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Location of Wakayama in Wakayama Prefecture
|• Mayor||Masahiro Obana|
|• Land||210.25 km2 (81.18 sq mi)|
(1 May 2017)
|• Density||1,730/km2 (4,500/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)|
|- Tree||Cinnamomum camphora|
Wakayama (和歌山市, Wakayama-shi, Japanese: [ɰakaꜜjama] ) is the capital city of Wakayama Prefecture in the Kansai region of Japan. As of May 1, 2017, the city has an estimated population of 360,664.
The city population rose from 382,155 in 2003 to 386,501 in 2004, a growth of 1.87%. The population density as of October 1, 2010, was 1,755.47 persons per km2. The total area is 209.20 km2.
This population increase has occurred despite Wakayama's beleaguered economy, which has suffered since Sumitomo Steel moved much of its steel producing operations to China. The Wakayama steel mills have since been reduced and restructured, with part of the industry completely shutting in 2004.
Wakayama is cleft in two by the Kinokawa River. The city is bordered at the north by mountains and Osaka Prefecture.
In the city center is Wakayama Castle, built on Mt. Torafusu (the name means "a tiger leaning on his side") in a city central park. During the Edo period, the Kishū Tokugawa daimyō ruled from Wakayama Castle. Tokugawa Yoshimune, the fifth Kishū Tokugawa daimyō, became the eighth Tokugawa shōgun. This castle is a concrete replica of the original, which was destroyed in World War II.
Wakayama is home to one of Japan's three Melody Roads, which is made from grooves cut into the pavement, which when driven over causes a tactile vibration and audible rumbling transmitted through the wheels into the car body.
Wakayama Prefecture is famous across Japan for its umeboshi (salty pickled plums) and mikan (mandarins).
Wakayama has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) with hot summers and cool winters. Precipitation is significant throughout the year, and is greater in summer than in winter.
|Climate data for Wakayama (1991−2020 normals, extremes 1879−present)|
|Record high °C (°F)||21.2|
|Average high °C (°F)||9.8|
|Daily mean °C (°F)||6.2|
|Average low °C (°F)||2.9|
|Record low °C (°F)||−6.0|
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||48.7|
|Average snowfall cm (inches)||0|
|Average precipitation days (≥ 0.5 mm)||7.2||7.9||10.3||10.0||10.4||12.5||10.6||7.2||10.2||9.6||7.3||7.7||111.1|
|Average relative humidity (%)||61||61||60||61||64||72||73||70||69||67||66||63||66|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||135.8||143.1||179.6||196.9||207.6||157.6||206.1||239.9||173.2||169.9||147.7||135.4||2,100.1|
|Source: Japan Meteorological Agency|
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The city has a North Korean school, Wakayama Korean Elementary and Middle School (和歌山朝鮮初中級学校).
Wakayama has sister-city relationships with four overseas municipalities:
Wakayama City formed a sister-city relationship with the city of Jinan mainly due to the efforts of Hiroshi Yamazaki (山崎 宏), who was an escaped medic in the Imperial Japanese Army and stayed in China after the war. He married and runs his own clinic in China. In 1976, he visited Wakayama after nearly 40 years.[ citation needed ]
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Wakayamashi Station is a railway station in Wakayama, Wakayama Prefecture, Japan. To distinguish it from Wakayama Station, the station is called "City Station".
Kiwa Station is a railway station in Wakayama, Wakayama Prefecture, Japan.
Wakayama 3rd district is a constituency of the House of Representatives in the Diet of Japan. It is located in Wakayama Prefecture and consists of Arida, Gobo, Shingu, and Tanabe cities and the Arida, Hidaka, Higashimuro, and Nishimuro districts. As of 2012, 298,296 eligible voters were registered in the district.
Kamayama Shrine is a Shinto shrine in Wakayama, Wakayama Prefecture, Japan. It was formerly an imperial shrine of the first rank in the modern system of ranked Shinto shrines. The main kami enshrined here is Hikoisetsu no mikoto / Itsuse no Mikoto (彦五瀬命) eldest son of Ugayafukiaezu and older brother of Emperor Jimmu.
The Keinawa Expressway is a 104.9-km-long north–south National Highway with access control in the Kinki region of Japan that connects Kyoto Prefecture to Wakayama Prefecture via Nara Prefecture. It is numbered "E24" under Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism's "Expressway Numbering Systemg."
Nichizengū Station is a railway station on the Kishigawa Line operated by the Wakayama Electric Railway. It is located in Wakayama, Wakayama Prefecture, Japan.
Kamayama Station is a railway station on the Kishigawa Line operated by the Wakayama Electric Railway. It is located in Wakayama, Wakayama Prefecture, Japan.
Idakiso Station is a railway station on the Kishigawa Line operated by the Wakayama Electric Railway. It is located in Wakayama, Wakayama Prefecture, Japan.
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