Volkswagen Caminhões e Ônibus

Last updated
Volkswagen Caminhões e Ônibus
Type Subsidiary
Industry Automotive
Founded1995
Headquarters Resende, Brazil
Area served
Brazil, Mexico, Nigeria, and South Africa
Key people
Roberto Cortes President [1]
Products Commercial vehicles
Parent Traton
Website vwco.com.br

Volkswagen Caminhões e Ônibus, which is Volkswagen Trucks and Buses in English, is a Brazilian commercial vehicle manufacturing company based in Resende, Brazil and a subsidiary of Traton. It manufactures heavy trucks and buses under the Volkswagen marque.

Contents

Volkswagen Caminhões e Ônibus was originally a part of the Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles division of the Volkswagen Group, but as of 1 January 2009, it came under the ownership of MAN SE and is now part of MAN Latin America. [2]

Volkswagen Caminhões e Ônibus operation

In 1979, Volkswagenwerk AG acquired a 67% percent stake in Chrysler Motors do Brasil Ltda. In January 1980, it increased its shareholding to 100%, therefore giving it the right to rename the company to Volkswagen Caminhões Ltda.

The first Volkswagen Truck - the 1981 13.130 VW 13.130.jpg
The first Volkswagen Truck - the 1981 13.130

Volkswagen Caminhões Ltda. released their first trucks in February/March 1981; the Volkswagen 11.130 and the Volkswagen 13.130, both had a reworked version of Volkswagen's Mk1 LT cabin, and were powered by MWM Motores Diesel Ltda (MWM) diesel engines on Chrysler engineered platforms which were inherited from the takeover. [3]

AutoLatina years

From 1987 to 1996, Volkswagen Trucks and Buses were built with Ford components as part of the AutoLatina venture, and were built in Ford's Ipiranga complex in Brazil.

Once the AutoLatina marriage fell through, Volkswagen Group had no factory for its trucks and their parts, so the Resende plant was built in 1995. [3]

Resende rebirth

1996, Resende was the official start for Volkswagen Trucks and Buses, developing their own parts and platforms. The Modular Consortium was introduced for the first time in Resende. [4]

Modular Consortium

The Modular Consortium is the group of main suppliers that make the parts, and assembles them for Volkswagen Truck and Bus on site in the Resende factory. [4]

Volkswagen Groups involvement is only in supplying the factory and inspection at the end of production; Volkswagen pays only a small amount of wages, as each partner of the Modular Consortium pays the workers. [3]

The Modular Consortium comprises these companies:

Sales

Most of the early sales of the Truck and Bus chassis' operations were mainly within South America; with the exception of small exportations to China and the Middle East.

Prior to Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles' new role of managing the Truck and Bus operation; in 1994 Volkswagen imported to Germany a 7  tonne truck: the Volkswagen L80. Due to the European Union Gas Emissions EU4 standards; exports discontinued in late 2000. [3]

The Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles era

Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles took over the Brazilian Trucks and Buses operation in 2000 from Volkswagen do Brasil; Volkswagen's Brazilian subsidiary. This signaled the start of a new era for the Volkswagen Group in producing its own Heavy Truck and Bus chassis range, which covers the gross combination mass (GCM) of 5 tonnes to 57 tonnes category.

Since Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles have taken control; the company has been looking at expanding Truck and Bus sales to other markets outside of South America, South Africa and Middle East regions.

All Volkswagen Caminhões e Ônibus vehicles are built in the Resende, Brazil factory and sent in semi knocked down (SKD) kits to Uitenhage in South Africa and Puebla in Mexico. [3]

Planned future markets for export are ASEAN and Eastern Europe countries.

Volkswagen Caminhões e Ônibus released the new Volkswagen Constellation range in September 2005, with a gross combination mass from 13 tonnes to 57 tonnes. [3]

Volkswagen Caminhões e Ônibus company facts

BMB Mode Center

Established in 2002 10 km from Resende the assembly plant, the BMB Mode Center is responsible for modifications to the truck and bus range that cannot be done on the production line.

BMB Mode Center build:

The BMB division moved in June 2006 to the new location 150 m outside the Resende Plant. The new location has 30,000 square metres of land; it cost Brazilian R$7 million to build. [7]

Volkswagen Caminhões e Ônibus highlights

1980s

January 1981
Volkswagenwerk AG acquires 100% of the Chrysler Motors of Brazil Ltda [3]
February 1981
Volkswagen Caminhões Ltda releases first trucks 11.130, 13.130, and an ethanol powered truck [3]
March 1981
Changing of name from Chrysler Motors of Brazil Ltda to Volkswagen Caminhões Ltda (Caminhões is Portuguese for trucks) [3]
September 1982
Launching of 6  tonne truck range [3]
July 1984
Integration of Volkswagen Caminhões Ltda. into Volkswagen do Brasil [3]
August 1984
Volkswagen 140, the first methane gas/biogas powered truck in Brazil [3]
July 1985
Volkswagen 11.130 exported to China [3]
July 1987
Truck division integrates with Ford Trucks with the formation of AutoLatina [3]

1990s

July 1990
Volkswagen Caminhões e Ônibus plant moves to Industrial Complex of the Ipiranga [3]
April 1993
Launching of the first Volkswagen Volksbus chassis 16.180 CO [3]
April 1994
Volkswagen Caminhões e Ônibus celebrate 100,000th VWCV truck produced [3]
June 1995
Beginning of the Volkswagen L80 exports to Germany [3]
Volkswagen Caminhões Ltda. announces Resende, Brazil as site for the construction of the future Truck and Bus plant [3]
November 1996
Volkswagen Caminhões Ltda moves to new Resende plant [3]
September 1997
Commemoration of the 5000th vehicle made in the Resende plant [3]
June 1998
Launching of the Volkswagen Trucks for the Argentine market [3]
Export of complete knock down (CKD) kits of Volksbus microbus chassis to Colombia

2000s

January 2000
Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles (VWN) of Germany, with headquarters in Hanover, assumes the responsibility for the Truck and Bus operation [3]
March 2000
Launching of Series 2000 [3]
April 2001
For the first time in its 20 years, the Volkswagen Caminhões Ltda becomes leader in the Brazilian market for trucks
August 2002
Volkswagen Caminhões e Ônibus has 30% market share of Brazilian market, Brazil is the Number 1 in the world, buyer of Buses and Number 2 for Trucks
December 2002
Production of 100,000th Volkswagen truck in Resende [3]
July 2003
Volkswagen Caminhões e Ônibus participates in the International Rally of the Sertões, with three 8.150 trucks
October 2003
Announcement of the creation of Volkswagen Truck and Bus Operation in Mexico, [3] construction of an assembly line starts in the City of Puebla, Mexico
November 2003
In pioneering research in Brazil, Volkswagen tests a Volksbus powered by biodiesel with the support of the Government of the State of Rio de Janeiro and the UFRJ, in the Riobiodiesel project
April 2004
Volkswagen 18.310 successful for the first time in the Super European Truck Championship
July 2004
Volkswagen Caminhões e Ônibus add three more vehicles in the RioBiodiesel programme
August 2004
First Volkswagen truck production tests are conducted in the plant of Puebla, Mexico
September 2004
Volkswagen announces construction of plant for Volkswagen Truck and Bus range in Port Elizabeth, South Africa [3]
October 2004
The Puebla, Mexican Volkswagen plant officially opens [3]
Volkswagen Titan 18.310 is champion in the Super European Truck Championships in the first year it competes
October 2005
Beginning of the Volkswagen Truck and Bus operation in South Africa with the production of three Volksbus models [3]
November 2005
Volkswagen Truck and Bus release Delivery (5 to 8 tonnes) and Constellation (13 to 45 tonnes) lines [3]
June 2006
The BMB Mode Centre is opened for specialised modification of Volkswagen Caminhões e Ônibus range
The Constellation Daycab is released [3]
September 2006
The top of the line 18.320 VIP Volksbus is released
February 2007
Release of the 31.320 6x4 Constellation, and 15.190, 17.230 Volksbus line [3]
8 August 2007
Volkswagen Caminhões e Ônibus released their most powerful diesel engine the Volkswagen NGD 370 in the Volkswagen Constellation lineup [3] [8]
22 August 2007
Volkswagen produce the first right hand drive heavy truck in the companies history, with the release of the Volkswagen Constellation range in South Africa
8 August 2008
Volkswagen releases a new robotised transmission in co-operation with ZF Friedrichshafen AG for the Volksbus range
15 December 2008
Volkswagen AG sells Volkswagen Caminhões e Ônibus to MAN SE to form MAN Latin America. [2] [9]

2010s

3 November 2011
Volkswagen AG acquires majority share holding of 55.9% in MAN SE, thus officially bringing Volkswagen Caminhões e Ônibus back into the Volkswagen Group.
13 September 2017
Volkswagen Caminhões e Ônibus launches an all new generation of the popular Volkswagen Delivery family.

2020s

1 September 2020
Volkswagen Caminhões e Ônibus launches their first heavy duty flagship model, the Volkswagen Meteor.

Volkswagen Caminhões e Ônibus in motorsports

A Constellation pace truck leading the field at the 2006 Curitiba round of the Brazilian Formula Truck championship Formula Truck 2006 Curitiba Pace Truck.jpg
A Constellation pace truck leading the field at the 2006 Curitiba round of the Brazilian Fórmula Truck championship

Volkswagen Caminhões e Ônibus competes in the Brazilian Fórmula Truck championship, with four drivers. [10] The Volkswagen Constellation 18.310 Titan tractor unit is used; [10] they are driven by Renato Martins, [10] Felipe Giaffone, [10] Walmir Benavides [10] and Débora Rodrigues. [10] Furthermore, an additional Constellation is used as the official pace truck, [10] driven by Ana Lúcia Lopes. [10]

Current models

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Resende, Rio de Janeiro Municipality in Southeast, Brazil

Resende is a municipality in the Brazilian state of Rio de Janeiro. The population is 132,312 in an area of 1094 km². Resendense refers to people or things that come from or inhabit Resende. It is the oldest town in this region, which has boundaries with the state of São Paulo and Minas Gerais. It is an important industrial, automotive, metallurgical, and tourist center, and headquarters of the world's second-largest military complex, the Academia Militar das Agulhas Negras (AMAN). Resende is of national importance and houses the Nuclear Fuel Factory complex of the "Indústrias Nucleares" of Brasil, the only one able to enrich uranium. Resende's automotive area holds MAN Latin America, the biggest truck and bus factory of Brazil, limited to PSA Peugeot Citroën and Michelin.

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The Volkswagen Volksbus is a range of step-floor city bus chassis assembled in Germany and produced by the Brazilian manufacturer Volkswagen Caminhões e Ônibus from 1993 to present.

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The Volkswagen Delivery is the entry-level model in the Volkswagen Caminhões e Ônibus heavy truck range. It sits above the Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles light commercial vehicle range; Caddy, Transporter, Crafter and Amarok.

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Traton SE, known as the Traton Group, is a subsidiary of the Volkswagen Group and one of the world's largest commercial vehicle manufacturers, with its MAN, Scania and Volkswagen Caminhões e Ônibus brands. The company also has digital services branded as RIO. In 2020, the Group sold around 190,200 vehicles. The range of products includes light-, medium-, and heavy-duty trucks, as well as vans and buses. As of December 31, 2020, Traton employed around 82,600 people in its commercial vehicle brands.

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References

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  2. 1 2 "Volkswagen sells heavy truck business in Brazil to MAN". VolkswagenAG.com. Volkswagen Aktiengesellschaft. 15 December 2008. Archived from the original on 1 October 2011. Retrieved 9 November 2009.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 "Volkswagen Trucks and Buses - History". VWTBpress.com.br. MAN Latin America. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 22 November 2009.
  4. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 "Volkswagen Trucks and Buses - Plant - Resende". VWTBpress.com.br. MAN Latin America. Archived from the original on 26 January 2016. Retrieved 22 November 2009.
  5. Locations – America – Resende (Brasil) Archived September 28, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  6. "Resende - Brasil". VWTBpress.com.br (in Portuguese). MAN Latin America. Archived from the original on 2008-05-19. Retrieved 2008-06-07.
  7. "BMB Mode Center abre centro modificador de caminhões e Ônibus Volkswagen". VWTBpress.com.br (in Portuguese). MAN Latin America. Retrieved 2008-06-07.
  8. http://vwgazette.blogspot.com/2007/08/vw-constellation-370-revealed-93l-57.html
  9. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-07-08. Retrieved 2009-01-03.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  10. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 "Volkswagen Trucks and Buses - Fórmula Truck". VWTBpress.com.br. MAN Latin America. Archived from the original on 26 January 2016. Retrieved 22 November 2009.
  11. "Volkswagen Caminhões". lexicarbrasil.com.br (in Portuguese). Retrieved July 3, 2020.
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