|Predecessor||Walt Disney International|
|Founded||March 14, 2018|
|Defunct||October 12, 2020|
|Fate||Dissolved; assets dispersed into Disney International Operations and Disney Media and Entertainment Distribution|
|Headquarters||Walt Disney Studios,|
|Revenue||$3.414 billion (2018)|
|($738) million (2018)|
|Parent||The Walt Disney Company|
Walt Disney Direct-to-Consumer & International (DTCI) was a business segment and division of The Walt Disney Company consisting of Disney's streaming services and overseas media businesses, formed in March 2018. As part of the segment's formation, Disney Streaming Services (formerly BAMTech) was placed under Direct-to-Consumer & International.
In October 2020, the division was dissolved and its business segments were split into Disney International Operations and Disney Media and Entertainment Distribution after Disney initiated a reorganization of its various media and entertainment divisions.
In 1997, Disney and Sony Pictures formed a film distribution joint venture in Southeast Asia which covered five countries.From 1999 to 2000, Bob Iger was president of Walt Disney International and chairman of ABC TV Group. until he was promoted to president and chief operating officer of the Walt Disney Company.
Andy Bird became the next president of Walt Disney International in 2004.At the time of Bird's appointment, most countries' units except in Latin America operated independently. He took the Latin America-integrated operation as a guide for other regions. Strategically, Bird wanted their companies to be the Walt Disney Company of India and other countries, not the Walt Disney Company of a certain country, basically tailoring the company to the country with, for example, localization of programming. Diego Lerner, who led Disney Latin America, was thus named President of Disney Europe, Middle East & Africa in 2009.
Buena Vista International and Sony Pictures Releasing International formed fourteen distribution joint ventures, including in Mexico, Brazil, Thailand, Singapore and the Philippines. Another Buena Vista-Sony distribution joint venture was set up in Russia in December 2006.
The Walt Disney Company's CIS office in Russia opened in 2006.The company's original plan was for to release three films per year. In 2009, Disney CIS released its first Russian language-film, The Book of Masters which took in 10.8 million on a budget of $8 million. By April 2011, the company announced that director Vladimir Grammatikov was hired by the company as creative producer, while two more Russian films were placed into production: A fairy tale and a youth story. Instead, the country's unit took a seven-year hiatus until they announced the production on The Last Knight in April 2016. On November 26, 2017, the film became the highest-grossing local-language release of all time in Russia, with a gross of 1.68 billion rubles ($28.8 million).
In 2014, Walt Disney International appointed Luke Kang to head its Greater China unit.Disney's South East Asia managing director Rob Gilby appointed three managers for Indonesia, Philippines and Thailand, who were Herry Salim, Veronica Espinosa-Cabalinan, and Subha-Orn Rathanamongkolmas (Soupy) respectively, in May 2017.
Paul Candland was promoted from president of Walt Disney Japan to president of The Walt Disney Company Asia, consisting of Japan, Korea, Southeast Asia, and Greater China in July 2014. Stanley Cheung was also promoted from managing director to chairman of TWDC Greater China. Both reported to Andy Bird, chairman of Walt Disney International.
With the retirement of the Asia unit's head Paul Candland after 19 years in September 2017, Disney split the Asia unit into two: North Asia and South Asia. North Asia consists of Japan, South Korea and Greater China and is headed by Kang, while South Asia combined India and South East Asia. The India unit's head Mahesh Samat would assume leadership of the South Asia unit by October 1, and the South East Asia unit's head Gilby left the company.Later in September, Lerner was transferred to a new position within Walt Disney International, with Rebecca Campbell, the then-president of ABC Daytime and ABC Owned Television Stations, named to replace him as president of Disney EMEA. In February 2017, Sony Pictures withdrew from the Philippines-distribution joint venture, followed by a withdrawing in August 2017 from the remainder of the Southeast Asian distribution joint venture with Disney.
In November 2015, Disney UK started Disney's test streaming service, DisneyLife, with Disney films, TV series, books and music tracks, under general manager Paul Brown.The original plan had the service spreading to other countries in Europe, including France, Spain, Italy and Germany in 2016. In October 2017, the Republic of Ireland was the second country where DisneyLife was made available. DisneyLife was launched in China in December 2017 through a partnership between Disney and Alibaba Digital Entertainment, only to have the Chinese government shut it down in August 2018 because of foreign content rules. Instead, in February 2018, Disney and Alibaba reached a new deal that placed Disney content on Alibaba's Youku streaming platform. On May 25, 2018, DisneyLife was expanded to the Philippines, making it the third country where the service was available. In 2019, following the announcement of the UK Disney+ release date, Disney revealed that existing service DisneyLife would be folded into Disney+.
In August 2016, The Walt Disney Company acquired a 1/3 stake in BAMTech for $1 billion, with an option to acquire a majority stake in the said company the future.On August 8, 2017, Disney announced that it would increase its ownership in the company to a 75% controlling stake for $1.58 billion. Disney also reiterated its plan to launch an ESPN-branded over-the-top service in early-2018, followed by a Disney-branded direct-to-consumer streaming service in 2019.
Walt Disney Direct-to-Consumer and International (DTCI) were formed as part of The Walt Disney Company’s March 14, 2018 strategic reorganization in anticipation of integrating 21st Century Fox's assets, with units coming from all of the other segments.Kevin Mayer was named as the new segment's chairman. With the restructuring, Disney International chairman Andy Bird is expected to leave The Walt Disney Company. On May 25, 2018, Walt Disney Direct-to-Consumer and International was incorporated.
ESPN+ would officially launch on April 12, 2018.BAMTech was renamed to Disney Streaming Services by October 10, 2018. At that time, ESPN's chief technology officer Aaron LaBerge was named to the new position as executive vice president and chief technology officer of DTCI Technology, leading a group that combined technologists and teams from across multiple parts of The Walt Disney Company.
On October 31, 2018, ESPN International's executive vice president and managing director Russell Wolff was named executive vice president and general manager of ESPN+, reporting to Disney Streaming Services (formerly BAMTech Media). ESPN International's regional general managers started reporting to DTCI's regional leadership.
The post-merger organization of the company was announced on December 13, 2018, with Lerner and Campbell remaining over the Latin American and EMEA regions. The EMEA region added Russia and Commonwealth of Independent States countries, while a new Asia Pacific region would replace South Asia and North Asia. Disney named Uday Shankar, who previously served as president of Fox Asia and chairman of the Star India, as head of the new region and chair of Disney India. The three regional heads and Janice Marinelli, president of global content sales and distribution, would report to Mayer.Mahesh Samat, South Asia's head, moved to Disney Parks, Experiences and Consumer Products as executive vice president of Disney Consumer Products for Asia Pacific in late November 2018. The Acquisition of 21st Century Fox by Disney was completed on March 20, 2019 with Disney International took ownership of Fox's networks outside the United States.
Shankar announced the Asia-Pacific unit's management team on April 1, 2019. The team included former several Fox executives, including Star Regional Media Networks' K Madhavan as head of Star India's regional language channels and Kurt Rieder as studio chief of Asian Pacific, with India's film operations reporting separately. Certain other Fox executives left the company in the reorganization, including head of international distribution Andrew Cripps, and Zubin Gandevia, head of Fox Networks Group in Asia Pacific and the Middle East. Disney's Malaysia and Singapore head Amit Malhotra would lead emerging markets and South Asia Pacific content sales, reporting to Shankar. Chafic Najia, a Disney senior vice president, was promoted to the Middle East'x media cluster manager. Disney's Australia and New Zealand manager Kylie Watson-Wheeler added media networks and direct-to-consumer to her responsibilities.
In July 2019, Marinelli announced her resignation, ending a 34-year long tenure with the company.Disney announced it would combine all the company's media sales and channel distribution into one organization. ESPN's executive vice president Justin Connolly was promoted to the newly created role of president of media distribution, reporting to Mayer.
On January 31, 2020 it was announced that Hulu CEO Randy Freer would be stepping down, as the position of CEO was removed, with all Hulu executives now reporting directly to corresponding DTCI business heads. Hulu's original programming team would continue reporting to chairman of Disney Television Studios and ABC Entertainment and FX on Hulu to the FX chairman.
On March 12, 2020, Vanessa Morrison, who previously served as President of Fox Family and Fox Animation, was appointed President of Streaming for Walt Disney Studios Motion Picture Production and will oversee development and production of Disney+ film content from The Walt Disney Studios for both Disney Live Action and 20th Century Studios.Morrison answers directly to head of Walt Disney Studios Motion Picture Production Sean Bailey.
On May 18, 2020, Mayer stepped down as DTCI chairman to become the CEO of TikTok. He was succeeded by Rebecca Campbell, who was previously the president of Disneyland Resort.This was soon followed by the transfer of the sales division (ad and distribution) to Disney Media Networks.
On August 4, 2020, Disney announced that it would launch a Star-branded streaming service in 2021. This will be a general entertainment service, featuring content from ABC Signature, 20th Television, FX, Freeform, 20th Century Studios and Searchlight Pictures. The streaming service will be integrated with Disney+ in most countries.
On October 12, 2020, it was announced that Disney would be restructuring its media and entertainment businesses, effective immediately, which resulted in the dissolution of Walt Disney Direct-to-Consumer & International and two business segments being created in its place: Disney International Operations, responsible for managing the international operations of The Walt Disney Company; and Disney Media and Entertainment Distribution, responsible for handling the company's streaming services, advertisting operations, and its linear and syndicated television networks.
|Disney Digital Network||Disney Consumer Products and Interactive Media||2018–2020|
|BAMTech (75%)||Disney corporate strategy office||2018—2020|
|Walt Disney Studios Home Entertainment||Walt Disney Studios||2018—2020|
|Disney–ABC Domestic Television||Walt Disney Television (WDT)|
|Disney Channels Worldwide (International)||2018—2020|
|ABC News Digital and Live Streaming |
|Disney Media Distribution||2018—2020|
|DATG advertising sales|
|ESPN sales and marketing||ESPN Inc.|
|ESPN International regional businesses||10/2018—10/2020|
|21st Century Fox||2019—2020|
|Walt Disney International South Asia|
Walt Disney International
|The Walt Disney Company EMEA|
|Walt Disney International North Asia |
|The Walt Disney Company Latin America|
The Walt Disney Company, commonly known as Disney, is an American diversified multinational mass media and entertainment conglomerate headquartered at the Walt Disney Studios complex in Burbank, California.
Walt Disney Pictures is an American film production studio that is a subsidiary of Walt Disney Studios, which is owned by The Walt Disney Company. The studio is the flagship producer of live-action feature films within the Walt Disney Studios unit, and is based at the Walt Disney Studios in Burbank, California. Animated films produced by Walt Disney Animation Studios and Pixar Animation Studios are also released under the studio banner. Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures distributes and markets the films produced by Walt Disney Pictures.
NBCUniversal Media, LLC is an American mass media and entertainment conglomerate owned by Comcast and headquartered at 30 Rockefeller Plaza in Midtown Manhattan, New York City, United States.
ABC Signature is an American television production studio under the Disney Television Studios unit of Walt Disney Television that was named in 2020. The studio is the production arm of the ABC television network, and was the first incarnation of Touchstone Television, established in 1985 and renamed ABC Studios in 2007. It adopted its current identity on August 10, 2020, following a merger between ABC Studios and the original ABC Signature Studios.
The Walt Disney Studios is an American film and entertainment studio, and is the Studios Content segment of The Walt Disney Company. Based in Burbank, California, the studio is best known for its multi-faceted film divisions. Founded in 1923, it is the fourth-oldest and one of the "Big Five" major film studios.
Hulu is an American subscription video on demand service fully controlled and majority-owned by The Walt Disney Company. Hulu along with Disney+ and ESPN+ are the three main Disney streaming platforms in the United States.
Buena Vista Television LLC is the in-home sales and content distribution firm of Disney Platform Distribution, a division of The Walt Disney Company. Content distribution responsibilities include domestic television syndication, domestic pay TV, Internet and cable video-on-demand (VOD), and pay-per-view outlets.
The current incarnation of Walt Disney Television is an American entertainment company that oversees television content and assets owned and operated by The Walt Disney Company. Forming the company's General Entertainment division, it was formerly called Disney–ABC Television Group, ABC Group before that, and Capital Cities/ABC initially, until Disney's acquisition of 21st Century Fox on March 20, 2019. Assets in the group include television networks: ABC Entertainment, Disney Channels, and FX Networks; Disney Television Studios: ABC Signature, 20th Television and 20th Television Animation; and Hulu Originals.
Disney Platform Distribution is a business unit within Disney Media and Entertainment Distribution (DMED) that manages all third-party media sales efforts for distribution, affiliate marketing and affiliate-related business operations for all of the Company's direct-to-consumer services and linear media networks; content sales agreements for General Entertainment, Studios and Sports; as well as global theatrical film distribution; management of the El Capitan Theatre and the Disney Music Group.
Disney Media and Entertainment Distribution (DMED) is one of The Walt Disney Company's five major business segments. It was formed on October 12, 2020 as part of Disney's media and entertainment structure reorganization and consists of Disney's streaming services, its advertising sales division, and its linear and syndicated television networks. It is focused on the strategic monetisation of titles from Disney's three content groups: Studios, General Entertainment, and ESPN & Sports.
The Walt Disney Company India Private Limited, known simply as Disney India, is an Indian subsidiary of the Indo Pacific region of the American media and entertainment conglomerate The Walt Disney Company and headquartered in Mumbai, Maharashtra.
Randy Freer is an American television executive, and the former chief executive officer (CEO) of Hulu.
Kevin A. Mayer is an American business executive who is the chairman of DAZN Group. He also serves as co-chairman and co-CEO of Forest Road Acquisition Corp II and as a senior advisor to Forest Road Acquisition Corp. He was CEO of TikTok and COO of its parent company ByteDance Ltd in 2020. Mayer is the former Chairman of the Direct-to-Consumer & International division of The Walt Disney Company. He was previously the senior executive vice president and chief strategy officer of Disney where he led their acquisitions of Pixar, Marvel Entertainment, BamTech, Lucasfilm, and 21st Century Fox. He also directed the divestitures of Miramax and ABC Radio.
Twenty-First Century Fox, Inc., doing business as 21st Century Fox (21CF), was an American multinational mass media corporation that was based in Midtown Manhattan, New York City. It was one of the two companies formed from the 2013 spin-off of the publishing assets of News Corporation, as founded by Rupert Murdoch in 1980.
Disney Streaming Services is a technology subsidiary of The Walt Disney Company located in Manhattan, New York City. It was established in 2015 as a spin-off of MLB Advanced Media—the digital media arm of Major League Baseball, focused on providing streaming video technology, particularly for over-the-top content (OTT) services. The company's major clients include ESPN, the National Hockey League, and TheBlaze.
The acquisition of 21st Century Fox by Disney was held from December 14, 2017 to March 20, 2019. Among other key assets, the acquisition of 21st Century Fox by Disney included the 20th Century Fox film and television studios, U.S. cable/satellite channels such as FX, Fox Networks Group, a 73% stake in National Geographic Partners, Indian television broadcaster Star India, and a 30% stake in Hulu. Immediately preceding the acquisition, 21st Century Fox spun off the Fox Broadcasting Company, Fox Television Stations, Fox News Channel, Fox Business, FS1, FS2, Fox Deportes, and the Big Ten Network into the newly formed Fox Corporation.
Disney+ is an American subscription video on-demand over-the-top streaming service owned and operated by the Media and Entertainment Distribution division of The Walt Disney Company. The service primarily distributes films and television series produced by The Walt Disney Studios and Walt Disney Television, with dedicated content hubs for brands such as Disney, Pixar, Marvel, Star Wars, National Geographic and the Star content hub in some international markets outside the United States. Original films and television series are also distributed on Disney+. In the United States market, Disney+ is available alongside Hulu and ESPN+ as a bundle.
Aaron LaBerge is an American technology executive and the executive vice president (EVP) and chief technology officer (CTO) of Disney Media and Entertainment Distribution. He has been recognised as an innovator in content delivery and sports coverage.
Kareem Daniel is an American media executive and the chairman of the Media and Entertainment Distribution division of The Walt Disney Company. He previously served as President of Disney Consumer Products, Games and Publishing and as Chief of Staff to the Office of the CEO of the Walt Disney Company. Prior to that, Daniel also served as President of Business Operations, Product Creation, Games, and Publishing for Walt Disney Imagineering. As of October 2020, he is the most senior African-American executive in The Walt Disney Company.
— along with “an astute awareness of how audiences connect with the Disney brand,” as Kevin Mayer, chairman of Walt Disney Direct-to-Consumer and International, put it in a news release announcing Mr. Strauss’s promotion