Walter William Skeat ( 14 October 1866 – 24 July 1953) was an English anthropologist. He made a name for himself mainly with his pioneering investigations into, and writings on, the ethnography of the Malay Peninsula.
Skeat was born in Cambridge in England. He was the son of Walter William Skeat the elder, Professor of Anglo-Saxon at the University of Cambridge.His sister was the headteacher Bertha Marian Skeat.
Skeat the younger attended Highgate School from 1879 to 1885 and won a scholarship to Christ's College, Cambridge where he studied classics and received an MA degree in 1891.He then entered the Straits Settlements civil service in Selangor, a state in what is now Malaysia.
Skeat began to study both the urbanized Malay people living near the coast and the aboriginal tribes dwelling inland. He prepared his first book in the years leading up to 1899, when he began to mount expeditions to the interior to study the anthropology and ethnography of Malays in areas beyond any marked European influence. His friend and associate Charles Otto Blagden saw the book through publication; it dealt with Malay magic and appeared in 1900.
Skeat and Blagden subsequently produced Skeat's major work, Pagan Races of the Malay Peninsula in 1906.
Because he traveled in the Malay interior, Skeat became too seriously ill to remain in the British Colonial Service, so he retired to London. In 1914, he became a lecturer at the British Museum.
Skeat retired in 1932 and died in London on 24 July 1953.
Gelert is a legendary dog associated with the village of Beddgelert in Gwynedd, north-west Wales. In the legend, Llywelyn the Great returns from hunting to find his baby missing, the cradle overturned, and Gelert with a blood-smeared mouth. Believing the dog had savaged the child, Llywelyn draws his sword and kills Gelert. After the dog's dying yelp Llywelyn hears the cries of the baby, unharmed under the cradle, along with a dead wolf which had attacked the child and been killed by Gelert. Llywelyn is overcome with remorse and buries the dog with great ceremony, but can still hear its dying yelp. After that day Llywelyn never smiles again.
Edvard Alexander Westermarck was a Finnish philosopher and sociologist. Among other subjects, he studied exogamy and the incest taboo.
Andrew Lang was a Scottish poet, novelist, literary critic, and contributor to the field of anthropology. He is best known as a collector of folk and fairy tales. The Andrew Lang lectures at the University of St Andrews are named after him.
The pontianak is a malicious and carnivorous flesh-eating female vampire ghost in Indonesian and Malaysian folklore. Other common names include "matianak" and "kuntilanak". The figure resembles that of the spirit of a woman who died during pregnancy. This is despite the fact that the earliest recordings of pontianaks in Malay lore describe the ghost as originating from a stillborn child.
The Malay Archipelago is the archipelago between mainland Indochina and Australia. It has also been called the Malay world, Nusantara, East Indies, Indo-Australian Archipelago, Spices Archipelago and other names over time. The name was taken from the 19th-century European concept of a Malay race, later based on the distribution of Austronesian languages.
Walter William Skeat, FBA was the pre-eminent British philologist of his time. He was instrumental in developing the English language as a higher education subject in the United Kingdom.
Richard Lydekker was an English naturalist, geologist and writer of numerous books on natural history.
Jakun people or Orang Ulu / Orang Hulu are an ethnic group recognised as Orang Asli of the Malay Peninsula in Malaysia.
William Marsden was an Irish orientalist, linguist, numismatist, and pioneer in the scientific study of Indonesia, serving as first secretary of the Admiralty during years of conflict with France. In 1805, Marsden received the bittersweet news of victory in the Battle of Trafalgar and of the death of Admiral Horatio Nelson in the battle.
Humphrey (VIII) de Bohun, 6th Earl of Hereford, 5th Earl of Essex of Pleshy Castle in Essex, was hereditary Constable of England. He distinguished himself as a captain in the Breton campaigns of the Hundred Years' War, playing a part in winning the Battle of Morlaix (1342) and the Battle of La Roche-Derrien (1347).
John Lewis James Bonhote M.A., F.L.S., F.Z.S., M.B.O.U. was an English zoologist, ornithologist and writer
Robert Henry Charles, (1855–1931) was an Irish biblical scholar and theologian. He is known particularly for English translations of apocryphal and pseudepigraphal works, and editions including Jubilees (1895), the Book of Enoch (1906), and the Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs (1908) which have been widely used. He wrote the articles in the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica attributed to the initials "R. H. C."
Henry Barclay Swete, FBA was an English Biblical scholar. He became Regius Professor of Divinity at Cambridge in 1890. He is known for his 1906 commentary on the Book of Revelation, and other works of exegesis.
Walter Alison Phillips was an English historian, a specialist in the history of Europe in the 19th century. From 1914 to 1939 he was the first holder of the Lecky chair of History in Trinity College, Dublin. Most of his writing is in the name of W. Alison Phillips, and he was sometimes referred to as Alison Phillips.
Horace Arthur Rose was an administrator in the Indian Civil Service and also an author of works related to India in the time of the British Raj.
Kĕnaboi is an extinct unclassified language of Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia that may be a language isolate or an Austroasiatic language belonging to the Aslian branch. It is attested in what appears to be two dialects, based on word lists of about 250 lexical items, presumably collected around 1870–90.
The langsuyar, also lang suir or langsuir, is a female revenant in Malay and Indonesian mythology. The word is derived from the Malay word for eagle (helang).
Siamang putih is the name of an Indonesian folk legend. In this legend, a princess promises that she will wait for her fiancé. After years of waiting for his return, she breaks her promise and is cursed to live out her live as a white siamang. This folktale is also known from the Malay Peninsula, where siamangs occur as well.
Charles Otto Blagden was an English Orientalist and linguist who specialised in the Malay, Mon and Pyu languages. He is particularly known for his studies of Burmese epigraphic inscriptions in the Mon and Pyu scripts.
Charles Edmund Newton-Robinson was a British barrister, author, gemologist, fencer, and yachtsman.