Last updated

View from Pickering Point, Warrnambool.JPG
Warrnambool foreshore from Pickering Point
Australia Victoria Warrnambool City location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Coordinates 38°23′0″S142°29′0″E / 38.38333°S 142.48333°E / -38.38333; 142.48333 Coordinates: 38°23′0″S142°29′0″E / 38.38333°S 142.48333°E / -38.38333; 142.48333
Population35,214 (2018) [1]
Postcode(s) 3280
Time zone AEST (UTC+10)
 • Summer (DST) AEST (UTC+11)
LGA(s) City of Warrnambool
State electorate(s) South-West Coast
Federal division(s) Wannon
Mean max tempMean min tempAnnual rainfall
19.0 °C
66 °F
8.5 °C
47 °F
738.0 mm
29.1 in

Warrnambool (Maar: Peetoop or Wheringkernitch or Warrnambool) [2] is a city on the south-western coast of Victoria, Australia. At June 2016, Warrnambool had an estimated urban population of 35,214. [1] Situated on the Princes Highway, Warrnambool (Allansford) marks the western end of the Great Ocean Road and the southern end of the Hopkins Highway.



Origin of name

The name "Warrnambool" originated from Mount Warrnambool, a scoria cone volcano 25 kilometres northeast of the town. Warrnambool (or Warrnoobul) was the title of both the volcano and the clan of Aboriginal Australian people who lived there. In the local language, the prefix Warnn- designated home or hut, while the meaning of the suffix -ambool is now unknown. [3] [4] William Fowler Pickering, the colonial government surveyor who in 1845 was tasked with the initial planning of the township, chose to name the town Warrnambool. [5] The traditional Indigenous owners of the land today are the Dhauwurd Wurrung people, also known as the Gunditjmara.

Aboriginal Australians

Aboriginal Australians have been occupying the site of Warrnambool for at least the last 35,000 years. [6] The vicinity around the Merri River was inhabited by people known as the Merrigundidj, part of the larger Gunditjmara nation. They spoke a language called Bi:gwurrung, which was a dialect of the Dhauwurd Wurrung language. These people constructed large stone and timber weirs called yereroc across various waterways in the region in order to facilitate the trapping of eels. The area at the mouth of the Hopkins River was known as Moyjil. At the beginning of British colonisation of the region in 1841, there were approximately 400 Aboriginal people living around the coastal parts of the Merri River including a number of Koroitgundidj people residing in a village at what is now known as Tower Hill. [3] There are several Maar placenames for locations in the area including: 'Kunang' referring to a waterhole on present-day Koroit Street which was a celebrated place for kangaroos to drink, 'Wirkneung' referring to the site of Warrnambool cemetery, 'Puurkar' referring to the Western Hill area of Warrnambool, and 'Peetoop' which is one of the names for the area meaning 'small sandpiper'. [7]

European maritime exploration

A popular legend is that the first Europeans to visit the region were Cristóvão de Mendonça and his crew who surveyed the coastline nearby and were marooned near the site of the present town as early as the 16th century, based on the unverified reports of local whalers' discovery of the wreck of a mahogany ship. [8] The ship's provenance has been variously attributed to France, China, Spain and Portugal. There is no physical evidence to suggest that it ever existed.

The first documented European exploration of the area occurred under Lieutenant James Grant, a Scottish explorer who sailed the Lady Nelson along the coast in December 1800 and named several features. This was followed by that of the English navigator Matthew Flinders in the Investigator, and the French explorer Nicholas Baudin, who recorded coastal landmarks, in 1802. The area was frequented by whalers early in the 19th century.

British colonisation

British colonisation of the land in the region began in 1838 when Captain Alexander Campbell, a whaler based at nearby Port Fairy, took possession of 4,000 acres around the mouth of the Merri River. He set up a farm there and built his main hut where Warrnambool now stands. [3] The township was planned and surveyed in 1845, with the first allotments being sold in 1847. A Post Office opened on 1 January 1849. [9]

During the Victorian Gold Rush, Warrnambool became an important port and grew quickly in the 1850s, benefiting from the private ownership of nearby Port Fairy. It was gazetted as a municipality in 1855, and became a borough in 1863. Warrnambool was declared a town in 1883, and a city in 1918. Post Offices opened at Warrnambool South in 1937 (closed 1973), Warrnambool East in 1946, and Warrnambool North in 1947 (closed 1975). [9]


Warrnambool has a mild Mediterranean climate (Csb) that closely borders the oceanic climate (Cfb), and is characterised by mild, dry, very swingy summers and cool, rainy winters with frequent cloud cover. Annual and especially winter rainfall is much higher than in Melbourne due to its westerly exposure.[ citation needed ]

During the heatwave in southeastern Australia, Warrnambool recorded a maximum temperature of 44.8 °C (112.6 °F) on 7 February 2009.[ citation needed ]

Climate data for Warrnambool Airport NDB (1998–2021)
Record high °C (°F)44.3
Average high °C (°F)24.7
Average low °C (°F)11.9
Record low °C (°F)2.3
Average precipitation mm (inches)36.6
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm)8.88.812.715.520.520.021.621.919.417.713.811.9192.6
Source: Bureau of Meteorology. [10]


The original City of Warrnambool was a 4x8 grid, with boundaries of Lava Street (north), Japan Street (east), Merri Street (south) and Henna Street (west). In the nineteenth century, it was intended that Fairy Street – with its proximity to the Warrnambool Railway Station – would be the main street of Warrnambool. However, Liebig Street has since become the main street of the central business district (CBD). The Warrnambool CBD is particularly notable for its number of roundabouts.

War Memorial, Warrnambool Warrnambool.jpg
War Memorial, Warrnambool

Outside the CBD, the Warrnambool Botanic Gardens feature wide curving paths, rare trees, a lily pond with ducks, a fernery, a band rotunda, and was designed by notable landscape architect, William Guilfoyle.

Eleven suburbs surround the CBD of Warrnambool: North, South, East and West Warrnambool, Brierly, Sherwood Park, Merrivale, Dennington, Woodford, Bushfield and Allansford, though only the four latter are recognised as localities of the city.


Overview of the Flagstaff Hill Maritime Museum Flagstaff Hill Maritime Museum.jpg
Overview of the Flagstaff Hill Maritime Museum
Lighthouse at the Maritime Museum Warrnambool lighthouse.jpg
Lighthouse at the Maritime Museum
Looking up from the water at the Maritime Museum Flagstaff Hill Museum.jpg
Looking up from the water at the Maritime Museum

During the end of June and the start of July every year, Warrnambool is the home to the children's festival Fun4Kids. It is held next to the Lighthouse Theatre in the CBD.(last ran 2017 cancelled early 2018)

Wunta Fiesta, a festival held in Warrnambool over the first weekend of February annually, is one of south-west Victoria's major community festivals. It incorporates a wide range of entertainment (mostly music) for all ages.

The Flagstaff Hill Maritime Museum is in Warrnambool built on Flagstaff Hill that also holds the original lighthouses and Warrnambool Garrison. Its most prized item in its collection is the Minton peacock salvaged from the Loch Ard. Flagstaff Hill Maritime Village is built around the original lighthouses and now operates as a heritage attraction and museum for the Great Ocean Road. Winner of three Victorian Tourism Awards – Tourist Attraction, it houses an extensive collection of shipwreck and maritime trade artefacts in both a museum and village setting.

The Lady Bay Lighthouse complex is on the Victorian heritage register due to its significance as an example of early colonial development. There has been a flagstaff on top of Flagstaff Hill since 1848, and the current lighthouses were moved to the site in 1878. They still operate as navigation aids for the channel into Warrnambool harbour.

The Warrnambool foreshore is a popular swimming area, and is adjacent to the Lake Pertobe parklands. A number of caravan parks are also located in the area.

Baritone Robert Nicholson recorded the song Back to Warrnambool in 1924. [11]

Warrnambool is the setting and filming location of the 2015 film Oddball , starring Shane Jacobson. [12]


Warrnambool is served by one daily newspaper, The Standard, which is owned by Australian Community Media. The local commercial radio stations are 94.5 3YB and 95.3 Coast FM, both owned by Ace Radio. There is also a community radio channel, 3WAY FM. The ABC also owns a radio station, ABC South West Victoria, which is based in Warrnambool.

Warrnambool is also served by local transmission of free-to-air television networks ABC, SBS, Prime7, Southern Cross and WIN.

Out of those networks, WIN Television produces the only local television news bulletin, WIN News, which uses resources from their Ballarat and Warrnambool newsrooms.


Warrnambool is home to the Grand Annual Sprintcar Classic, a race which attracts Australian and international drivers on the Australia Day long weekend, especially because of its position in the motorsport calendar.

The city is also the finishing point of the Melbourne to Warrnambool Classic cycle race. It is the longest one-day bicycle endurance race in the world, held every October since 1895 to be the world's second oldest bike race. [13] [14]

Warrnambool has a horse racing club, the Warrnambool Racing Club, which schedules around twenty race meetings a year including the Warrnambool Cup and Grand Annual Steeple three-day meeting in the first week of May. [15] The Woodford Racing Club also holds one meeting at Warrnambool racecourse. The Grand Annual steeplechase has 33 jumps, more than any other horse race and is one of the longest steeplechases in the world.[ citation needed ]

The Warrnambool Greyhound Racing Club holds regular greyhound racing meetings on most Thursdays. The Greyhound version of the Warrnambool Cup is held on the first Wednesday of May. The club also holds the Seaside Festival over the Christmas and New Year period providing great entertainment and value for money for both kids and kids at heart. [16] The club is located centrally in the Warrnambool Showgrounds Precinct on Koroit Street and opened on 27 July 1978. [17]

Warrnambool is home to the Premier Speedway, a 410 metres (450 yd) dirt track oval speedway located approximately 5 km east of the town. As well as hosting various Victorian state championships, Premier Speedway has hosted Australian championships for Sprintcars, Super Sedans and Street Stocks. Premier Speedway has also regularly hosted rounds of the World Series Sprintcars, being one of only five tracks to host a round of every series run since its inception in 1987. Since 1973 the speedway has been home to the Grand Annual Sprintcar Classic, the biggest single sprint car racing meeting in Australia, and on occasion has outdrawn the famed Knoxville Nationals in the United States for number of competitors entered, as better known drivers enter both races. The Classic is traditionally run the weekend before the national title meeting. The speedway has hosted the Classic / Australian Championship double on six occasions - 1979, 1986, 1994, 1999, 2003 and 2011, with Sydney's 10 time Australian Champion Garry Rush the only driver to win the double at Warrnambool in 1986 when he won his 6th Classic and a week later his 7th national title.

Gunditjmara Bulls and North Warrnambool Warriors play rugby league in NRL Victoria.

From 1 to 3 September 2008, the city hosted, along with Melbourne, the 2008 Australian Football International Cup, featuring 14 nations from around the world playing Australian rules football. [18] The sport is highly popular in Warrnambool which has a competitive local league and is the origin of many high-profile AFL players. The city has three Australian Rules football teams playing in the Hampden Football League (North Warrnambool, South Warrnambool and Warrnambool), [19] and many more in the Warrnambool District Football League

Golfers play either on the 18 hole course at the Warrnambool Golf Club a public access course ranked in Australia's top 100 courses, [20] or at the 9 hole course at the Deakin University Warrnambool campus.(Deakin course not playable)


Warrnambool Harbour looking north from the breakwater Warrnambool-harbour.jpg
Warrnambool Harbour looking north from the breakwater

Warrnambool attracts many visitors each year, and is a comprehensive regional service centre. The town's tourism benefits from the views from the Great Ocean Road, and its nearby beaches, some of which are used for surfing. In the winter months, Southern Right whales can be seen in the waters near the city at the Logan's Beach nursery, and boats make whale-watching tours. Visitor levels are usually higher during the winter school holidays due to Australia's Biggest Children's Festival, the Fun4Kids Festival.(now cancelled from 2018) [ citation needed ]

The mainstay of the economy is agriculture and its support industry – particularly dairy farming and associated milk processing. Other major industries and services include retail, education, health, meat processing, clothing manufacture and construction. The Fletcher Jones and Staff Pty Ltd clothing factory opened in 1948 and was closed in 2005. [21]


15.9% of Warrnambool residents were born outside Australia, which is significantly less than the Australian average of 33.3%. [22] 98.7% speak English at home and 1.6% are Indigenous. [22]


The Local Government is the Warrnambool City Council.

At the state level, Warrnambool was within the electoral district of Warrnambool until it was abolished in 2002. Since then, Warrnambool has been in the South-West Coast electorate. This was held by former Premier Denis Napthine of the Liberal Party until his retirement in 2015, the resulting by-election electing Roma Britnell, also of the Liberal Party.

At the federal level, Warrnambool is the largest town in the division of Wannon, which has been a safe Liberal seat since 1955. However, Warrnambool booths typically receive a much stronger Labor vote than the rural areas that surround it. The seat was held by former Prime Minister Malcolm Fraser for 28 years, before being held by former Speaker of the lower house David Hawker for 27 years.



There are many primary schools in Warrnambool, including:


Warrnambool has two public high schools:

In addition, there is:


The city's only university facilities are at the Deakin University Warrnambool campus. The South West Institute of TAFE and SEAL both provide vocational education.


Whale watching stations situated on Logan Beach Whale Watching at Logan Beach.jpg
Whale watching stations situated on Logan Beach

Logan's Beach on the eastern side of the city is recognised as a nursery site for the southern right whale Eubalaena australis, and many tourists have been attracted to opportunities for land-based observations. Most years one, two or three adult female whales arrive between late May and August, giving birth within days of their arrival. The young whale calf is then reared at the site, usually departing with its parent by mid to late September. Besides the southern right whale, the coastline is also visited by Australian fur seals, little penguins and common dolphins. During the winter and early spring albatross cruise along the coastline and can be sighted from Thunder Point, a popular coastal lookout in the town.

Middle Island has a colony of little penguins (Eudyptula minor). Fox predation reduced numbers significantly. In 2005 only four penguins were remaining in the colony. Warrnambool City Council introduced a world first program using Maremma dogs to guard the penguins. This program has supported the re-establishment of a colony of over one-hundred penguins in 2009. [27] [28] [29] By 2015 the population had reached almost two-hundred. [30] The film Oddball tells the story of the dogs saving the penguins.


Warrnambool is situated on the Princes Highway between Port Fairy to the west and Terang to the east as well as at the south-western terminus of the Hopkins Highway. The Great Ocean Road terminates 13 km east of Warrnambool, near Allansford.

Rail services operate to Melbourne and Geelong. V/Line passenger train services call at Warrnambool's two stations, Warrnambool in the city and Sherwood Park in the city's outer east, seven days a week. A daily container freight service is being run by Pacific National for local container handler Westvic. [31]

Local buses under the Transit South West brand cover Warrnambool's city and suburbs and extend to the nearby towns of Port Fairy and Koroit. V/Line coaches connect Warrnambool with Mount Gambier, Ballarat, Ararat, Casterton and the Great Ocean Road to Geelong.


There are two main hospitals in Warrnambool:

Notable people


Sister cities

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Devonport, Tasmania</span> City in Tasmania, Australia

Devonport is a city in northern Tasmania, Australia, located on the lands of the Pannilerpanner clan of the Palawa nation. It is situated at the mouth of the Mersey River. Devonport had an urban population of 26,150 at the 2021 Australian census.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Colac, Victoria</span> Town in Victoria, Australia

Colac is a small city in the Western District of Victoria, Australia, approximately 150 kilometres south-west of Melbourne on the southern shore of Lake Colac.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">City of Warrnambool</span> Local government area in Victoria, Australia

The City of Warrnambool is a local government area in the Barwon South West region of Victoria, Australia, located in the south-western part of the state. It covers an area of 121 square kilometres (47 sq mi) and in June 2018 had a population of 34,862. It is entirely surrounded by the Shire of Moyne and the Southern Ocean. It is one of only a few regional councils in Victoria to remain serving just one urban district after the amalgamation process of 1994, although through that process it did gained some portions of the former Shire of Warrnambool.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Springvale, Victoria</span> Suburb of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia

Springvale is a suburb in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 22 km (14 mi) south-east of Melbourne's Central Business District, located within the City of Greater Dandenong local government area. Springvale recorded a population of 22,174 at the 2021 census.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Fitzroy North, Victoria</span> Suburb of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia

Fitzroy North is an inner-city suburb in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 4 km (2.5 mi) north-east of Melbourne's Central Business District, located within the Cites of Moreland and Yarra local government areas. Fitzroy North recorded a population of 12,781 at the 2021 census.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bundoora, Victoria</span> Suburb of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia

Bundoora is a suburb in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 15 km (9.3 mi) north-east of Melbourne's Central Business District, located within the Cities of Banyule, Darebin and Whittlesea local government areas. Bundoora recorded a population of 28,068 at the 2021 census.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Northcote, Victoria</span> Suburb of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia

Northcote is an inner-city suburb in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 7 km (4.3 mi) north-east of Melbourne's Central Business District, located within the City of Darebin local government area. Northcote recorded a population of 25,276 at the 2021 census.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Thornbury, Victoria</span> Suburb of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia

Thornbury is an inner-city suburb in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 7 km (4.3 mi) north-east of Melbourne's Central Business District, located within the City of Darebin local government area. Thornbury recorded a population of 19,005 at the 2021 census.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Werribee, Victoria</span> Suburb of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia

Werribee is a suburb in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 32 km (20 mi) south-west of Melbourne's Central Business District, located within the City of Wyndham local government area. Werribee recorded a population of 50,027 at the 2021 census.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ararat, Victoria</span> City in Victoria, Australia

Ararat is a city in south-west Victoria, Australia, about 198 kilometres (120 mi) west of Melbourne, on the Western Highway on the eastern slopes of the Ararat Hills and Cemetery Creek valley between Victoria's Western District and the Wimmera. Its urban population according to 2016 census is 8,297 and services the region of 11,752 residents across the Rural City's boundaries. It is also the home of the 2018/19 GMGA Golf Championship Final.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Mount Gambier</span> City in South Australia

Mount Gambier is the second most populated city in South Australia with an estimated urban population of 29,639. The city is located on the slopes of Mount Gambier, a volcano in the south east of the state, about 450 kilometres (280 mi) south-east of the capital Adelaide and just 17 kilometres (11 mi) from the Victorian border. The traditional owners of the area are the Bungandidj people.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">West Melbourne, Victoria</span> Suburb of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia

West Melbourne is an inner-city suburb in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 2 km (1.2 mi) north-west of the Melbourne central business district, located within the City of Melbourne local government area. West Melbourne recorded a population of 8,025 at the 2021 census.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Horsham, Victoria</span> City in Victoria, Australia

Horsham is a regional city in the Wimmera region of western Victoria, Australia. Located on a bend in the Wimmera River, Horsham is approximately 300 kilometres (190 mi) northwest of the state capital Melbourne. As of the 2021 Census, Horsham had a population of 20,429. It is the most populous city in Wimmera, and the main administrative centre for the Rural City of Horsham local government area. It is the eleventh largest city in Victoria after Melbourne, Geelong, Ballarat, Bendigo, Wodonga, Mildura, Shepparton, Warrnambool, Traralgon, and Wangaratta.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Camperdown, Victoria</span> Town in Victoria, Australia

Camperdown is a historically significant rural town in southwestern Victoria, Australia, 190 kilometres (120 mi) west of the state capital, Melbourne. At the 2016 census, Camperdown had a population of 3,369.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sherwood Park railway station</span> Railway station in Victoria, Australia

Sherwood Park railway station is located on the Warrnambool line in Victoria, Australia. It serves the city of Warrnambool, and it opened on 19 February 2006.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Melbourne central business district</span> Suburb of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia

The Melbourne central business district is the city centre and main urban area of the city of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, centred on the Hoddle Grid, the oldest part of the city laid out in 1837, and includes its fringes. The Melbourne CBD is located in the local government area of the City of Melbourne which also includes some of inner suburbs adjoining the CBD.

The Australian Sprintcar Championship is a dirt track racing championship held each year to determine the Australian national champion for winged sprint car racing. The single championship meeting runs in either late January or early February and has been held each year since the Windsor RSL Speedway in Sydney hosted the first championship in 1963. After the first nine championship meetings were held in New South Wales, the Sprintcar Control Council of Australia (SCCA) now holds the meeting in a different state on a rotational basis, with 1972 seeing the first championship held outside of NSW at the Premier Speedway in Warrnambool, Victoria. The Australian Sprintcar Title is only open to Australian drivers and is run and sanctioned by the SCCA.

Max Dumesny is an Australian professional Sprintcar driver. Dumesny was born and raised in Victoria but has resided in Nelson, New South Wales since the mid-1990s, although his Sprintcar carries the number V5 that he has used throughout his career, although he has changed that to Australia 1 when he has won both the Australian Formula 500 and Australian Sprintcar Championships.

Borderline Speedway, is a dirt track racing venue in the Australian state of South Australia located in the locality of Glenburnie, South Australia about 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) east of the city of Mount Gambier. Racing at the speedway generally takes place between November and May.

Garry Rush ) is a retired Australian professional motor racing driver. Born in the New South Wales town of Camden, he competed in Sprintcars, Speedcars, NASCAR, Formula Ford and Touring cars in a 40 year career. Rush won a record 10 Australian Sprintcar Championships and seven Grand Annual Sprintcar Classics at Premier Speedway, Warrnambool.


  1. 1 2 "3218.0 – Regional Population Growth, Australia, 2017-18: Population Estimates by Significant Urban Area, 2008 to 2018". Australian Bureau of Statistics. Australian Bureau of Statistics. 27 March 2019. Retrieved 25 October 2019. Estimated resident population, 30 June 2018.
  2. Clark, Ian D. (2002). Dictionary of Aboriginal placenames of Victoria. Heydon, Toby, 1972-, Victorian Aboriginal Corporation for Languages. Melbourne: Victorian Aboriginal Corp. for Languages. ISBN   0-9579360-2-8. OCLC   54913331.
  3. 1 2 3 Robinson, George Augustus; Clark, Ian D. (1998), The journals of George Augustus Robinson, chief protector, Port Phillip Aboriginal Protectorate, Heritage Matters, ISBN   978-1-876404-03-1
  4. The Advance Australia, Melbourne: F. Davison, 1897, retrieved 16 September 2020 via Trove
  5. "PORTLAND BAY NEWS". Port Phillip Patriot And Melbourne Advertiser. Vol. VIII, no. 785. Victoria, Australia. 23 August 1845. p. 2. Retrieved 16 September 2020 via National Library of Australia.
  6. "Moyjil, how old?". Moyjil Point Ritchie. Warrnambool City Council. Retrieved 18 September 2020.
  7. Clark, Ian D. (2002). Dictionary of Aboriginal placenames of Victoria. Heydon, Toby, 1972-, Victorian Aboriginal Corporation for Languages. Melbourne: Victorian Aboriginal Corp. for Languages. ISBN   0-9579360-2-8. OCLC   54913331.
  8. "THE "MAHOGANY SHIP."". The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848–1954) . Melbourne, Vic.: National Library of Australia. 12 August 1910. p. 11. Retrieved 5 January 2011.
  9. 1 2 Premier Postal History, Post Office List , retrieved 11 April 2008
  10. http://www.bom.gov.au/climate/averages/tables/cw_090186_All.shtml Climate statistics for Australian locations. Retrieved on 11 March 2022.
  11. National Film and Sound Archive: Does your town have its own song?
  12. Sandra Hall (8 September 2015), Film review:The dogs that protect little penguins , retrieved 13 November 2019
  13. Race History: The First Race. Melbournetowarrnambool.com. Retrieved on 18 August 2011.
  14. Boost for Melbourne to Warrnambool Cycling Classic. Legislation.vic.gov.au (12 October 2006). Retrieved on 18 August 2011.
  15. Warrnambool Racing Club , retrieved 2 September 2010
  16. Greyhound Racing Victoria, Warrnambool, archived from the original on 16 April 2009, retrieved 15 April 2009
  17. "History of the Warrnambool GRC". History of Greyhound Racing. Retrieved 15 March 2021.
  18. AFL International Cup. Afl.com.au. Retrieved on 18 August 2011.
  19. Full Points Footy, Warrnambool, archived from the original on 7 October 2008, retrieved 25 July 2008
  20. Golf Select, Warrnambool , retrieved 11 May 2009
  21. ABC News: Future of Fletcher Jones factory may be known today – 26 July 2007. ABC Australia (26 July 2007). Retrieved on 18 August 2011.
  22. 1 2 Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Warrnambool". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 3 November 2017. OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
  23. Warrnambool Primary School
  24. Warrnambool East Primary School
  25. Warrnambool West Primary School
  26. St Pius X Primary School
  27. Liptai, Tina (13 November 2008) "Puppy power is penguins' saviour". The Age. Retrieved on 15 December 2015.
  28. "3AW.com.au". 3aw.com.au. Retrieved 1 April 2018.
  29. Vic.gov.au Archived 21 October 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  30. Donnison, Jon (14 December 2015). "The dog that protect little penguins". BBC News. Retrieved 14 December 2015.
  31. "Rail freight deal New operator avoids closure". The Warrnambool Standard. warrnambool.yourguide.com.au. 7 March 2008. Retrieved 26 June 2008.
  32. "Hospital History". South West Healthcare. 7 March 2022. Retrieved 2 August 2022.
  33. "History". St John of God Warrnambool Hospital. Retrieved 2 August 2022.