Vladimir Kuzichkin

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Vladimir Anatolyevich KuzichkinВладимир Анатольевич Кузичкин (born 1947) [1] was a Soviet KGB (PGU KGB SSSR) officer, major who defected [2] to the Tehran Station of the British secret intelligence service in 1982. Information on Soviet agents in Iran that he passed on to MI6 was subsequently provided by the agency, along with the CIA, to the Khomeini regime, which executed many of the agents. [3] Ali Agca claimed that major Kuzichkin ordered him to kill John Paul II. [4]

Soviet Union 1922–1991 country in Europe and Asia

The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991. Nominally a union of multiple national Soviet republics, its government and economy were highly centralized. The country was a one-party state, governed by the Communist Party with Moscow as its capital in its largest republic, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic. Other major urban centres were Leningrad, Kiev, Minsk, Alma-Ata, and Novosibirsk. It spanned over 10,000 kilometres east to west across 11 time zones, and over 7,200 kilometres north to south. It had five climate zones: tundra, taiga, steppes, desert and mountains.

KGB Main security agency for the Soviet Union

The KGB, translated in English as Committee for State Security, was the main security agency for the Soviet Union from 1954 until its break-up in 1991. As a direct successor of preceding agencies such as Cheka, NKGB, NKVD and MGB, the committee was attached to the Council of Ministers. It was the chief government agency of "union-republican jurisdiction", acting as internal security, intelligence and secret police. Similar agencies were constituted in each of the republics of the Soviet Union aside from Russia, and consisted of many ministries, state committees and state commissions.

First Chief Directorate foreign surveillance organisation of the Soviet Union, within the KGB

The First Main Directorateof the Committee for State Security under the USSR council of ministers was the organization responsible for foreign operations and intelligence activities by providing for the training and management of covert agents, intelligence collection administration, and the acquisition of foreign and domestic political, scientific and technical intelligence in the Soviet Union. The First Chief Directorate was formed within the KGB directorate in 1954, and after the collapse of the Soviet Union was renamed as the Central Intelligence Service and finally the Foreign Intelligence Service. Although the agency SVR restyle in 1991 implies a generic foreign surveillance activity, the primary foreign intelligence service in Russia and the Soviet Union has been the GRU, a military intelligence organization and special operations force shrouded in secrecy, most famed for stealing the blueprints of the atomic bomb during the Manhattan Project and barring entry into its headquarters to anyone, even the leader of the Soviet Union proper, without a formal authentication.

He published his memoirs in English in 1991 with the title of Inside the KGB: Myth and Reality. [5]

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References

  1. "Kuzichkin, Vladimir, 1947-". WorldCat . Retrieved 24 February 2013.
  2. Andrew, Christopher; Mitrokhin, Vasili (5 September 2000). The sword and the shield: the Mitrokhin archive and the secret history of the KGB. Basic Books. p. 640. ISBN   978-0-465-00312-9 . Retrieved 20 April 2011.
  3. When Reagan first helped Khomeini, The Times, 21 November 1986
  4. Strzelał nie tylko Ali Agca? Rzeczpospolita, Eva Losinska, 13 May 2011
  5. Kniazkov, Maxim (1 April 1991). "Inside the KGB: Myth and Reality". Washington Monthly. Retrieved 3 August 2013.