This article needs additional citations for verification .(August 2017)
|Leader||Abdirahman Mohamed Abdullahi|
|Founder||Abdirahman Mohamed Abdullahi|
|Ideology|| Nationalism |
|House of Representatives|
31 / 82
79 / 220
The Somaliland National Party (Somali : Xisbiga Waddani, lit. 'Patriotic Party'), sometimes referred to as the Waddani National Party and better known by its shortened Somali form Waddani, is a political party in Somaliland. The party was founded by Abdirahman Mohamed Abdullahi (Irro) in 2012, ahead of the second municipal elections later that year.
The party is populist; according to Adèle Stebach (Europe Elects), economically, it leans left, defending the establishment of a universal healthcare system, public investment and doubling resources in education. It is progressive on issues regarding minority rights and fundamental freedoms, such as proposing a quorum of 30% of women in Parliament. The party also supports greater decentralisation. Additionally, the party places great importance on Islamic moral and cultural heritage, and intends to give it a more important place in the education system and in the establishment of laws. The party's economic and diplomatic policy is also more nationalist than that of its rivals, and this nationalism also applies to issues of defense, with the party promising to increase funding dedicated to the army.
The constitution of Somaliland only allows for the top three political parties to contest elections, to avoid the previous proliferation of clan-based parties in the 1960s.Waddani became one of the three in 2012, replacing the United Peoples' Democratic Party (UDUB).
Clans are important in Somaliland politics. According to the ISS, Waddani's base is the Habar Unis sub-clan of Isaaq, the sub clan of the founder Abdirahman Mohamed Abdullahi.
Presidential elections were held on 13 November 2017, the third direct presidential election since 2003. General elections had been scheduled to be held on 27 March 2017 to elect both the President and House of Representatives,but were postponed by six months due to the drought condition in the region. The elections to elect the President and Vice President were eventually held separately on 13 November. Incumbent President Ahmed Mohamed Mohamoud of the Peace, Unity, and Development Party (Kulmiye) did not run for a second term.
The result was a victory for ruling Kulmiye party candidate Muse Bihi Abdi, who received 55% of the vote.
|Muse Bihi Abdi||Peace, Unity, and Development Party||305,909||55.10|
|Abdirahman Mohamed Abdullahi||Waddani||226,092||40.73|
|Faisal Ali Warabe||For Justice and Development||23,141||4.17|
Parliamentary elections were held in Somaliland on 31 May 2021, the first since 2015.On 6 June it was announced that Waddani had received 31 out of 82 seats and it will form a coalition with the Justice and Welfare Party (UCID). The coalition will have 51 seats combined, compared to previous ruling party Kulmiye which has only 30.
|Kulmiye Peace, Unity, and Development Party||30||+2|
|Justice and Welfare Party||21||0|
Abdiqasim Salad Hassan or Abdiqasim Salad is a Somali politician. He helped found the Transitional National Government which he served as President of Somalia from 2000 to 2004, and previously served as Interior Minister and Finance Minister in the government of Mohamed Siad Barre.
The Somali Revolutionary Socialist Party was the ruling party of the Somali Democratic Republic from 1976 to 1991.
The Habar Yoonis is a major Somali clan and is a sub-division of the Garhajis subclan of the Isaaq clan family. Members of this clan are concentrated in the western and eastern portions Somaliland. Habar Yoonis is part of the 4 principal clans of the Isaaq clan. Two of the four principal Isaaq clans are part of the Garhajis confederation, the largest and most widespread of the Isaaq clan.
The Justice and Welfare Party, sometimes translated as the Justice and Welfare Association, is the oldest political party in Somaliland. The party tends to be supported by people from the Garhajis clan and some sub-clans of the Dir.
The Kulmiye Peace, Unity and Development Party, also known as simply Kulmiye, is the current ruling political party in Somaliland. The party was founded by Ahmed Mohamed Mohamoud in May 2002, ahead of the first municipal elections later that year. The party is mainly supported by people from the Habr Je'lo, Habr Awal clan and the Darod clans.
The politics of Somaliland take place within a hybrid system of governance, which, under the Somaliland constitution, combines traditional and western institutions. The constitution separates government into an executive branch, a legislative branch, and a judicial branch, each of which functions independently from the others.
Presidential elections were held in Somaliland on 14 April 2003. The result was a victory for incumbent President Dahir Riyale Kahin, who won by a margin of just 0.01%. The outcome was initially rejected by the main opposition, which led to violence and a subsequent ban on public protests for a ten-day period starting on 22 April. Nevertheless, the International Crisis Group labeled the election a democratic "milestone" for the breakaway state. On 11 May the Somaliland Supreme Court endorsed Kahin's victory. He was sworn in on 16 May.
The House of Representatives is the lower house of the bicameral Parliament of the Somaliland, with the House of Elders being the upper house.
The Parliament of Somaliland consists of two chambers:
Presidential elections were held in Somaliland on 13 November 2017, the third direct presidential election since 2003. General elections had been scheduled to be held in Somaliland on 27 March 2017 to elect both the President and House of Representatives, but were initially postponed by six months due to the drought condition in the region. The elections to elect the President and Vice President were eventually held separately on 13 November. Incumbent President Ahmed Mohamed Mohamoud of the Peace, Unity, and Development Party (Kulmiye) did not run for a second term.
Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed, also known as Farmaajo, is a Somali politician who is the founder and chairman of the Tayo party. He was Prime Minister of Somalia for six months, from November 2010 until June 2011. He served a term as the 9th President of Somalia from 16 February 2017, and has been acting President since 8 February 2021. Since the expiration of his original term, the federal member states of Puntland and Jubaland no longer recognise Mohamed as the President of Somalia.
The United Peoples' Democratic Party, shortened UDUB, was one of the three political parties in Somaliland. It was founded by president Egal in July 2001 in the preparation of the elections, which were originally scheduled for December 2001, but then postponed. It dissolved in December 2011 with its members joining other political parties. Two of Somaliland's first 3 presidents were from this party. The party was usually supported by some sub-clans of the Dir.
Abdirahman Mohamed Abdullahi, also known as Irro, is a Somaliland politician, who served as speaker of Somaliland House of Representatives of the first-elected parliament. He was elected to the position in November 2005 and served until August 2017. Abdullahi also previously co-founded the Justice and Welfare (UCID) party. He is likewise the founder and chairman of the Waddani party.
Musa Bihi Abdi is a Somaliland politician and former military officer who has been President of Somaliland since December 2017. During the 1970s, he served as a pilot in the Somali Air Force under the Siad Barre administration. In 2010, Bihi was appointed the Chairman of the ruling Kulmiye in the self-declared Republic of Somaliland. In November 2015, Bihi was selected as the party's Presidential Candidate at the 5th annual central committee convention.
The 2017 Somalia presidential election was held in Somalia on 8 February. Members of parliament elected in the autumn-2016 parliamentary election elected former Prime Minister Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed to the post of President of Somalia for a four-year term.
Ali Mohamed Yussuf, Arabic: علي محمد يوسف), more commonly known as Ali Guray is a Somaliland politician. He previously served as the Director of Somaliland's Ministry of Ports and Fishing. He was also the Chairman of the National Demobilization Commission (NDC). Mr Ali Guray is now a member of the ruling Peace, Unity, and Development Party (Kulmiye) in Somaliland.
Parliamentary elections were held in Somaliland on 31 May 2021, alongside local district elections. The election was the region's first parliamentary election since 2005, and politicians pointed to the election as evidence of political stability. Three parties – the populist Somaliland National Party (Waddani), the centre-left Justice and Welfare Party (UCID), and the ruling party, the liberal Kulmiye Peace, Unity, and Development Party – put forward 246 candidates who competed for 82 seats in the House of Representatives. More than one million people, out of about four million residents total, registered to vote. On 6 June, the National Electoral Commission (NEC) announced that Waddani had received a plurality of seats with 31; Kulmiye received 30, and UCID received 21. As no party had received an outright majority, Waddani and UCID announced they would form a political alliance.
Events of 2017 in Somaliland.
Municipal elections were held across Somaliland on 15 December 2002. Six political associations fielded 2,368 candidates to contest 379 local council seats in nineteen of Somaliland’s twenty-three electoral districts.
Mayoral and local district council elections were held in Somaliland on 31 May 2021 alongside parliamentary elections, after multiple delays. On 12 July 2020, Somaliland's major political parties reached a landmark agreement to ensure timely elections and to advance preparations for the elections. Negotiations between the parties and the National Electoral Commission settled on the earliest possible date by which the latter believed it would have sufficient time to prepare for the polls.