Vitim, Sakha Republic

Last updated
Vitim

Витим
Other transcription(s)
  YakutВитим
Witim1.jpg
Aerial view of Vitim
Location of Vitim
Vitim, Sakha Republic
Russia edcp location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Vitim
Location of Vitim
Yakutia notext.svg
Red pog.svg
Vitim
Vitim (Sakha Republic)
Coordinates: 59°26′N112°34′E / 59.433°N 112.567°E / 59.433; 112.567 Coordinates: 59°26′N112°34′E / 59.433°N 112.567°E / 59.433; 112.567
Country Russia
Federal subject Sakha Republic [2]
Administrative district Lensky District [2]
SettlementVitim [2]
First mentioned17th century [3]
Urban-type settlement status since1958 [2]
Population
  Total4,376
  Estimate 
(2018) [5]
4,163 (-4.9%)
   Capital ofSettlement of Vitim [2]
   Municipal district Lensky Municipal District [6]
  Urban settlementVitim Urban Settlement [6]
   Capital ofVitim Urban Settlement [6]
Time zone UTC+9 (MSK+6   OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg [7] )
Postal code(s) [8]
678150, 678152
OKTMO ID98627153051
Vitim population
2010 Census 4,376 [4]
2002 Census 3,973 [9]
1989 Census 5,311 [10]
1979 Census 3,461 [11]

Vitim (Russian : Вити́м; Yakut : Витим) is an urban locality (an urban-type settlement) in Lensky District of the Sakha Republic, Russia, located 229 kilometers (142 mi) from Lensk, the administrative center of the district, [2] on the left bank of the Lena River at its confluence with the Vitim River. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 4,376. [4]

Contents

History

Vitim was first mentioned in 17th-century historical sources as a winter fort and later as a trading fort. [3] By the mid-19th century, the settlement spread along a 2-kilometer (1.2 mi) section of the river, with a population of about 250 inhabitants, who made a living from river trade, fishing, hunting, gold mining, and handicrafts. During the Imperial era, it served as a place of political exile; H. Leivick was exiled here in 1912-1913.

Urban-type settlement status was granted to Vitim in 1958. [2]

Administrative and municipal status

Within the framework of administrative divisions, the urban-type settlement of Vitim [1] is incorporated within Lensky District as the Settlement of Vitim. [2] As a municipal division, the Settlement of Vitim is incorporated within Lensky Municipal District as Vitim Urban Settlement. [6]

Economy

Vitim's development is being influenced by the development of the Talakan oil field.

Transportation

Vitim is served by the Vitim Airport. [12]

Climate

Vitim has a subarctic climate (Köppen climate classification Dfc) with severely cold winters and warm summers. Precipitation is quite low but is somewhat higher in summer than at other times of the year.

Climate data for Vitim
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)2.9
(37.2)
3.6
(38.5)
11.9
(53.4)
20.7
(69.3)
32.9
(91.2)
36.8
(98.2)
36.6
(97.9)
36.3
(97.3)
28.9
(84.0)
19.9
(67.8)
7.7
(45.9)
4.6
(40.3)
36.8
(98.2)
Average high °C (°F)−23.8
(−10.8)
−18.6
(−1.5)
−6.3
(20.7)
3.8
(38.8)
13.0
(55.4)
22.1
(71.8)
25.2
(77.4)
21.3
(70.3)
12.4
(54.3)
1.0
(33.8)
−13.4
(7.9)
−22.3
(−8.1)
1.2
(34.2)
Daily mean °C (°F)−28.8
(−19.8)
−25.7
(−14.3)
−15.3
(4.5)
−3.4
(25.9)
6.2
(43.2)
14.6
(58.3)
18.1
(64.6)
14.6
(58.3)
6.4
(43.5)
−3.4
(25.9)
−18.2
(−0.8)
−26.9
(−16.4)
−5.1
(22.7)
Average low °C (°F)−34.1
(−29.4)
−32.2
(−26.0)
−23.7
(−10.7)
−10.6
(12.9)
−0.6
(30.9)
7.4
(45.3)
11.5
(52.7)
8.8
(47.8)
1.8
(35.2)
−7.3
(18.9)
−23.3
(−9.9)
−32.1
(−25.8)
−11.2
(11.8)
Record low °C (°F)−60.2
(−76.4)
−57.6
(−71.7)
−51.5
(−60.7)
−40.9
(−41.6)
−22.1
(−7.8)
−6.4
(20.5)
−1.3
(29.7)
−4.9
(23.2)
−12.3
(9.9)
−34.6
(−30.3)
−50.6
(−59.1)
−61.2
(−78.2)
−61.2
(−78.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches)26.9
(1.06)
17.8
(0.70)
14.3
(0.56)
16.7
(0.66)
33.7
(1.33)
51.9
(2.04)
56.6
(2.23)
60.3
(2.37)
45.7
(1.80)
41.1
(1.62)
38.8
(1.53)
31.9
(1.26)
435.7
(17.16)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)22.822.617.614.514.912.110.513.917.324.326.025.0221.5
Average relative humidity (%)76.475.570.865.162.466.370.977.178.079.278.676.273.0
Mean monthly sunshine hours 54.3105.0175.2210.0252.7291.0291.4221.7135.085.363.034.11,918.7
Source: climatebase.ru (1948-2011) [13]

Related Research Articles

Neryungri Town under republic jurisdiction in Sakha Republic, Russia

Neryungri is the second largest town in the Sakha Republic, Russia and the administrative center of Neryungrinsky District. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 61,747.

Pokrovsk, Sakha Republic Town under republic jurisdiction in Sakha Republic, Russia

Pokrovsk is a town and the administrative center of Khangalassky District of the Sakha Republic, Russia, located on the left bank of the Lena River, 78 kilometers (48 mi) southwest of Yakutsk, the capital of the republic. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 9,495.

Khandyga Urban-type settlement in Sakha Republic, Russia

Khandyga is an urban locality and the administrative center of Tomponsky District in the Sakha Republic, Russia, 380 kilometers (240 mi) northeast of Yakutsk, the capital of the republic. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 6,638.

Chersky (urban-type settlement) Urban-type settlement in Sakha Republic, Russia

Chersky is an urban locality and the administrative center of Nizhnekolymsky District of the Sakha Republic, Russia, located on the Kolyma River, 1,920 kilometers (1,190 mi) east from Yakutsk, the capital of the republic. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 2,857.

Abyysky District District in Sakha Republic, Russia

Abyysky District is an administrative and municipal district, one of the thirty-four in the Sakha Republic, Russia. It is located in the north of the republic around the Indigirka River and borders with Allaikhovsky District in the north, Srednekolymsky District in the east, Verkhnekolymsky District in the southeast, Momsky District in the south, and with Ust-Yansky District in the west. The area of the district is 69,400 square kilometers (26,800 sq mi). Its administrative center is the urban locality of Belaya Gora. As of the 2010 Census, the total population of the district was 4,425, with the population of Belaya Gora accounting for 50.7% of that number.

Allaikhovsky District District in Sakha Republic, Russia

Allaikhovsky District is an administrative and municipal district, one of the thirty-four in the Sakha Republic, Russia. It is located in the northeast of the republic towards the mouth of the Indigirka River and borders with the East Siberian Sea in the north, Nizhnekolymsky District in the east, Srednekolymsky District in the southeast, Abyysky District in the south, and with Ust-Yansky District in the west. The area of the district is 107,300 square kilometers (41,400 sq mi). Its administrative center is the urban locality of Chokurdakh. As of the 2010 Census, the total population of the district was 3,050, with the population of Chokurdakh accounting for 77.6% of that number.

Lensk Town under district jurisdiction in Sakha Republic, Russia

Lensk is a town and the administrative center of Lensky District of the Sakha Republic, Russia. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 24,966.

Batagay Urban-type settlement in Sakha Republic, Russia

Batagay is an urban locality and the administrative center of Verkhoyansky District of the Sakha Republic, Russia, located on the Yana River. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 4,369.

Anabarsky District District in Sakha Republic, Russia

Anabarsky District is an administrative and municipal district, one of the thirty-four in the Sakha Republic, Russia. It is located in the northwest of the republic and borders with Bulunsky District in the east, Olenyoksky District in the south, and with Taymyrsky Dolgano-Nenetsky District of Krasnoyarsk Krai in the west. The area of the district is 55,600 square kilometers (21,500 sq mi). Its administrative center is the rural locality of Saskylakh. As of the 2010 Census, the total population of the district was 3,501, with the population of Saskylakh accounting for 66.2% of that number.

Bulunsky District District in Sakha Republic, Russia

Bulunsky District is an administrative and municipal district, one of the thirty-four in the Sakha Republic, Russia. It is located in the north of the republic and borders Ust-Yansky District in the east, Verkhoyansky District in the southeast, Eveno-Bytantaysky and Zhigansky Districts in the south, Olenyoksky District in the west, and Anabarsky District in the northwest. The area of the district is 223,600 square kilometers (86,300 sq mi). Its administrative center is the urban-type settlement of Tiksi. As of the 2010 Census, the total population of the district was 9,054, with the population of Tiksi accounting for 55.9% of that number.

Gorny District District in Sakha Republic, Russia

Gorny District is an administrative and municipal district, one of the thirty-four in the Sakha Republic, Russia. It is located in the center of the republic and borders Vilyuysky and Kobyaysky Districts in the north, Namsky District and the territory of the city of republic significance of Yakutsk in the east, Khangalassky District in the south, Olyokminsky District in the southwest, and Verkhnevilyuysky District in the west. The area of the district is 45,600 square kilometers (17,600 sq mi). Its administrative center is the rural locality of Berdigestyakh. As of the 2010 Census, the total population of the district was 11,706, with the population of Berdigestyakh accounting for 55.2% of that number.

Lensky District, Sakha Republic District in Sakha Republic, Russia

Lensky District is an administrative and municipal district, one of the thirty-four in the Sakha Republic, Russia. It is located in the southwest of the republic and borders Mirninsky District in the north, Suntarsky District in the northeast, Olyokminsky District in the east, and Irkutsk Oblast in the south and west. The area of the district is 77,000 square kilometers (30,000 sq mi). Its administrative center is the town of Lensk. As of the 2010 Census, the total population of the district was 39,765, with the population of Lensk accounting for 62.8% of that number.

Megino-Kangalassky District District in Sakha Republic, Russia

Megino-Kangalassky District is an administrative and municipal district, one of the thirty-four in the Sakha Republic, Russia. It is located in the central part of the republic, on the Lena River opposite Yakutsk, the capital of the republic. It borders Ust-Aldansky District in the north, Churapchinsky District in the east, Amginsky District in the southeast, Khangalassky District in the southwest, and is bounded by the Lena River in the west. The area of the district is 11,700 square kilometers (4,500 sq mi). Its administrative center is the rural locality of Mayya. As of the 2010 Census, the total population of the district was 31,278, with the population of Mayya accounting for 23,.3% of that number.

Mirninsky District District in Sakha Republic, Russia

Mirninsky District is an administrative and municipal district, one of the thirty-four in the Sakha Republic, Russia. It is located in the west of the republic and borders Olenyoksky District in the north and northeast, Nyurbinsky and Suntarsky Districts in the east, Lensky District in the south, and Irkutsk Oblast and Krasnoyarsk Krai in the west. The area of the district is 165,800 square kilometers (64,000 sq mi). Its administrative center is the town of Mirny. As of the 2010 Census, the total population of the district was 38,802.

Namsky District District in Sakha Republic, Russia

Namsky District is an administrative and municipal district, one of the thirty-four in the Sakha Republic, Russia. The district is located in the center of the republic and borders Ust-Aldansky District in the east, Megino-Kangalassky District in the southeast, the territory of the city of republic significance of Yakutsk in the south, Gorny District in the west, and Kobyaysky District in the north. The area of the district is 11,900 square kilometers (4,600 sq mi). Its administrative center is the rural locality of Namtsy. As of the 2010 Census, the total population of the district was 23,198, with the population of Namtsy accounting for 38.3% of that number.

Suntarsky District District in Sakha Republic, Russia

Suntarsky District is an administrative and municipal district, one of the thirty-four in the Sakha Republic, Russia. It is located in the western central part of the republic and borders with Nyurbinsky District in the north and northeast, Verkhnevilyuysky District in the east, Olyokminsky District in the southeast, Lensky District in the southwest, and with Mirninsky District in the west. The area of the district is 57,800 square kilometers (22,300 sq mi). Its administrative center is the rural locality of Suntar. Population: 25,140 (2010 Census); 25,485 ; 26,035 (1989 Census). The population of Suntar accounts for 39.9% of the district's total population.

Olyokminsky District District in Sakha Republic, Russia

Olyokminsky District is an administrative and municipal district, one of the thirty-four in the Sakha Republic, Russia. It is located in the southwest of the republic and borders with Verkhnevilyuysky District in the north, Gorny and Khangalassky Districts in the northeast, Aldansky District in the east, Neryungrinsky District in the southeast, Zabaykalsky Krai in the southwest, Irkutsk Oblast and Lensky District in the west, and with Suntarsky District in the northwest. The area of the district is 160,800 square kilometers (62,100 sq mi). Its administrative center is the town of Olyokminsk. Population: 26,785 (2010 Census); 27,563 ; 30,938 (1989 Census). The population of Olyokminsk accounts for 35.4% of the district's total population.

Peleduy Urban-type settlement in Sakha Republic, Russia

Peleduy is an urban locality in Lensky District of the Sakha Republic, Russia. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 5,243.

Zvyozdochka, Sakha Republic Urban-type settlement in Sakha Republic, Russia

Zvyozdochka is an urban locality in Ust-Maysky District of the Sakha Republic, Russia, located 267 kilometers (166 mi) from Ust-Maya, the administrative center of the district. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 408.

Solnechny, Sakha Republic Urban-type settlement in Sakha Republic, Russia

Solnechny is an urban locality in Ust-Maysky District of the Sakha Republic, Russia, located 266 kilometers (165 mi) from Ust-Maya, the administrative center of the district. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 1,034.

References

Notes

  1. 1 2 According to Article 7 of the Law #77-I, lower-level administrative divisions with the status of a settlement have their administrative centers in an inhabited locality with the status of an urban-type settlement. According to the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of the Sakha Republic, Vitim is the administrative center of the Settlement of Vitim.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of the Sakha Republic
  3. 1 2 Газета "Якутия". Витимская слобода, November 19, 2009 Archived October 30, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
  4. 1 2 3 Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  5. "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  6. 1 2 3 4 Law #173-Z 353-III
  7. "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  8. Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  9. Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000](XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  10. "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 via Demoscope Weekly.
  11. "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 г. Национальный состав населения по регионам России" [All Union Population Census of 1979. Ethnic composition of the population by regions of Russia](XLS). Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 года [All-Union Population Census of 1979] (in Russian). 1979 via Demoscope Weekly (website of the Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics.
  12. "Vitim Airport". OurAirports. Retrieved January 23, 2013.
  13. "Vitim, Russia". Climatebase.ru. Retrieved January 23, 2013.

Sources