Vyacheslav Ivanovich Silin

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Vyacheslav Ivanovich Silin
Born(1907-02-22)February 22, 1907
Tula
Died November 20, 1975(1975-11-20) (aged 68)
Nationality Russian Empire, USSR
Occupation weapons engineer
Known for Silin Gun

Vyacheslav Ivanovich Silin (1907—1975) was a leading Russian weapons engineer in the Soviet Union.

Russian Empire former country, 1721–1917

The Russian Empire, also known as Imperial Russia or simply Russia, was an empire that existed across Eurasia and North America from 1721, following the end of the Great Northern War, until the Republic was proclaimed by the Provisional Government that took power after the February Revolution of 1917.

Military technology application of technology for use in warfare

Military technology is the application of technology for use in warfare. It comprises the kinds of technology that are distinctly military in nature and not civilian in application, usually because they lack useful or legal civilian applications, or are dangerous to use without appropriate military training.

Soviet Union 1922–1991 country in Europe and Asia

The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991. Nominally a union of multiple national Soviet republics, its government and economy were highly centralized. The country was a one-party state, governed by the Communist Party with Moscow as its capital in its largest republic, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic. Other major urban centres were Leningrad, Kiev, Minsk, Alma-Ata, and Novosibirsk. It spanned over 10,000 kilometres east to west across 11 time zones, and over 7,200 kilometres north to south. It had five climate zones: tundra, taiga, steppes, desert and mountains.

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Biography

Silin was born in Tula on February 22, 1907. In 1919, he began working at the Tula Arms Plant. His work was halted while he served in the Red Army from 1931-1932, but throughout the rest of his life he was a leading figure in the engineering and construction of military technology for the Soviet Union. He was awarded the Order of Lenin in 1939 and the Lenin Prize in 1967. He died on November 20, 1975.

Tula, Russia City in Tula Oblast, Russia

Tula is an industrial city and the administrative center of Tula Oblast, Russia, located 193 kilometers (120 mi) south of Moscow, on the Upa River. Population: 501,169 (2010 Census); 481,216 (2002 Census); 539,980 (1989 Census).

Tula Arms Plant

Tula Arms Plant is a Russian weapons manufacturer founded by Tsar Peter I of Russia in 1712 in Tula, Tula Oblast as Tula Arsenal. Throughout its history, it has produced weapons for the Russian state. Its name was changed from Tula Arsenal to Tula Arms Plant during the Soviet era.

Red Army 1917–1946 ground and air warfare branch of the Soviet Unions military

The Workers' and Peasants' Red Army, frequently shortened to Red Army was the army and the air force of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, and, after 1922, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. The army was established immediately after the 1917 October Revolution. The Bolsheviks raised an army to oppose the military confederations of their adversaries during the Russian Civil War. Beginning in February 1946, the Red Army, along with the Soviet Navy, embodied the main component of the Soviet Armed Forces; taking the official name of "Soviet Army", until its dissolution in December 1991.

Technology produced

Silin produced a number of important weapons for the USSR, both through his own engineering work and under his direction. Working at the Central Bureau for the Construction and Research of Recreational and Hunting Weapons in Tula, he was tasked with developing antitank grenade launchers and was directly involved in the creation of the main weapons for the BMP-1 and BMD - 2A28 gun. In 1935, his involvement with the project led to the development of the 7.62 mm rapid-fire aircraft machine gun Sibemas (VI Silin, M. E. Berezin, P. Morozenko) with a rate of fire of 6,000 rounds/min which also features revolving scheme automation. Work on the design of such weapons was halted in the late 1940s, due to shortcomings in the design.

In 1939 Silin participated in a competition to create a 7.62-mm machine gun. He developed the TCB-67 machine gun, which successfully passed field testing. Silin participated in the design of the VYa-23 and B-20 air cannons. In the late 40s - early 50s VI Silin developed the TKB-440 tank gun, equipped with a 7.62-mm rifle cartridge, as well as the TKB-458M with a 7,62 mm cartridge arr. 1943 In the 1950s. Silin were tested on a revolving scheme, 23-mm cannon TKB-505 and 30-mm gun TKB-515.

As chief designer at the Central Bureau in Tula from 1960 until his death, Silin spearheaded the development of anti-tank grenade launchers. In 1960-1963. he, together with AT Alekseev developed the SPG-9 73-mm heavy machine grenade launcher, which is significantly faster than the best modern foreign models of similar value. In 1961-1966, Silin, together with VI Zaitsev, NS Pasenko and VI Volkov, developed a brand new 73-mm smoothbore semi-2A28 gun. For his work, Silin was awarded the Order of Lenin, the Order of the Patriotic War II degree, and two Orders of Red Banner of Labour.

Order of Lenin Soviet Union award

The Order of Lenin, named after the leader of the Russian October Revolution, was established by the Central Executive Committee on April 6, 1930. The order was the highest civilian decoration bestowed by the Soviet Union. The order was awarded to:

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