|• location|| Kromołów, part of Zawiercie,|
|• elevation||380 m (1,250 ft)|
|Oder River at Kostrzyn|
|Length||808.2 km (502.2 mi)|
|Basin size||54,529 km2 (21,054 sq mi)|
|• average||195 m3/s (6,900 cu ft/s)|
|Progression||Oder→ Baltic Sea|
The river Warta ( // VAR-tə, Polish: [ˈvarta] ( listen ); German : Warthe [ˈvaʁtə] ( listen ); Latin : Varta) rises in central Poland and meanders greatly north-west to flow into the Oder, against the German border. About 808.2 kilometres (502.2 mi) long, it is Poland's second-longest river within its borders after the Vistula, and third-longest including the Oder, that flows also across Czech Republic and Germany. Its drainage basin covers 54,529 square kilometers (21,054 sq mi) and it is navigable from Kostrzyn nad Odrą to Konin, approximately half of its length. It is connected to the Vistula by the Noteć and the Bydgoszcz Canal (Kanał Bydgoski) near the city of Bydgoszcz.
It rises in the Kraków-Częstochowa Upland at Kromołów in Zawiercie, Silesian Voivodeship, flows through Łódź Land, Greater Poland and Lubusz Land, where it empties into the Oder near Kostrzyn at the border with Germany.
The Greater Polish Warta Basin was the original Poland; it is said that the Polans (Polish : Polanie), a West Slavic tribe, settled the Warta Basin in the 8th century. The river is also mentioned in the second stanza of the Polish national anthem, "Poland Is Not Yet Lost."
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Greater Poland Voivodeship, also known as Wielkopolska Voivodeship, Wielkopolska Province, or Greater Poland Province, is a voivodeship, or province, in west-central Poland. It was created on 1 January 1999 out of the former Poznań, Kalisz, Konin, Piła and Leszno Voivodeships, pursuant to the Polish local government reforms adopted in 1998. The province is named after the region called Greater Poland or Wielkopolska(listen). The modern province includes most of this historic region, except for some western parts.
Bydgoszcz is a city in northern Poland, situated on the Brda and Vistula rivers. It is located at the crossroads of two historical regions, Pomerania and Kuyavia.
Lubusz Voivodeship, or Lubusz Province (Polish: województwo lubuskie, is a voivodeship in western Poland.
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The Lusatian Neisse, or Western Neisse, is a 252-kilometre (157 mi) river in northern Central Europe. It rises in the Jizera Mountains, near Nová Ves nad Nisou, at the Czech border becoming the Polish–German border for its remaining 197 kilometres (122 mi), to flow into the similarly northward-flowing Oder.
The Brda is a river in northwestern Poland, a tributary of the Vistula. It has a total length of 245 km and a catchment area of 4,665 km².
Bóbr is a river which carries water through the north of the Czech Republic and the southwest of Poland, a left tributary of the Oder.
Noteć is a river in central Poland with a length of 391 km (243 mi) and a basin area of 17,302 km2 (6,680 sq mi). It is the largest tributary of the Warta river and lies completely within Poland.
The Narew, is a 499-kilometre (310 mi) river primarily in north-eastern Poland, which is also a tributary of the river Vistula. The Narew is one of Europe's few braided rivers, the term relating to the twisted channels resembling braided hair. Around 57 kilometres (35 mi) of the river flows through western Belarus.
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The Bug or Western Bug is a major river mostly located in Eastern Europe, which flows through three countries with a total length of 774 kilometres (481 mi).
Kostrzyn nad Odrą is a town in Gorzów County, Lubusz Voivodeship in western Poland, close to the border with Germany.
The Ujście Warty National Park, or the Warta River-Mouth National Park in English, is the youngest of Poland's 23 National Parks. It was created on June 19, 2001, in the region of the lowest stretch of the Warta river, up to its confluence with the Odra (Oder), which marks the Polish–German border. The Park covers an area of 80.38 square kilometres (31.03 sq mi) within Lubusz Voivodeship. The name Ujście Warty means "mouth of the Warta" – the Polish word ujście also being used for the termination of a river at another river or lake rather than the sea.
Bydgoszcz Canal is a canal, 24.7 km long, between the cities of Bydgoszcz and Nakło in Poland, connecting Vistula river with Oder river, through Brda and Noteć rivers. The level difference along the canal is regulated by 6 locks. The canal was built in 1772–1775, at the order of Frederick II, king of Prussia.
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The Vistula is the longest river in Poland and the 9th-longest river in Europe, at 1,047 kilometres in length. The drainage basin, reaching into three other nations, covers 193,960 km2 (74,890 sq mi), of which 168,868 km2 (65,200 sq mi) is in Poland – 54% of Poland.
Poland is a country that extends across the North European Plain from the Sudetes and Carpathian Mountains in the south to the sandy beaches of the Baltic Sea in the north. Poland is the fifth-most populous country of the European Union and the ninth-largest country in Europe by area. The territory of Poland covers approximately 312,696 km2 (120,733 sq mi), of which 98.52% is land and 1.48% is water. The Polish coastline was estimated at 770 km (478 mi) in length. Poland's highest point is Mount Rysy, at 2,499 m (8,199 ft).
Greater Poland, often known by its Polish name Wielkopolska, is a historical region of west-central Poland. Its chief and largest city is Poznań followed by Kalisz, the oldest city in Poland.