Wanneroo Road

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Wanneroo Road

Wanneroo Road 047 S Tuart Hill Lawley.jpg
Looking south, towards Perth in Tuart Hill
Wanneroo Road
General information
Type Highway
Length43.6 km (27 mi)
Opened1920s
Route number(s) Australian state route 60.svg State Route 60
Major junctions
South endAustralian state route 60.svg Charles Street, (State Route 60), Joondanna
 
North endAustralian state route 60.svg Indian Ocean Drive (State Route 60), Yanchep
Location(s)
Major suburbs Tuart Hill, Wanneroo, Yanchep
Highway system

Wanneroo Road is a 44-kilometre (27 mi) arterial highway in the northern suburbs of Perth, Western Australia linking Joondanna and Yokine in the south with Wanneroo and Yanchep in the north. As part of State Route 60, it begins from Charles Street in the inner city and becomes Indian Ocean Drive up to Dongara.

Contents

Originally a narrow and often country road with a single lane in each direction it has been periodically widened and (particularly north of Wanneroo) straightened. Around the Carabooda area the road has been realigned. Short sections of the original, narrow road remain providing access to properties and businesses along the road.

The road is also multiplexed with State Routes 81 and 83 for short lengths.

Route description

Wanneroo Road is part of State Route 60, as an alternative route to the Mitchell Freeway (State Route 2) in Perth’s northern suburbs. The road’s southern terminus is London Street (State Route 61) in Joondanna, where it continues southwards as Charles Street, and its northern terminus is at Yanchep Beach Road in Yanchep, where it continues northwards as Indian Ocean Drive. Maintained by Main Roads Western Australia, the road is mostly a four-lane dual carriageway (except within Balcatta where it is six lanes), namely south of Dunstan Road as well as a short section in Carabooda between Trian Road and Bernard Road South, with the remainder in the outer rural northern suburbs a two-lane single carriageway.

The speed limit is predominantly 70 km/h (43 mph); however, it is 60 km/h (37 mph) south of Royal Street in Tuart Hill and within the Wanneroo Town Centre, 80 km/h (50 mph) north of Neerabup Road in Neerabup, and then 90 km/h (56 mph) north of Hester Avenue until its terminus in Yanchep.

From its southern terminus to Beach Road, the road is within the City of Stirling local government area (LGA), after which it forms the boundary between the City of Joondalup and Wanneroo LGAs — this remains as such until Whitfords Avenue, where it is exclusively within the City of Wanneroo for the remainder of its length.

Joondanna to Wanneroo

Wanneroo Road starts as the continuation of Charles Street from the south at the traffic light Y-intersection at London Street. Commencing within the City of Stirling, it straddles along the suburbs of Joondanna, Tuart Hill, and Yokine, encountering traffic light controlled intersections of Cape and Royal Streets. The first intersection with a major road is with Morley Drive, 2.5 km (1.6 mi) later.

North of Morley Drive, it travels through the suburbs of Balcatta, Westminster, and Nollamara, during which it encounters traffic light controlled intersections at Nollamara Avenue, Amelia Street, Main Street, Balcatta Road, and Victoria Road/Halley Road, eventually reaching a diamond interchange with Reid Highway following a 3.5 km (2.2 mi) run along the aforementioned suburbs. Reid Highway runs uninterrupted under Wanneroo Road, where both ramp junctions are controlled by traffic lights.

Wanneroo Road travels along the suburbs of Hamersley to the west of the road and Balga to the east, reaching a traffic light controlled intersection with Beach Road 1.9 km (1.2 mi) later. Following this intersection the road forms the boundaries of both the City of Joondalup and Wanneroo LGAs. Wanneroo Road then travels through numerous residential suburbs, including Girrawheen and Madeley, for 4.8 km (3 mi) on approach to the industrial suburb of Wangara, intersecting with traffic lights at Warwick Road, Marangaroo Drive, Hepburn Avenue (near the Kingsway City Shopping Centre), Kingsway, Gnangara Road and Whitfords Avenue. Because the T-junctions at Warwick Road and Marangaroo Drive are located within a close distance of each other, Wanneroo Road also carries State Route 81 between those two roads. A similar situation exists with Gnangara Road and Whitfords Avenue, except the short stretch between the two intersections carries State Route 83.

After Whitfords Avenue, the road is exclusively within the City of Wanneroo, travelling along the industrial suburb of Wangara to the east and Woodvale to the west for around 2 km (1.2 mi), where there is evidence of new residential developments. Within Wangara a traffic light controlled T-junction with Prindiville Drive is encountered, before reaching Ocean Reef Road, which is a grade-separated interchange with Wanneroo Road free-flowing over traffic light junctions at Ocean Reef Road.

North of Ocean Reef Road, Wanneroo Road travels along the residential suburbs of Pearsall and Hocking for around 2.5 km (1.6 mi) before entering the Wanneroo town centre. Running within the town centre for 1.7 km (1.1 mi) it intersects with Conlan Avenue/Hastings Street (providing access to Wanneroo Central Shopping Centre) and Dundebar Road. The road then travels through the residential suburbs of Sinagra, Ashby, and Tapping for 4.1 km (2.5 mi), during which it intersects with Pinjar Road and Wallawa Street at traffic light T-junctions, and eventually reaches Joondalup Drive. Like Ocean Reef Road, this is a grade-separated interchange, but in a roundabout interchange configuration and Joondalup Drive free-flowing over the Wanneroo Road roundabout.

North of Wanneroo

After Joondalup Drive, development starts to become more sparse, and transitions from a suburban to rural landscape. Wanneroo Road travels through predominantly bushland in Neerabup (and along some residential development in Carramar) before reaching a traffic light controlled intersection with Flynn Drive and Neerabup Road 3.5 km (2.2 mi) later. The road continues to travel through Neerabup for 3.1 km (1.9 mi) before reaching a traffic light controlled T-junction with Hester Avenue, which is the northernmost signalised intersection on Wanneroo Road, as well as the northernmost link to both the Mitchell Freeway and fellow arterial road Marmion Avenue. Within that stretch, alongside the road are portions of the original, narrow road that are now access roads for businesses and properties along the route. Now within the suburb of Nowergup, the road reduces a two-lane single carriageway 2.6 km (1.6 mi) north of that intersection, which continues as such until Trian Road in Carabooda, where a four-lane single carriageway reappears and continues as such for 3 km (1.9 mi) until Bernard Road South, reducing to a single carriageway once again. After about 4 km (2.5 mi), Wanneroo Road terminates at a T-junction with Yanchep Beach Road, with the road (and State Route 60) continuing northwards as Indian Ocean Drive to coastal localities beyond the northern limit of the Perth metropolitan area (namely in the Wheatbelt region), such as Lancelin, Cervantes, and Jurien Bay. Indian Ocean Drive would eventually reach Brand Highway as the main route northwards to Geraldton.

History

After the enactment of the Road Districts Act 1871, the Perth Road Board requested that the Legislative Council proclaim eight public thoroughfares through its territory, [1] and on 4 June 1872, Road No.3, intended as a route from Perth to Champion Bay (now Geraldton) via Wanneroo, was published in the Government Gazette. [2] However, the act of proclaiming the road was not contiguous with its development, and progress on surfacing the track occurred at a slow rate.

A proposal to rename the road as "Yanchep Highway" was made in November 1940. [3] The Perth Road Board (now City of Stirling) was in favour of the proposal, subject to the Wanneroo Road Board (now City of Wanneroo) renaming their portion of Wanneroo Road, [3] but the Wanneroo Road Board indicated that they would support a name change if it included Charles Street, in the Perth City Council area. [4] There was no agreement reached.

The road represented the western terminus of the eastern section of Reid Highway between 1994 and 1996, when Reid Highway’s missing link eventually made it continuous in 1996.

In 2008, the intersection with Ocean Reef Road (SR84) was upgraded. A second left turn lane was added for drivers entering Ocean Reef Road westbound from Wanneroo Road from the north, a second right turn lane to enter Ocean Reef Road westbound, and a second left and right turn lane at Ocean Reef Road westbound.

During 2010, Wanneroo Road was duplicated from Wallawa Street to Joondalup Drive. In 2013, traffic lights were installed at Hester Avenue, which was later duplicated in 2017 as part of the Mitchell Freeway extension works.

During 2016 and 2019, significant portions of the road north of Joondalup Drive were duplicated: the section between Flynn Drive and north of Hall Road during 2016 and 2017 as part of the Mitchell Freeway extension works, and then the section between Joondalup Drive and the Flynn Drive/Neerabup Road intersection between 2018 and 2019. Work also started in 2018 to convert the existing traffic light intersections with Ocean Reef Road and Joondalup Drive to grade-separated interchanges, with both works completed by 2020.

Junctions

LGALocationkmmiDestinationsNotes
Stirling JoondannaYokine boundary0.00.0Australian state route 61.svg London Street (State Route 61)  Leederville, Subiaco, Nedlands south-west / Australian state route 60.svg Charles Street (State Route 60)  North Perth, Northbridge south-eastWanneroo Road terminus; road continues south as Charles Street; Traffic light controlled y-junction
Tuart Hill–Yokine boundary1.00.62Cape Street  Yokine, Tuart Hill, Osborne Park Traffic light controlled intersection
1.60.99Royal Street  Yokine, Tuart Hill, Osborne Park Traffic light controlled intersection
Tuart Hill–Yokine–BalcattaNollamara quadripoint2.51.6Australian state route 76.svg Morley Drive (State Route 76)  Karrinyup, Stirling, Morley Traffic light controlled intersection
Balcatta–Nollamara boundary3.22.0Nollamara Avenue  Nollamara, Mirrabooka Traffic light controlled t-junction
Balcatta–Nollamara–Westminster tripoint4.32.7Amelia Street  Balcatta, Westminster, Mirrabooka Traffic light controlled intersection
Balcatta–Westminster boundary4.93.0Main Street  Balcatta, Osborne Park Traffic light controller t-junction
5.53.4Australian state route 77.svg Balcatta Road (State Route 77)  Balcatta Traffic light controlled t-junction
5.73.5Halley Road  Balcatta west / Victoria Road  Westminster eastTraffic light controlled intersection
Balcatta–Westminster–HamersleyBalga quadripoint6.03.7Australian state route 3.svg Reid Highway (State Route 3)  North Beach, Morley, Midland Diamond interchange
Stirling–JoondalupWanneroo tripointHamersley–Balga–WarwickGirrawheen quadripoint7.94.9 Beach Road   Carine, Malaga, Dayton Traffic light controlled intersection
Joondalup–Wanneroo boundaryWarwick–Girrawheen–GreenwoodMarangaroo quadripoint8.95.5Australian state route 81.svg Warwick Road (State Route 81)  Warwick, Duncraig State Route 81 southern concurrency terminus; Traffic light controlled t-junction
Greenwood–Marangaroo boundary9.25.7Australian state route 81.svg Marangaroo Drive (State Route 81)  Marangaroo, Ballajura State Route 81 northern concurrency terminus; Traffic light controlled intersection
Greenwood–Marangaroo–KingsleyMadeley quadripoint10.46.5Australian state route 82.svg Hepburn Avenue (State Route 82)  Hillarys, Malaga Traffic light controlled intersection
Kingsley–Madeley boundary11.27.0Woodlake Retreat west / Kingsway  Darch, Landsdale eastTraffic light controlled intersection
12.37.6Australian state route 83.svg Gnangara Road (State Route 83)  Wangara, Ellenbrook State Route 83 southern concurrency terminus; Traffic light controlled t-junction
Kingsley–Madeley–WoodvaleWangara quadripoint12.77.9Australian state route 83.svg Whitfords Avenue (State Route 83)  Padbury, Craigie State Route 83 northern concurrency terminus; Traffic light controlled intersection
WannerooWoodvale–Wangara boundary13.78.5Prindiville Parade  Wangara Traffic light controlled intersection
Woodvale–Wangara–WannerooPearsall quadripoint14.79.1Australian state route 84.svg Ocean Reef Road (State Route 84)  Ocean Reef, Wangara, Ellenbrook Parclo interchange
Wanneroo18.411.4Hastings StreetEntrance to Wanneroo Central; Traffic light controlled intersection
18.511.5Dundebar Road  Wanneroo Traffic light controlled t-junction
Wanneroo–SinagraAshby tripoint19.812.3 Pinjar Road   Ashby, Tapping, Banksia Grove Traffic light controlled t-junction
Wanneroo–Ashby boundary20.312.6Wallawa StreetTraffic light controlled t-junction
Wanneroo–TappingNeerabupCarramar quadripoint22.914.2Australian state route 85.svg Joondalup Drive (State Route 85)  Joondalup, Bullsbrook Roundabout interchange
Neerabup26.416.4Neerabup Road  Clarkson, Mindarie west / Flynn Drive   Neerabup, Banksia Grove Traffic light controlled t-junction
Neerabup–Nowergup boundary29.518.3 Hester Avenue   Ridgewood, Merriwa, Quinns Rocks Traffic light controlled t-junction
Yanchep 43.627.1 Yanchep Beach Road   Yanchep, Two Rocks west / Australian state route 60.svg Indian Ocean Drive (State Route 60)  Guilderton, Lancelin, Jurien Bay northNorthern terminus of Wanneroo Road; Road continues north as Indian Ocean Drive

See also

Related Research Articles

City of Wanneroo Local government area in Western Australia

The City of Wanneroo is a local government area with city status in the northern suburbs of Perth, Western Australia. It is centred approximately 25 kilometres (15.5 mi) north of Perth's central business district and forms part of the northern boundary of the Perth metropolitan area. Wangara encompasses the federal divisions of Cowan, Moore and Pearce.

Mitchell Freeway is a 36-kilometre-long (22 mi) freeway in the northern suburbs of Perth, Western Australia, linking central Perth with the city of Joondalup. It is the northern section of State Route 2, which continues south as Kwinana Freeway and Forrest Highway. Along its length are interchanges with several major roads, including Graham Farmer Freeway and Reid Highway. The southern terminus of the Mitchell Freeway is at the Narrows Bridge, which crosses the Swan River, and the northern terminus is at Hester Avenue, Clarkson, a suburb within the City of Wanneroo.

Neerabup, Western Australia Suburb of Perth, Western Australia

Neerabup is a rural locality in Perth, the capital of Western Australia, within the local government area of the City of Wanneroo.

Heathridge, Western Australia Suburb of Perth, Western Australia

Heathridge is a suburb of Perth, Western Australia, located 33 kilometres (21 mi) south of Yanchep within the City of Joondalup.

Reid Highway

Reid Highway is a 23-kilometre (14 mi) east-west highway and partial freeway in the northern suburbs of Perth, Western Australia, linking North Beach with Middle Swan. As part of State Route 3, it forms half of Perth's outer ring road along with Roe Highway, which it joins onto at its eastern terminus.

West Coast Highway, Perth

West Coast Highway is an arterial coastal highway located in the western and inner northern suburbs of Perth, Western Australia. It is part of State Route 71, and also Tourist Drive 204 in various coastal parts.

Marmion Avenue

Marmion Avenue is a 40-kilometre (25 mi) arterial road in the northern coastal suburbs of Perth, Western Australia, linking Trigg in the south with Yanchep in the north. It forms part of State Route 71 along with West Coast Highway, which it joins onto at its southern terminus.

Joondalup Drive is a major distributor road in the northern suburbs of Perth, Western Australia. The road travels through the City of Joondalup's central business district and extends for a few kilometres east through neighbouring residential suburbs in the City of Wanneroo. The road was extended in 2005 to the northern suburb of Banksia Grove to provide easy access for residents to Joondalup's city centre, and to provide a complete connecting route to the Brand Highway from the Mitchell Freeway.

Pinjar Road is a major distributor road in the north-eastern suburbs of Perth, Western Australia, located within the City of Wanneroo.

Alexander Drive

Alexander Drive is a major north–south arterial road in the northern suburbs of Perth, Western Australia, connecting Perth's central business district (CBD) with Edith Cowan University's Mount Lawley campus and the Malaga industrial area, as well as newer development suburbs to Perth's north. It is used by Transperth bus routes, including the 360, 361 and 362. Alexander Drive was named after Mr S.B. Alexander, a former Wanneroo Road Board member. Alexander Drive runs through the following local government areas City of Wanneroo, City of Swan, City of Bayswater and City of Stirling.

Erindale Road

Erindale Road is a connector road in the northern suburbs of Perth, Western Australia, providing residents of the suburbs of Hamersley and Warwick with a connection to Reid Highway and Mitchell Freeway. The road is a dual carriageway with two lanes in each direction for most of its length, and continues from Warwick Road as Cockman Road through Greenwood, and from the Gwelup end as North Beach Road.

Beach Road, Perth

Beach Road is a major east-west road in the northern suburbs of Perth, Western Australia, connecting Perth's inner northern beachside suburbs and inland state housing areas with shopping and public transport facilities at Warwick and the Malaga industrial area. It was mostly built between 1967 and 1974, and is a dual carriageway for most of its length, except for a small western part between Marmion Avenue and the coast, which is a minor residential distributor road and is discontinuous at Marmion Avenue. Beach Road also serves as a local government boundary. From Alexander Drive to Wanneroo Road, Beach Road is the boundary with the City of Wanneroo on the northern side and the City of Stirling on the southern side. From Wanneroo Road to the coast Beach Road is the boundary with the City of Joondalup on the northern side and the City of Stirling on the southern side.

Hepburn Avenue

Hepburn Avenue is an arterial east-west road in the northern suburbs of Perth, Western Australia. The road links Sorrento in the west with Malaga and Whiteman in the east. It also connects the residential developments that span its length with several local facilities, as well as major road routes into central Perth.

Whitfords Avenue

Whitfords Avenue is an arterial east–west road located in the northern suburbs of Perth, Western Australia.

Burns Beach Road

Burns Beach Road is an arterial east-west road in Perth, Western Australia, linking the suburbs of Burns Beach and Iluka to the Mitchell Freeway and Joondalup. It forms the entirety of State Route 87 and was the northern terminus of Mitchell Freeway and State Route 2 until 2017, when the freeway was extended to Hester Avenue.

Ocean Reef Road

Ocean Reef Road is an arterial east-west road in Perth, Western Australia. It is located within the northern suburbs of Perth, from Ocean Reef in the west, to Landsdale in the east, with a portion travelling northwards along the coast to Iluka.

Scarborough Beach Road

Scarborough Beach Road is an arterial northwest-southeast road located in the inner northern suburbs of Perth, Western Australia. It connects North Perth to Scarborough Beach, and is mostly a single carriageway road, with two or three lanes in each direction. The road is the western section of State Route 75, between Osborne Park and Scarborough, and a short section in Innaloo is also part of State Route 64.

Connolly Drive

Connolly Drive is an arterial road in the outer northern suburbs of Perth, Western Australia. The road takes its name from the Perth suburb of Connolly, which lies just beyond the road's terminus.

Morley Drive

Morley Drive is a major east-west road in the inner northern suburbs of Perth, Western Australia, connecting the residential areas of Balcatta, Osborne Park, Tuart Hill, Nollamara, Yokine, Dianella, and Morley with major north-south arterial roads including Wanneroo Road, Alexander Drive, and Tonkin Highway.

Gnangara Road

Gnangara Road is an arterial east-west road in Perth, Western Australia. It is located within the northern suburbs of Perth, from Madeley in the west, to Henley Brook in the east. Gnangara Road provides a connection between Great Northern Highway and Wanneroo Road. The construction of the Ocean Reef Road extension in 2011 altered the road network in the Landsdale area in Landsdale. The plans show Gnangara Road as discontinuous between Mirrabooka Avenue and Alexander Drive, with the Mirrabooka Avenue and Ocean Reef Road extensions linking the two sections. Following construction, those linking road sections were named as Gnangara Road, allowing the road to remain continuous.

References

  1. Cooper, W.S.; G. McDonald (1999). Diversity's Challenge: A History of the City of Stirling. City of Stirling. p. 82.
  2. "Major Roads". Western Australia Government Gazette. 4 June 1872. p. 1872:126.
  3. 1 2 ""YANCHEP-HIGHWAY."". The West Australian . Perth: National Library of Australia. 21 November 1940. p. 4. Retrieved 27 November 2012.
  4. "PROPOSED YANCHEP HIGHWAY". The West Australian . Perth: National Library of Australia. 14 February 1941. p. 4. Retrieved 27 November 2012.

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