Wang Mang

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Wang Mang
Wang Mang.jpg
Emperor of the Xin dynasty
Predecessornone, Ruzi Ying as Emperor of Western Han dynasty
Successor Dynasty abolished, Gengshi Emperor as Emperor of Eastern Han dynasty
Born45 BC
Yuancheng, Wei Commandery, Han Empire
Died6 October 23 AD (aged 67)
Chang'an, Han Empire
Spouse Empress Wang
Empress Shi
Zhenzhi, concubine
Huaineng, concubine
Kaiming, concubine
IssueWang Yu (王宇)
Wang Huo (王獲)
Wang An, Prince of Xinqian (王安)
Wang Lin, Prince of Tongyiyang (王臨)
Wang Xing, Duke of Gongxiu (王興)
Wang Kuang, Duke of Gongjian (王匡)
Lady Wang, Empress Xiaoping of Han (孝平皇后)
Wang Jie, Lady of Mudai (王捷)
Lady Wang, Lady of Muxiu
Era dates
Shi-jian-guo 始建國 (9–13)
Tian-feng 天鳳 (14–19)
Di-huang 地皇 (20–23)
Posthumous name
Temple name
Dynasty Xin Dynasty
FatherWang Man (王曼)
MotherQu (渠)
  1. Early Chinese dynasties were typically named after the fief of their founding dynast, and this reading is consistent with Wang Mang's pre-imperial position as Marquess of Xin. In 1950, C.B. Sargent suggested that the name of the dynasty should be read as meaning "new", which J.J.L. Duyvendak rejected out of hand. Chauncey S. Goodrich later convincingly argued that it may be possible to assign a semantic reading to Xin, but that it ought to be read as renewed or renewal, not simply new. See Goodrich, Chauncey S. (July 1957). "The Reign of Wang Mang: Hsin or New?". Oriens. Leiden: Brill. 10 (1): 114–118. doi:10.2307/1578760. JSTOR   1578760.

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  1. Ban, Biao; Ban, Gu; Ban, Zhao. "Chapter 98". Book of Han (in Chinese). 項羽起,封建孫安為濟北王。至漢興,安失國,齊人謂之「王家」,因以為氏。[ Xiang Yu rose in power, granting An, grandson of Jian, the king (of Qi) as the vassal king of Jibei. Han was established, An's vassalage was taken, [his] was called Wang family, [his] descendants took it as surname.]
  2. 1 2 Robert Hymes (2000). John Stewart Bowman (ed.). Columbia Chronologies of Asian History and Culture . Columbia University Press. pp.  12–13. ISBN   978-0-231-11004-4.
  3. Robert Hymes (2000). John Stewart Bowman (ed.). Columbia Chronologies of Asian History and Culture . Columbia University Press. p.  13. ISBN   978-0-231-11004-4.
  4. Hallet, Nicole. "China and Antislavery". Encyclopedia of Antislavery and Abolition, Vol. 1, pp. 154–156. Greenwood Publishing Group, 2007. ISBN   0-313-33143-X.
  5. Taskin V.S. 1984. "Materials on history of Dunhu group nomadic tribes", p. 15, Moscow, Science)
  6. Book of Later Han , Chapter 85.
  7. She had an affair with Wang Lin (王臨),Wang Mang's son.

Sources cited

  • Steven S. Drachman, "The Ghosts of Watt O'Hugh", Chickadee Prince Books, 2011. ISBN   978-0-578-08590-6.
  • Loewe, Michael. "Wang Mang 王莽 (2)". A Biographical Dictionary of the Qin, Former Han and Xin Periods (221 BC – AD 24). Leiden: Brill. pp. 536–45.
  • Rudi Thomsen, Ambition and confucianism : a biography of Wang Mang, Aarhus University Press, 1988. ISBN   87-7288-155-0.
  • Yap, Joseph P. "Wars with the Xiongnu, A Translation From Zizhi tongjian" Chapters 13–17, AuthorHouse (2009) ISBN   978-1-4490-0604-4
  • Book of Han (Full text) – Chinese Text Project
  • Book of Han 《漢書》 Chinese text with matching English vocabulary
  • Book of Later Han 《後漢書》 Chinese text with matching English vocabulary

Further reading

Wang Mang
Wang Mang (Chinese characters).svg
Wang's name in Chinese characters
Emperor of the Xin Dynasty
Born: 45 BC Died: 6 October 23 AD
Regnal titles
Preceded by Emperor of China
Xin Dynasty
9–23 AD
Succeeded by