Watson Washburn

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Watson Washburn
Watson Washburn 1919.jpg
Full nameWatson McLean Washburn
Country (sports)Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Born(1894-06-13)June 13, 1894
Manhattan, New York City, New York, United States
DiedDecember 2, 1973(1973-12-02) (aged 79)
Manhattan, New York City, NNew York, United States
Turned pro1910 (amateur tour
Retired1937
PlaysRight-handed (one-handed backhand)
Int. Tennis HoF 1965 (member page)
Singles
Highest rankingNo. 5 (U.S. ranking)
Grand Slam Singles results
Wimbledon QF (1924)
US Open QF (1911, 1912, 1913, 1916, 1920)
Doubles
Grand Slam Doubles results
Wimbledon F (1924)
US Open F (1921, 1923)
Other doubles tournaments
Team competitions
Davis Cup W (1921)
Thomas Bundy, Maurice Evans McLoughlin, Gustave F. Touchard and Watson Washburn circa 1914-1915 Bundy, McGloughlin, Touchard, Washburn.jpg
Thomas Bundy, Maurice Evans McLoughlin, Gustave F. Touchard and Watson Washburn circa 1914-1915

Watson McLean Washburn (June 13, 1894 – December 2, 1973) was an American tennis player who was in the top 10 in the US seven times between 1914 and 1922. He was also one of the founders of the International Tennis Hall of Fame, to which he was inducted in 1965. [1]

Tennis Ball sport with racket and net

Tennis is a racket sport that can be played individually against a single opponent (singles) or between two teams of two players each (doubles). Each player uses a tennis racket that is strung with cord to strike a hollow rubber ball covered with felt over or around a net and into the opponent's court. The object of the game is to maneuver the ball in such a way that the opponent is not able to play a valid return. The player who is unable to return the ball will not gain a point, while the opposite player will.

International Tennis Hall of Fame Professional sports hall of fame; museum in Newport, Rhode Island

The International Tennis Hall of Fame is located in Newport, Rhode Island, United States. It honors both players and other contributors to the sport of tennis. The complex, the former Newport Casino, includes a museum, grass tennis courts, an indoor tennis facility, and a court tennis facility.

Contents

Biography

He was born in Manhattan, New York City on June 13, 1894. [1]

He was primarily a doubles player and teamed with Richard Norris Williams to take the Davis Cup in 1921. Also with Williams, he reached two US Championship finals and one at Wimbledon. He won the US Intercollegiate Doubles Championship in 1913 and the Indoor Doubles Championship in 1915. In July 1915 Washburn and Williams won the doubles title at the Eastern Tennis Championship in Brookline defeating Irving C. Wright and Wallace F. Johnson in four sets. [2]

Davis Cup annual international team competition in mens tennis

The Davis Cup is the premier international team event in men's tennis. It is run by the International Tennis Federation (ITF) and is contested annually between teams from competing countries in a knock-out format. It is described by the organisers as the "World Cup of Tennis", and the winners are referred to as the World Champion team. The competition began in 1900 as a challenge between Great Britain and the United States. By 2016, 135 nations entered teams into the competition. The most successful countries over the history of the tournament are the United States and Australia. The present champions are Croatia, who beat France to win their second title in 2018.

The Championships, Wimbledon Tennis tournament

The Championships, Wimbledon, commonly known simply as Wimbledon, or The Championships, is the oldest tennis tournament in the world, and is regarded by many as the most prestigious. It has been held at the All England Club in Wimbledon, London, since 1877 and is played on outdoor grass courts, and since 2009 with a retractable roof over Centre Court.

Brookline, Massachusetts Town in Massachusetts, United States

Brookline is a town in Norfolk County, Massachusetts, in the United States, and is a part of Greater Boston. Brookline borders six of Boston's neighborhoods: Brighton, Allston, Fenway–Kenmore, Mission Hill, Jamaica Plain, and West Roxbury. The city of Newton lies to the west of Brookline.

In 1917 Washburn joined the American Expeditionary Forces and served during World War I in France as a Captain in the artillery. [3] [4]

American Expeditionary Forces major formation of the United States Army in the Western Front of World War I

The American Expeditionary Forces was a formation of the United States Army on the Western Front of World War I. The AEF was established on July 5, 1917, in France under the command of Gen. John J. Pershing. It fought alongside French Army, British Army, Canadian Army, and Australian Army units against the German Empire. A minority of the AEF troops also fought alongside Italian Army units in that same year against the Austro-Hungarian Army. The AEF helped the French Army on the Western Front during the Aisne Offensive in the summer of 1918, and fought its major actions in the Battle of Saint-Mihiel and the Meuse-Argonne Offensive in the latter part of 1918.

World War I 1914–1918 global war starting in Europe

World War I, also known as the First World War or the Great War, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918. Contemporaneously described as "the war to end all wars", it led to the mobilisation of more than 70 million military personnel, including 60 million Europeans, making it one of the largest wars in history. It is also one of the deadliest conflicts in history, with an estimated nine million combatants and seven million civilian deaths as a direct result of the war, while resulting genocides and the resulting 1918 influenza pandemic caused another 50 to 100 million deaths worldwide.

In 1921 Washburn defeated Richard Norris Williams in the final of the Newport Casino Invitational in five sets. [5]

Newport Casino Invitational

The Newport Casino Invitational was a men's tennis tournament played on outdoor grass courts between 1915 and 1967 at the Newport Casino in Newport, Rhode Island. The event was first held in 1915 when the U.S. National Championships, which had been held at the Newport Casino since 1881, moved to Forest Hills, New York. The Casino Invitational became a preparation tournament for the U.S. National Championships. Since its inception, with a field of fifty players, it consistently attracted the best of the US contingent of tennis players and many high-profile international contenders as well. With the advent of the open era in 1968 the Newport Casino Invitational ended though there were pro tournaments held at the same venue with the modified Van Alen Streamlined Scoring System (VASSS).

After his tennis career he became an Assistant State Prosecutor. [1]

Grand Slam finals

Doubles (3 runners-up)

OutcomeYearChampionshipPartnerOpponents in finalScore in final
Runner-up 1921 U.S. National Championships Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Richard Norris Williams Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Vincent Richards
Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Bill Tilden
11–13, 10–12, 1–6
Runner-up 1923 U.S. National Championships Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Richard Norris Williams Red Ensign of South Africa (1912-1951).svg Brian Norton
Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Bill Tilden
6–3, 2–6, 3–6, 7–5, 2–6
Runner-up 1924 Wimbledon Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Richard Norris Williams Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Frank Hunter
Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Vincent Richards
3–6, 6–3, 10–8, 6–8, 3–6

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References

  1. 1 2 3 "Watson Washburn, Tennis Star On Davis Cup Team in '20's, Dies". The New York Times. December 3, 1973. Retrieved July 11, 2012.
  2. "Eastern Tennis Championship" (PDF). The New York Times. August 1, 1915. Retrieved July 11, 2012.
  3. "Watson Washburn Writes of Flourishing Tennis Prospects in European Lands". Washington Daily News. January 21, 1919. Retrieved July 11, 2012.
  4. Paul B. Williams (1921). United States Lawn Tennis Association and the World War. Robert Hamilton Company. p. 2.
  5. "Washburn Victor in Tennis Final" (PDF). The New York Times. August 7, 1921. Retrieved September 10, 2012.