Waterville, Quebec

Last updated
Waterville
Waterville pont Eustis.jpg
Waterville Quebec location diagram.png
Location within Coaticook RCM.
Canada Southern Quebec location map.png
Red pog.svg
Waterville
Location in southern Quebec.
Coordinates: 45°16′N71°54′W / 45.267°N 71.900°W / 45.267; -71.900 Coordinates: 45°16′N71°54′W / 45.267°N 71.900°W / 45.267; -71.900 [1]
CountryFlag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada
Province Flag of Quebec.svg  Quebec
Region Estrie
RCM Coaticook
ConstitutedJanuary 1, 1876
Government
[2]
  MayorNathalie Dupuis
   Federal riding Compton—Stanstead
   Prov. riding Saint-François
Area
  Total44.80 km2 (17.30 sq mi)
  Land44.42 km2 (17.15 sq mi)
Population
  Total2,028
  Density45.7/km2 (118/sq mi)
  Pop 2006-2011
Increase2.svg 5.3%
  Dwellings
841
Time zone UTC−5 (EST)
  Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Postal code(s)
Area code(s) 819
HighwaysQc108.svg Route 108
Qc143.svg Route 143
Qc147.svg Route 147
Website www.waterville.ca

Waterville is a city of 1,800 people in southeastern Quebec, Canada, in the Coaticook Regional County Municipality. Prior to January 1, 2002, it was in La Région-Sherbrookoise Regional County Municipality, and was the only member of that RCM that did not amalgamate into the expanded city of Sherbrooke on that date.

Quebec Province of Canada

Quebec is one of the thirteen provinces and territories of Canada. It is bordered to the west by the province of Ontario and the bodies of water James Bay and Hudson Bay; to the north by Hudson Strait and Ungava Bay; to the east by the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and the province of Newfoundland and Labrador; and to the south by the province of New Brunswick and the U.S. states of Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, and New York. It also shares maritime borders with Nunavut, Prince Edward Island, and Nova Scotia. Quebec is Canada's largest province by area and its second-largest administrative division; only the territory of Nunavut is larger. It is historically and politically considered to be part of Central Canada.

Canada Country in North America

Canada is a country in the northern part of North America. Its ten provinces and three territories extend from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean, covering 9.98 million square kilometres, making it the world's second-largest country by total area. Canada's southern border with the United States, stretching some 8,891 kilometres (5,525 mi), is the world's longest bi-national land border. Its capital is Ottawa, and its three largest metropolitan areas are Toronto, Montreal, and Vancouver. As a whole, Canada is sparsely populated, the majority of its land area being dominated by forest and tundra. Consequently, its population is highly urbanized, with over 80 percent of its inhabitants concentrated in large and medium-sized cities, with 70% of citizens residing within 100 kilometres (62 mi) of the southern border. Canada's climate varies widely across its vast area, ranging from arctic weather in the north, to hot summers in the southern regions, with four distinct seasons.

Coaticook Regional County Municipality Regional county municipality in Quebec, Canada

Coaticook is a regional county municipality in the Estrie region of Quebec, Canada. The seat is Coaticook.

Contents

History

Waterville owes its existence to water-power, harnessed first by a sawmill (1810) and subsequently by several other industries, which attracted its initial British, Loyalist and American population in 1870. Industrial development began in 1810 with the construction of a sawmill by a Compton Township businessman. Convinced by merchants in Quebec City, Joseph Pennoyer collected seven tons of hemp at his sawmill, intended for the manufacture of British ship cords. Inventor George Gale succeeded him in 1879, patenting his own mattress designs, which eventually made him one of the world's great inventors of box-springs and spring mattresses.

Box-spring

A box-spring is a type of bed base typically consisting of a sturdy wooden frame covered in cloth and containing springs. Usually the box-spring is placed on top of a wooden or metal bedframe that sits on the floor and acts as a brace, except in the UK where the divan is more often fitted with small casters. The box-spring is usually the same size as the much softer mattress that is placed on it. Working together, the box-spring and mattress make up a bed. It is common to find a box-spring and mattress being used together without the support of a frame underneath, the box spring being mounted directly on casters standing on the floor.

Economy

Waterville remains an industrial centre, with three internationally recognized companies, one of which is Waterville TG, acquired by the Japanese giant Gosei in 1988 and specializing in auto-part manufacturing. Aside from the rubber, plastic moulding and woodworking factories, Waterville is also host to a number of interesting buildings: the mansard-style Gale family residence, now the Foyer Waterville; the Anglican church on the corner of Principale and Compton Ouest; a covered bridge dating from the second half of the 19th century; and the Ball residence, a Queen-Anne style house which belonged to the founders of the Dominion Snath company, once a North American leader in scythe handle production. The former Ball residence now houses a bed and breakfast. The nine-hole Bonnie View Golf Club, now known as the Waterville Golf Club, is among Quebec's oldest links.[ citation needed ]

Demographics

Population

Population trend [4]

CensusPopulationChange (%)
20112,028Increase2.svg 5.3%
20061,926Decrease2.svg 0.9%
ADJ1,944 +Increase2.svg 6.6%
20011,824Decrease2.svg 1.2%
ADJ1,846 +Increase2.svg 38.6%
19961,332Decrease2.svg 0.4%
19911,337N/A

(+) adjusted figures due to boundary changes

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References

  1. Reference number 66722 of the Commission de toponymie du Québec (in French)
  2. 1 2 Geographic code 44080 in the official Répertoire des municipalités (in French)
  3. 1 2 "(Code 2444080) Census Profile". 2011 census . Statistics Canada. 2012.
  4. Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census