Watseka, Illinois

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Watseka
Old Iroquois County Courthouse.jpg
Iroquois County Illinois Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Watseka Highlighted.svg
Location of Watseka in Iroquois County, Illinois.
Location map of Iroquois County, Illinois.svg
Red pog.svg
Watseka
Watseka's location in Iroquois County
Coordinates: 40°46′34″N87°44′11″W / 40.77611°N 87.73639°W / 40.77611; -87.73639 Coordinates: 40°46′34″N87°44′11″W / 40.77611°N 87.73639°W / 40.77611; -87.73639
Country Flag of the United States.svg  United States
State Flag of Illinois.svg  Illinois
County Iroquois
Township Belmont, Middleport
Government
  TypeCity Council

Ward 1 - Mark Garfield

Ward 1 - Brandon Barragree

Ward 2 - Dennis Cahoe

Ward 2 - Donald Miller

Ward 3 - David Mayotte

Ward 3 - Benny Marcier

Ward 4 - Monna Ulfers

Ward 4 - Darrin Rushbrook
  MayorJohn Allhands
Area
[1]
  Total3.08 sq mi (7.97 km2)
  Land3.08 sq mi (7.97 km2)
  Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
633 ft (193 m)
Population
 (2010)
  Total5,255
  Estimate 
(2018) [2]
4,860
  Density1,626.18/sq mi (627.97/km2)
ZIP Code
60970
Area code(s) 815; exchanges: 432
FIPS code 17-79228
Website www.watsekacity.org

Watseka is a city in and the county seat of Iroquois County, Illinois, United States. [3] It is located approximately 15 miles (24 km) west of the Illinois-Indiana state line on U.S. Route 24.

A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in Canada, China, Romania, Taiwan and the United States. County towns have a similar function in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, and historically in Jamaica.

Iroquois County, Illinois U.S. county in Illinois

Iroquois County is a county located in the northeast part of the U.S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 29,718. It is the only county in the United States to be named Iroquois, after the American Indian people. The county seat is Watseka. The county is located along the border with Indiana.

Illinois American State

Illinois is a state in the Midwestern and Great Lakes regions of the United States. It has the fifth largest gross domestic product (GDP), the sixth largest population, and the 25th largest land area of all U.S. states. Illinois has been noted as a microcosm of the entire United States. With Chicago in northeastern Illinois, small industrial cities and immense agricultural productivity in the north and center of the state, and natural resources such as coal, timber, and petroleum in the south, Illinois has a diverse economic base, and is a major transportation hub. Chicagoland, Chicago's metropolitan area, encompasses over 65% of the state's population. The Port of Chicago connects the state to international ports via two main routes: from the Great Lakes, via the Saint Lawrence Seaway, to the Atlantic Ocean and from the Great Lakes to the Mississippi River, via the Illinois Waterway to the Illinois River. The Mississippi River, the Ohio River, and the Wabash River form parts of the boundaries of Illinois. For decades, Chicago's O'Hare International Airport has been ranked as one of the world's busiest airports. Illinois has long had a reputation as a bellwether both in social and cultural terms and, through the 1980s, in politics.

Contents

The population of Watseka was 5,255 according to the 2010 census, which was a 7.3 percent decrease from the 2000 census.

History

Incorporated in 1865, the name "Watseka" derives from the Potawatomi name "Watch-e-kee", "Daughter of the Evening Star", the wife of early eastern Illinois settler Gurdon Saltonstall Hubbard. [4]

Watseka or Watchekee was a Potawatomi Native American woman, born in Illinois, and named for the heroine of a Potawatomi legend. Her uncle was Tamin, the chief of the Kankakee Potawatomi Indians.

Potawatomi Native American peoples

The Pottawatomi, also spelled Pottawatomie and Potawatomi, are a Native American people of the Great Plains, upper Mississippi River, and western Great Lakes region. They traditionally speak the Potawatomi language, a member of the Algonquian family. The Potawatomi called themselves Neshnabé, a cognate of the word Anishinaabe. The Potawatomi are part of a long-term alliance, called the Council of Three Fires, with the Ojibwe and Odawa (Ottawa). In the Council of Three Fires, the Potawatomi were considered the "youngest brother" and were referred to in this context as Bodéwadmi, a name that means "keepers of the fire" and refers to the council fire of three peoples.

Gurdon Saltonstall Hubbard American businessman

Gurdon Saltonstall Hubbard was an American fur trader, insurance underwriter, and land speculator. Hubbard first arrived in Chicago on October 1, 1818 as a voyageur. He went on to build Chicago's first stockyard and help foment a land boom for Chicago in the East.

The Old Iroquois County Courthouse was constructed in 1866, with two additions built in 1881 and 1927. In the early 1960s, an Iroquois County resident, Mrs. Katherine Clifton, bequeathed to the county in her will a large sum of money and a site upon which to build a new courthouse. It is the only courthouse in the United States built entirely with private funds.

Old Iroquois County Courthouse United States historic place

The Old Iroquois County Courthouse, now known as the Iroquois County Museum, is a history museum in Watseka, Illinois, which served as the Iroquois County courthouse from 1866 until 1964. The Italianate building was designed by C.B. Leach and built by contractor A.C. Mantor. In addition to housing county courts and offices, the building also served as the county jail and sheriff's residence. In 1881, an addition was placed on the building, and the courthouse's octagonal tower was replaced by a square tower. A second addition was constructed in 1927; in the same year, the courthouse's copper dome was removed and replaced by a mansard roof.

The old courthouse was advertised for sale and fell into disuse. In 1967, during the Centennial Celebration of Watseka, the Iroquois County Historical Society was organized, and circulated petitions throughout the county not to sell the Old Courthouse. The petitions were approved by the County Board of Supervisors, and the Old Courthouse re-opened as a museum that same year. [5] In 1975, the Old Courthouse was listed on the National Register of Historic Places. [6]

Geography

Map of Watseka Map of Watseka, Illinois.svg
Map of Watseka

Watseka is located near the center of Iroquois County, at the intersection of U.S. Route 24 and Illinois Route 1. The Iroquois River winds along the north side of the town and is joined by Sugar Creek on the west side of town. The south half of the town is in Belmont Township; the north half is in Middleport Township. According to the 2010 census, Watseka has a total area of 3.05 square miles (7.90 km2), all land. [7]

U.S. Route 24 highway in the United States

U.S. Route 24 is one of the original United States highways of 1926. It originally ran from Pontiac, Michigan, in the east to Kansas City, Missouri, in the west. Today, the highway's northern terminus is in Independence Township, Michigan, at an intersection with I-75 and its western terminus is near Minturn, Colorado at an intersection with I-70. The highway transitions from north–south to east–west signage in Toledo, Ohio.

Illinois Route 1 is a state highway in the U.S. state of Illinois. Running parallel to the Indiana border, it is also the longest state road, starting on the south side of Chicago as Halsted Street at an intersection with Interstate 57, south to a free ferry crossing to Kentucky at Cave-in-Rock on the Ohio River. This is a distance of 325.59 miles (523.99 km).

Belmont Township, Iroquois County, Illinois Township in Illinois, United States

Belmont Township is one of twenty-six townships in Iroquois County, Illinois, United States. As of the 2010 census, its population was 2,610 and it contained 1,188 housing units.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1870 1,551
1880 1,507−2.8%
1890 2,01733.8%
1900 2,50524.2%
1910 2,476−1.2%
1920 2,81713.8%
1930 3,14411.6%
1940 3,74419.1%
1950 4,23513.1%
1960 5,21923.2%
1970 5,2941.4%
1980 5,5434.7%
1990 5,424−2.1%
2000 5,6704.5%
2010 5,255−7.3%
Est. 20184,860 [2] −7.5%
U.S. Decennial Census [8]

As of the census [9] of 2000, there were 5,670 people, 2,314 households, and 1,483 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,165.4 people per square mile (835.6/km²). There were 2,463 housing units at an average density of 940.6 per square mile (363.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.75% White, 0.62% African American, 0.26% Native American, 0.48% Asian, 0.86% from other races, and 1.02% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.61% of the population.

Census Acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population

A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. This term is used mostly in connection with national population and housing censuses; other common censuses include traditional culture, business, supplies, and traffic censuses. The United Nations defines the essential features of population and housing censuses as "individual enumeration, universality within a defined territory, simultaneity and defined periodicity", and recommends that population censuses be taken at least every 10 years. United Nations recommendations also cover census topics to be collected, official definitions, classifications and other useful information to co-ordinate international practices.

Population density A measurement of population numbers per unit area or volume

Population density is a measurement of population per unit area, or exceptionally unit volume; it is a quantity of type number density. It is frequently applied to living organisms, and most of the time to humans. It is a key geographical term. In simple terms population density refers to the number of people living in an area per kilometer square.

There were 2,314 households out of which 28.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.3% were married couples living together, 11.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.9% were non-families. Of all households 31.2% were made up of individuals and 15.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.93.

In the city, the population was spread out with 23.7% under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 25.1% from 25 to 44, 21.6% from 45 to 64, and 21.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $30,440, and the median income for a family was $40,000. Males had a median income of $30,516 versus $19,680 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,638. About 12.7% of families and 15.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.1% of those under age 18 and 8.6% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people

See also

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References

  1. "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jun 30, 2017.
  2. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved September 17, 2019.
  3. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  4. "The People of the Prairie", Charles Warwick, The Illinois Steward, vol. 16, no. 2, 2007
  5. "The Old Courthouse Museum". The Iroquois County Links. 2010. Retrieved 20 May 2010.
  6. "Illinois - Iroquois County". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010. Retrieved 20 May 2010.
  7. "G001 - Geographic Identifiers - 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2015-12-27.
  8. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  9. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2008-01-31.