|Full name||Walter Winterbottom|
|Date of birth||31 March 1913|
|Place of birth||Oldham, England|
|Date of death||16 February 2002 88)(aged|
|Place of death||Guildford, England|
|* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only|
Sir Walter Winterbottom – 16 February 2002) was the first manager of the England football team (1946–1962) and FA Director of Coaching. He resigned from the FA in 1962 to become General Secretary of the Central Council of Physical Recreation (CCPR) and was appointed as the first Director of the Sports Council in 1965. He was knighted for his services to sport in 1978 when he retired. The Football Association marked the 100th anniversary of Winterbottom's birth by commissioning a bust which was unveiled by Roy Hodgson at St Georges Park on 23 April 2013 in recognition of his outstanding contribution to the development of English football.(31 March 1913
Born in Oldham, Lancashire, Walter Winterbottom was the only son of James Winterbottom, a ring frame fitter in a textile machine works.At the age of 12 he was awarded a scholarship to Oldham High School where he excelled. He won a bursary to Chester Diocesan Teachers Training College, graduating as the top student in 1933 and took a teaching post at the Alexandra Road School, Oldham. Whilst teaching he played football for Royton Amateurs and then Mossley where he was spotted by Manchester United. He signed for United as a part-time professional in 1936 but continued teaching. In his first season (1936/37) at Manchester United he showed great promise, playing 21 first team League games and 2 FA cup games, appearing as wing half and centre half. But in the following two seasons he made only 4 first team appearances. and 41 Central League appearances, his playing career effectively ended by a spinal disease, later diagnosed as ankylosing spondylitis. Whilst still playing for Manchester United he left his teaching position to study at Carnegie College of Physical Education, Leeds. On graduating he was appointed as a lecturer.
During World War II Winterbottom served as an officer in the Royal Air Force, reaching the rank of wing commander and working at the Air Ministry with overall responsibility for training PE instructors at home and overseas. He was also a guest player with Chelseaand ran coaching courses for the FA at grammar schools in London. In 1946 Stanley Rous, who was the secretary of The Football Association, persuaded the FA council to appoint Winterbottom as The FA's first Director of Coaching and suggested he take on the additional responsibility of being the first England team manager.
Walter Winterbottom has the distinction of being England's first, youngest and longest serving England team manager; he is also the only England manager to have had no previous professional managerial experience. In all matches in which he was in charge, England played 139, won 78, drew 33, and lost 28; goals for 383, against 196. At home England lost six matches in sixteen years. England won the British championship in thirteen out of his sixteen seasons (seven times outright and six times sharing top place). In the World Cup tournament England qualified on all four occasions, reaching the quarter finals twice, playing 28 matches, winning 15, drawing 7 and losing 6; goals for 75 against 35 (including World Cup qualifying matches).
Although he had coaching and managerial responsibilities, Winterbottom never had the power to pick his own team (it was chosen by a selection committee).Over time his technical knowledge increasingly influenced selectors. Finally, prior to Alf Ramsey's arrival in 1962, he convinced the FA that the team manager must have sole control of selection. During his time Winterbottom repeatedly warned the English football establishment that countries in Continental Europe and South America were overtaking England and that English football had to change. His sixteen years as England team manager helped greatly in creating a modern and competitive national team and four years after his departure in 1966 England won the World Cup. His innovations included the introduction of England B, Under 23, youth and schoolboy teams providing players with continuity and experience in international football before being selected for the full England team.
Notable victories during his era were 10—0 away to Portugal in 1947, 4—0 away to Italy in 1948, 3—1 at home to recently crowned World Champions West Germany in 1954 after the 4—2 at home to Brazil in 1956 and 9—3 at home to Scotland in 1961. Notable defeats were losing 2–0 to the Republic of Ireland at Goodison Park, losing 1—0 to the USA in the 1950 World Cup and 6—3 at home to Hungary in 1953 when England lost their unbeaten home record to a foreign team at Wembley, followed by a 7—1 away defeat to the same team in 1954.
Also while he was manager, England visited Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Denmark, Mexico, Peru, Portugal, the Soviet Union, United States and Uruguay for the first time.
Winterbottom led England to four consecutive World Cup finals, a record subsequently equalled only by Helmut Schön of West Germany. England entered the World Cup for the first time in 1950, qualifying for the tournament in Brazil by winning the British Home Championship. England had never before played in South America. They beat Chile by 2—0 but lost 1—0 to the USA and 1—0 to Spain to be eliminated in the first round. Winterbottom again led England to qualification in Switzerland in 1954 by winning the British Home championship. A 4—4 draw against Belgium and a 2—0 victory against Switzerland took them to the quarter finals where they were beaten 4—2 by the defending champions, Uruguay.
England qualified for the 1958 FIFA World Cup in Sweden with wins over the Republic of Ireland and Denmark, with a team that had lost only once in 17 games. Three months before the tournament began the Munich air disaster robbed the team of key players from Manchester United: Roger Byrne, Tommy Taylor and Duncan Edwards died. England drew against the USSR, Brazil and Austria but lost to the Soviet Union in a playoff for a quarter-final place.
Winterbottom again led his team to qualification for the 1962 World Cup in Chile with wins over Portugal and Luxembourg. After progressing from their group on goal average, England reached the quarter-finals but were beaten 3—1 by the eventual winners, Brazil.
Although Winterbottom is best known as the England team manager, it is in coaching that he made important contributions to the development of English football. He made no secret of his belief that his job as Director of Coaching was the more important of his two roles at the FA.
When he joined the FA in 1946, club directors, managers and players were cynical about the need for coachingbut Winterbottom had a passion for coaching and a vision of how it should develop. He soon created a national coaching scheme with summer residential courses at Lilleshall, Shropshire, and persuaded some of his international players to take the courses that led to exams for the FA preliminary and full coaching badges. This gave the scheme credibility. They developed their teaching skills by coaching in schools and then moved into part-time coaching positions in junior clubs. He gathered around him a cadre of young FA staff coaches: men like Bill Nicholson, Don Howe, Alan Brown, Ron Greenwood, Dave Sexton, Malcolm Allison, Joe Mercer, Vic Buckingham, Jimmy Hill and Bobby Robson. Over time a new breed of managers emerged in the League clubs and began to change attitudes to coaching.
Winterbottom's courses were expanded to include professional players, referees, schoolmasters, club trainers, schoolboys and youth leaders. In addition to Lilleshall they were held at Loughborough College, Carnegie College, Bisham Abbey and Birmingham University. In 1947 three hundred had taken the full coaching award and the numbers of qualified coaches grew each year.
The courses attracted international participation and praise. Winterbottom was regarded by many as a leading technical thinker and exponent of association football, of his generation, in the world and lectured internationally.
He inspired a new generation of managers, most notably Ron Greenwood and Bobby Robson, who graduated through every level of coaching, both eventually becoming England team manager.
In assessing Winterbottom's tenure as England manager, Goldblatt writes that "[Winterbottom] introduced a measure of tactical thinking and discussion to the England squad, though his inability to anticipate or learn significantly from the Hungarian debacle suggests that his grasp of tactics and communication with the players was limited."William Baker writes that Winterbottom, because of his "upper-class origins [sic]", could not "effectively instruct, much less inspire, working-class footballers." Football journalist Brian Glanville said in an interview: "I got on very well with Walter Winterbottom, but he was a rotten manager."
Winterbottom was also responsible for the publishing at the FA. The first coaching bulletin was launched in 1946 and this became the FA Bulletin and then the FA News. The FA Year Book was introduced in 1948 along with the FA Book for Boys annual.The first coaching films and film strips followed in 1950.
An important landmark was the publication of Winterbottom's book, Soccer Coaching, the first modern soccer coaching manual. This was followed by three more books, Skilful Soccer, Modern Soccer and Training for Soccer.
In 1962 Winterbottom resigned from the FA and took up an appointment as General Secretary of the Central Council of Physical Recreationand two years later became the Director of the newly formed Sports Council. He stepped onto the wider stage of sport and emerged to have a profound effect on sport in Britain during the second half of the twentieth century.
At the Central Council of Physical Education (CCPR) Winterbottom worked to provide coaches and better facilities for sports governing bodies. He soon became involved in the ongoing political debate about the recommendations of the 1960 Report of the Wolfenden Committee on Sport, which had recommended the establishment of a Sports Council responsible for distributing government money to sport. He was in favour but the CCPR was divided on the issue. In 1965 the Government under set up a Sports Council and Winterbottom was seconded to become the first Director of the Sports Councilwith Denis Howell as his chairman.
Winterbottom believed that participation in a sport played a much more important role in society that was generally accepted. For 16 years he battled to win significantly more investment in sport from national and local government to support a Sport for All campaign. Despite a harsh economic climate great progress was made in providing new facilities. In ten years 499 sports centres were built and 524 new swimming pools.Under his leadership sports governing bodies were helped to develop more professional organisations and provide more coaches. He conceived the idea of the Sports Aid Foundation, raising money from industry to back young elite sportsmen and women with Olympic medal winning chances.
He was a member of the Council of Europe and Chairman of the Committee for the Development of Sport and was influential in the acceptance of the Sport For All concept by Canada and UNESCO.
In 1978, after reaching the age of 65, Winterbottom retired from the Sports Council and was knighted for his services to sport. He became an advisor to the British government on ways in which British manufacturers of sports equipment could work with foreign firms. In 1979, he visited Australia and New Zealand to help their governments to support sport in the community.
He was head of the FIFA Technical Studies Group for the World Cup in 1966, 1970, 1974, 1978 and a member in 1982.In 1985 The Winterbottom Report, an FA enquiry into artificial playing surfaces was published and in 1987–89 he was a member of the Football League enquiry into artificial pitches.
He died in the Royal Surrey Hospital after an operation for cancer on 16 February 2002. He was 88 years old. A memorial service was held at St. Nicolas Church, Cranleigh, Surrey on 1 March 2002.
|England||September 1946||July 1962||139||78||33||28||385||195||+190||56.12|
England's goal tally first.
|England Match Record 1946–1962|
|1||28 September 1946||Windsor Park, Belfast||Ireland||7–2||1946–47 British Home Championship|
|2||30 September 1946||Dalymount Park, Dublin||Republic of Ireland||1–0||International Match|
|3||13 November 1946||Maine Road, Manchester||Wales||3–0||1946–47 British Home Championship|
|4||27 November 1946||Leeds Road, Huddersfield||Netherlands||8–2||International Match|
|5||12 April 1947||Wembley Stadium, London||Scotland||1–1||1946–47 British Home Championship|
|6||3 May 1947||Highbury, London||France||3–0||International Match|
|7||18 May 1947||Hardturm, Zürich||Switzerland||0–1||1947 European tour|
|8||25 May 1947||Estádio Nacional, Lisbon||Portugal||10–0|
|9||29 September 1947||Heysel Stadium, Brussels||Belgium||5–2||International Match|
|10||18 October 1947||Ninian Park, Cardiff||Wales||3–0||1947–48 British Home Championship|
|11||5 November 1947||Goodison Park, Liverpool||Ireland||2–2||1947–48 British Home Championship|
|12||19 November 1947||Highbury, London||Sweden||4–2||International Match|
|13||10 May 1948||Hampden Park, Glasgow||Scotland||1–0||1947–48 British Home Championship|
|14||16 May 1948||Stadio Comunale, Turin||Italy||4–0||International Match|
|15||26 September 1948||Idrætspark, Copenhagen||Denmark||0–0||International Match|
|16||9 October 1948||Windsor Park, Belfast||Ireland||6–2||1948–49 British Home Championship|
|17||10 November 1948||Villa Park, Birmingham||Wales||1–0||1948–49 British Home Championship|
|18||10 November 1948||Highbury, London||Switzerland||6–0||International Match|
|19||9 April 1949||Wembley Stadium, London||Scotland||1–3||1948–49 British Home Championship|
|20||13 May 1949||Råsunda Stadium, Stockholm||Sweden||1–3||1949 European tour|
|21||18 May 1949||Ullevaal Stadion, Oslo||Norway||4–1|
|22||22 May 1949||Stade Colombes, Paris||France||3–1|
|23||21 September 1949||Goodison Park, Liverpool||Republic of Ireland||0–2||International Match|
|24||15 October 1949||Ninian Park, Cardiff||Wales||4–1||1949–50 British Home Championship|
|25||16 November 1949||Maine Road, Manchester||Ireland||9–2||1949–50 British Home Championship|
|26||30 November 1949||White Hart Lane, London||Italy||2–0||International Match|
|27||25 May 1950||Hampden Park, Glasgow||Scotland||1–0||1949–50 British Home Championship|
|28||14 May 1950||Estádio Nacional, Lisbon||Portugal||5–3||1950 European tour|
|29||18 May 1950||Heysel Stadium, Brussels||Belgium||4–1|
|30||25 June 1950||Estádio do Maracanã, Rio de Janeiro||Chile||2–0||1950 FIFA World Cup|
|31||19 June 1950||Estádio Independência, Belo Horizonte||United States||0–1||1950 FIFA World Cup|
|32||2 July 1950||Estádio do Maracanã, Rio de Janeiro||Spain||0–1||1950 FIFA World Cup|
|33||7 October 1950||Windsor Park, Belfast||Northern Ireland||4–1||1950–51 British Home Championship|
|34||15 November 1950||Roker Park, Sunderland||Wales||6–2||1950–51 British Home Championship|
|35||15 November 1950||Highbury, London||Yugoslavia||2–2||International Match|
|36||14 April 1951||Wembley Stadium, London||Scotland||2–3||1950–51 British Home Championship|
|37||9 May 1951||Wembley Stadium, London||Argentina||2–1||International Match|
|38||19 May 1951||Goodison Park, Liverpool||Portugal||5–2||International Match|
|39||3 October 1951||Highbury, London||France||2–2||International Match|
|40||20 October 1951||Ninian Park, Cardiff||Wales||1–1||1951–52 British Home Championship|
|41||14 November 1951||Villa Park, Birmingham||Northern Ireland||2–0||1951–52 British Home Championship|
|42||28 November 1951||Wembley Stadium, London||Austria||2–2||International Match|
|43||5 April 1952||Hampden Park, Glasgow||Scotland||2–0||1951–52 British Home Championship|
|44||18 May 1952||Stadio Comunale, Florence||Italy||1–1||1952 European tour|
|45||25 May 1952||Praterstadion, Vienna||Austria||3–2|
|46||28 May 1952||Hardturm, Zürich||Switzerland||3–0|
|47||4 October 1952||Windsor Park, Belfast||Northern Ireland||2–2||1952–53 British Home Championship|
|48||12 November 1952||Wembley Stadium, London||Wales||5–2||1952–53 British Home Championship|
|49||26 November 1952||Wembley Stadium, London||Belgium||5–0||International Match|
|50||18 April 1953||Hampden Park, Glasgow||Scotland||2–2||1952–53 British Home Championship|
|51||17 May 1953||Estadio Monumental, Buenos Aires||Argentina||0–0||1953 American tour|
|52||24 May 1953||Estadio Nacional, Santiago||Chile||2–1|
|53||31 May 1953||Estadio Centenario, Montevideo||Uruguay||1–2|
|54||8 June 1953||Polo Grounds, New York City||United States||6–3|
|55||10 October 1953||Ninian Park, Cardiff||Wales||4–1||1953–54 British Home Championship|
|56||21 October 1953||Wembley Stadium, London||FIFA XI||4–4||International Match|
|57||11 November 1953||Goodison Park, Liverpool||Northern Ireland||3–1||1953–54 British Home Championship|
|58||25 November 1953||Wembley Stadium, London||Hungary||3–6||International Match|
|59||3 April 1954||Hampden Park, Glasgow||Scotland||4–2||1953–54 British Home Championship|
|60||16 May 1954||Partizan Stadium, Belgrade||Yugoslavia||0–1||1954 European tour|
|61||23 May 1954||Népstadion, Budapest||Hungary||1–7|
|62||17 June 1954||St. Jakob-Park, Basel||Belgium||4–4||1954 FIFA World Cup|
|63||20 June 1954||Wankdorf Stadium, Bern||Switzerland||2–0||1954 FIFA World Cup|
|64||26 June 1954||St. Jakob-Park, Basel||Uruguay||2–4||1954 FIFA World Cup|
|65||2 October 1954||Windsor Park, Belfast||Northern Ireland||2–0||1954–55 British Home Championship|
|66||10 November 1954||Wembley Stadium, London||Wales||3–2||1954–55 British Home Championship|
|67||1 December 1954||Wembley Stadium, London||West Germany||3–1||International Match|
|68||2 April 1955||Wembley Stadium, London||Scotland||7–2||1954–55 British Home Championship|
|69||15 May 1955||Stade Colombes, Paris||France||0–1||1955 European tour|
|70||18 May 1955||Santiago Bernabéu, Madrid||Spain||1–1|
|71||22 May 1955||Estádio das Antas, Porto||Portugal||1–3|
|72||2 October 1955||Idrætspark, Copenhagen||Denmark||5–1||International Match|
|73||22 October 1955||Ninian Park, Cardiff||Wales||1–2||1955–56 British Home Championship|
|74||2 November 1955||Wembley Stadium, London||Northern Ireland||3–0||1955–56 British Home Championship|
|75||30 November 1955||Wembley Stadium, London||Spain||4–1||International Match|
|76||14 April 1956||Hampden Park, Glasgow||Scotland||1–1||1955–56 British Home Championship|
|77||9 May 1956||Wembley Stadium, London||Brazil||4–2||International Match|
|78||16 May 1956||Råsunda Stadium, Stockholm||Sweden||0–0||1956 European tour|
|79||20 May 1956||Olympic Stadium, Helsinki||Finland||5–1|
|80||26 May 1956||Olympic Stadium, West Berlin||West Germany||3–1|
|81||6 October 1956||Windsor Park, Belfast||Northern Ireland||1–1||1956–57 British Home Championship|
|82||14 November 1956||Wembley Stadium, London||Wales||3–1||1956–57 British Home Championship|
|83||28 November 1956||Wembley Stadium, London||Yugoslavia||3–0||International Match|
|84||5 December 1956||Molineux, Wolverhampton||Denmark||5–2||1958 FIFA World Cup qualification|
|85||6 April 1957||Wembley Stadium, London||Scotland||2–1||1956–57 British Home Championship|
|86||8 May 1957||Wembley Stadium, London||Republic of Ireland||5–1||1958 FIFA World Cup qualification|
|87||15 May 1957||Idrætspark, Copenhagen||Denmark||4–1||1958 FIFA World Cup qualification|
|88||19 May 1957||Dalymount Park, Dublin||Republic of Ireland||1–1||1958 FIFA World Cup qualification|
|89||19 October 1957||Ninian Park, Cardiff||Wales||4–0||1957–58 British Home Championship|
|90||6 November 1957||Wembley Stadium, London||Northern Ireland||2–3||1957–58 British Home Championship|
|91||27 November 1957||Wembley Stadium, London||France||4–0||International Match|
|92||19 April 1958||Hampden Park, Glasgow||Scotland||4–0||1957–58 British Home Championship|
|93||7 May 1958||Wembley Stadium, London||Portugal||2–1||International Match|
|94||11 May 1958||Partizan Stadium, Belgrade||Yugoslavia||0–5||1958 European tour|
|95||18 May 1958||Lenin Stadium, Moscow||Soviet Union||1–1|
|96||8 June 1958||Ullevi, Gothenburg||Soviet Union||2–2||1958 FIFA World Cup|
|97||11 June 1958||Ullevi, Gothenburg||Brazil||0–0||1958 FIFA World Cup|
|98||15 June 1958||Ryavallen, Borås||Austria||2–2||1958 FIFA World Cup|
|99||19 June 1958||Ullevi, Gothenburg||Soviet Union||0–1||1958 FIFA World Cup|
|100||4 October 1958||Windsor Park, Belfast||Northern Ireland||3–3||1958–59 British Home Championship|
|101||22 October 1958||Wembley Stadium, London||Soviet Union||5–0||International Match|
|102||26 November 1958||Villa Park, Birmingham||Wales||2–2||1958–59 British Home Championship|
|103||11 April 1959||Wembley Stadium, London||Scotland||1–0||1958–59 British Home Championship|
|104||6 May 1959||Wembley Stadium, London||Italy||2–2||International Match|
|105||13 May 1959||Estádio do Maracanã, Rio de Janeiro||Brazil||1–4||1959 American tour|
|106||17 May 1959||Estadio Nacional, Lima||Peru||1–4|
|107||24 May 1959||Estadio Olímpico Universitario, Mexico City||Mexico||1–2|
|108||28 May 1959||Wrigley Field, Los Angeles||United States||8–1|
|109||17 October 1959||Ninian Park, Cardiff||Wales||1–1||1959–60 British Home Championship|
|110||28 October 1959||Wembley Stadium, London||Sweden||2–3||International Match|
|111||18 November 1959||Wembley Stadium, London||Northern Ireland||2–1||1959–60 British Home Championship|
|112||9 April 1960||Hampden Park, Glasgow||Scotland||1–1||1959–60 British Home Championship|
|113||11 May 1960||Wembley Stadium, London||Yugoslavia||3–3||International Match|
|114||15 May 1960||Santiago Bernabéu, Madrid||Spain||0–3||1960 European tour|
|115||22 May 1960||Népstadion, Budapest||Hungary||0–2|
|116||8 October 1960||Windsor Park, Belfast||Northern Ireland||5–2||1960–61 British Home Championship|
|117||19 October 1960||Stade Municipal, Luxembourg City||Luxembourg||9–0||1962 FIFA World Cup qualification|
|118||26 October 1960||Wembley Stadium, London||Spain||4–2||International Match|
|119||23 November 1960||Wembley Stadium, London||Wales||5–1||1960–61 British Home Championship|
|120||15 April 1961||Wembley Stadium, London||Scotland||9–3||1960–61 British Home Championship|
|121||10 May 1961||Wembley Stadium, London||Mexico||8–0||International Match|
|122||21 May 1961||Estádio Nacional, Lisbon||Portugal||1–1||1962 FIFA World Cup qualification|
|123||24 May 1961||Stadio Olimpico, Rome||Italy||3–2||1961 European tour|
|124||27 May 1961||Praterstadion, Vienna||Austria||1–3|
|125||28 September 1961||Highbury, London||Luxembourg||4–1||1962 FIFA World Cup qualification|
|126||14 October 1961||Ninian Park, Cardiff||Wales||1–1||1961–62 British Home Championship|
|127||25 October 1961||Wembley Stadium, London||Portugal||2–0||1962 FIFA World Cup qualification|
|128||22 November 1961||Wembley Stadium, London||Northern Ireland||1–1||1961–62 British Home Championship|
|129||4 April 1962||Wembley Stadium, London||Austria||3–1||International Match|
|130||14 April 1962||Hampden Park, Glasgow||Scotland||0–2||1961–62 British Home Championship|
|131||9 May 1962||Wembley Stadium, London||Switzerland||3–1||International Match|
|132||20 May 1962||Estadio Nacional, Lima||Peru||4–0||International Match|
|133||31 May 1962||Estadio El Teniente, Rancagua||Hungary||1–2||1962 FIFA World Cup|
|134||2 June 1962||Estadio El Teniente, Rancagua||Argentina||3–1||1962 FIFA World Cup|
|135||7 June 1962||Estadio El Teniente, Rancagua||Bulgaria||0–0||1962 FIFA World Cup|
|136||10 June 1962||Estadio Sausalito, Viña del Mar||Brazil||1–3||1962 FIFA World Cup|
|137||3 October 1962||Hillsborough, Sheffield||France||1–1||1964 European Nations' Cup qualifying|
|138||20 October 1962||Windsor Park, Belfast||Northern Ireland||3–1||1962–63 British Home Championship|
|139||21 November 1962||Wembley Stadium, London||Wales||4–0||1962–63 British Home Championship|
|Walter Winterbottom international managerial record|
|Republic of Ireland||4||2||1||1||7||4||+3||50.00|
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