Waterville, Dublin

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Waterville (Irish : An Coireán) is a modern housing development that forms a remote suburb of Dublin city, within Fingal, Ireland. The developments were built between 2002 - 2008 on the edge of the Abbotstown demense, on the boundary between Blanchardstown and Castleknock. [1] The development lies within the Barony of Castleknock in the historic County Dublin.

Irish language Goidelic language spoken in Ireland and by Irish people

Irish is a Goidelic language of the Celtic and Indo-European language family, originating in Ireland and historically spoken by the Irish people. Irish is spoken as a first language in substantial areas of counties Galway, Kerry, Cork and Donegal, smaller areas of Waterford, Mayo and Meath, and a few other locations, and as a second language by a larger group of non-habitual speakers across the country. A speaker of the Irish language is known as a Gaeilgeoir.

Dublin capital and largest city in Ireland

Dublin is the capital and largest city of Ireland. It is on the east coast of Ireland, in the province of Leinster, at the mouth of the River Liffey, and is bordered on the south by the Wicklow Mountains. It has an urban area population of 1,173,179, while the population of the Dublin Region, as of 2016, was 1,347,359, and the population of the Greater Dublin Area was 1,904,806.

Fingal County in the Republic of Ireland

Fingal is a county in Ireland. It is located in the province of Leinster and, within that, is part of the Dublin Region. Its name is derived from the medieval territory of Scandinavian foreigners that settled in the area. Fingal County Council is the local authority for the county. In 2016 the population of the county was 296,214, making it the second-most populous county in the state.

Contents

History

The area was developed by Granbrind Ltd on land acquired from the Eastern Health Board. The land was previously owned successively by the Barons of Castleknock, Baronets of Abbotstown and Barons Holmpatrick. Historically these lands formed the principal seat in the civil parish and barony of Castleknock. [2]

Civil parish Territorial designation and lowest tier of local government in England

In England, a civil parish is a type of administrative parish used for local government, they are a territorial designation which is the lowest tier of local government below districts and counties, or their combined form, the unitary authority. Civil parishes can trace their origin to the ancient system of ecclesiastical parishes which historically played a role in both civil and ecclesiastical administration; civil and religious parishes were formally split into two types in the 19th century and are now entirely separate. The unit was devised and rolled out across England in the 1860s.

Barony (Ireland) historical subdivision of a county of Ireland

In Ireland, a barony is a historical subdivision of a county, analogous to the hundreds into which the counties of England were divided. Baronies were created during the Tudor reconquest of Ireland, replacing the earlier cantreds formed after the original Norman invasion. Some early baronies were later subdivided into half baronies with the same standing as full baronies.

The barony of Castleknock is a feudal title of nobility and one of the baronies of Ireland. Originally part of the Lordship of Meath, it was then constituted as part of the old county of Dublin. Today, it lies in the modern county of Fingal. The barony was created by Hugh de Lacy, Lord of Meath as his own feudal barony, held directly from himself in capite. His vassals were commonly called "De Lacy's Barons". The first vassal was Hugh Tyrrel. At the heart of the barony is the civil parish of the same name - Castleknock - which is one of eight civil parishes in the barony. In the townland of Castleknock itself is the location of the eponymous "Cnucha's Castle" - Castleknock Castle. The town with the biggest population in the barony is Blanchardstown.

Waterville is located on the southern edge of the Abbotstown Demense which remained in the ownership of the Tyrell family up to about 1400 when Thomas Sergent and his wife Joan Tyrell, sister to the last Tyrell Baron of Castleknock, were in residence. By the 17th century they had passed to the Sir John Dungan who owned one thatched house, several cottages and an old church at Abbotstown. Later, the lands at Abbotstown were owned by the Clements family, ancestors to the Earls of Leitrim and famous for the fact that one of their number was Nathaniel Clements, Chief Ranger in the Phoenix Park, where his residence later became the official residence of the President of Ireland, Áras an Uachtaráin. [3]

Nathaniel Clements was an Irish politician and financial figure, important in the political and financial administration of Ireland in the mid-18th century.

Phoenix Park park in Dublin, Ireland

Phoenix Park is an urban park in Dublin, Ireland, lying 2–4 km west of the city centre, north of the River Liffey. Its 11 km perimeter wall encloses 707 hectares ; it is one of the largest enclosed recreational spaces within any European capital city. It includes large areas of grassland and tree-lined avenues, and since the 17th century has been home to a herd of wild fallow deer. The English name comes from the Irish fionn uisce meaning "clear water". The Irish Government is lobbying UNESCO to have the park designated as a world heritage site.

President of Ireland position

The President of Ireland is the head of state of Ireland and the Supreme Commander of the Irish Defence Forces.

The most famous family to live on the lands at Waterville were the Falkiner family, who became Baronets of Abbotstown in 1812. The Falkiners married into the Hamilton family who lived on the neighbouring estate of Sheephill, and in 1832 both estates were amalgamated by the Hamiltons and a new residence, Abbotstown House, was built as the family seat.

Abbottstown House, Castleknock, 19th century Abbottstown house.jpg
Abbottstown House, Castleknock, 19th century

Ion Trant Hamilton was ennobled by Queen Victoria as Baron HolmPatrick, and Abbotstown House remained the seat of the Barons until 1947 when James Hans Hamilton, 3rd Baron HolmPatrick (1928–1991), lost part of his lands under a Compulsory Purchase Order to allow for the building of James Connolly Memorial Hospital. Later, Lord HolmPatrick sold remaining lands at Abbotstown to the Marine Institute of Ireland who were located at Abbotstown House until 2005 when the house was acquired for Sports Campus Ireland. [4] In the late 1990s half of the lands under the ownership of the health board were sold for development in order to finance the redevelopment of the hospital buildings. [5]

Queen Victoria British monarch who reigned 1837–1901

Victoria was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837 until her death. On 1 May 1876, she adopted the additional title of Empress of India.

Baron HolmPatrick, of HolmPatrick in the County of Dublin, is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It was created in the 1897 Diamond Jubilee Honours for the Lord Lieutenant of County Dublin and former Member of Parliament for County Dublin, Ion Hamilton. Both his father, James Hans Hamilton, and grandfather, Hans Hamilton, had represented this constituency in the British Parliament.

Location and name

The development of 1500 homes at Abbotstown was called Waterville due to its proximity to the River Tolka. Waterville lies on the northern banks of the Tolka covering about 50 acres of land.

River Tolka River of Counties Meath and Dublin, Ireland

The River Tolka, also once spelled Tolga, is one of Dublin's three main rivers, flowing from County Meath to Fingal within the old County Dublin, and through the north of Dublin city, Ireland. By flow of water, the Tolka is the second largest river in Dublin, following the Liffey, but runs more slowly than the Dodder.

The Tolka River flows along the southern edge of Waterville Park. River Tolka at Waterville Park, Dublin..jpg
The Tolka River flows along the southern edge of Waterville Park.

It is bordered in the South by the Navan Road (N3), on the west by the Snugborough Road, in the north by Abbotstown Farm and to the east by Connolly Hospital. Waterville is approx. 9 km from Dublin City Centre, 2.5 km from Castleknock Train Station and 2 km from Blanchardstown Village. It is adjacent to the National Aquatic Centre, Connolly Hospital and 3 km from the Blanchardstown Shopping Centre. Waterville is 4.5 km from the Phoenix Park.

The N3 road is a national primary road in Ireland, running between Dublin, Cavan and the border with County Fermanagh. The A509 and A46 roads in Northern Ireland form part of an overall route connecting to Enniskillen, and northwest to the border again where the N3 reappears to serve Ballyshannon in County Donegal.

Blanchardstown Large western suburb of Dublin, Ireland

Blanchardstown is a large outer suburb of Dublin in County Fingal, Ireland, built out from a small village since the 1960s. It is located 10 km north-west of the city centre. It is within the historical barony of Castleknock in the traditional County Dublin, as well as the Dublin 15 postal area and the Dublin West electoral constituency.

National Aquatic Centre

The National Aquatic Centre (NAC) is an indoor aquatics facility in Blanchardstown, Dublin, Ireland. The Centre houses a 50 metre swimming pool with an associated diving pool, an aquapark and leisure pool, and a fitness centre.

It comprises thirteen distinct developments and a 25-acre park containing two tiered lakes. [6] Each area within Waterville is privately owned and managed, and each is named after an Irish coastal promontory or island, as follows:

Many of the developments in Waterville were built around a central green, while the overall development was built in an integrated fashion merging with the established forestry and parklands.

Access and public transport

Situated adjacent to the N3 and the M50, Waterville is only nine kilometres from the city centre, and has excellent access to the entire national roads network. It is connected to the M3 by a link road.

Public transport is very accessible with the following bus routes available:- 38, 38a, 38b, 39, 39a, 70, 76a, 220, 238, 239 and the 70n Nitelink stop just a short stroll away. It is close to Clonsilla and Castleknock train stations, providing a train service via Ashtown, Cabra, Drumcondra to Connolly Station and Busaras (Central Bus Station).

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References

  1. Rocque Map of Castleknock, 1762.
  2. See Map for Fingal County Development Plan 1999- Variation No. 31 (Lands at James Connolly Memorial Hospital)
  3. Lacey, J. 1999. A Candle in the Window: A History of the Barony of Castleknock. Dublin. Marino Books. p. 84
  4. Lacey, J. 1999. A Candle in the Window: A History of the Barony of Castleknock. Dublin. Marino Books. p. 84.
  5. Fingal Development Plan. 1999.
  6. Comhairle Contae Fhine Gall, Minutes of Council Meeting CMB/62/06 WATERVILLE PARK 2 March 2006.