Watson Ministry

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Watson Ministry
Flag of Australia (1903-1908).svg
3rd Ministry of Australia
Watson Ministry (cropped).jpg
Group photo of the Watson Ministry with Governor-General Lord Northcote.
Date formed27 April 1904
Date dissolved17 August 1904
People and organisations
Monarch Edward VII
Governor-General Lord Northcote
Prime Minister Chris Watson
No. of ministers8
Member party Labour
Status in legislatureMinority government (Protectionist support)
Opposition party Free Trade
Opposition leader George Reid
History
Legislature term(s)2nd
Predecessor First Deakin Ministry
Successor Reid Ministry

The Watson Ministry (Labour) was the 3rd ministry of the Government of Australia, and the first national Labour government formed in the world. It was led by the country's 3rd Prime Minister, Chris Watson. The Watson Ministry succeeded the First Deakin Ministry, which dissolved on 27 April 1904 after Labour withdrew their support and Alfred Deakin was forced to resign. The ministry was replaced by the Reid Ministry on 17 August 1904 after the Protectionist Party withdrew their support over the Conciliation and Arbitration Bill. [1]

Australian Labor Party Political party in Australia

The Australian Labor Party is a major centre-left political party in Australia. The party has been in opposition at the federal level since the 2013 election. Bill Shorten has been the party's federal parliamentary leader since 13 October 2013. The party is a federal party with branches in each state and territory. Labor is in government in the states of Victoria, Queensland, Western Australia, and in both the Australian Capital Territory and Northern Territory. The party competes against the Liberal/National Coalition for political office at the federal and state levels. It is the oldest political party in Australia.

Government of Australia federal democratic administrative authority of Australia

The Government of Australia is the government of the Commonwealth of Australia, a federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy. It is also commonly referred to as the Australian Government, the Commonwealth Government, Her Majesty's Government, or the Federal Government.

Prime Minister of Australia executive head of the Government of Australia

The Prime Minister of Australia is the head of government of Australia. The individual who holds the office is the most senior Minister of State, the leader of the Federal Cabinet. The Prime Minister also has the responsibility of administering the Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet, and is the chair of the National Security Committee and the Council of Australian Governments. The office of Prime Minister is not mentioned in the Constitution of Australia but exists through Westminster political convention. The individual who holds the office is commissioned by the Governor-General of Australia and at the Governor-General's pleasure subject to the Constitution of Australia and constitutional conventions.

Ministry

MinisterPortraitPortfolio
  Hon Chris Watson MP ChrisWatsonSepia crop.jpg
  Hon Billy Hughes MP BillyHughes.png
  Hon H. B. Higgins KC MP [2] Hbhiggins.jpg
  Hon Lee Batchelor MP Lee Batchelor (with beard).jpg
  Hon Andrew Fisher MP Andrew Fisher 1904.jpg
  Hon Senator Anderson Dawson Anderson Dawson 1901.jpg
  Hon Hugh Mahon MP Hugh mahon.jpg
  Hon Senator Gregor McGregor Gregor McGregor1.jpg

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References

  1. "Ministries and Cabinets". Parliamentary Handbook. Parliament of Australia . Retrieved 17 September 2010.
  2. The Protectionist Party member Higgins accepted office (with Alfred Deakin's permission) as Attorney-General since the Labour Party did not have a lawyer in its parliamentary ranks with the exception of Billy Hughes, who had recently admitted as a barrister but who was already serving in another portfolio and was not viewed as qualified for the post. It was the only time a non-member of the Labour Party has served in a Labour ministry.