Waiariki (New Zealand electorate)

Last updated

Waiariki electorate boundaries used since the 2014 election Waiariki electorate, 2014.svg
Waiariki electorate boundaries used since the 2014 election
Rotorua City of Rotorua.jpg
Rotorua

Waiariki is a New Zealand parliamentary Māori electorate that was first established for the 1999 election. Since the 2020 general election, it has been held by Māori Party MP Rawiri Waititi. Waiariki was an important electorate in the 2020 election as Waititi's win there allowed the Māori Party to re-enter Parliament and have two MPs despite not reaching 5% of the party vote.

Contents

Population centres

The electorate includes the following population centres:

In the 2013/14 redistribution, a minor boundary adjustment was undertaken. A small area, including the village of Tuia, was transferred to Waiariki from the Ikaroa-Rāwhiti electorate. [1]

Tribal areas

The electorate includes the following tribal areas:

History

The electorate was created for the 1999 election. The first representative was Mita Ririnui of the Labour Party, with Tuariki Delamere (Te Tawharau) coming second, Arapeta Tahana (Alliance) coming third and Kahukore Baker (New Zealand First) coming fourth. [2]

In the 2002 election, Ririnui was confirmed with 61.93% of the electorate vote. Rihi Vercoe and Hamuera Mitchell of Mana Māori and the National Party came second and third, respectively. [2]

In the 2005 election, Ririnui was beaten by Te Ururoa Flavell of the Māori Party. Hawea Vercoe of Destiny New Zealand came a distant third. [3] The 2008 election was contested by two contenders: the incumbent and Ririnui. Flavell was once again confirmed. [4]

The 2011 election was contested by three contenders: Flavell, Annette Sykes of the Mana Party and Louis Te Kani of the Labour Party. Flavell had a comfortable lead over Sykes, with Te Kani coming third. [5] In the 2014 election, Flavell gained a much increased majority. [6]

Labour's Tāmati Coffey beat Flavell in 2017. This left the Māori Party without any electorate seats, and consequently, no parliamentary representation as they had not reached the 5% party vote threshold required to enter Parliament without winning an electorate. [7] The Māori Party's Rawiri Waititi won the electorate back at the 2020 election, which allowed the Māori Party to have two MPs.

Members of Parliament

Key

  Labour     Māori   

ElectionWinner
1999 election Mita Ririnui
2002 election
2005 election Te Ururoa Flavell
2008 election
2011 election
2014 election
2017 election Tāmati Coffey
2020 election Rawiri Waititi

List MPs

Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the Waiariki electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.

ElectionWinner
2005 election Mita Ririnui
2008 election
2020 election Tāmati Coffey

Election results

2020 election

Note that these are preliminary results.

2020 general election: Waiariki [8]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Māori Rawiri Waititi 9,47345.57-0.693,58717.21-2.50
Labour Red x.svgN Tāmati Coffey 9,05843.57-10.1712,71160.98+2.03
Vision NZ Hannah Tamaki8384.034091.96
Advance NZ Ema Williams5282.545222.50
Outdoors Rawiri Tekowhai3121.50410.20+0.17
New Conservative Riki Wayne Broughton1530.74860.41+0.35
Green  1,1765.64+1.78
NZ First  8243.95-3.47
National  5112.45-2.30
ACT  2091.00+0.92
Legalise Cannabis  2040.98+0.28
Opportunities  1940.93-1.95
ONE  1040.50
Heartland  110.05
Social Credit  40.02-0.01
TEA  40.02
Sustainable NZ  30.01
Informal votes426246
Total Valid votes20,78820,846
Turnout 20,84653.95
Māori gain from Labour Majority4152.00-5.47

2017 election

2017 general election: Waiariki [9]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Tāmati Coffey 12,36253.74+26.9614,14458.95+20.58
Māori Red x.svgN Te Ururoa Flavell 10,64346.26+1.614,73019.71-2.08
NZ First  1,7807.42-5.09
National  1,1394.75-0.25
Green  9263.86-4.12
Opportunities  6902.88
Mana  2711.13-8.62 [lower-alpha 1]
Legalise Cannabis  1680.70-0.29
Ban 1080  640.27-0.04
People's Party  270.11
ACT  190.08±0.00
Conservative  150.06-0.29
Outdoors  70.03
Democrats  60.03+0.02
Internet  50.02-1.50 [lower-alpha 2]
United Future  40.02-0.03
Informal votes574334
Total Valid votes23,00523,995
Turnout 24,329
Labour gain from Māori Majority1,7197.47-12.98

2014 election

2014 general election: Waiariki [10]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Māori Green check.svgY Te Ururoa Flavell 9,72644.62+1.574,88021.79+0.58
Labour Rawiri Waititi 5,83726.78+2.388,59538.37+3.32
Mana Annette Sykes 5,48225.15+0.65
Independent Coalition Pat Spellman3011.38+1.38410.18+0.18
NZ First  2,80112.51+1.57
Internet Mana  2,52411.27-5.35 [lower-alpha 3]
Green  1,7877.98-0.86
National  1,1205.00-0.68
Legalise Cannabis  2220.99+0.99
Conservative  780.35+0.05
Ban 1080  700.31+0.31
ACT  170.08-0.07
United Future  110.05-0.07
Focus  80.04+0.04
Civilian  50.02+0.02
Democrats  20.01±0.00
Informal votes451229
Total Valid votes21,79722,398
Māori holdMajority3,88917.84+7.25

2011 election

2011 general election: Waiariki [5]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Māori Green check.svgY Te Ururoa Flavell 7,65143.05-25.123,98921.21-14.05
Mana Annette Sykes 5,76832.45+32.453,12516.62+16.62
Labour Louis Te Kani4,35524.50-7.336,59135.05-10.52
NZ First  2,05810.94+3.14
Green  1,6638.84+6.19
National  1,0685.68+0.18
Legalise Cannabis  2011.07+0.14
Conservative  570.30+0.30
ACT  280.15-0.07
United Future  220.12-0.02
Alliance  20.01-0.02
Libertarianz  20.01-0.01
Democrats  10.01-0.005
Informal votes993465
Total Valid votes17,77418,807
Māori holdMajority1,88310.59-25.74

Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 33,240 [11]

2008 election

2008 general election: Waiariki [4]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Māori Green check.svgY Te Ururoa Flavell 12,78168.17+13.596,89035.26+4.47
Labour Mita Ririnui 5,96931.83-7.678,90345.57-7.54
NZ First  1,5257.80+1.12
National  1,0755.50+2.67
Green  5182.65+0.35
Family Party  2051.05+1.05
Legalise Cannabis  1820.93+0.29
Kiwi  570.29+0.29
Bill and Ben  470.24+0.24
ACT  420.21+0.10
Progressive  280.14-0.10
United Future  260.13-0.32
Workers Party  130.07+0.07
Pacific  90.05+0.05
Alliance  60.03±0.00
RAM  60.03+0.03
Libertarianz  40.02+0.02
Democrats  20.01-0.01
RONZ  10.01-0.01
Informal votes675366
Total Valid votes18,75019,539
Turnout 20,61464.54-4.89
Māori holdMajority6,81236.33+21.25

2005 election

2005 general election: Waiariki [3]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Māori Te Ururoa Flavell 10,39254.586,10430.79
Labour Red x.svgN Mita Ririnui 7,52139.50-22.4310,53053.11+0.18
Destiny Hawea Vercoe1,1265.915282.66
NZ First  1,3246.68-9.85
National  5622.83-0.91
Green  4572.30-7.67
Legalise Cannabis  1260.64-2.03
United Future  890.45-2.28
Progressive  480.24-0.62
ACT  220.11-0.44
Family Rights  100.05
Christian Heritage  70.04-1.23
Alliance  50.03-1.66
One NZ  40.02-0.05
RONZ  40.02
99 MP  30.02
Democrats  30.02
Direct Democracy  10.01
Libertarianz  00.00
Informal votes655322
Total Valid votes19,03919,827
Turnout 20,79469.43+11.74
Māori gain from Labour Majority2,87115.08

2002 election

2002 general election: Waiariki [2]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY Mita Ririnui 9,36161.93+16.828,32252.93-1.99
Mana Māori Rihi Vercoe2,64417.499476.02-2.41
National Hamuera Mitchell1,3568.97+5.285883.74-0.85
United Future Huikakahu Kawe8525.64+3.994292.73+1.541
Alliance Sharon Heta5423.59-9.102651.69-4.17
Christian Heritage Judith Francis3612.391991.27+0.38
NZ First  2,59916.53+1.33
Green  1,5689.97+6.32
Legalise Cannabis  4202.67+0.15
ORNZ  1470.93
Progressive  1360.86
ACT  870.55+0.03
One NZ  110.07+0.04
NMP  50.03+0.02
Informal votes529186
Total Valid votes15,11615,723
Turnout 16,30957.69
Labour holdMajority6,71744.44+19.34

1 United Future swing is compared to 1999 results from both United NZ and Future NZ combined, as the two merged in 2000.

1999 election

1999 general election: Waiariki [2]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Mita Ririnui 7,85345.119,67054.92
Te Tawharau Red x.svgN Tuariki Delamere [note 1] 3,48420.01
Alliance Arapeta Tahana2,21012.691,0325.86
NZ First Kahukore Baker2,13912.292,67615.20
National George Ngatai6433.698094.59
Mana Wahine Alamein Kopu 2961.70
Mauri Pacific Te Orohi Paul2921.683021.73
Future NZ Toa Faulkner2881.652021.16
Freedom MovementHelen Wepiha-Tai2041.17410.24
Mana Māori  1,4698.43
Green  6433.65
Legalise Cannabis  4392.52
Christian Heritage  1550.89
ACT  920.52
Animals First  210.12
Libertarianz  140.08
Natural Law  110.06
McGillicuddy Serious  90.05
People's Choice 80.05
United NZ  60.03
One NZ  50.03
NMP  10.01
Republican  10.01
South Island  10.01
Informal votes528330
Total Valid votes17,40917,607
Labour win new seatMajority4,36925.10

Notes

  1. 2017 Mana swing is relative to the votes for Internet Mana in 2014; it shared a party list with Internet in the 2014 election.
  2. 2017 Internet swing is relative to the votes for Internet Mana in 2014; it shared a party list with Mana in the 2014 election.
  3. 2014 Internet Mana swing is relative to the votes for Mana in 2011; it shared a party list with Internet in the 2014 election.
  1. Te Tawharau contested the electorate vote independently, but encouraged voters to give their party vote to Mana Māori

Related Research Articles

Māori Party New Zealand political party promoting indigenous rights

The Māori Party is a political party in New Zealand advocating indigenous rights and centre-left policies. It contests the Māori electorates, in which its main rival is the centre-left Labour Party.

Māori electorates Electoral districts for Māori voters in New Zealand

In New Zealand politics, Māori electorates, colloquially known as the Māori seats, are a special category of electorate that until 1967 gave reserved positions to representatives of Māori in the New Zealand Parliament. Every area in New Zealand is covered by both a general and a Māori electorate; as of 2020, there are seven Māori electorates. Since 1967 any candidate of any ethnicity has been able to stand in a Maori electorate. Candidates now do not have to be Māori, or even on the Māori roll. Voters however who wish to vote in a Māori electorate have to register as a voter on the Māori roll and need to declare they are of Māori descent.

Mita Ririnui New Zealand politician

Mita Michael Ririnui is a former New Zealand politician and a member of the Labour Party. He was a member of parliament from 1999 to 2011.

Māori politics Politics of the Māori people

Māori politics is the politics of the Māori people, who were the original inhabitants of New Zealand and who are now the country's largest minority. Before the arrival of Pākehā (Europeans) in New Zealand, Māori society was based largely around tribal units, and chiefs provided political leadership. With the British settlers of the 19th century came a new British-style government. From the outset, Māori sought representation within this government, seeing it as a vital way to promote their people's rights and improve living standards. Modern Māori politics can be seen as a subset of New Zealand politics in general, but has a number of distinguishing features, including advocacy for indigenous rights and Māori sovereignty. Many Māori politicians are members of major, historically European-dominated political parties, but several Māori parties have been formed.

Te Tawharau was a Māori political party in New Zealand.

Te Ururoa Flavell New Zealand politician

Te Ururoa James William Ben Flavell, also known as Hemi Flavell, is a New Zealand politician who was a co-leader of the Māori Party from 2013 until 2018 and represented the Waiariki electorate for the party in Parliament from 2005–2017.

Remutaka (New Zealand electorate) Electoral district in Wellington, New Zealand

Remutaka is an electorate returning one member to the New Zealand House of Representatives. The current representative is Chris Hipkins, a member of the Labour Party who has represented the seat since the 2008 New Zealand general election.

Te Atatū (New Zealand electorate) Current New Zealand electorate

Te Atatū is a parliamentary electorate, returning one Member of Parliament to the New Zealand House of Representatives. The current MP for Te Atatū is Phil Twyford of the Labour Party.

Te Tai Tokerau Māori electorate in Northland, New Zealand

Te Tai Tokerau is a New Zealand parliamentary Māori electorate that was created out of the Northern Maori electorate ahead of the first Mixed Member Proportional (MMP) election in 1996. It was held first by Tau Henare representing New Zealand First for one term, and then Dover Samuels of the Labour Party for two terms. From 2005 to 2014, it was held by MP Hone Harawira. Initially a member of the Māori Party, Harawira resigned from both the party and then Parliament, causing the 2011 by-election. He was returned under the Mana Party banner in July 2011 and confirmed at the November 2011 general election. In the 2014 election, he was beaten by Labour's Kelvin Davis, ending the representation of the Mana Party in Parliament.

Te Tai Tonga Māori electorate in New Zealand

Te Tai Tonga is a New Zealand parliamentary Māori electorate, returning one Member of Parliament to the New Zealand House of Representatives. It was established for the 1996 general election, replacing Southern Maori. The current MP for Te Tai Tonga is Rino Tirikatene of the Labour Party.

Tāmati Coffey New Zealand politician

Tamati Gerald Coffey is a list Member of the New Zealand Parliament for the New Zealand Labour Party. Prior to entering Parliament, he was most notably an award-winning broadcaster fronting many shows over a decade, for Television New Zealand. He is also a small business hospitality owner in his hometown of Rotorua. He is also a father, having had a baby through gestational surrogacy with his partner.

Ikaroa-Rāwhiti

Ikaroa-Rāwhiti is a New Zealand parliamentary Māori electorate. It was formed for the 1999 election and held by Parekura Horomia of the Labour Party until his death in 2013. A by-election to replace him was held on 29 June 2013 and was won by Labour's Meka Whaitiri, who remains the incumbent after the 2014 election.

Te Tai Hauāuru New Zealand electorate

Te Tai Hauāuru is a New Zealand parliamentary Māori electorate, returning one Member of Parliament to the New Zealand House of Representatives, that was first formed for the 1996 election. The electorate was represented by Tariana Turia from 2002 to 2014, first for the Labour Party and then for the Māori Party. Turia retired and was succeeded in 2014 by Labour's Adrian Rurawhe who again retained the seat in 2017.

Hauraki-Waikato New Zealand parliamentary Māori electorate

Hauraki-Waikato is a New Zealand parliamentary Māori electorate first established for the 2008 election. It largely replaced the Tainui electorate. Nanaia Mahuta of the Labour Party, formerly the MP for Tainui, became MP for Hauraki-Waikato in the 2008 general election and was re-elected in 2011, 2014, 2017 and 2020.

Te Tai Rawhiti or "the east side" was one of the five new New Zealand parliamentary Māori electorates created in 1996 for MMP. It was largely replaced in 1999 with Waiariki and Ikaroa-Rāwhiti.

Annette Sykes

Annette Te Imaima Sykes is a Rotorua activist and lawyer who advocates for the rights of Māori tribes to be self-governing. She was ranked third on the joint Internet Mana list for the 2014 New Zealand general election.

The Mana Movement, formerly known as the Mana Party, is an unregistered New Zealand political party led by Hone Harawira which was formed in April 2011 following his resignation from the Māori Party. Harawira won the by-election in Te Tai Tokerau of 25 June 2011 for the Mana Party and retained the seat during the 2011 general election, but lost it in 2014 and 2017 to Labour Party candidate Kelvin Davis.

Rino Tirikatene New Zealand politician

Rino Tirikatene is a New Zealand politician and a member of the House of Representatives, representing the Te Tai Tonga electorate since the 2011 election. He is a member of the Labour Party. He comes from a family with a strong political history.

Debbie Anne Ngarewa-Packer is a New Zealand politician. She is a Member of Parliament and co-leader of the Māori Party, and is the leader and chief executive of the Ngāti Ruanui iwi. She stood for the Māori Party during the 2020 election in the seat of Te Tai Hauāuru. While she failed to win the electorate, she was placed first on the Māori Party list, where she won a list seat once the special votes were counted.

Rawiri Wikuki Waititi is a New Zealand politician. He is co-leader of the Māori Party and has served as the Member of Parliament (MP) for Waiariki since 2020. A member of the Māori Party, his election to the New Zealand Parliament returned the party to parliamentary politics following their defeat at the 2017 general election.

References

  1. Report of the Representation Commission 2014 (PDF). Representation Commission. 4 April 2014. p. 11. ISBN   978-0-477-10414-2 . Retrieved 1 October 2014.
  2. 1 2 3 4 "Electorate Profile Waiariki" (PDF). Parliamentary Library. October 2005. Retrieved 3 December 2011.
  3. 1 2 "Official Count Results – Waiariki". Chief Electoral Office, Wellington. Retrieved 3 December 2011.
  4. 1 2 "Official Count Results – Waiariki". Chief Electoral Office, Wellington. Retrieved 3 December 2011.
  5. 1 2 "Official Count Results – Waiariki". Electoral Commission. 10 December 2011. Retrieved 3 October 2014.
  6. "Official Count Results – Waiariki". Electoral Commission. 21 September 2014. Retrieved 3 October 2014.
  7. "Maori Party in turmoil after Tāmati Coffey wins Waiariki seat for Labour". TVNZ. 23 September 2017. Retrieved 13 July 2020.
  8. "Waiariki – Preliminary Result". Electoral Commission. 18 October 2020. Retrieved 18 October 2020.
  9. "Waiariki – Official Result". Electoral Commission. 7 October 2017. Retrieved 14 October 2017.
  10. "Official Count Results – Waiariki". Electoral Commission. 10 October 2014. Retrieved 24 January 2017.
  11. "Enrolment statistics". Electoral Commission. 26 November 2011. Retrieved 28 November 2011.

Coordinates: 37°59′00″S177°00′00″E / 37.9833°S 177.0000°E / -37.9833; 177.0000