Waiariki (New Zealand electorate)

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Waiariki electorate boundaries used since the 2014 election Waiariki electorate, 2014.svg
Waiariki electorate boundaries used since the 2014 election
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Rotorua

Waiariki is a New Zealand parliamentary Māori electorate that was first established for the 1999 election. Since the 2017 election, it has been held by former broadcaster Tamati Coffey after he defeated Te Ururoa Flavell. [1]

Māori electorates

In New Zealand politics, Māori electorates, colloquially known as the Māori seats, are a special category of electorate that gives reserved positions to representatives of Māori in the New Zealand Parliament. Every area in New Zealand is covered by both a general and a Māori electorate; there are currently seven Māori electorates. Since 1967 candidates in Māori electorates have not needed to be Māori themselves, but to register as a voter in the Māori electorates people need to declare they are of Māori descent.

1999 New Zealand general election

The 1999 New Zealand general election was held on 27 November 1999 to determine the composition of the 46th New Zealand Parliament. The governing National Party, led by Prime Minister Jenny Shipley, was defeated, being replaced by a coalition of Helen Clark's Labour Party and the smaller Alliance. This marked an end to nine years of National Party government, and the beginning of the Fifth Labour Government of New Zealand which would govern for 9 years, until its loss to the National Party in the 2008 general election.

2017 New Zealand general election Election on 23 September 2017

The 2017 New Zealand general election took place on Saturday 23 September 2017 to determine the membership of the 52nd New Zealand Parliament. The previous parliament was elected on 20 September 2014 and was officially dissolved on 22 August 2017. Voters elected 120 members to the House of Representatives under New Zealand's mixed-member proportional (MMP) voting system, a proportional representation system in which 71 members were elected from single-member electorates and 49 members were elected from closed party lists. Around 3.57 million people were registered to vote in the election, with 2.63 million (79.8%) turning out. Advance voting proved popular, with 1.24 million votes cast before election day, more than the previous two elections combined.

Contents

Population centres

The electorate includes the following population centres:

In the 2013/14 redistribution, a minor boundary adjustment was undertaken. A small area, including the village of Tuia, was transferred to Waiariki from the Ikaroa-Rāwhiti electorate. [2]

Tribal areas

The electorate includes the following tribal areas:

Ngāti Ranginui Māori iwi (tribe) in Aotearoa New Zealand

Ngāti Ranginui is a Māori iwi (tribe) in Bay of Plenty, New Zealand. Its rohe extends from Waihi in the north, to the Kaimai Range in the west, to south of Te Puke in the south, and to Tauranga in the east. The rohe does not extend offshore to Matakana Island or Mayor Island / Tuhua.

Ngāi Te Rangi Māori iwi (tribe) in Aotearoa New Zealand

Ngāi Te Rangi or Ngāiterangi is a Māori iwi, based in Tauranga, New Zealand. Its rohe extends to Mayor Island / Tuhua and Bowentown in the north, to the Kaimai Range in the west, south of Te Puke and to Maketu in the east.

Te Arawa is a confederation of Māori iwi and hapu based in the Rotorua and Bay of Plenty areas of New Zealand, with a population of around 40,000 who trace their ancestry to Te Arawa waka or canoe.

History

The electorate was created for the 1999 election. The first representative was Mita Ririnui of the Labour Party, with Tuariki Delamere (Te Tawharau) coming second, Arapeta Tahana (Alliance) coming third and Kahukore Baker (New Zealand First) coming fourth. [3]

Mita Ririnui New Zealand politician

Mita Michael Ririnui was a New Zealand politician and a member of the Labour Party. He was a member of parliament from 1999 to 2011.

The New Zealand Labour Party, or simply Labour, is a centre-left political party in New Zealand. The party's platform programme describes its founding principle as democratic socialism, while observers describe Labour as social-democratic and pragmatic in practice. It is a participant of the international Progressive Alliance.

Tuariki John Edward Delamere is a former New Zealand politician. He served as an MP from 1996 to 1999, and was a member of Cabinet for the duration of his term.

In the 2002 election, Ririnui was confirmed with 61.93% of the electorate vote. Rihi Vercoe and Hamuera Mitchell of Mana Māori and the National Party came second and third, respectively. [3]

2002 New Zealand general election

The 2002 New Zealand general election was held on 27 July 2002 to determine the composition of the 47th New Zealand Parliament. It saw the reelection of Helen Clark's Labour Party government, as well as the worst-ever performance by the opposition National Party.

The Mana Māori Movement was a New Zealand political party. It advocated on behalf of the Māori people. It was founded by Eva Rickard, a prominent Māori activist. Rickard was originally a member of Mana Motuhake, another Māori party, but quit when Mana Motuhake joined the Alliance. Rickard, believing that an independent Māori party was needed, founded Mana Māori in 1993.

New Zealand National Party Major New Zealand political party

The New Zealand National Party, shortened to National or the Nats, is a centre-right political party in New Zealand. It is one of two major parties that dominate contemporary New Zealand politics, alongside its traditional rival, the New Zealand Labour Party.

In the 2005 election, Ririnui was beaten by Te Ururoa Flavell of the Māori Party. Hawea Vercoe of Destiny New Zealand came a distant third. [4] The 2008 election was contested by two contenders: the incumbent and Ririnui. Flavell was once again confirmed. [5]

2005 New Zealand general election general election

The 2005 New Zealand general election on Saturday 17 September 2005 determined the membership of the 48th New Zealand Parliament. One hundred and twenty-one MPs were elected to the New Zealand House of Representatives: 69 from single-member electorates, including one overhang seat, and 52 from party lists.

Te Ururoa Flavell New Zealand politician

Te Ururoa James William Ben Flavell, also known as Hemi Flavell, is a New Zealand politician who has been a co-leader of the Māori Party since 2013 and represented the Waiariki electorate for the party in Parliament from 2005-2017.

Māori Party New Zealand political party promoting indigenous rights

The Māori Party is an indigenous rights-based political party in New Zealand, formed on 7 July 2004. Tariana Turia founded the party after resigning from the Labour Party, where she had been a minister in the Fifth Labour Government. She and Pita Sharples, a high-profile academic, became co-leaders. Since the 2008 election, the party supported a National Party-led government, and Turia and Sharples became ministers outside cabinet.

The 2011 election was contested by three contenders: Flavell, Annette Sykes of the Mana Party and Louis Te Kani of the Labour Party. Flavell had a comfortable lead over Sykes, with Te Kani coming third. [6] In the 2014 election, Flavell gained a much increased majority. [7]

Members of Parliament

Key

  Labour     Māori   

ElectionWinner
1999 election Mita Ririnui
2002 election
2005 election Te Ururoa Flavell
2008 election
2011 election
2014 election
2017 election Tamati Coffey

List MPs

Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the Waiariki electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.

ElectionWinner
2005 election Mita Ririnui
2008 election

Election results

2017 election

2017 general election: Waiariki [8]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Tamati Coffey 12,36253.74+26.9614,14458.95+20.58
Māori Red x.svgN Te Ururoa Flavell 10,64346.26+1.614,73019.71-2.08
NZ First  1,7807.42-5.09
National  1,1394.75-0.25
Green  9263.86-4.12
Opportunities  6902.88
Mana  2711.13-8.62 [lower-alpha 1]
Legalise Cannabis  1680.70-0.29
Ban 1080  640.27-0.04
People's Party  270.11
ACT  190.08±0.00
Conservative  150.06-0.29
Outdoors  70.03
Democrats  60.03+0.02
Internet  50.02-1.50 [lower-alpha 2]
United Future  40.02-0.03
Informal votes574334
Total Valid votes23,00523,995
Turnout 24,329
Labour gain from Māori Majority1,7197.47-12.98

2014 election

2014 general election: Waiariki [9]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Māori Green check.svgY Te Ururoa Flavell 9,72644.62+1.574,88021.79+0.58
Labour Rawhiri Waititi5,83726.78+2.388,59538.37+3.32
Mana Annette Sykes 5,48225.15+0.65
Independent Coalition Pat Spellman3011.38+1.38410.18+0.18
NZ First  2,80112.51+1.57
Internet Mana  2,52411.27-5.35 [lower-alpha 3]
Green  1,7877.98-0.86
National  1,1205.00-0.68
Legalise Cannabis  2220.99+0.99
Conservative  780.35+0.05
Ban 1080  700.31+0.31
ACT  170.08-0.07
United Future  110.05-0.07
Focus  80.04+0.04
Civilian  50.02+0.02
Democrats  20.01±0.00
Informal votes451229
Total Valid votes21,79722,398
Māori holdMajority3,88917.84+7.25

2011 election

2011 general election: Waiariki [6]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Māori Green check.svgY Te Ururoa Flavell 7,65143.05-25.123,98921.21-14.05
Mana Annette Sykes 5,76832.45+32.453,12516.62+16.62
Labour Louis Te Kani4,35524.50-7.336,59135.05-10.52
NZ First  2,05810.94+3.14
Green  1,6638.84+6.19
National  1,0685.68+0.18
Legalise Cannabis  2011.07+0.14
Conservative  570.30+0.30
ACT  280.15-0.07
United Future  220.12-0.02
Alliance  20.01-0.02
Libertarianz  20.01-0.01
Democrats  10.01-0.005
Informal votes993465
Total Valid votes17,77418,807
Māori holdMajority1,88310.59-25.74

Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 33,240 [10]

2008 election

2008 general election: Waiariki [5]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Māori Green check.svgY Te Ururoa Flavell 12,78168.17+13.596,89035.26+4.47
Labour Mita Ririnui 5,96931.83-7.678,90345.57-7.54
NZ First  1,5257.80+1.12
National  1,0755.50+2.67
Green  5182.65+0.35
Family Party  2051.05+1.05
Legalise Cannabis  1820.93+0.29
Kiwi  570.29+0.29
Bill and Ben  470.24+0.24
ACT  420.21+0.10
Progressive  280.14-0.10
United Future  260.13-0.32
Workers Party  130.07+0.07
Pacific  90.05+0.05
Alliance  60.03±0.00
RAM  60.03+0.03
Libertarianz  40.02+0.02
Democrats  20.01-0.01
RONZ  10.01-0.01
Informal votes675366
Total Valid votes18,75019,539
Turnout 20,61464.54-4.89
Māori holdMajority6,81236.33+21.25

2005 election

2005 general election: Waiariki [4]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Māori Te Ururoa Flavell 10,39254.586,10430.79
Labour Red x.svgN Mita Ririnui 7,52139.50-22.4310,53053.11+0.18
Destiny Hawea Vercoe1,1265.915282.66
NZ First  1,3246.68-9.85
National  5622.83-0.91
Green  4572.30-7.67
Legalise Cannabis  1260.64-2.03
United Future  890.45-2.28
Progressive  480.24-0.62
ACT  220.11-0.44
Family Rights  100.05
Christian Heritage  70.04-1.23
Alliance  50.03-1.66
One NZ  40.02-0.05
RONZ  40.02
99 MP  30.02
Democrats  30.02
Direct Democracy  10.01
Libertarianz  00.00
Informal votes655322
Total Valid votes19,03919,827
Turnout 20,79469.43+11.74
Māori gain from Labour Majority2,87115.08

2002 election

2002 general election: Waiariki [3]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Green check.svgY Mita Ririnui 9,36161.93+16.828,32252.93-1.99
Mana Māori Rihi Vercoe2,64417.499476.02-2.41
National Hamuera Mitchell1,3568.97+5.285883.74-0.85
United Future Huikakahu Kawe8525.64+3.994292.73+1.541
Alliance Sharon Heta5423.59-9.102651.69-4.17
Christian Heritage Judith Francis3612.391991.27+0.38
NZ First  2,59916.53+1.33
Green  1,5689.97+6.32
Legalise Cannabis  4202.67+0.15
ORNZ  1470.93
Progressive  1360.86
ACT  870.55+0.03
One NZ  110.07+0.04
NMP  50.03+0.02
Informal votes529186
Total Valid votes15,11615,723
Turnout 16,30957.69
Labour holdMajority6,71744.44+19.34

1 United Future swing is compared to 1999 results from both United NZ and Future NZ combined, as the two merged in 2000.

1999 election

1999 general election: Waiariki [3]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
Labour Mita Ririnui 7,85345.119,67054.92
Te Tawharau Red x.svgN Tuariki Delamere [note 1] 3,48420.01
Alliance Arapeta Tahana2,21012.691,0325.86
NZ First Kahukore Baker2,13912.292,67615.20
National George Ngatai6433.698094.59
Mana Wahine Alamein Kopu 2961.70
Mauri Pacific Te Orohi Paul2921.683021.73
Future NZ Toa Faulkner2881.652021.16
Freedom MovementHelen Wepiha-Tai2041.17410.24
Mana Māori  1,4698.43
Green  6433.65
Legalise Cannabis  4392.52
Christian Heritage  1550.89
ACT  920.52
Animals First  210.12
Libertarianz  140.08
Natural Law  110.06
McGillicuddy Serious  90.05
People's Choice 80.05
United NZ  60.03
One NZ  50.03
NMP  10.01
Republican  10.01
South Island  10.01
Informal votes528330
Total Valid votes17,40917,607
Labour win new seatMajority4,36925.10

Notes

  1. 2017 Mana swing is relative to the votes for Internet Mana in 2014; it shared a party list with Internet in the 2014 election.
  2. 2017 Internet swing is relative to the votes for Internet Mana in 2014; it shared a party list with Mana in the 2014 election.
  3. 2014 Internet Mana swing is relative to the votes for Mana in 2011; it shared a party list with Internet in the 2014 election.
  1. Te Tawharau contested the electorate vote independently, but encouraged voters to give their party vote to Mana Māori

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References

  1. "Te Ururoa Flavell". New Zealand Parliament. Retrieved 3 December 2011.
  2. Report of the Representation Commission 2014 (PDF). Representation Commission. 4 April 2014. p. 11. ISBN   978-0-477-10414-2 . Retrieved 1 October 2014.
  3. 1 2 3 4 "Electorate Profile Waiariki" (PDF). Parliamentary Library. October 2005. Retrieved 3 December 2011.
  4. 1 2 "Official Count Results – Waiariki". Chief Electoral Office, Wellington. Retrieved 3 December 2011.
  5. 1 2 "Official Count Results – Waiariki". Chief Electoral Office, Wellington. Retrieved 3 December 2011.
  6. 1 2 "Official Count Results – Waiariki". Electoral Commission. 10 December 2011. Retrieved 3 October 2014.
  7. "Official Count Results – Waiariki". Electoral Commission. 21 September 2014. Retrieved 3 October 2014.
  8. "Waiariki – Official Result". Electoral Commission. 7 October 2017. Retrieved 14 October 2017.
  9. "Official Count Results – Waiariki". Electoral Commission. 10 October 2014. Retrieved 24 January 2017.
  10. "Enrolment statistics". Electoral Commission. 26 November 2011. Retrieved 28 November 2011.

Coordinates: 37°59′00″S177°00′00″E / 37.9833°S 177.0000°E / -37.9833; 177.0000