Volgograd Oblast

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Volgograd Oblast
Волгоградская область
Coat of Arms of Volgograd oblast.svg
Coat of arms
Anthem: [1]
Map of Russia - Volgograd Oblast.svg
Coordinates: 49°44′N44°07′E / 49.733°N 44.117°E / 49.733; 44.117 Coordinates: 49°44′N44°07′E / 49.733°N 44.117°E / 49.733; 44.117
CountryRussia
Federal district Southern [2]
Economic region Volga [3]
EstablishedDecember 5, 1936 [4]
Administrative center Volgograd [5]
Government
  Body Oblast Duma [6]
   Governor [6] Andrey Bocharov [7]
Area
[8]
  Total113,900 km2 (44,000 sq mi)
Area rank 31st
Population
 (2010 Census) [9]
  Total2,610,161
  Estimate 
(2018) [10]
2,521,276 (−3.4%)
  Rank 18th
  Density23/km2 (59/sq mi)
   Urban
76.0%
   Rural
24.0%
Time zone UTC+3 (MSK   OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg [11] )
ISO 3166 code RU-VGG
License plates 34, 134
OKTMO ID18000000
Official languagesRussian [12]
Website http://www.volganet.ru/

Volgograd Oblast (Russian : Волгогра́дская о́бласть, Volgogradskaya oblast) is a federal subject (an oblast) of Russia, located in the Volga region of Southern Russia. Its administrative center is Volgograd. The population of the oblast was 2,610,161 in the 2010 Census. [9] Formerly known as Stalingrad Oblast, it was given its present name in 1961, when the city of Stalingrad was renamed Volgograd as part of de-Stalinization. Volgograd Oblast borders Rostov Oblast in the southwest, Voronezh Oblast in the northwest, Saratov Oblast in the north, Astrakhan Oblast and the Republic of Kalmykia in the southeast, and has an international border with Kazakhstan in the east. The two main rivers in European Russia, the Don and the Volga, run through the oblast and are connected by the Volga–Don Canal. Volgograd Oblast's strategic waterways have made it a popular route for shipping and for the generation of hydroelectricity.

Contents

Volgograd Oblast was the primary site of the Battle of Stalingrad during World War II, often regarded as one of the single largest and the bloodiest battles in the history of warfare. [13]

Geography

Volgograd Oblast borders with Saratov, Rostov, Astrakhan, and Voronezh Oblasts, as well as with Kalmykia of Russia and with Kazakhstan (West Kazakhstan Region). Most of Volgograd oblast is located in the Pontic-Caspian steppe. Forests cover 4% of the territory. The major rivers are:

History

Stalingrad Oblast (Сталинградская область) was established on December 5, 1936 on the territory of former Stalingrad Krai. [4] The oblast was given its present name on November 10, 1961. [4]

Administrative divisions

Politics

Building of the Oblast Duma and Oblast Government Volgograd - Building of Regional Committee of KPSS and Executive Committee 002.jpg
Building of the Oblast Duma and Oblast Government

During the Soviet period, three people exercised oblast-level authority:

  1. the first secretary of the Volgograd CPSU Committee (who in reality had the most power)
  2. the chairman of the oblast Soviet (legislative power)
  3. the chairman of the oblast Executive Committee (executive power)

In 1991 the CPSU lost de facto power, and the head of the Oblast administration, and eventually the governor was appointed/elected alongside elected regional parliament.

The Charter of Volgograd Oblast provides the fundamental law of the region. The Legislative Assembly of Volgograd Oblast is the province's standing legislative (representative) body. The Legislative Assembly exercises its authority by passing laws, resolutions, and other legal acts and by supervising the implementation and observance of the laws and other legal acts passed by it. The highest executive body, the Oblast Government, includes territorial executive bodies such as district administrations, committees, and commissions that facilitate development and run the day-to-day matters of the province. The Oblast administration supports the activities of the Governor, who is the highest official and acts as guarantor of the observance of the oblast Charter in accordance with the Constitution of Russia.

Demographics

The population of the oblast was 2,610,161 according to the 2010 Russian census, [9] 2,699,223 in the 2002 Russian census, [14] and 2,593,944 in the 1989 Soviet census. [15] In 2012, there were 30,252 births (11.7 per 1000) and 35,021 deaths (13.5 per 1000). [16] The total fertility rate was 1.46[ clarification needed ] in 2009, rising to 1.57 by 2016. [17]

Settlements

Ethnic groups

(shown are the ethnic groups with a population of more than 7,000 people)

Ethnic groupPopulation (in 2010) [9] Percent
Russians 2,309,25390
Kazakhs 46,2231.8
Ukrainians 35,6071.4
Armenians 27,8461.1
Tatars 24,5570.9
Azerbaijani 14,3980.6
Germans 10,1020.4
Chechen 9,6490.4
Belarusians 7,8680.4
Koreans 7,0440.3

Religion

Religion in Oblast Krai as of 2012 (Sreda Arena Atlas) [19] [20]
Russian Orthodoxy
54.5%
Other Orthodox
2.2%
Other Christians
4.1%
Islam
3.5%
Spiritual but not religious
18.4%
Atheism and irreligion
12.1%
Other and undeclared
5.2%

According to a 2012 survey [19] 54.5% of the population of Volgograd Oblast adheres to the Russian Orthodox Church, 4% are unaffiliated generic Christians, 2% are Eastern Orthodox Christian believers who don't belong to any church or are members of non-Russian Eastern Orthodox churches, 3% are Muslims. In addition, 18% of the population declares to be "spiritual but not religious", 12% is atheist, and 6.5% follows other religions or did not give an answer to the question. [19]

Government

Governor of Volgograd Oblast is Anatoliy Brovko (since 2010)

Both the flag and the coat of arms of Volgograd Oblast include an image of The Motherland Calls , an 85 meter tall statue located in Volgograd.

Economy

Primary branches of economics are agriculture, food production, heavy industry, gas and petroleum refining. The Volga Hydroelectric Station operates on the Volga River.

The largest companies in the region include Volzhsky Pipe Plant, Volgogradenergosbyt (a local electric power distribution company), OJSC Kaustik (caustic soda manufacturer), Volzhsky Orgsintez (a chemical plant). [21]

See also

Related Research Articles

Gorodishchensky District, Volgograd Oblast District in Volgograd Oblast, Russia

Gorodishchensky District is an administrative district (raion), one of the thirty-three in Volgograd Oblast, Russia. As a municipal division, it is incorporated as Gorodishchensky Municipal District. It is located in the southern central part of the oblast. The area of the district is 2,450 square kilometers (950 sq mi). Its administrative center is the urban locality of Gorodishche. Population: 60,188 (2010 Census); 57,308 ; 45,982 (1989 Census). The population of Gorodishche accounts for 35.5% of the district's total population.

Volzhsky, Volgograd Oblast City in Volgograd Oblast, Russia

Volzhsky is an industrial city in Volgograd Oblast, Russia, located on the east bank of the Volga River and its distributary the Akhtuba, 20 kilometers (12 mi) northeast of Volgograd. Population: 314,255 (2010 Census); 313,169 (2002 Census); 268,842 (1989 Census).

Kamyshin City in Volgograd Oblast, Russia

Kamyshin is a city in Volgograd Oblast, Russia, located on the right bank of the Volgograd Reservoir of the Volga River, in the estuary of the Kamyshinka River. Population: 119,565 (2010 Census); 127,891 (2002 Census); 122,463 (1989 Census); 101,000 (1972); 24,000 (1939).

Nikolayevsk Town in Volgograd Oblast, Russia

Nikolayevsk is a town and the administrative center of Nikolayevsky District in Volgograd Oblast, Russia, located on the left (eastern) shore of the Volga River. Population: 15,075 (2010 Census); 16,125 (2002 Census); 16,469 (1989 Census).

Frolovo Town in Volgograd Oblast, Russia

Frolovo is a town in Volgograd Oblast, Russia, located on the Archeda River, 148 kilometers (92 mi) north of Volgograd, the administrative center of the oblast. Population: 39,449 (2010 Census); 41,132 (2002 Census); 41,680 (1989 Census).

Bykovsky District District in Volgograd Oblast, Russia

Bykovsky District is an administrative district (raion), one of the thirty-three in Volgograd Oblast, Russia. As a municipal division, it is incorporated as Bykovsky Municipal District. It is located in the east of the oblast. The area of the district is 3,410 square kilometers (1,320 sq mi). Its administrative center is the urban locality of Bykovo. Population: 27,055 (2010 Census); 28,572 ; 27,151 (1989 Census). The population of Bykovo accounts for 28.5% of the district's total population.

Frolovsky District District in Volgograd Oblast, Russia

Frolovsky District is an administrative district (raion), one of the thirty-three in Volgograd Oblast, Russia. As a municipal division, it is incorporated as Frolovsky Municipal District. It is located in the center of the oblast. The area of the district is 3,210 square kilometers (1,240 sq mi). Its administrative center is the town of Frolovo. Population: 14,631 (2010 Census); 16,720 ; 15,807 (1989 Census).

Kalachyovsky District District in Volgograd Oblast, Russia

Kalachyovsky District is an administrative district (raion), one of the thirty-three in Volgograd Oblast, Russia. As a municipal division, it is incorporated as Kalachyovsky Municipal District. It is located in the south of the oblast. The area of the district is 4,200 square kilometers (1,600 sq mi). Its administrative center is the town of Kalach-na-Donu. As of the 2010 Census, the total population of the district was 58,524, with the population of Kalach-na-Donu accounting for 46.0% of that number.

Kletsky District District in Volgograd Oblast, Russia

Kletsky District is an administrative district (raion), one of the thirty-three in Volgograd Oblast, Russia. Municipally, it is incorporated as Kletsky Municipal District. It is located in the west of the oblast. The area of the district is 3,580 square kilometers (1,380 sq mi). Its administrative center is the rural locality of Kletskaya. Population: 17,858 (2010 Census); 19,541 ; 18,412 (1989 Census). The population of Kletskaya accounts for 29.8% of the district's total population.

Kumylzhensky District District in Volgograd Oblast, Russia

Kumylzhensky District is an administrative district (raion), one of the thirty-three in Volgograd Oblast, Russia. Municipally, it is incorporated as Kumylzhensky Municipal District. It is located in the west of the oblast. The area of the district is 2,977 square kilometers (1,149 sq mi). Its administrative center is the rural locality of Kumylzhenskaya. Population: 21,425 (2010 Census); 23,499 ; 23,647 (1989 Census). The population of Kumylzhenskaya accounts for 37.1% of the district's total population.

Leninsky District, Volgograd Oblast District in Volgograd Oblast, Russia

Leninsky District is an administrative district (raion), one of the thirty-three in Volgograd Oblast, Russia. As a municipal division, it is incorporated as Leninsky Municipal District. It is located in the east of the oblast. The area of the district is 2,600 square kilometers (1,000 sq mi). Its administrative center is the town of Leninsk. Population: 30,375 (2010 Census); 31,483 ; 30,778 (1989 Census). The population of Leninsk accounts for 51.0% of the district's total population.

Nikolayevsky District, Volgograd Oblast District in Volgograd Oblast, Russia

Nikolayevsky District is an administrative district (raion), one of the thirty-three in Volgograd Oblast, Russia. As a municipal division, it is incorporated as Nikolayevsky Municipal District. It is located in the northeast of the oblast. The area of the district is 3,440 square kilometers (1,330 sq mi). Its administrative center is the town of Nikolayevsk. Population: 32,034 (2010 Census); 34,285 ; 35,145 (1989 Census). The population of Nikolayevsk accounts for 47.1% of the district's total population.

Novoanninsky District District in Volgograd Oblast, Russia

Novoanninsky District is an administrative district (raion), one of the thirty-three in Volgograd Oblast, Russia. As a municipal division, it is incorporated as Novoanninsky Municipal District. It is located in the northwest of the oblast. The area of the district is 3,080 square kilometers (1,190 sq mi). Its administrative center is the town of Novoanninsky. Population: 37,306 (2010 Census); 41,611 ; 44,758 (1989 Census). The population of the administrative center accounts for 48.0% of the district's total population.

Sredneakhtubinsky District District in Volgograd Oblast, Russia

Sredneakhtubinsky District is an administrative district (raion), one of the thirty-three in Volgograd Oblast, Russia. As a municipal division, it is incorporated as Sredneakhtubinsky Municipal District. It is located in the southeast of the oblast. The area of the district is 2,039 square kilometers (787 sq mi). Its administrative center is the urban locality of Srednyaya Akhtuba. Population: 58,962 (2010 Census); 55,341 ; 48,555 (1989 Census). The population of Srednyaya Akhtuba accounts for 24.5% of the district's total population.

Svetloyarsky District District in Volgograd Oblast, Russia

Svetloyarsky District is an administrative district (raion), one of the thirty-three in Volgograd Oblast, Russia. As a municipal division, it is incorporated as Svetloyarsky Municipal District. It is located in the southeast of the oblast. The area of the district is 3,390 square kilometers (1,310 sq mi). Its administrative center is the urban locality of Svetly Yar. Population: 38,355 (2010 Census); 39,384 ; 35,483 (1989 Census). The population of Svetly Yar accounts for 32.7% of the district's total population.

Uryupinsky District District in Volgograd Oblast, Russia

Uryupinsky District is an administrative district (raion), one of the thirty-three in Volgograd Oblast, Russia. As a municipal division, it is incorporated as Uryupinsky Municipal District. It is located in the northwest of the oblast. The area of the district is 3,460 square kilometers (1,340 sq mi). Its administrative center is the town of Uryupinsk. Population: 28,775 (2010 Census); 30,615 ; 33,266 (1989 Census).

Zhirnovsky District District in Volgograd Oblast, Russia

Zhirnovsky District is an administrative district (raion), one of the thirty-three in Volgograd Oblast, Russia. As a municipal division, it is incorporated as Zhirnovsky Municipal District. It is located in the north of the oblast. The area of the district is 2,970 square kilometers (1,150 sq mi). Its administrative center is the town of Zhirnovsk. Population: 43,685 (2010 Census); 47,575 ; 46,418 (1989 Census). The population of Zhirnovsk accounts for 38.6% of the district's total population.

Krasnoslobodsk, Volgograd Oblast Town in Volgograd Oblast, Russia

Krasnoslobodsk is a town in Sredneakhtubinsky District of Volgograd Oblast, Russia, located on the east bank of the Volga River across from Volgograd, the administrative center of the oblast. Population: 15,998 (2010 Census); 14,359 (2002 Census); 13,533 (1989 Census).

Kletskaya is a rural locality and the administrative center of Kletsky District of Volgograd Oblast, Russia. Population: 5,323 (2010 Census); 5,350 (2002 Census); 5,126 (1989 Census).

Kumylzhenskaya is a rural locality and the administrative center of Kumylzhensky District of Volgograd Oblast, Russia. Population: 7,953 (2010 Census); 8,043 (2002 Census); 6,851 (1989 Census).

References

Notes

  1. Article 10 of the Charter of Volgograd Oblast states that the oblast may have an anthem, providing a law is adopted to that effect. As of 2014, no such law is in place.
  2. Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №849 от 13 мая 2000 г. «О полномочном представителе Президента Российской Федерации в федеральном округе». Вступил в силу 13 мая 2000 г. Опубликован: "Собрание законодательства РФ", No. 20, ст. 2112, 15 мая 2000 г. (President of the Russian Federation. Decree #849 of May 13, 2000 On the Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in a Federal District. Effective as of May 13, 2000.).
  3. Госстандарт Российской Федерации. №ОК 024-95 27 декабря 1995 г. «Общероссийский классификатор экономических регионов. 2. Экономические районы», в ред. Изменения №5/2001 ОКЭР. (Gosstandart of the Russian Federation. #OK 024-95 December 27, 1995 Russian Classification of Economic Regions. 2. Economic Regions, as amended by the Amendment #5/2001 OKER. ).
  4. 1 2 3 Volgograd Oblast. Administrative-Territorial Structure, p. 3
  5. Charter of Volgograd Oblast, Article 41
  6. 1 2 Charter of Volgograd Oblast, Article 7
  7. Official website of Volgograd Oblast. Andrey Ivanovich Bocharov, Acting Governor of Volgograd Oblast (in Russian)
  8. Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (May 21, 2004). "Территория, число районов, населённых пунктов и сельских администраций по субъектам Российской Федерации (Territory, Number of Districts, Inhabited Localities, and Rural Administration by Federal Subjects of the Russian Federation)". Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved November 1, 2011.
  9. 1 2 3 4 Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  10. "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  11. "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  12. Official throughout the Russian Federation according to Article 68.1 of the Constitution of Russia.
  13. https://www.military-history.org/articles/5-bloodiest-battles-in-history.htm
  14. Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000](XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  15. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 via Demoscope Weekly.
  16. "Естественное движение населения в разрезе субъектов Российской Федерации". www.gks.ru. Retrieved March 31, 2018.
  17. "Каталог публикаций::Федеральная служба государственной статистики". www.gks.ru. Retrieved March 31, 2018.
  18. "Перепись-2010: русских становится больше". Perepis-2010.ru. December 19, 2011. Retrieved August 13, 2012.
  19. 1 2 3 "Arena: Atlas of Religions and Nationalities in Russia". Sreda, 2012.
  20. 2012 Arena Atlas Religion Maps. "Ogonek", № 34 (5243), 27/08/2012. Retrieved 21/04/2017. Archived.
  21. Выписки ЕГРЮЛ и ЕГРИП, проверка контрагентов, ИНН и КПП организаций, реквизиты ИП и ООО. СБИС (in Russian). Retrieved October 20, 2018.

Sources