William David McIntyre
4 September 1932
|Died||11 September 2022 90) (aged|
Lower Hutt, New Zealand
|Alma mater||University of London|
|Thesis||British policy in west Africa, the Malay peninsula and the south Pacific during the secretaryships of Lord Kimberley and Lord Carnarvon 1870–1876 (1959)|
|Institutions|| University of Nottingham |
University of Canterbury
|Main interests||British Empire / Commonwealth constitutional and military history|
William David McIntyre(4 September 1932 –11 September 2022) was a British-born New Zealand historian,known for his expertise on the military and constitutional histories of the Commonwealth of Nations and British Empire.
Born in England on 4 September 1932,McIntyre was the son of Rev. J. McIntyre,a congregationalist minister. He was educated at Caterham School and went on to study at Peterhouse,Cambridge,and Washington University,earning a Master of Arts degree,and the School of Oriental &African Studies at the University of London,where he completed a PhD. His 1959 doctoral thesis was titled British policy in west Africa,the Malay peninsula and the south Pacific during the secretaryships of Lord Kimberley and Lord Carnarvon 1870–1876.
In 1957,McIntyre married Marion Jean Hillyard,an American he met while at Washington University,and they went on to have five children.
McIntyre was a teaching fellow at Washington University from 1955 to 1956. After completing his PhD,in 1959 he became an assistant lecturer,and later lecturer,in Commonwealth and American history at the University of Nottingham.In 1966,he was appointed a professor in history at the University of Canterbury,in Christchurch,New Zealand, where he remained for the rest of his career. He retired in 1997,and was awarded the title of professor emeritus. He continued to write and research. An expert on the constitutional and military histories of the Commonwealth of Nations and British Empire,McIntyre published and advised governments. He served as consultant to the Committee on Commonwealth Membership,and compiled its report which was accepted by Heads of Government at Kampala in 2007.
In the 1992 Queen's Birthday Honours,McIntyre was appointed an Officer of the Order of the British Empire,for services to historical research.
McIntyre married his second wife in 1993. He died in Lower Hutt on 11 September 2022,aged 90 years
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The Statute of Westminster 1931 is an act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that sets the basis for the relationship between the Commonwealth realms and the Crown.
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The state known today as Ireland is the successor state to the Irish Free State,which existed from December 1922 to December 1937. At its foundation,the Irish Free State was,in accordance with its constitution and the terms of the Anglo-Irish Treaty,governed as a constitutional monarchy,in personal union with the monarchy of the United Kingdom and other members of what was then called the British Commonwealth. The monarch as head of state was represented in the Irish Free State by his Governor-General,who performed most of the monarch's duties based on the advice of elected Irish officials.
Imperial Preference was a system of mutual tariff reduction enacted throughout the British Empire following the Ottawa Conference of 1932. As Commonwealth Preference,the proposal was later revived in regard to the members of the Commonwealth of Nations. Joseph Chamberlain,the powerful colonial secretary from 1895 until 1903,argued vigorously that Britain could compete with its growing industrial rivals and thus maintain Great Power status. The best way to do so would be to enhance internal trade inside the worldwide British Empire,with emphasis on the more developed areas —Australia,Canada,New Zealand,and South Africa —that had attracted large numbers of British settlers.
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New Zealand–United Kingdom relations are the bilateral relations between New Zealand and the United Kingdom. New Zealand has maintained a close relationship with Britain,since gaining independence from the United Kingdom.
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The term Dominion is used to refer to one of several self-governing nations of the British Empire.
Ghana was the first African country colonised by European powers to achieve independence under majority rule. During the first three years after independence,from 1957 to 1960,a Westminster system of government was in place and the British monarch served as Queen of Ghana and head of state. Although the country was sometimes referred to as the Dominion of Ghana during this period,it never held the formal status of Dominion within the British Empire.
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