Watheroo National Park

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Watheroo National Park
Western Australia
IUCN category II (national park)
Australia Western Australia relief location map.png
Red pog.svg
Watheroo National Park
Nearest town or city Moora
Coordinates 30°14′24″S115°52′43″E / 30.24000°S 115.87861°E / -30.24000; 115.87861 Coordinates: 30°14′24″S115°52′43″E / 30.24000°S 115.87861°E / -30.24000; 115.87861
Established1969
Area444.81 km2 (171.7 sq mi) [1]
Managing authorities Department of Environment and Conservation
Website Watheroo National Park
See also List of protected areas of
Western Australia

Watheroo National Park is a national park in Western Australia, 187 km north of Perth. It contains Jingemia Cave.

Western Australia State in Australia

Western Australia is a state occupying the entire western third of Australia. It is bounded by the Indian Ocean to the north and west, and the Southern Ocean to the south, the Northern Territory to the north-east, and South Australia to the south-east. Western Australia is Australia's largest state, with a total land area of 2,529,875 square kilometres, and the second-largest country subdivision in the world, surpassed only by Russia's Sakha Republic. The state has about 2.6 million inhabitants – around 11 percent of the national total – of whom the vast majority live in the south-west corner, 79 per cent of the population living in the Perth area, leaving the remainder of the state sparsely populated.

Perth City in Western Australia

Perth is the capital and largest city of the Australian state of Western Australia (WA). It is named after the city of Perth, Scotland and is the fourth-most populous city in Australia, with a population of 2.06 million living in Greater Perth. Perth is part of the South West Land Division of Western Australia, with the majority of the metropolitan area located on the Swan Coastal Plain, a narrow strip between the Indian Ocean and the Darling Scarp. The first areas settled were on the Swan River at Guildford, with the city's central business district and port (Fremantle) both later founded downriver.

The park is situated in the Mid West region of Western Australia to the west of the Midlands Road between the towns of Badgingarra to the west and Dalwallinu to the east. The border of the park abuts Pinjarrega Nature Reserve to the north but is otherwise surrounded by farmland. Low Creek borders the park to the east which them flows south to join Moore River.

Mid West (Western Australia) Region in Western Australia

The Mid West region is one of the nine regions of Western Australia. It is a sparsely populated region extending from the west coast of Western Australia, about 200 kilometres (120 mi) north and south of its administrative centre of Geraldton and inland to 450 kilometres (280 mi) east of Wiluna in the Gibson Desert.

Badgingarra, Western Australia Town in Western Australia

Badgingarra is a small town in the Wheatbelt region of Western Australia, about 205 kilometres (127 mi) north of Perth in the Shire of Dandaragan. It lies on the Brand Highway adjacent to the Badgingarra National Park.

Dalwallinu, Western Australia Town in Western Australia

Dalwallinu is a town in the Wheatbelt region of Western Australia, located 248 km from Perth via the Great Northern Highway. Agriculture and supporting industries are the town's primary economic activities. The town is the first town on the Wildflower Way, a tourist route that stretches north to Mullewa. The town has an elevation of 335 metres (1,099 ft). At the 2016 census, Dalwallinu had a population of 699.

The park is mostly composed of sand plain country which supports populations of heath, Mallee and Banksia and many wildflowers. Eucalypt stands can be found to the western end of the park. [2] Other species include the spinifex, wandoo and yorm gum. Some of the wildflowers found within the park include Kwongan, the Bush Cauliflower and the Scarlet featherflower. [3]

Heath shrubland habitat

A heath is a shrubland habitat found mainly on free-draining infertile, acidic soils and is characterised by open, low-growing woody vegetation. Moorland is generally related to high-ground heaths with—especially in Great Britain—a cooler and damper climate.

Mallee (habit) growth habit of certain eucalypt species

Mallee is the growth habit of certain eucalypt species that grow with multiple stems springing from an underground lignotuber, usually to a height of no more than 10 m (33 ft).

<i>Banksia</i> A diverse genus of exquisitely flowered Australian [[Proteaceae]].

Banksia is a genus of around 170 species in the plant family Proteaceae. These Australian wildflowers and popular garden plants are easily recognised by their characteristic flower spikes and fruiting "cones" and heads. Banksias range in size from prostrate woody shrubs to trees up to 30 metres tall. They are found in a wide variety of landscapes; sclerophyll forest, (occasionally) rainforest, shrubland, and some more arid landscapes, though not in Australia's deserts.

The name of the park comes from the Indigenous Australian name of a nearby spring, it is also the name of a town located to the east of the park. [4]

Composed mostly of quartz based sand with outcrops of sandstone at times having a laterite cap the area acts as a basin between the Dandaragan plateau and the Darling plateau. [5]

Quartz mineral composed of silicon and oxygen atoms in a continuous framework of SiO₄ silicon–oxygen tetrahedra, with each oxygen being shared between two tetrahedra, giving an overall chemical formula of SiO₂

Quartz is a mineral composed of silicon and oxygen atoms in a continuous framework of SiO4 silicon–oxygen tetrahedra, with each oxygen being shared between two tetrahedra, giving an overall chemical formula of SiO2. Quartz is the second most abundant mineral in Earth's continental crust, behind feldspar.

Sandstone A clastic sedimentary rock composed mostly of sand-sized particles

Sandstone is a clastic sedimentary rock composed mainly of sand-sized mineral particles or rock fragments.

Laterite A soil and rock type rich in iron and aluminium

Laterite is a soil and rock type rich in iron and aluminium and is commonly considered to have formed in hot and wet tropical areas. Nearly all laterites are of rusty-red coloration, because of high iron oxide content. They develop by intensive and prolonged weathering of the underlying parent rock. Tropical weathering (laterization) is a prolonged process of chemical weathering which produces a wide variety in the thickness, grade, chemistry and ore mineralogy of the resulting soils. The majority of the land area containing laterites is between the tropics of Cancer and Capricorn.

In 2010, the Environmental Protection Authority of Western Australia gave approval to survey the Warro gas field that is located beneath the park. The company Latent Petroleum were given permission to conduct a seismic survey allowing them to drive over vegetation. [6]

The Environmental Protection Authority of Western Australia (EPA) is a statutory authority within the Government of Western Australia and is the primary provider of independent environmental advice to the government. It was established on 1 January 1972. The EPA provides advice to the Minister for Environment through various reports, as well as releasing statements to the public detailing significant environmental matters. Its role also includes formulation of environmental protection policies. A key function of the EPA is assessing resource and planning proposals and making recommendations to the Minister regarding the environmental acceptability of these proposals, as well as recommending environmental conditions which should be implemented in the event that proposals are approved by the Minister.

Related Research Articles

Simpson Desert desert in Central Australia

The Simpson Desert is a large area of dry, red sandy plain and dunes in Northern Territory, South Australia and Queensland in central Australia. It is the fourth-largest Australian desert, with an area of 176,500 km2 (68,100 sq mi).

Avon Valley National Park Protected area in Western Australia

Avon Valley is a national park in Western Australia, 47 kilometres northeast of Perth. It was named after the Avon River which flows through it. The area is an undulating plateau with the sides of the valley steeply sloping back to the river approximately 200 metres (660 ft) below. The area contains granite outcrops and a mix of soil types including loams, gravels and lateritic sands.

Badgingarra National Park Protected area in Western Australia

Badgingarra National Park is a national park in Western Australia, 190 km north of Perth off the Brand Highway adjacent to the town of Badgingarra.

Boorabbin National Park Protected area in Western Australia

Boorabbin National Park is a national park in Western Australia, between Coolgardie and Southern Cross. It is located along the Great Eastern Highway for a distance of approximately 25 km with a width of 5 km on each side in Western Australia's eastern goldfields. The park gets its name from the Aboriginal named rock on the edge of the park and also the Boorabbin settlement, established in 1898.

Cape Arid National Park Protected area in Western Australia

Cape Arid National Park is a national park located in Western Australia, 731 kilometres (454 mi) southeast of Perth. The park is situated 120 kilometres (75 mi) east of Esperance and lies on the shore of the south coast from the eastern end of the Recherche Archipelago. The bay at its eastern side is Israelite Bay, a locality often mentioned in Bureau of Meteorology weather reports as a geographical marker. The western end is known as Duke of Orleans Bay.

Cape Le Grand National Park Protected area in Western Australia

Cape Le Grand National Park is a national park in Western Australia, 631 km (392 mi) south-east of Perth and 56 km (35 mi) east of Esperance. The park covers an area of 31,801 hectares The area is an ancient landscape which has been above sea level for well over 200 million years and remained unglaciated. As a result, the area is home to many primitive relict species. Established in 1966, the park is managed by the Department of Parks and Wildlife. The name Le Grand is from one of the officers on L'Espérance, one of the ships in the 1792 expedition of Bruni d'Entrecasteaux.

Cape Range National Park Protected area in Western Australia

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Drovers Cave National Park Protected area in Western Australia

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Eucla National Park Protected area in Western Australia

Eucla National Park is a national park in Western Australia, 1,238 kilometres (769 mi) east of Perth.

Frank Hann National Park Protected area in Western Australia

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Kalamunda National Park Protected area in Western Australia

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Kennedy Range National Park Protected area in Western Australia

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Peak Charles National Park Protected area in Western Australia

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Purnululu National Park Protected area in Western Australia

The Purnululu National Park is a World Heritage Site in the East Kimberley region of Western Australia. The 239,723-hectare (592,370-acre) national park is located approximately 300 kilometres (190 mi) south of Kununurra, with Halls Creek located to the south. Declared a World Heritage Site in 2003, the park was inscribed as follows:

...[is a] remote area managed as wilderness. It includes the Bungle Bungle Range, a spectacularly incised landscape of sculptured rocks which contains superlative examples of beehive-shaped karst sandstone rising 250 metres above the surrounding semi-arid savannah grasslands. Unique depositional processes and weathering have given these towers their spectacular black and orange banded appearance, formed by biological processes of cyanobacteria which serve to stabilise and protect the ancient sandstone formations. These outstanding examples of cone karst that have eroded over a period of 20 million years are of great beauty and exceptional geological interest.

Tathra National Park Protected area in Western Australia

Tathra National Park is a national park in Western Australia, located 240 kilometres (149 mi) north of Perth between the towns of Eneabba and Carnamah on Winchester-Eneabba Road. The name is derived from a Noongar word meaning "beautiful place".

Department of Environment and Conservation (Western Australia) defunct state government department of Western Australia

The Department of Environment and Conservation (DEC) was a department of the Government of Western Australia that was responsible for implementing the state's conservation and environment legislation and regulations. It was formed on 1 July 2006 by the amalgamation of the Department of Environment and the Department of Conservation and Land Management.


Western Australia has had national parks or protected areas under legislation since the early 20th century.

Watheroo, Western Australia Town in Western Australia

Watheroo is a small town in the Wheatbelt region of Western Australia. In 2016 it had 181 residents according to the 2016 census census.

Lincoln Conservation Park Protected area in South Australia

Lincoln Conservation Park is a protected area in the Australian state of South Australia located in the Eyre Peninsula in the gazetted locality of Tulka on land in the Section 490 in the cadastral unit of Hundred of Lincoln about 15 kilometres south west of Port Lincoln.

The Dutchmans Stern Conservation Park Protected area in South Australia

The Dutchmans Stern Conservation Park is a protected area located in South Australia about 5 kilometres north-west of the town of Quorn in the Flinders Ranges. It includes a mountain known as The Dutchmans Stern from which its name is derived.

References

  1. "Department of Environment and Conservation 2009–2010 Annual Report". Department of Environment and Conservation. 2010: 48. ISSN   1835-114X. Archived from the original on 11 January 2011.Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  2. "Department of Environment - Watheroo National Park". 2007. Retrieved 14 November 2010.
  3. "Australia's Golden Outback - Watheroo National Park". 2009. Retrieved 14 November 2010.
  4. Western Australian Land Information Authority. "History of country town names – W" . Retrieved 15 November 2010.
  5. "Watheroo National Park (Place ID 10192)". Australian Heritage Database . Department of the Environment. 1991. Retrieved 16 September 2010.
  6. "ABC News Park survey gets conditional approval". 2010. Retrieved 14 November 2010.

See also