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The Wardak (Pashto : وردګ) or Wardag live in central and eastern Afghanistan, mainly in Wardak Province. The Wardak people are divided into Mirkhel, Mayar, and Nuri sub-clans. The Wardak live in all of the province's districts, and form the majority of people in the Saydabad, Chak Wardak, Jaghatu, and Day Mirdad (Jilga) districts of central and southern Wardak. They speak the Pashto language and many also speak Dari-Persian Both are the official languages of Afghanistan.
Pashtuns, historically known as Afghans, are an Iranian ethnic group native to Central and South Asia.
Pashto, sometimes spelled Pukhto or Pakhto, is an Eastern Iranian language of the Indo-European family. It is known in Persian literature as Afghani.
Maidan Wardak Province, also called Maidan Wardag or Maidan, is one of the 34 provinces of Afghanistan, located in the central region of Afghanistan. It is divided into eight districts and has a population of approximately 660,258. The capital of the province is Maidan Shar, while the most populous district in the province is Saydabad District. The name of the province is called "Wardak" as stated by the Afghan constitution and IDLG approved documents.
The Mohmand or Momand tribe is one of the most prominent Pashtun tribes. They are descended from the 1st Son of Daulatyar and 2nd son, Daudzai, according to Pashtun historical literature. They are based primarily in the eastern districts of Nangarhar Province, Afghanistan, and the Mohmand district of the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province, bordering Nangarhar to the east.
The Kharoti are a Pashtun tribe of Ghilji origin, originating in the central part of Paktika Province, Afghanistan, but can be also found in other parts of the country. The Kharoti settled in Kharotabad in Quetta, British India around 1945.
Maidan Shar, also Maidan Shahr or simply Maidan, is the capital of Wardak Province in central Afghanistan. Its population was estimated to be 35,008 in 2003, of which 85% are Pashtuns, and a smaller number of Hazaras and Tajiks forming the rest.
Pashtun diaspora refers to ethnic Pashtuns who live outside their traditional homeland of Pashtunistan, which is south of the Amu River in Afghanistan and west of the Indus River in Pakistan. Pashtunistan is home to the majority of the Pashtun community. However, there are significant Pashtun diaspora communities in the Sindh and Punjab provinces of Pakistan, in particular in the cities of Karachi and Lahore, in the Rohilkhand region of Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat, Rajasthan States of India. Smaller populations of Pashtuns are also found in other parts of India, the Arab states of the Persian Gulf, Australia, Canada, Germany, Iran, Russia, the United Kingdom, the United States, and other parts of the world.
Jalrez is a district in the west of Maidan Shar, Maidan Wardak Province, Afghanistan. The main town lies at Jalrez, which is 62.9 kilometres (39.1 mi) southwest of the centre of Kabul via the main Kabul-Behsud Highway. The district is a major producer of potatoes.
Chak Wardak is a district in the south of Wardak Province, Afghanistan. Its population was estimated at 83,376 in 2005, the last year for which figures are available. The district centre is the village of Chak Wardak.
Jaghatu is a district in Wardak province, Afghanistan, 20 km northwest of Ghazni. According to 2019 data, the population is 50,792. The district center is Ghazi Muhammad Jan Khan Bazaar.
The Pashtun tribes, historically also known as Afghan tribes, are the tribes of the Pashtun people, a large Eastern Iranian ethnic group who use the Pashto language and follow Pashtunwali code of conduct. They are found primarily in Afghanistan and Pakistan and form the world's largest tribal society, comprising over 49 million people and between 350 and 400 tribes and clans. They are traditionally divided into four tribal confederacies: the Sarbani (سړبني), the Bettani (بېټني), the Gharghashti (غرغښتي) and the Karlani (کرلاڼي).
The history of Arabs in Afghanistan spans over one millennium, from the 11th century Islamic conquest when Arabs arrived with their Islamic mission until recently when others from the Arab world arrived to defend fellow Muslims from the Soviet Union followed by NATO forces. Most of the early Arabs gradually lost their Arabic hegemony and ultimately mixed with the local population, though they are still considered a cognizably distinct ethnic group according to the Constitution of Afghanistan and the Afghan National Anthem. Afghans who carry Sayed or Quraishi in their names usually claim Arab ancestry.
Saydabad District is a district of Maidan Wardak Province, Afghanistan. The district is known for its pleasant climate, including hilly vegetation, streams, and orchards. The district was a popular retreat for Kabul residents until an increase in ISAF-Taliban violence in the late 2000s. The city of Saydabad serves as the district capital. With a population of 114,793, it is the most populous district of the province.
Mohammad Halim Fidai is an Afghan politician. He has served as the Governor of Paktia Province since July 2020, and was previously governor of Khost, Logar, and Wardak. Fidai is an independent politician, and when first appointed governor of Wardak in 2008 he was the youngest of the 34 governors of Afghanistan.
Mohammad Amin Wakman is the Honorary Chairman and Director of International Affairs of Afghan Millat Party.
The Turkic people in Afghanistan are Turkic people from modern day Afghanistan. The major ethnicities are the Qizilbash, Uzbeks, Kyrgyz and Turkmens. The Qizilbash came to Afghanistan during the Afsharid and Durrani rule in Afghanistan and since they worked at high government jobs, but also made up parts of the army, especially when Timur Shah Durrani wanted to get rid of the dependency on Pashtun tribes and expanded his army by 12.000 Qizilbash soldier. Zaman Shah Durranis cavalry consisted of 100.000 men, who were mostly Qizilbashs. Today they live in big cities like Kabul, Mazar e Sharif and Kandahar. Currently they speak mainly Persian as their language, however in some regions, as in Kandahar, they also speak Pashto. However, Uzbeks and Turkmens have been living in Afghanistan since the third century B.C. They speak the same language as their ethnic equivalents in Central Asia. In addition to that the Kyrgyz people settle the Wakhan Corridor of Afghanistan and are really isolated there. The number of them was 1,130 in 2003, all from eastern Wakhan District in the Badakhshan Province of northeastern Afghanistan. They still lead a nomadic lifestyle and are led by a khan or tekin. Some economic ties exist between Turkey and Uzbek people in Northern-Afghanistan and there are Turkish police trainers in Wardak, in the east of the country.
The Chaki Wardak Dam, or simply the Chak Dam, is a dam near the Chak district center in Chaki Wardak District, Wardak Province, Afghanistan. It was originally built by Germans in 1938, making it the oldest major dam in the country. It regulates flow of the Logar River, helping provide irrigation water in Chak Valley.
Saydābād is a city in Maidan Wardak Province, central Afghanistan. It is the administrative center of Saydabad District, and located along the main Kabul-Kandahar Highway.
Chak-i Wardak or simply Chak is a city along the Logar River in Maidan Wardak Province, central Afghanistan. It is the administrative center of Chaki Wardak District. The Chaki Wardak Dam is located nearby.
Mīrān is a town in Maidan Wardak Province, central Afghanistan. It is the administrative center of Day Mirdad District.