WIN350

Last updated

500-900 series "WIN350"
JRWest-500-906-(WIN350-6).jpg
End car 500-906 preserved at Hakata Shinkansen Depot, October 2011
In service19921995
Manufacturer Hitachi, Kawasaki Heavy Industries
Constructed1992
Scrapped1996
Number built6 vehicles
Number in serviceNone
Number preserved2 vehicles
Number scrapped4 vehicles
Formation6 cars
Fleet numbersW0
Operator(s) JR West
Depot(s)Hakata
Line(s) served Sanyo Shinkansen
Specifications
Car body construction Aluminium alloy, Honeycomb structure
Car length26,550 mm (87 ft 1 in)
(end cars), 25,000 mm (82 ft 0 in)
(intermediate cars) [1]
Width3,380 mm (11 ft 1 in)
Maximum speed350 km/h (215 mph) (nominal) [1]
Traction system300 kW (402 hp) 3-phase motors
Power output7,200 kW (9,655 hp)
Electric system(s) 25 kV AC 60 Hz
Current collector(s) Pantograph
Safety system(s)ATC
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in) standard gauge

"WIN350" was the name given to the 500-900 series (500系900番代) 6-car experimental high-speed Shinkansen train developed in 1992 by the West Japan Railway Company (JR West) in Japan to test technology to be incorporated in next-generation shinkansen trains expected to operate at speeds of 350 km/h (217 mph) from 1994. [2] Initially given the designation "500X", the name "WIN350" stood for "West Japan's Innovation for operation at 350 km/h". [3]

Contents

Design

Cars 500-901 to 500-903 were built by Kawasaki Heavy Industries in Hyogo Prefecture. Cars 500-904 to 500-906 were built by Hitachi in Yamaguchi Prefecture. [4]

The front-end designs of the two driving vehicles (500-901 and 500-906) were slightly different, with 500-906 featuring a "cockpit" style arrangement. [3] The external livery was purple and light grey, with darker purple lining.

All axles were motored, using 300 kW three-phase motors, and cars were equipped with tilting and active suspension. [3]

Internally, only car 4 was fitted with passenger seats, with 10 rows of 3+2 standard-class seating and 5 rows of 2+2 Green class (first class) seating. [5]

Formation

The 6-car set, designated "W0", was formed as follows. [6]

Car No.123456
DesignationM'1cM'1pM1M2M'2pM2c
Numbering500-901500-902500-903500-904500-905500-906

Initially, cars 1, 2, and 5 were fitted with pantographs. [5]

History

The WIN350 train was delivered to Hakata Shinkansen Depot in April 1992. [4]

On 6 August 1992, the train recorded a Japanese national speed record of 345.8 km/h on the San'yō Shinkansen. [3] Two days later, on 8 August 1992, the train recorded a Japanese national speed record of 350.4 km/h on the Sanyo Shinkansen between Ogōri (now Shin-Yamaguchi) and Shin-Shimonoseki. [2]

The WIN350 trainset was withdrawn on 31 May 1996, and a special farewell ceremony was held at Hakata Shinkansen Depot. [2] [3]

Preservation

Car 500-901 preserved at Maibara, October 2006 JRWest-500-901 (WIN350-1).jpg
Car 500-901 preserved at Maibara, October 2006

End car 500-901 is preserved outdoors at the RTRI large-scale wind tunnel test facility in Maibara, Shiga. Initially expected to be moved to the Modern Transportation Museum in Osaka, [3] end car 500-906 is preserved at Hakata Shinkansen Depot. [7]

Related Research Articles

0 Series Shinkansen Japanese high-speed train type

The 0 series trains were the first generation Shinkansen trainsets built to run on Japan's Tōkaidō Shinkansen high-speed line which opened in 1964. The last remaining trainsets were withdrawn in 2008.

100 Series Shinkansen Japanese high-speed train type

The 100 series was a Japanese Shinkansen high-speed train type which operated between 1985 and 2012 on the Tokaido Shinkansen and Sanyo Shinkansen high-speed lines. They were introduced after the 200 series trains, but their numbering is such because in the days of Japanese National Railways (JNR), Shinkansen types running east of Tokyo were given even numbers and those west of Tokyo odd numbers, hence they were given the next odd number in line after 0, 100. The last remaining examples of the type were withdrawn from service following the last runs on 16 March 2012.

200 Series Shinkansen Japanese high speed train type

The 200 series (200系) was a Shinkansen high-speed train type introduced by Japanese National Railways (JNR) for the Tohoku Shinkansen and Joetsu Shinkansen high-speed rail lines in Japan, and operated by East Japan Railway Company until 2013. They actually predated the 100 series trains, having been built between 1980 and 1986. It was one of the two recipients of the 23rd Laurel Prize presented by the Japan Railfan Club, the first Shinkansen type to receive that award. The last remaining sets were retired from regular service in March 2013, and were completely withdrawn from service in April 2013.

300 Series Shinkansen Japanese high-speed train type

The 300 series was a Japanese high-speed Shinkansen train type, with a top operational speed of 270 km/h, which operated on the Tokaido and Sanyo Shinkansen lines in Japan between 1992 and 2012. When first introduced, they were used on the fastest Nozomi services, being capable of 270 km/h (170 mph). As more were delivered they replaced earlier units on Hikari service and allowed the thus displaced 100 series units to finally in turn displace 0 series units on almost all services.

400 Series Shinkansen Japanese high speed train type

The 400 series (400系) was a Japanese Shinkansen high-speed train type operated by East Japan Railway Company between 1992 and 2010 on Tsubasa services on Japan's first mini-shinkansen line, the Yamagata Shinkansen branch from the main Tohoku Shinkansen.

500 Series Shinkansen Japanese high speed train type

The 500 series is a Shinkansen high-speed train type operated by West Japan Railway Company (JR-West) on the Tōkaidō Shinkansen and San'yō Shinkansen lines in Japan since 1997. They were designed to be capable of 320 km/h (200 mph) but operated at 300 km/h (185 mph), until they were finally retired from the primary Nozomi service in 2010. The trainsets were then refurbished and downgraded to the all-stations Kodama service between Shin-Ōsaka and Hakata.

700 Series Shinkansen Japanese high speed train type

The 700 series is a Japanese Shinkansen high-speed train type built between 1997 and 2006, and entering service in 1999. Originally designated as "N300" during the development phase, they formed the next generation of shinkansen vehicles jointly designed by JR Central and JR-West for use on the Tokaido Shinkansen, Hakata Minami Line and the San'yō Shinkansen. Though it has since been withdrawn from service on the Tokaido Shinkansen, it still operates on the San'yō Shinkansen and Hakata Minami Line.

E1 Series Shinkansen Japanese high speed train type

The E1 series (E1系) was a high-speed Shinkansen train type operated by East Japan Railway Company in Japan from July 1994 until September 2012. They were the first double-deck trains built for Japan's Shinkansen. They were generally, along with their fellow double-deck class the E4 series, known by the marketing name "Max". The fleet was withdrawn from regular service on 28 September 2012.

E2 Series Shinkansen Japanese high speed train series

The E2 series is a Japanese high-speed Shinkansen train type operated by East Japan Railway Company on the Tohoku Shinkansen high-speed lines in Japan since 1997. They are formed in 8- and 10-car sets. The 8-car sets were used on the Hokuriku Shinkansen, and the 10-car sets are on Tohoku Shinkansen services. The 10-car sets can be coupled to E3 series Komachi sets using couplers hidden behind retracting nose doors.

E3 Series Shinkansen Japanese high speed train type

The E3 series (E3系) is a Japanese Shinkansen high-speed train type built for Komachi services which commenced on 3 June 1997, coinciding with the opening of the new Akita Shinkansen "mini-shinkansen" line, a regular 1,067 mm narrow-gauge line between Morioka and Akita re-gauged to 1,435 mmstandard gauge. Later versions of the E3 series were also introduced for use on Yamagata Shinkansen Tsubasa services. Both "mini-shinkansen" lines join the Tohoku Shinkansen, providing services to and from Tokyo.

800 Series Shinkansen Japanese high speed train type

The 800 series (800系) is a Japanese Shinkansen high-speed train type operated by Kyushu Railway Company on the Kyushu Shinkansen high-speed rail line. Built by Hitachi, the trains were introduced on the Tsubame services from March 2004.

N700 Series Shinkansen Japanese high speed train type

The N700 series is a Japanese Shinkansen high-speed train with tilting capability developed jointly by JR Central and JR West for use on the Tokaido and San'yō Shinkansen lines since 2007, and also operated by JR Kyushu on the Kyushu Shinkansen line.

Fastech 360 Japanese experimental high speed trains

Fastech 360 is the name given to a pair of former experimental high-speed EMU trainsets developed by East Japan Railway Company to test technology for the next-generation Shinkansen rolling stock. The name is a portmanteau of Fast, Technology, and 360 km/h, the target operational speed for production trains based on the new technologies. Speeds of up to 405 km/h (251.7 mph) were targeted during performance testing. Results of testing using these trains was incorporated into the E5 series and E6 series trains, entering revenue service from 2011, eventually operating at 320 km/h (198.8 mph).

The Gauge Change Train(GCT) or Free Gauge Train is the name given to a Japanese project started in 1994 to develop a high-speed train with variable gauge axles to allow inter-running between the 1,435 mmstandard gauge Shinkansen network, and the 1,067 mm narrow gauge regional rail network.

<i>Tanigawa</i> (train) Japanese high-speed train service

The Tanigawa (たにがわ) is a high-speed train service operated by the East Japan Railway Company on the Joetsu Shinkansen in Japan.

E6 Series Shinkansen Japanese high speed train type

The E6 series (E6系) is a Japanese Shinkansen high-speed train type operated by East Japan Railway Company on Komachi "mini-shinkansen" services on the Tōhoku Shinkansen and Akita Shinkansen from Tokyo to Akita since 16 March 2013. A pre-series set was delivered in June 2010 for extensive testing, with 23 full-production sets delivered between November 2012 and spring 2014.

STAR21 Experimental Japanese shinkansen trainset

"STAR21" was the name given to the Class 952/953 (952・953形) 9-car experimental Shinkansen train developed in 1992 by the East Japan Railway Company in Japan to test technology to be incorporated in next-generation shinkansen trains operating at speeds of 350 km/h (217 mph) or higher. The name was an acronym for "Superior Train for the Advanced Railway toward the 21st Century".

521 series Japanese electric multiple unit train type

The 521 series is a dual-voltage AC/DC outer-suburban electric multiple unit (EMU) train type operated by West Japan Railway Company and third-sector railway operators IR Ishikawa Railway and Ainokaze Toyama Railway on local services in the Fukui and Kanazawa areas since November 2006.

E7 and W7 Series Shinkansen Japanese high-speed train type

The E7 series and W7 series Shinkansen are Japanese high-speed train types operated by East Japan Railway Company and West Japan Railway Company (JR-West), respectively. They were jointly developed.

E5 and H5 Series Shinkansen Japanese high speed train type

The E5 series and the related H5 series are Japanese Shinkansen high-speed train types built by Hitachi and Kawasaki Heavy Industries.

References

  1. 1 2 JR全車輛ハンドブック'93[JR Rolling Stock Handbook 1993]. Japan: Neko Publishing. 1993.
  2. 1 2 3 プロトタイプの世界 - Prototype World. Japan: Kōtsū Shimbunsha. December 2005. pp. 56–59. OCLC   170056962.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Semmens, Peter (1997). High Speed in Japan: Shinkansen - The World's Busiest High-speed Railway. Sheffield, UK: Platform 5 Publishing. ISBN   1-872524-88-5.
  4. 1 2 "500系新幹線電車" [500 series Shinkansen EMU]. Japan Railfan Magazine . Vol. 32, no. 374. Japan: Kōyūsha. June 1992. pp. 18–19.
  5. 1 2 "500系新幹線試験電車" [500 series Experimental Shinkansen EMU]. Japan Railfan Magazine . Vol. 32, no. 375. Japan: Koyusha. July 1992. pp. 52–58.
  6. 新幹線電車データブック2011[Shinkansen Databook 2011]. Japan: JRR. March 2011. p. 95. ISBN   978-4-330-19811-8.
  7. 鉄道のテクノロジーVol1:新幹線[Railway Technology Vol.1: Shinkansen]. Japan: Sanei Mook. April 2009. pp. 122–124. ISBN   978-4-7796-0534-5.

Commons-logo.svg Media related to 500-900 series "WIN350" at Wikimedia Commons