eleventh and thirteenth centuries. The family has produced multiple titles, including Earl of Aldborough, Viscount Amiens, Baron Baltinglass, Viscount Stratford de Redcliffe and the Dugdale Baronets. The Viscount Powerscourt and Baron Wrottesley both claim descent from this House. Historic seats have included Farmcote Manor and Stratford Park in Gloucester, Merevale Hall in Warwickshire, Baltinglass Castle, Belan and Aldborough House in Ireland, and Stratford House in London, amongst many others. The house was at its most powerful in the fourteenth, sixteenth, and eighteenth centuries.
Richard Wingfield, 5th Viscount Powerscourt was an Anglo-Irish peer.
Richard Wingfield, 3rd Viscount Powerscourt was an Anglo-Irish politician and peer.
Richard Wingfield, 1st Viscount Powerscourt PC (I) was an Anglo-Irish politician and peer.
Folliott Wingfield, 1st Viscount Powerscourt, was an Anglo-Irish politician and peer.
Mervyn Niall Wingfield was the 10th Viscount Powerscourt, and also Baron Powerscourt, of Powerscourt in the County of Wicklow, in the Peerage of the United Kingdom, succeeding his father April 3, 1973. He died in 2015 in Thailand.