Voivodeship sejmik

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The West Pomeranian Regional Assembly meeting in Szczecin. Pierwsza sesja trzeciej kadencji sejmiku.jpg
The West Pomeranian Regional Assembly meeting in Szczecin.

A voivodeship sejmik (Polish : sejmik województwa), also known as a provincial or regional assembly, is the regional-level elected legislature for each of the sixteen voivodeships of Poland. [1] Sejmiks are elected to five-year terms, [2] decided during nationwide local elections. The size of the legislative assembly varies for each voivodeship depending on the population; in lower populated provinces, there are 30 members, while in the most populous (Masovian Voivodeship) there are 51 members. Elected representatives of an assembly are known as councillors (radni).

Contents

Origins

The word sejmik is a diminutive of sejm , a historical term for an assembly of nobles, and is now the name of the lower house of the Polish National Assembly. The word sejmik was consciously chosen by lawmakers during regional reorganization reforms in the 1990s to eliminate the term rada wojewódzka (voivodeship council), as the definition conjured memories of people's councils during the communist People's Republic of Poland era. [3] Initially, elected regional assemblies were created by the government of Prime Minister Tadeusz Mazowiecki under his administration's decentralization programme, with the regional assemblies acting as advisory bodies to the centrally-appointed voivode. [4] [5] Under the administration of Jerzy Buzek in 1998, the contemporary regional assemblies were created by the Sejm with the reorganization of provincial borders and the devolution of powers to the governments of the new voivodeships. [6]

Elections

Assemblies are elected for a five-year term during nationwide local elections. Similar to nationwide elections for Sejm members, councillors for provincial assemblies are elected from party lists using proportional representation within a five percent voting threshold for each individual voivodeship. [7] Following their election and swearing-in, the councillors of an assembly elect a voivodeship marshal (marszałek województwa) and at most two vice-marshals from among their ranks, who, along with normally two other members, will form an executive board (zarząd województwa). [8] The board acts as the collective executive body of the voivodeship, and is the province's de facto cabinet. [9] The assembly additionally elects a chairman and deputy chairmen from among their ranks, who are tasked in organizing the assembly's business and presiding over debates. [10] If the assembly fails to elect an executive board within three months following an election, the legislature must dissolve itself and the voivodeship is obliged to call another election. [11] Earlier elections can also be approved in the event of a public referendum or if the Sejm has dissolved a regional assembly. [12]

Powers

Provincial assemblies can debate, adopt and pass statutes on matters concerning the province which are not reserved for the administration of the central government. Since the end of the 1990s, the powers of the sejmiks and their respective executive boards have grown. These include matters such as economic development strategies, spatial management plans, managing provincially-controlled rail operators, waste and water management, environmental protection, regional heritage protection, voting on the provincial budget, and appointing a supervisory board to manage voivodeship roads. [13] [14] [15] However, sejmiks are unable to enact provincewide taxes to fund internal policies and projects, and remain dependent on the central government for financing such operations. [15]

Throughout its elected term, the assembly reserves the right to hold the marshal and the executive board accountable for their policies. [1] Assemblies can also dismiss the governing marshal upon a three-fifths majority vote of no confidence, after which results in the collapse of the executive board, and a new marshal and board are chosen. [16] Assemblies do not, on the other hand, have a say in the choice nor dismissal of the centrally-appointed voivode for the province.

Assemblies are assisted by the voivodeship marshal's office (urząd marszałkowski), which provides legal, technical, and bureaucratic services to the body. [17]

List

SejmikLocationNumber of membersMarshalChairperson
Lower Silesian Regional Assembly Wrocław 36 Cezary Przybylski (BS) Andrzej Jaroch (PiS)
Kuyavian-Pomeranian Regional Assembly Toruń 30 Piotr Całbecki (KO) Elżbieta Piniewska (KO)
Lublin Regional Assembly Lublin 33 Jarosław Stawiarski (PiS) Michał Mulawa (PiS)
Lubusz Regional Assembly Zielona Góra 30 Elżbieta Polak (KO) Wioleta Haręźlak (PSL)
Łódź Regional Assembly Łódź 33 Grzegorz Schreiber (PiS) Iwona Koperska (PiS)
Lesser Poland Regional Assembly Kraków 39 Witold Kozłowski (PiS) Rafał Bochenek (PiS)
Masovian Regional Assembly Warszawa 51 Adam Struzik (PSL) Ludwik Rakowski (KO)
Opole Regional Assembly Opole 30 Andrzej Buła (KO) Rafał Bartek (MN)
Subcarpathian Regional Assembly Rzeszów 33 Władysław Ortyl (PiS) Jerzy Borcz (PiS)
Podlaskie Regional Assembly Białystok 30 Artur Kosicki (PiS) Bogusław Dębski (PiS)
Pomeranian Regional Assembly Gdańsk 33 Mieczysław Struk (KO) Jan Kleinszmidt (KO)
Silesian Regional Assembly Katowice 45 Jakub Chełstowski (PiS) Jan Kawulok (PiS)
Świętokrzyskie Regional Assembly Kielce 30 Andrzej Bętkowski (PiS) Andrzej Pruś (PiS)
Warmian-Masurian Regional Assembly Olsztyn 30 Gustaw Brzezin (PSL) Bernadeta Hordejuk (KO)
Greater Poland Regional Assembly Poznań 39 Marek Woźniak (KO) Wiesław Szczepański (SLD)
West Pomeranian Regional Assembly Szczecin 30 Olgierd Geblewicz (KO) Maria Ilnicka-Mądry (Ind.)

See also

Related Research Articles

Voivodeships of Poland Highest-level administrative divisions of Poland

A voivodeship is the highest-level administrative division of Poland, corresponding to a "province" in many other countries. The term has been in use since the 14th century, and is commonly translated in English as "province" or "state".

Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship Voivodeship of Poland

Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship, also known as Cuiavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship or simply Kujawsko-Pomorskie, or Kujawy-Pomerania Province is one of the 16 voivodeships (provinces) into which Poland is divided. It was created on 1 January 1999 and is situated in mid-northern Poland, on the boundary between the two historic regions from which it takes its name: Kuyavia and Pomerania. Its two chief cities, serving as the province's joint capitals, are Bydgoszcz and Toruń.

Sejmik

A sejmik was one of various local parliaments in the history of Poland. The first sejmiks were regional assemblies in the Kingdom of Poland, though they gained significantly more influence in the later era of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. Sejmiks arose around the late 14th and early 15th centuries and existed until the end of the Commonwealth in 1795, following the partitions of the Commonwealth. In a limited form, some sejmiks existed in partitioned Poland (1795–1918), and later in the Second Polish Republic (1918–1939). In modern Poland, since 1999, the term has revived with the voivodeship sejmiks, referring to the elected councils of each of the 16 voivodeships.

Greater Poland Regional Assembly

The Greater Poland Regional Assembly is the regional legislature of the Voivodeship of Greater Poland. It is a unicameral parliamentary body consisting of thirty-nine councillors elected to a five-year term. The current chairperson of the assembly is Wiesław Szczepański.

Kuyavian-Pomeranian Regional Assembly

The Kuyavian-Pomeranian Regional Assembly is the regional legislature of the Voivodeship of Kuyavia-Pomerania in Poland. It is a unicameral parliamentary body consisting of thirty councillors chosen during regional elections for a five-year term. The current chairperson of the assembly is Ryszard Bober.

Lesser Poland Regional Assembly

The Lesser Poland Regional Assembly is the regional legislature of the Voivodeship of Lesser Poland. It is a unicameral parliamentary body consisting of thirty-nine councillors elected to five-year terms. The current chairperson of the assembly is Rafał Bochenek.

Łódź Regional Assembly

The Łódź Regional Assembly is the regional legislature of the voivodeship of Łódź, Poland. It is a unicameral body consists of thirty-three councillors elected in free elections for a five-year term. The current chairperson of the assembly is Iwona Koperska.

Lower Silesian Regional Assembly

The Lower Silesian Regional Assembly is the regional legislature of the Voivodeship of Lower Silesia in Poland. It is a unicameral legislature consisting of thirty-six councillors chosen during local elections with a five-year term. The current chairperson of the assembly is Andrzej Jaroch.

Lublin Regional Assembly

The Lublin Regional Assembly is the regional legislature of the Voivodeship of Lublin in Poland. It is a unicameral parliamentary body consisting of thirty-three councillors chosen during regional elections for a five-year term. The current chairperson of the assembly is Michał Mulawa.

Lubusz Regional Assembly

The Lubusz Regional Assembly is the regional legislature of the voivodeship of Lubusz, Poland. It is a unicameral body consists of thirty councillors elected in free elections for a five-year term. The current chairperson of the assembly is Wioletta Haręźlak.

Masovian Regional Assembly

The Masovian Regional Assembly is the regional legislature of the Voivodeship of Masovia in Poland. It is a unicameral parliamentary body consisting of fifty-one councillors, making it the largest provincial assembly in the republic. All councillors are chosen during regional elections for a five-year term. The current chairperson of the legislature is Ludwik Rakowski of the KO.

Opole Regional Assembly

The Opole Regional Assembly is the regional legislature of the Voivodeship of Opole in Poland. It is a unicameral parliamentary body consisting of thirty councillors elected to a five-year term. The current chairperson of the assembly is Rafał Bartek of the MN.

Podlaskie Regional Assembly

The Podlaskie Regional Assembly is the regional legislature of the Voivodeship of Podlaskie. It is a unicameral parliamentary body consisting of thirty councillors elected to a five-year term. The current chairperson of the assembly is Bogusław Dębski.

Pomeranian Regional Assembly

The Pomeranian Regional Assembly is the regional legislature of the voivodeship of Pomerania, Poland. It is a unicameral parliamentary body consisting of thirty-three councillors chosen during regional elections for a five-year term. The current chairperson of the assembly is Jan Kleinszmidt of the KO.

Silesian Regional Assembly

The Silesian Regional Assembly is the regional legislature of the Voivodeship of Silesia in Poland. It is a unicameral parliamentary body consisting of forty-five councillors elected for a five-year term. The current chairperson of the assembly is Jan Kawulok of PiS.

Subcarpathian Regional Assembly

The Subcarpathian Regional Assembly is the regional legislature of the Voivodeship of Subcarpathia in Poland. It is a unicameral parliamentary body consisting of thirty-three councillors elected every five-years. The current chairperson of the assembly is Jerzy Borcz of the PiS.

Świętokrzyskie Regional Assembly

The Świętokrzyskie Regional Assembly is the regional legislature of the voivodeship of Świętokrzyskie, Poland. It is a unicameral body consists of thirty councillors elected in free elections for a five-year term. The current chairperson of the assembly is Andrzej Pruś of the PiS.

Warmian-Masurian Regional Assembly

The Warmian-Masurian Regional Assembly is the regional legislature of the voivodeship of Warmian-Masurian, Poland. It is a unicameral body consists of thirty councillors elected in free elections for a five-year term. The current chairperson of the assembly is Bernadeta Hordejuk of the KO.

West Pomeranian Regional Assembly

The West Pomeranian Regional Assembly is the regional legislature of the Voivodeship of West Pomerania in Poland. It is a unicameral parliamentary body consisting of thirty councillors chosen during regional elections for a five-year term. The current chairperson of the assembly is Maria Ilnicka-Mądry from BS.

Voivodeship marshal

A voivodeship marshal is the head of the provincial-level government for each of the sixteen voivodeships of Poland. Elected by councillors from the provincial assembly, the marshal is the head of the collective voivodeship executive board, which acts as the de facto cabinet for the region. The current competences and traditions of the contemporary voivodeship marshal stem from the Public Administrative Reform Act of 1998, which went into effect in January 1999.

References

  1. 1 2 Machnikowski et all, p. 21
  2. (in the years 1998-2017, the term lasted 4 years)
  3. Regulski, p. 46
  4. Ochman, p. 16
  5. Surazska, p. 87
  6. Tatur, pp. 65-66
  7. Council of Europe, p. 14
  8. Prokop, p. 144
  9. Prokop, p. 139
  10. Prokop, p. 142
  11. Prokop, pp. 141-142
  12. Prokop, p. 141
  13. "The regional level (voivodeship)". Akademie für Raumforschung und Landesplanung. Retrieved 13 November 2015.
  14. "Dz.U. 2007 nr 19 poz. 115". Internetowy System Aktów Prawnych. Sejm . Retrieved 8 December 2015.
  15. 1 2 OECD, p. 256
  16. Council of Europe, p. 17
  17. "Samorząd województwa - informacje ogólne". Portal Informacyjny Województwa Podlaskiego. Urząd Marszałkowski Województwa Podlaskiego. Retrieved 8 December 2015.

Works cited