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Skyline of Vyshhorod
|• Mayor||Oleksiy Momot|
|• Total||8.7 km2 (3.4 sq mi)|
|• Density||2,635/km2 (6,820/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (EET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+3 (EEST)|
07300 — 07304
|Area code(s)||+380 4596|
Vyshhorod (Ukrainian : Ви́шгород) is a city in Kyiv Oblast (region) in central Ukraine, the immediate northern suburb to the national capital Kyiv, located upstream along the Dnieper River. It serves as the administrative center of Vyshhorod Raion. Its population is approximately 30,997 (2020 est.) .
Vyshhorod is a historical town that experienced rises and declines over the centuries. It is now a notable industrial center as well as a growing bedroom community for Kyiv.
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Vyshhorod is located on a hilly right bank of the Dnieper River adjoining the dam of the Kyiv Reservoir.
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The earliest historical mention of Vyshgorod (the name literally translates as "the town upstream") dates from as early as 946, when it was described as the favourite residence of Saint Olga. Also mentioned in De Administrando Imperio , Vyshgorod served as the fortified castle and residence of the monarchs of Kievan Rus' on the Dnieper from that time until 1240, when the Mongols sacked it. At Vyshhorod Vladimir the Great (reigned 980 to 1015) kept a harem of 300 concubines.
After the Mongol invasion, the location does not appear in the records again until 1523 - and even then it was documented as a poor village. Vyshgorod grew considerably following the construction of the hydroelectric Kyiv power plant and was finally incorporated as a town in 1968.
In 1934-37 and 1947 the archaeological remnants of the medieval town were excavated. The most striking find was the basement of the eight-pillared Church of St. Basil, founded by Vladimir the Great and named after his patron saint. As the church was one of the largest in Kievan Rus', it took twenty years to complete it. Before the Mongol invasion the church housed the relics of the first East Slavic saints, Boris and Gleb, but their subsequent fate remains a mystery. The ancient Cossack military monastery, the Mezhyhirskyi Monastery, stood not too far away from the city.
There are more than 1500 enterprises and companies functioning today in Vyshhorod, most important of them being the Kyiv Hydroelectric Power Plant, the Kyiv Pumped Storage Power Plant (both divisions of the Ukrhydroenergo) and a building materials factory controlled by the Henkel.
Vyshhorod is connected to the Kyiv and other destinations mainly by roads. There is also a non-electrified terminus rail connection to Kyiv used for both freight transport and peak hour commuter passenger service. City's riverport facilities are used for local industrial purposes only. Jitney buses run between Vyshhorod and the Heroiv Dnipra station of the Kyiv Metro's Obolonsko–Teremkivska line.
In 2011, Vyshhorod was the first Ukrainian city to host the F1 Powerboat World Championship motorboat race, [ citation needed ]which is announced to become annual event in the city.
Vyshgorod is twinned with:
The Dnieper is one of the major rivers of Europe, rising in the Valdai Hills near Smolensk, Russia, before flowing through Belarus and Ukraine to the Black Sea. It is the longest river of Ukraine and Belarus and the fourth-longest river in Europe, after Volga, Danube and Ural. The total length is approximately 2,200 km (1,400 mi) with a drainage basin of 504,000 square kilometres (195,000 sq mi). Historically, the river was an important barrier, dividing Ukraine into right and left banks. Nowadays, the river is noted for its dams and hydroelectric stations. The Dnieper is an important navigable waterway for the economy of Ukraine and is connected via the Dnieper–Bug Canal to other waterways in Europe.
Vladimir-Suzdal, also Vladimir-Suzdalian Rus', formally known as the Grand Duchy of Vladimir (1157–1331), was one of the major principalities that succeeded Kievan Rus' in the late 12th century, centered in Vladimir-on-Klyazma. With time the principality grew into a grand duchy divided into several smaller principalities. After being conquered by the Mongol Empire, the principality became a self-governed state headed by its own nobility. A governorship of principality, however, was prescribed by a Khan declaration (jarlig) issued from the Golden Horde to a noble family of any of smaller principalities.
Kaniv is a city located in Cherkasy Raion, Cherkasy Oblast (province) in central Ukraine. The city rests on the Dnieper River, and is also one of the main inland river ports on the Dnieper. It hosts the administration of Kaniv urban hromada, one of the hromadas of Ukraine. Population: 23,597
Chernihiv Oblast is an oblast (province) of northern Ukraine. The administrative center of the oblast is the city of Chernihiv. Within the Oblast are 1,511 settlements of various sizes ranging from large cities to very small villages. Population: 991,294
Chernihiv also known as Chernigov is a historic city in northern Ukraine, which serves as the administrative center of the Chernihiv Oblast (province), and Chernihiv Raion (district) within the oblast. It hosts the administration of Chernihiv urban hromada, one of the hromadas of Ukraine. Population is 286,899 . Although today it bears a tiny remnant, the city had a strong Jewish presence that was eliminated in several episodes of mass extermination during the Nazi occupation.
Andrei I Yuryevich, commonly known under his sobriquet Andrei the Pious, was Grand prince of Vladimir-Suzdal from 1157 until his death. His reign saw a complete decline of Kiev's rule over northeastern Rus, and the rise of Vladimir as the new capital city. Andrei was known in the West as Scythian Caesar, and is canonized as a saint in the Russian Orthodox Church.
Liubech is an urban-type settlement, previously a small ancient town connected with many important events in the Principality of Chernigov since the times of Kievan Rus'. It is located in Chernihiv Raion, now in Chernihiv Oblast of northern Ukraine. Liubech is 250 kilometers (160 mi) north of the capital of Ukraine, Kyiv, and located near the Belarusian border. It hosts the administration of Liubech settlement hromada, one of the hromadas of Ukraine. Population: 1,998
The history of Kyiv, the largest city and the capital of Ukraine officially celebrates founding year as 482, but history is documented as going back at least 2,000 years and archaeological site with the oldest settlement in the area dating back to 25,000 years BC.
Zalesye or Opolye is a historical region of Russia, comprising the north and west parts of Vladimir Oblast, the north-east of Moscow Oblast and the south of Yaroslavl Oblast. As the kernel of the medieval state of Vladimir-Suzdal, this area played a vital part in the development of Russian statehood.
The architecture of Kievan Rus' comes from the medieval state of Kievan Rus' which incorporated parts of what is now modern Ukraine, Russia, and Belarus, and was centered on Kiev and Novgorod. Its architecture is the earliest period of Russian architecture, using the foundations of Byzantine culture but with great use of innovations and architectural features. Most remains are Russian Orthodox churches or parts of the gates and fortifications of cities.
St. Michael's Golden-Domed Monastery is a functioning monastery in Kyiv, the capital of Ukraine. The monastery is located on the right bank of the Dnieper River on the edge of a bluff northeast of the Saint Sophia Cathedral. The site is located in the historic administrative Uppertown and overlooks the city's historical commercial and merchant quarter, the Podil neighbourhood.
The inner Principality of Kiev was a medieval East Slavic state, situated in central regions of modern Ukraine around the city of Kiev (Kyiv). It was formed during the process of political fragmentation of the Kievan Rus' in the early 12th century. As a result of that process, the effective rule of the Grand Princes of Kiev was gradually reduced to central regions of Kievan Rus', thus forming a reduced princely domain, known as the inner Principality of Kiev. It existed as a polity until the middle of the 14th century.
The Gate Church of the Trinity is a historic church of the ancient cave monastery of Kyiv Pechersk Lavra in Kyiv, the capital of Ukraine. Originally being built as a Kievan Rus' style church, the Gate Church of the Trinity is now decorated in the Ukrainian Baroque style, having been reconstructed many times through its history.
The Mezhyhirya Savior-Transfiguration Monastery was an Eastern Orthodox female monastery that was located in the neighborhood of Mezhyhiria.
The Principality of Pereyaslavl was a regional principality of Kievan Rus' from the end of 9th century until 1323, based in the city of Pereyaslavl on the Trubizh River.
Bilhorod Kyivskyi or Belgorod Kievsky was a legendary city-castle located in Kievan Rus' that was located on the right bank of Irpin River and was mentioned in chronicles.
Kievan Rus' or Kyivan Rus', was a loose federation of East Slavic and Uralic peoples in Europe from the late 9th to the mid-13th century, under the reign of the Rurik dynasty, founded by the Varangian prince Rurik. The modern nations of Belarus, Russia, and Ukraine all claim Kievan Rus' as their cultural ancestors, with Belarus and Russia deriving their names from it. The Rurik dynasty would continue to rule parts of Rus' until the 16th century with the Tsardom of Russia. At its greatest extent, in the mid-11th century, it stretched from the White Sea in the north to the Black Sea in the south and from the headwaters of the Vistula in the west to the Taman Peninsula in the east, uniting the majority of East Slavic tribes.
The Siege of Kiev by the Mongols took place between November 28 and December 6, 1240, and resulted in a Mongol victory. It was a heavy morale and military blow to Halych-Volhynia and allowed Batu Khan to proceed westward into Europe.
Kyiv Hydroelectric Station is a run-of-river power plant on the Dnieper River in Vyshhorod, Ukraine. The 288 m (945 ft) long dam creates the Kyiv Reservoir with the purpose of hydroelectric power generation and navigability with the dam's associated lock. The first of 20 generators in the power station was commissioned in 1964, the last in 1968. Together with the Kyiv Pumped Storage Power Station, it creates a hydroelectricity generating complex. It is operated by the Ukrhydroeneho that is part of the state company Energy Company of Ukraine. Turbines for the plant were produced by the Kharkiv Factory "Turboatom", generators - Kharkiv Factory "Elektrovazhmash".
The Saint Vladimir Monument, or monument to Saint Volodymyr, is a monument in Kyiv, dedicated to the Grand Prince of Kyiv Vladimir the Great, built in 1853. It is located on Saint Vladimir Hill, the steep right bank of the Dnieper. It is the oldest sculptural monument, a dominating feature of the Dnieper's banks, and one of the city's symbols.
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