Volyn Oblast

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Volyn Oblast
Волинська область
Volynśka oblast́
Volynska oblast [1]
Coat of Arms of Volyn Oblast.svg
Nickname(s): 
Волинь (Volyn), Polish: Wołyń
Volyn in Ukraine.svg
Country Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine
Administrative center Lutsk
Government
   Governor Yuriy Pohuliaiko [2] [3]
   Oblast council 64 seats
  Chairperson Ihor Palytsia [4] (UKROP [4] )
Area
  Total20,144 km2 (7,778 sq mi)
Area rank Ranked 20th
Population
 (2021) [5]
  TotalDecrease2.svg 1,027,397
  Rank Ranked 24th
Time zone UTC+2 (EET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
Area code +380-33
ISO 3166 code UA-07
Raions 16
Cities (total)11
  Regional cities 4
Urban-type settlements 22
Villages1053
FIPS 10-4 UP24
Website www.voladm.gov.ua

Volyn Oblast (Ukrainian : Волинська область, translit. Volyns’ka oblast’; also referred to as Volyn’, Wołyń or Lodomeria) is an oblast (province) in northwestern Ukraine. Its administrative center is Lutsk. Kovel is the westernmost town and the last station in Ukraine of the rail line running from Kyiv to Warsaw. Population: 1,027,397 (2021 est.) [5]

Contents

History

Volyn was once part of Kievan Rus' before becoming an independent local principality and an integral part of the Halych-Volynia, one of Kievan Rus' successor states. In the 15th century, the area came under the control of neighbouring Grand Duchy of Lithuania, in 1569 passing over to Poland and then in 1795, until World War I, to the Russian Empire where it was a part of the Volynskaya Guberniya. In the interwar period most of the territory, organized as Wołyń Voivodeship was under Polish control.

In 1939 when following the Molotov-Ribbentrop pact Poland was invaded and divided by Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union, Volyn was joined to Soviet Ukraine, and on December 4, 1939, the oblast was organized.

Volyn Oblast districts. Volyn-Region-Map-very-smal.png
Volyn Oblast districts.

Many Ukrainians rejoiced at the "reunification", but the Polish minority suffered a cruel fate. Thousands of Poles, especially retired Polish officers and intelligentsia were deported to Siberia and other areas in the depths of the Soviet Union. A high proportion of these deportees died in the extreme conditions of Soviet labour camps and most were never able to return to Volyn again.

In 1941 Volyn along with the Soviet Union was invaded by the Nazi Germany's Barbarossa Offensive. Nazis alongside Ukrainian collaborators completed their holocaust of the Jews of Volhynia in late 1942.

Partisan activity started in Volyn in 1941, soon after German occupation. Partisans were involved in the Rail War campaign against German supply lines and were known for their efficiency in gathering intelligence and for sabotage. The region formed the basis of several networks and many members of the local population served with the partisans. The Poles in the area became part of the Polish Home Army, which often undertook operations with the partisan movement.

UPA initially supported Nazi Germany which had in turn supported them with financing and weaponry before the start of World War II. Many served in the various RONA and SS units. Once they became disillusioned with the Nazi program, they independently began to target all non Ukrainians (Poles, Jews, Russians, among others) for extermination. Some 30,000 to 60,000 Poles, Czechs, remaining Jews, and Ukrainians who tried to help others escape (Polish sources gave even higher figures) and later, around 2,000 or more Ukrainians were killed in retaliation (see Massacres of Poles in Volhynia).

In January 1944 the Red Army recaptured the territory from the Nazis.

In the immediate aftermath of World War II the Polish-Soviet border was redrawn based on the Curzon line. Volyn, along with the neighbouring provinces became an integral part of the Ukrainian SSR. Most Poles who remained in the eastern region were forced to leave to the Recovered Territories of western Poland (the former easternmost provinces of Germany) whose German population had been expelled. Some of the Ukrainians on the western side, notably around the city of Kholm (Chełm in Polish), were also forcibly relocated to Ukraine.

The area underwent rapid industrialisation including the construction of the Lutskiy Avtomobilnyi Zavod. Nevertheless, the area remains one of the most rural throughout the former Soviet Union.

Historical sites

The following historical-cultural sites were nominated in 2007 for the Seven Wonders of Ukraine.[ citation needed ]

Relics

Politics

Former Chairmen of Oblast Council

Subdivisions

Detailed map of Volyn Oblast (1939). Western portions of the Ukrainian SSR 1940.jpg
Detailed map of Volyn Oblast (1939).

The Volyn Oblast is administratively subdivided into 4 raions (districts).

NameCenterCenter populationArea
(km2)
Population
(thousand people)
Hromadas
Volodymyr-Volynskyi Raion Volodymyr-Volynskyi 38,92558,2174,711
Kamin-Kashyrskyi Raion Kamin-Kashyrskyi 12,54693,4132,45
Kovel Raion Kovel 68,27647,927123
Lutsk Raion Lutsk 221,15247,8457,315
HromadaTypeCenterRaion
Lutskcity Lutsk Lutsk
Volodymyr-Volynskyi]city Volodymyr-Volynskyi Volodymyr-Volynskyi
Kovelcity Kovel Kovel
Novovolynskcity Novovolynsk Volodymyr-Volynskyi
Ustyluhcity Ustyluh Volodymyr-Volynskyi
ZymnevillageZymne Volodymyr-Volynskyi
OvadnevillageOvadne Volodymyr-Volynskyi
Berestechkocity Berestechko Lutsk
Horokhivcity Horokhiv Lutsk
Marianivkatown Marianivka Lutsk
Ivanychitown Ivanychi Volodymyr-Volynskyi
LytovezhvillageLytovezh Volodymyr-Volynskyi
Pavlivkavillage Pavlivka Volodymyr-Volynskyi
PoromivvillagePoromiv Volodymyr-Volynskyi
Kamin-Kashyrskyicity Kamin-Kashyrskyi Kamin-Kashyrskyi
SoshychnevillageSoshychne Kamin-Kashyrskyi
Kivertsicity Kivertsi Lutsk
Olykatown Olyka Lutsk
TsumantownTsuman Lutsk
HolobytownHoloby Kovel
LublynetstownLublynets Kovel
VelytskvillageVelytsk Kovel
DubovevillageDubove Kovel
Kolodiazhnevillage Kolodiazhne Kovel
Povorskvillage Povorsk Kovel
Lokachitown Lokachi Volodymyr-Volynskyi
ZaturtsivillageZaturtsi Volodymyr-Volynskyi
TorchyntownTorchyn Lutsk
BoratynvillageBoratyn Lutsk
HorodyshchevillageHorodyshche Lutsk
PidhaitsivillagePidhaitsi Lutsk
Liubeshivtown Liubeshiv Kamin-Kashyrskyi
Liubomlcity Liuboml Kovel
Holovnetown Holovne Kovel
VyshnivvillageVyshniv Kovel
RivnevillageRivne Kovel
Kolkytown Kolky Lutsk
Manevychitown Manevychi Kamin-Kashyrskyi
PrylisnevillagePrylisne Kamin-Kashyrskyi
ZabolottiatownZabolottia Kovel
Ratnetown Ratne Kovel
VelymchevillageVelymche Kovel
Zabrodyvillage Zabrody Kovel
SamaryvillageSamary Kovel
Rozhyshchecity Rozhyshche Lutsk
DorosynivillageDorosyni Lutsk
KopachivkavillageKopachivka Lutsk
Stara Vyzhivkatown Stara Vyzhivka Kovel
DubechnevillageDubechne Kovel
SerekhovychivillageSerekhovychi Kovel
SmidynvillageSmidyn Kovel
LukivtownLukiv Kovel
Turiisktown Turiisk Kovel
Shatsktown Shatsk Kovel

Demography

Age structure

0–14 years: 19.0% Increase2.svg (male 101,739/female 95,332)
15–64 years: 68.2% Decrease2.svg (male 344,359/female 363,116)
65 years and over: 12.8% Decrease2.svg (male 42,221/female 90,463) (2013 official)

Median age

total: 35.7 years Increase2.svg
male: 33.2 years Increase2.svg
female: 38.3 years Increase2.svg (2013 official)

Notable people

See also

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References

  1. Syvak, Nina; Ponomarenko, Valerii; Khodzinska, Olha; Lakeichuk, Iryna (2011). Veklych, Lesia (ed.). "Toponymic Guidelines for Map and Other Editors for International Use" (PDF). United Nations Statistics Division . scientific consultant Iryna Rudenko; reviewed by Nataliia Kizilowa; translated by Olha Khodzinska. Kyiv: DerzhHeoKadastr and Kartographia. p. 20. ISBN   978-966-475-839-7 . Retrieved 2020-10-06.
  2. "Government adopts a series of personnel decisions". Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine . October 28, 2019. Retrieved November 23, 2019.
  3. "Trofimov introduces new head of Volyn Regional State Administration". Ukrinform . December 3, 2019. Retrieved December 3, 2019.
  4. 1 2 "Austrian ski resort of Semmering losing faith in Ukrainian oligarch investors". Deutsche Welle . Retrieved 22 December 2017.
  5. 1 2 "Чисельність наявного населення України (Actual population of Ukraine)" (PDF) (in Ukrainian). State Statistics Service of Ukraine . Retrieved 11 July 2021.

Coordinates: 50°44′29″N25°21′14″E / 50.74139°N 25.35389°E / 50.74139; 25.35389