Vitry-le-François

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Vitry-le-François
Vitry Parc de l'hotel de ville (16).JPG
The town hall in Vitry-le-François
Blason ville fr Vitry-le-Francois 51.svg
Location of Vitry-le-François
Vitry-le-Francois
France location map-Regions and departements-2016.svg
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Vitry-le-François
Grand Est region location map.svg
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Vitry-le-François
Coordinates: 48°43′32″N4°35′07″E / 48.7256°N 4.5853°E / 48.7256; 4.5853 Coordinates: 48°43′32″N4°35′07″E / 48.7256°N 4.5853°E / 48.7256; 4.5853
Country France
Region Grand Est
Department Marne
Arrondissement Vitry-le-François
Canton Vitry-le-François-Champagne et Der
Intercommunality Vitry, Champagne et Der
Government
  Mayor (20202026) Jean-Pierre Bouquet [1]
Area
1
6.45 km2 (2.49 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2018) [2]
11,743
  Density1,800/km2 (4,700/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
51649 /51300
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Vitry-le-François (French:  [vitʁi lə fʁɑ̃swa] ) is a commune in the Marne department in northeastern France. It is located on the Marne River and is the western terminus of the Marne–Rhine Canal.

Contents

History

In 1142, Louis VII invaded Champagne and seized Vitry-le-François. Over a thousand residents were killed when the town's church was set ablaze.

The present town is a relatively recent construction, having been built in 1545 at the behest of King Francis who wished to replace, on a new site, Vitry-en-Perthois, which in 1544 had been entirely destroyed as part of the backwash from the king's Italian War of 1542–46. [3] The new Vitry was to be a modern city, constructed according to a plan produced by Girolamo Marini. The king's role in its creation resulted in Vitry-le-François receiving the king's name as part of its own name.

At the beginning of World War I in August 1914, Joseph Joffre established the Grand Quartier Général at the Place Royer-Collard. [4]

Demography

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1793 7,385    
1800 6,925−0.91%
1806 7,194+0.64%
1821 6,909−0.27%
1831 6,976+0.10%
1836 6,822−0.45%
1841 7,749+2.58%
1846 7,412−0.89%
1851 7,795+1.01%
1856 7,151−1.71%
1861 7,263+0.31%
1866 7,431+0.46%
1872 6,898−1.23%
1876 7,616+2.51%
1881 7,760+0.38%
1886 7,670−0.23%
1891 8,022+0.90%
1896 8,400+0.93%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901 8,561+0.38%
1906 8,487−0.17%
1911 8,511+0.06%
1921 8,568+0.07%
1926 8,876+0.71%
1931 9,082+0.46%
1936 9,061−0.05%
1946 7,584−1.76%
1954 11,131+4.91%
1962 14,795+3.62%
1968 16,879+2.22%
1975 19,372+1.99%
1982 18,261−0.84%
1990 17,033−0.87%
1999 16,737−0.19%
2007 14,873−1.47%
2012 13,065−2.56%
2017 12,133−1.47%
Source: EHESS [5] and INSEE [6]

Features

Twin towns

Vitry-le-François is twinned with:

Personalities

See also

Related Research Articles

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  4. Arrondissement of Vitry-le-François, with 110 communes. The population of the arrondissement was 46,024 in 2016.
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References

  1. "Répertoire national des élus: les maires". data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 2 December 2020.
  2. "Populations légales 2018". INSEE. 28 December 2020.
  3. Chisholm 1911.
  4. Hastings, Max (2013). Catastrophe 1914 : Europe goes to war (1st American ed.). New York. ISBN   978-0-307-59705-2. OCLC   828893101.
  5. Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet Vitry-le-François, EHESS. (in French)
  6. Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE
  7. Wikisource-logo.svg One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain : Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Vitry-le-François". Encyclopædia Britannica . 28 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 151.