Washington County, Pennsylvania

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Washington County
Washington County Courthouse (Pennsylvania) south.jpg
Washington County, Pennsylvania.gif
Map of Pennsylvania highlighting Washington County.svg
Location within the U.S. state of Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania in United States.svg
Pennsylvania's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 40°11′N80°15′W / 40.19°N 80.25°W / 40.19; -80.25 Coordinates: 40°11′N80°15′W / 40.19°N 80.25°W / 40.19; -80.25
CountryFlag of the United States.svg United States
StateFlag of Pennsylvania.svg  Pennsylvania
FoundedMarch 28, 1781
Named for George Washington
Seat Washington
Largest cityWashington
Area
  Total861 sq mi (2,230 km2)
  Land857 sq mi (2,220 km2)
  Water3.9 sq mi (10 km2)  0.5%%
Population
  Estimate 
(2019)
206,865
  Density243/sq mi (94/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
  Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district 14th
Website www.co.washington.pa.us

Washington County is a county in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. As of the 2010 census, the population was 207,820. [1] Its county seat is Washington. [2]

Contents

Washington County is part of the Pittsburgh, PA Metropolitan Statistical Area.

The county is home to Washington County Airport, three miles (5 km) southwest of Washington.

History

The county was created on March 28, 1781, from part of Westmoreland County. The city and county were both named after American Revolutionary War leader George Washington, who eventually became the first President of the United States. The town of Charleroi got its name from the Belgian city of Charleroi. There lived many Belgian immigrants in the Monongahela area at the end of the 19th century, some of whom were glass makers. [3] [4]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 861 square miles (2,230 km2), of which 857 square miles (2,220 km2) is land and 3.9 square miles (10 km2) (0.5%) is water. [5]

Surrounding counties

Major highways

Climate

Washington County has a humid continental climate (Köppen Dfb), with warm summers and cold, snowy winters. Precipitation is highest in the summer months, with an annual average of 38.87 in (987 mm). Snow usually falls between November and April, with an average of 37.8 in (96 cm).

Climate data for Washington, Pennsylvania (3mi NE) (19812010 normals, extremes 1975present)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)70
(21)
75
(24)
82
(28)
90
(32)
94
(34)
93
(34)
100
(38)
96
(36)
95
(35)
87
(31)
80
(27)
76
(24)
100
(38)
Average high °F (°C)35.1
(1.7)
38.5
(3.6)
48.5
(9.2)
60.7
(15.9)
69.4
(20.8)
78.0
(25.6)
81.6
(27.6)
80.7
(27.1)
73.9
(23.3)
62.3
(16.8)
51.0
(10.6)
39.1
(3.9)
59.6
(15.3)
Daily mean °F (°C)26.0
(−3.3)
28.6
(−1.9)
37.2
(2.9)
48.6
(9.2)
57.5
(14.2)
66.2
(19.0)
70.0
(21.1)
69.0
(20.6)
61.9
(16.6)
50.6
(10.3)
41.1
(5.1)
30.5
(−0.8)
48.9
(9.4)
Average low °F (°C)16.8
(−8.4)
18.7
(−7.4)
26.0
(−3.3)
36.5
(2.5)
45.6
(7.6)
54.4
(12.4)
58.5
(14.7)
57.3
(14.1)
49.9
(9.9)
39.0
(3.9)
31.1
(−0.5)
21.8
(−5.7)
38.0
(3.3)
Record low °F (°C)−25
(−32)
−20
(−29)
−1
(−18)
9
(−13)
20
(−7)
32
(0)
38
(3)
29
(−2)
30
(−1)
18
(−8)
−4
(−20)
−16
(−27)
−25
(−32)
Average precipitation inches (mm)2.87
(73)
2.47
(63)
3.25
(83)
3.11
(79)
4.16
(106)
3.91
(99)
3.94
(100)
3.19
(81)
3.28
(83)
2.46
(62)
3.37
(86)
2.97
(75)
38.87
(987)
Average snowfall inches (cm)10.5
(27)
9.3
(24)
6.6
(17)
1.2
(3.0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.2
(0.51)
2.1
(5.3)
7.9
(20)
37.8
(96)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in)161414141512121111131415162
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in)1210510000003838
Source: NOAA [6]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1790 23,892
1800 28,29818.4%
1810 36,28928.2%
1820 40,03810.3%
1830 42,7846.9%
1840 41,279−3.5%
1850 44,9398.9%
1860 46,8054.2%
1870 48,4833.6%
1880 55,41814.3%
1890 71,15528.4%
1900 92,18129.5%
1910 143,68055.9%
1920 188,99231.5%
1930 204,8028.4%
1940 210,8523.0%
1950 209,628−0.6%
1960 217,2713.6%
1970 210,876−2.9%
1980 217,0742.9%
1990 204,584−5.8%
2000 202,897−0.8%
2010 207,8202.4%
2020 209,3490.7%
U.S. Decennial Census [7]
1790–1960 [8] 1900–1990 [9]
1990–2000 [10] 2010–2019 [1] 2010-2020 [11]

As of the census [12] of 2000, there were 202,897 people, 81,130 households, and 56,060 families residing in the county. The population density was 237 people per square mile (91/km2). There were 87,267 housing units at an average density of 102 per square mile (39/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 95.27% White, 3.26% Black or African American, 0.09% Native American, 0.36% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.19% from other races, and 0.82% from two or more races. 0.58% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 18.3% were of German, 17.2% Italian, 10.6% Irish, 8.6% English, 7.9% Polish and 6.2% American ancestry.

There were 81,130 households, out of which 28.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.20% were married couples living together, 10.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.90% were non-families. 27.00% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 22.20% under the age of 18, 7.70% from 18 to 24, 27.20% from 25 to 44, 25.00% from 45 to 64, and 17.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 92.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.00 males.

As of 1800, this county was largely settled by people of Scot-Irish heritage because "prime lands" were already taken by the Germans and the Quakers.

Government and politics

The Washington County Courthouse during the winter WashingtonCountyCourthouse.JPG
The Washington County Courthouse during the winter
United States presidential election results for Washington County, Pennsylvania [13]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.%No.%No.%
2020 72,08060.70%45,08837.97%1,5881.34%
2016 61,38660.03%36,32235.52%4,5594.46%
2012 53,23056.04%40,34542.48%1,4031.48%
2008 50,75251.52%46,12246.82%1,6421.67%
2004 47,67349.57%48,22550.14%2790.29%
2000 37,33944.22%44,96153.25%2,1412.54%
1996 27,77735.73%40,95252.67%9,01611.60%
1992 21,97726.05%46,14354.70%16,24419.25%
1988 28,65137.43%47,52762.08%3750.49%
1984 34,78240.47%50,91159.24%2440.28%
1980 32,53239.66%45,29555.23%4,1915.11%
1976 32,82739.43%49,31759.24%1,1071.33%
1972 42,58754.00%34,78144.10%1,4941.89%
1968 28,02332.98%47,80556.26%9,14010.76%
1964 24,12727.49%63,48272.34%1470.17%
1960 38,34841.59%53,72958.28%1200.13%
1956 39,46545.04%48,05254.84%980.11%
1952 36,04139.16%55,72560.55%2700.29%
1948 26,86035.73%46,32761.63%1,9792.63%
1944 27,61537.30%46,02362.17%3920.53%
1940 29,02636.21%50,82963.42%2960.37%
1936 23,34230.25%52,87868.52%9481.23%
1932 21,44740.82%28,93455.07%2,1554.10%
1928 31,09963.61%17,14935.07%6451.32%
1924 22,31560.64%6,70618.22%7,77621.13%
1920 18,51462.49%8,82729.80%2,2847.71%
1916 10,36752.39%7,74739.15%1,6748.46%
1912 4,29722.98%5,56329.75%8,83747.26%
1908 11,43056.31%7,01834.57%1,8509.11%
1904 11,53066.01%4,88627.97%1,0516.02%
1900 10,40859.40%6,38036.41%7334.18%
1896 10,79857.93%7,38439.61%4582.46%
1892 8,06051.24%6,84743.53%8225.23%
1888 7,80154.83%5,84741.10%5794.07%
1884 6,69950.21%5,84943.84%7935.94%
1880 6,45151.04%5,85046.29%3382.67%


The County of Washington is governed by a three-member publicly elected commission. The three commissioners serve in both executive and legislative capacities. By state law, the commission must have a minority party guaranteeing a political split on the commission. Each term is for four years.

The three current commissioners for Washington County are Lawrence Maggi (Democrat), Diana Irey (Republican), and Nick Sherman (Republican).

Maggi was the Democratic nominee for Pennsylvania's 18th congressional district against Republican incumbent Tim Murphy in 2012. Maggi lost to Murphy and earned only 36 percent of the vote. Irey was the Republican candidate for Pennsylvania's 12th congressional district and lost to the late Democratic incumbent John Murtha in the 2006 election.

The Washington County Court of Common Pleas, the Twenty-Seventh Judicial District of Pennsylvania, is the state trial court, sitting in and for Washington County. It serves as the court of original jurisdiction for the region. There are five judges, which the county's citizens elect to ten year terms, under the laws of the Commonwealth. The President Judge is Katherine B. Emery; she is the most senior member of the bench. Judges of the court are:

Additionally, magisterial district judges (MDJs) serve throughout the county to hear traffic citations, issue warrants, and decide minor civil matters.

The Democratic Party has been historically dominant in county-level politics and national politics, only voting Republican for president in Richard Nixon's 1972 landslide victory over George McGovern between 1928 & 2008. However, like much of Appalachian coal country, Washington has trended strongly Republican in recent years. In 2000, Democrat Al Gore won 53% of the vote and Republican George W. Bush won 44%. In 2004, Democrat John Kerry received 50.14% of the vote and Bush received 49.57% a difference of 552 votes. In 2008, Republican John McCain won 51% to Democrat Barack Obama's 46% and each of the three state row office winners carried Washington County.

Voter registration

As of November 1, 2021, there are 142,119 registered voters in the county. Registered Republicans have a plurality of 65,230 registered voters, compared to 59,506 registered Democrats, 13,226 registered non-affiliated voters, and 4,157 voters registered to other parties. [14]

Chart of Voter Registration

   Republican (45.90%)
   Democratic (41.87%)
   Independent (9.31%)
   Third Party (2.93%)
Voter registration and party enrollment
PartyNumber of votersPercentage
Republican 65,23045.90
Democratic 59,50641.87
Independent 13,2269.31
Third Party 4,1572.93
Total142,119100%

County row offices

State representatives

State senators

United States Representatives

United States Senators

Landmarks and events

The F. Julius LeMoyne House serves as the headquarters of the Washington County Historical Society. LeMoyne House.jpg
The F. Julius LeMoyne House serves as the headquarters of the Washington County Historical Society.

Pony League baseball was founded in Washington County in 1951 for 13 and 14 year old boys and its headquarters are located here. As of 2016, more than a half-million youth in the U.S. and 40 other nations participate. The televised Pony League World Series held annually in August at Washington's Lew Hays Pony Field attracts teenage teams from around the world. [15]

Washington County is also the home of the Pennsylvania Trolley Museum. [16] Washington County is also famous for its Rock Shelters at Meadowcroft Village, which are one of the best preserved and oldest Pre-Clovis Native American dwellings in the country. [17] The county has 21 covered bridges still standing. [18]

The Whiskey Rebellion culminated in Washington. The home of David Bradford, one of the rebellion leaders, is located in Washington and is a national landmark. [19] Just a couple blocks away is the F. Julius LeMoyne House, which serves as the headquarters of the Washington County Historical Society.

Washington County is the home of the first crematory in the United States. [20] [21]

In 1981, the Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission installed a historical marker noting the historic importance of the county. [22]

Education

Colleges and universities

Public school districts

Map of Washington County, Pennsylvania School Districts Map of Washington County Pennsylvania School Districts.png
Map of Washington County, Pennsylvania School Districts
Served by

Private schools

  • Calvary Chapel Christian School – Fredericktown
  • Central Christian Academy – Houston
  • Children's School of Washington
  • Cornerstone Mennonite School – Burgettstown
  • Faith Christian School of Washington – Washington
  • First Love Christian Academy High – Washington
  • Goddard School – Venetia
  • Gwens Montessori School Inc – Washington
  • Hickory Christian School – Hickory
  • Huntington Learning Center – McMurray
  • John F Kennedy School – Washington
  • Kinder Care Learning Centers
  • Lakeview Christian Academy – Bridgeville
  • Madonna Catholic Regional School – Monongahela
  • Mel Blount Leadership Academy – Claysville
  • NHS School – Ellsworth
  • Rainbows End Learning Center – Washington
  • St Francis Children's School – Beallsville
  • Tri-State Christian School – Burgettstown

Libraries

Citizens Library in Washington, PA Citizens Library.jpg
Citizens Library in Washington, PA
  • Avella Area Library Center
  • Bentleyville Public Library
  • Burgettstown Community Library
  • California Public Library
  • Chartiers-Houston Community Library
  • Citizens Library – Washington
  • Donora Public Library
  • Frank Sarris Public Library – Canonsburg
  • Fredericktown Area Public Library
  • Heritage Public Library – McDonald
  • John K Tener Library – Charleroi
  • Marianna Community Public Library
  • Monongahela Area Library
  • Peters Township Public Library
  • Washington County Library System

Hospitals

Communities

Map of Washington County, Pennsylvania with municipal labels showing cities and boroughs (red), townships (white), and Census-designated places (blue). Map of Washington County Pennsylvania With Municipal and Township Labels.png
Map of Washington County, Pennsylvania with municipal labels showing cities and boroughs (red), townships (white), and Census-designated places (blue).

Under Pennsylvania law, there are four types of incorporated municipalities: cities, boroughs, townships, and, in at most two cases, towns. The following cities, boroughs and townships are located in Washington County:

Cities

Boroughs

Townships

Census-designated places

Census-designated places are geographical areas designated by the U.S. Census Bureau for the purposes of compiling demographic data. They are not actual jurisdictions under Pennsylvania law.

Unincorporated communities

Former communities

Population ranking

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Washington County. [25]

county seat

RankCity/Town/etc.Municipal typePopulation (2010 Census)
1 Washington City13,663
2 Canonsburg Borough8,992
3 California Borough6,795
4 Donora Borough4,781
5 McMurray CDP4,647
6 Monongahela City4,300
7 Charleroi Borough4,120
8 Thompsonville CDP3,520
9 Centerville Borough3,263
10 Wolfdale CDP2,888
11 Gastonville CDP2,818
12 McGovern CDP2,742
13 Bentleyville Borough2,581
14 Muse CDP2,504
15 Cecil-Bishop CDP2,476
16 East Washington Borough2,234
17 New Eagle Borough2,184
18 McDonald (partially in Allegheny County )Borough2,149
19 Wickerham Manor-Fisher CDP1,728
20 Baidland CDP1,563
21 Burgettstown Borough1,388
22 North Charleroi Borough1,313
23 Houston Borough1,296
24 Speers Borough1,154
25 Ellsworth Borough1,027
26 West Brownsville Borough992
27 Midway Borough913
28 Claysville Borough829
29 Meadowlands CDP822
30 Roscoe Borough812
31 Avella CDP804
32 Hickory CDP740
33 Paris CDP732
34 Deemston Borough722
35 Langeloth CDP717
36 Millsboro CDP666
37 Eighty Four CDP657
38 Cokeburg Borough630
39 West Alexander CDP604
40 Slovan CDP555
41 Lawrence CDP540
42 Allenport Borough537
43 Joffre CDP536
44 Stockdale Borough502
45 Marianna Borough494
46 Beallsville Borough466
47 Finleyville Borough461
48 Long Branch Borough447
49 Bulger CDP407
50 Fredericktown CDP403
51 Atlasburg CDP401
52 Wylandville CDP391
53 Dunlevy Borough381
54 Hendersonville CDP325
55 Elco Borough323
56 Elrama CDP307
57 Southview CDP276
58 Aaronsburg CDP259
59 Twilight Borough233
60 Taylorstown CDP217
61 Westland CDP167
62 Van Voorhis CDP166
T-63 Coal Center Borough139
T-63 West Middletown Borough139
64 Cross Creek CDP137
65 Green Hills Borough29

Notable people

See also

Related Research Articles

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