The Watkins and Flint Purchase is a tract of land, approximately 300,000 acres (1,200 km2), in the Southern Tier of New York State granted to John W. Watkins and Royal Flint and associates of New York City, in 1794, following an application to the New York Commissioners of the Land-Office in 1791. It is bounded on the north by the Central New York Military Tract, on the east by the Boston Ten Townships, on the west by the Preemption Line which separates it from the Phelps and Gorham Purchase and on the south by an east-west strip north of the Pennsylvania border at 42 degrees north (approximately), which was the original Township of Chemung.
The Southern Tier is a geographic subregion of the broader Upstate New York region of New York State, consisting of counties west of the Catskill Mountains in Delaware County and geographically situated along or very near the northern border of Pennsylvania. Definitions of the region vary widely, but generally encompass localities in counties surrounding the Binghamton and Elmira-Corning metropolitan areas. This region is bordered to the south by the Northern Tier of Pennsylvania and both these regions together are known as the Twin Tiers.
The Military Tract of Central New York, also called the New Military Tract, consisted of nearly two million acres (8,100 km2) of bounty land set aside in Central New York to compensate New York's soldiers after their participation in the Revolutionary War.
The Boston Ten Townships refers to an area of 230,400 acres (932 km²) in Tioga County and Broome County, New York State, between the Chenango River and Tioughnioga River and the west branch of Owego Creek, from the Susquehanna River about twenty-five miles northwards; it includes the northern half of the town of Owego and the towns of Newark Valley, Berkshire, and Richford in Tioga County, and a portion of the Broome County towns of Lisle, Nanticoke and Maine east of these. It is bounded on the west by the Watkins and Flint Purchase and a small portion of the original Chemung County, and on the north by the Central New York Military Tract. The boundary between Tioga County and Broome County is very irregular.
It was originally part of Tioga County and today includes parts of Schuyler County, Chemung County, Tioga County, and the Tompkins County towns of Newfield, Danby and Caroline (not including the northernmost line of lots, which was taken from the Central New York Military Tract town of Dryden).
Tioga County is a county in the U.S. state of New York. As of the 2010 census, the population was 51,125. Its county seat is Owego. Its name derives from an American Indian word meaning "at the forks", describing a meeting place.
Schuyler County is a county in the U.S. state of New York. As of the 2010 census, the population was 18,343, making it the second-least populous county in New York. The county seat is Watkins Glen. The name is in honor of General Philip Schuyler, one of the four major generals in the Continental Army in the American Revolutionary War.
Newfield is a town in Tompkins County, New York, United States. The population was 5,179 at the 2010 census. The town's name is derived from the many unoccupied tracts of land that were once in the town.
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Catlin is a town in Chemung County, New York, United States. The population was 2,618 at the 2010 census. The town is named after Phineas Catlin, a surveyor and public official. Catlin is in the northwest corner of the county, northwest of Elmira. It is part of the Elmira Metropolitan Statistical Area.
Cayuta is a town in Schuyler County, New York, United States. The population was 545 at the 2000 census.
Dix is a town in Schuyler County, New York, United States. The population was 4,197 at the 2000 census.
Odessa is a village in Schuyler County, New York, United States.
Caroline is a town in Tompkins County, New York, USA. The population was 3,282 at the 2010 census.
Ridgebury Township is a township in Bradford County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 1,978 at the 2010 census.
Van Etten is a town in Chemung County, New York, United States. It is part of the Elmira Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population of the town was 1,557 at the 2010 census. The town is named for the two brothers who founded the village of Van Etten in it. The town is at the northeast corner of the county, northeast of Elmira.
Spencer is a town in Tioga County, New York, United States. The population was 3,153 at the 2010 census. The town and its primary village are named after Ambrose Spencer. It lies on the western border of the county and is south of Ithaca, New York. Inside the town is the Village of Spencer. The village of Candor borders the town to the east and south east, with Waverly to the southwest, Van Etten to the west, Danby to the North.
The Preemption Line divided the aboriginal lands of western New York State awarded to New York from those awarded to Commonwealth of Massachusetts by the Treaty of Hartford of 1786. It was defined as the meridian (north–south) line from the eighty-second milestone of the Pennsylvania–New York survey line at 76° 57' 58" W northward to Lake Ontario.
The 33rd Congressional District of New York was a congressional district for the United States House of Representatives in New York. It was eliminated as a result of the 1990 Census. It was last represented by Henry J. Nowak. Much of this area became part of 30th District during the 1990s, and is now largely in the 27th district.
New York State Route 79 (NY 79) is an east–west state highway in the Southern Tier of New York, in the United States. The western terminus of the route is at the intersection with NY 414 near the southern end of Seneca Lake just northeast of Watkins Glen. Its eastern terminus is at the Pennsylvania state line in the town of Windsor in Broome County, where it connects to Pennsylvania Route 92 (PA 92). NY 79 passes through three regions; it starts in the Finger Lakes region, runs through Central New York and ends on the western fringes of the Catskills. The route is signed east–west, but from Whitney Point to the state line it runs in a north–south orientation and is signed north-south a few miles south of Center Village, a hamlet that is a few miles south of Harpursville.
New York State Route 227 (NY 227) is a state highway in the Finger Lakes region of New York in the United States. The highway extends for 9.84 miles (15.84 km) in a northeast–southwest direction from an intersection with NY 79 south of the hamlet of Reynoldsville in the town of Hector to a junction with NY 96 in the village of Trumansburg. In between, NY 227 intersects NY 228 in Perry City by the east town line of Hector and passes through the town of Ulysses. Part of NY 227 straddles the Schuyler–Tompkins county line.
Lamoka Lake, previously known as Mud Lake, is a small crescent-shaped lake in the western part of New York state. The lake is located at the border of Schuyler County and Steuben County. Most of the lake is in Schuyler County with only a small part, called "Mill Pond," at the southwest corner in Steuben County.
The Chemung County Sheriff's Office is Chemung County's oldest law enforcement agency. The Chemung County Sheriff's Office is currently organized as four separate divisions: Community Services/Civil, Corrections, Criminal Investigations and Police Services. The Chemung County Sheriff's Office currently employs 160 people.
Cayuga Medical Center, officially referred to as Cayuga Medical Center at Ithaca and abbreviated as CMC, is a not-for-profit general hospital in Ithaca, New York, serving the residents of Broome, Cayuga, Chemung, Cortland, Schuyler, Seneca, Tioga, and Tompkins counties. The hospital has 204 beds in total, and is one of the largest hospitals in the Finger Lakes region and the Southern Tier.