Watertown Air Force Station

Last updated
Watertown Air Force Station
Part of
1951-1968: Air Defense Command.png Air Defense Command
1968-1979: USAF - Aerospace Defense Command.png Aerospace Defense Command
1979-1984: Adtac-patch-1980.jpg Air Defense, Tactical Air Command
Watertown, New York
Old655GuardShack.jpg
2 radomes and the main gate with guard shack (1975)
Coordinates 43°55′31″N075°54′33″W / 43.92528°N 75.90917°W / 43.92528; -75.90917 (Watertown AFS P-49)
TypeLong Range Radar Site
CodeRP-49: 1950 ADC permanent network [2] [3]
Z-49: 1963 July 31 NORAD network
Site information
Controlled byFlag of the United States Air Force.svg  United States Air Force
Site history
Built1952
Built byU.S. Air Force
In use1952-1979
Garrison information
GarrisonWatertown, New York
Occupants655th Radar Squadron

Watertown Air Force Station is a closed United States Air Force ADCOM General Surveillance Radar station 3.5 miles (5.6 km) south of Watertown, New York. Prior to the Air Defense squadron inactivating on 1 November 1979, the station was reassigned to Tactical Air Command which maintained the Ground Air Transmitter Receiver until early 1984 (now a firefighter training site). [4] A New York State jail opened at the site c. 1983.

United States Air Force Air and space warfare branch of the United States Armed Forces

The United States Air Force (USAF) is the aerial and space warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces. It is one of the five branches of the United States Armed Forces, and one of the seven American uniformed services. Initially formed as a part of the United States Army on 1 August 1907, the USAF was established as a separate branch of the U.S. Armed Forces on 18 September 1947 with the passing of the National Security Act of 1947. It is the youngest branch of the U.S. Armed Forces, and the fourth in order of precedence. The USAF is the largest and most technologically advanced air force in the world. The Air Force articulates its core missions as air and space superiority, global integrated intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance, rapid global mobility, global strike, and command and control.

Watertown (town), New York Town in New York, United States

Watertown is a town in Jefferson County, New York, United States. The population was 4,470 at the 2010 census. The town is located in the central part of the county and borders the city of Watertown to the south, east, and west. As the city has a population of 27,023, or six times the town's population, references to "Watertown, New York", usually apply to the city rather than the town.

New York (state) State of the United States of America

New York is a state in the Northeastern United States. New York was one of the original thirteen colonies that formed the United States. With an estimated 19.54 million residents in 2018, it is the fourth most populous state. In order to distinguish the state from the city with the same name, it is sometimes referred to as New York State.

Contents

It was a part of the 21st RCC (NORAD Regional Control Center) a SAGE network, located at Stewart AFB. [3]

Hancock Field Air National Guard Base

Hancock Field Air National Guard Base is a United States Air Force base, co-located with Syracuse Hancock International Airport. It is located 4.6 miles (7.4 km) north-northeast of Syracuse, New York, at 6001 East Molloy Road, Mattydale, NY 13211. The installation consists of approximately 350 acres (1.4 km2) of flight line, aircraft ramp and support facilities on the south side of the airport.

History

Lashup Radar Network site L-6 was established in June 1950 [5] at the Pine Camp military installation (renamed Fort Drum in 1951) [6] and operated by the 655th Aircraft Control and Warning Squadron using an RCA AN/TPS-10A Radar. After construction adjacent to Fort Drum in June 1952, the operation moved to the Air Force Station, one of the first twenty-four Air Defense Command radar stations of the permanent network established 1950-1951 after the USAF directed construction of the sites on December 2, 1948.[ citation needed ] Watertown AFS used AN/FPS-3 and AN/FPS-5 radars for warning and ground-controlled interception. In 1958 this site was operating with AN/FPS-20 search radar and General Electric AN/FPS-6 Radar for height-finding.

Fort Drum Census-designated place in New York, United States

Fort Drum is a U.S. Army military reservation and a census-designated place (CDP) in Jefferson County, New York, United States. The population of the CDP portion of the base was 12,955 at the 2010 census. It is home to the 10th Mountain Division.

Radio Corporation of America AN/FPS-4 Radar

The AN/FPS-4 Radar was a Height-Finder Radar used by the United States Air Force Air Defense Command.

During 1959 Watertown AFS began providing Semi Automatic Ground Environment (SAGE) data to DC-03 at Syracuse AFS, New York, and the squadron was re-designated as the 655th Radar Squadron (SAGE) on 1 February 1959. In 1959 a 2nd AN/FPS-6 was added and in 1961, the FPS-20 was upgraded to an AN/FPS-66. One height-finder radar was replaced by an Avco AN/FPS-26 Radar in 1963. In 1964 the AN/FPS-66 was replaced by a Westinghouse AN/FPS-27 Radar. The other AN/FPS-6 height-finder radar was retired in 1964. [7] [ verification needed ]

Westinghouse AN/FPS-27 Radar radar

The AN/FPS-27 Radar was a Long Range search radar used by the United States Air Force Air Defense Command.

In addition to the main facility, the Watertown squadron operated two unmanned AN/FPS-14 (P-49A) and AN/FPS-18 (P-49B) Gap Filler sites:

Air Force units and assignments

Units:

Moved to Watertown AFS, NY, 1 February 1951
Redesignated 655th Radar Squadron (SAGE), 1 February 1959
Redesignated 655th Radar Squadron, 1 February 1974

Assignments:

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References

  1. https://www.google.com/#hl=en&gs_nf=1&pq=watertown%20rbs%20bomb%20scoring&cp=18&gs_id=16&xhr=t&q=Watertown+%22Det+11%22&pf=p&sclient=psy-ab&oq=Watertown+%22Det+11%22
  2. In March 1949, Congress authorized the construction of a permanent radar network ("ADC radar site" P-1 was at McChord AFB from June 1, 1950, to April 1, 1960.)
  3. 1 2 3 Winkler, David F; Webster, Julie L (June 1997). Searching the Skies: The Legacy of the United States Cold War Defense Radar Program (Report). U.S. Army Construction Engineering Research Laboratories. Retrieved 2012-03-26.[ verification needed ]
  4. "Information for Watertown AFS, NY". Air Defense Radar Stations. Radomes.org. Retrieved 2012-05-08.
  5. [ specify ]PD-icon.svg This article incorporates  public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/ .
  6. compiled by EM, Marc. "[untitled webpage 5]". A History of the Jefferson County Region. MarcMNY.tripod.com. p. 5. Retrieved 2012-05-08.
  7. compiled by Johnson, Mildred W. (31 December 1980) [February 1973: Cornett, Lloyd H. Jr]. A Handbook of Aerospace Defense Organization 1946 - 1980 (PDF). Peterson Air Force Base: Office of History, Aerospace Defense Center. p. 33 ("1961…1 April - Los Angeles ADS became operational."). Retrieved 2012-03-26.