|Full name||Watson McLean Washburn|
|Born||June 13, 1894|
Manhattan, New York City, New York, United States
|Died||December 2, 1973 79) (aged|
Manhattan, New York City, NNew York, United States
|Turned pro||1910 (amateur tour|
|Plays||Right-handed (one-handed backhand)|
|Int. Tennis HoF||1965 (member page)|
|Highest ranking||No. 5 (U.S. ranking)|
|Grand Slam Singles results|
|US Open||QF (1911, 1912, 1913, 1916, 1920)|
|Grand Slam Doubles results|
|US Open||F (1921, 1923)|
|Other doubles tournaments|
|Davis Cup||W (1921)|
Watson McLean Washburn (June 13, 1894 – December 2, 1973) was an American tennis player who was in the top 10 in the US seven times between 1914 and 1922. He was also one of the founders of the International Tennis Hall of Fame, to which he was inducted in 1965.
Tennis is a racket sport that can be played individually against a single opponent (singles) or between two teams of two players each (doubles). Each player uses a tennis racket that is strung with cord to strike a hollow rubber ball covered with felt over or around a net and into the opponent's court. The object of the game is to maneuver the ball in such a way that the opponent is not able to play a valid return. The player who is unable to return the ball will not gain a point, while the opposite player will.
The International Tennis Hall of Fame is located in Newport, Rhode Island, United States. It honors both players and other contributors to the sport of tennis. The complex, the former Newport Casino, includes a museum, grass tennis courts, an indoor tennis facility, and a court tennis facility.
He was born in Manhattan, New York City on June 13, 1894.
He was primarily a doubles player and teamed with Richard Norris Williams to take the Davis Cup in 1921. Also with Williams, he reached two US Championship finals and one at Wimbledon. He won the US Intercollegiate Doubles Championship in 1913 and the Indoor Doubles Championship in 1915. In July 1915 Washburn and Williams won the doubles title at the Eastern Tennis Championship in Brookline defeating Irving C. Wright and Wallace F. Johnson in four sets.
The Davis Cup is the premier international team event in men's tennis. It is run by the International Tennis Federation (ITF) and is contested annually between teams from competing countries in a knock-out format. It is described by the organisers as the "World Cup of Tennis", and the winners are referred to as the World Champion team. The competition began in 1900 as a challenge between Great Britain and the United States. By 2016, 135 nations entered teams into the competition. The most successful countries over the history of the tournament are the United States and Australia. The present champions are Croatia, who beat France to win their second title in 2018.
The Championships, Wimbledon, commonly known simply as Wimbledon, or The Championships, is the oldest tennis tournament in the world, and is regarded by many as the most prestigious. It has been held at the All England Club in Wimbledon, London, since 1877 and is played on outdoor grass courts, and since 2009 with a retractable roof over Centre Court.
Brookline is a town in Norfolk County, Massachusetts, in the United States, and is a part of Greater Boston. Brookline borders six of Boston's neighborhoods: Brighton, Allston, Fenway–Kenmore, Mission Hill, Jamaica Plain, and West Roxbury. The city of Newton lies to the west of Brookline.
In 1917 Washburn joined the American Expeditionary Forces and served during World War I in France as a Captain in the artillery.
The American Expeditionary Forces was a formation of the United States Army on the Western Front of World War I. The AEF was established on July 5, 1917, in France under the command of Gen. John J. Pershing. It fought alongside French Army, British Army, Canadian Army, and Australian Army units against the German Empire. A minority of the AEF troops also fought alongside Italian Army units in that same year against the Austro-Hungarian Army. The AEF helped the French Army on the Western Front during the Aisne Offensive in the summer of 1918, and fought its major actions in the Battle of Saint-Mihiel and the Meuse-Argonne Offensive in the latter part of 1918.
World War I, also known as the First World War or the Great War, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918. Contemporaneously described as "the war to end all wars", it led to the mobilisation of more than 70 million military personnel, including 60 million Europeans, making it one of the largest wars in history. It is also one of the deadliest conflicts in history, with an estimated nine million combatants and seven million civilian deaths as a direct result of the war, while resulting genocides and the resulting 1918 influenza pandemic caused another 50 to 100 million deaths worldwide.
In 1921 Washburn defeated Richard Norris Williams in the final of the Newport Casino Invitational in five sets.
The Newport Casino Invitational was a men's tennis tournament played on outdoor grass courts between 1915 and 1967 at the Newport Casino in Newport, Rhode Island. The event was first held in 1915 when the U.S. National Championships, which had been held at the Newport Casino since 1881, moved to Forest Hills, New York. The Casino Invitational became a preparation tournament for the U.S. National Championships. Since its inception, with a field of fifty players, it consistently attracted the best of the US contingent of tennis players and many high-profile international contenders as well. With the advent of the open era in 1968 the Newport Casino Invitational ended though there were pro tournaments held at the same venue with the modified Van Alen Streamlined Scoring System (VASSS).
After his tennis career he became an Assistant State Prosecutor.
|Outcome||Year||Championship||Partner||Opponents in final||Score in final|
|Runner-up||1921||U.S. National Championships||11–13, 10–12, 1–6|
|Runner-up||1923||U.S. National Championships||6–3, 2–6, 3–6, 7–5, 2–6|
|Runner-up||1924||Wimbledon||3–6, 6–3, 10–8, 6–8, 3–6|
William Marquitz "Little Bill" Johnston was a former World No. 1 American tennis champion.
Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman, CBE was an American tennis player and founder of the Wightman Cup, an annual team competition for British and American women. She dominated American women's tennis before World War I, and won 45 U.S. titles during her life.
Reginald "Reggie" or "R. F." Frank Doherty was a British tennis player and the older brother of tennis player Laurence Doherty. He was known in the tennis world as "R.F." rather than "Reggie". He was a four-time Wimbledon singles champion and a triple Olympic Gold medalist in doubles and mixed doubles.
Robert Duffield Wrenn was an American left-handed tennis player, four-time U.S. singles championship winner, and one of the first inductees in the International Tennis Hall of Fame.
Sidney Burr Wood Jr. was an American tennis player who won the 1931 Wimbledon singles title. Wood was ranked in the world's Top 10 five times between 1931 and 1938, and was ranked World No. 6 in 1931 and 1934 and No. 5 in 1938 by A. Wallis Myers of The Daily Telegraph.
Beals Coleman Wright was an American tennis player who was active at the end of the 1890s and early 1900s. He won the singles title at the 1905 U.S. National Championships. Wright was a two-time Olympic gold medalist, and the older brother of American tennis player Irving Wright.
Ichiya "Ichy" Kumagae was a Japanese tennis player and the first Japanese Olympic medalist.
Clarence James "Peck" Griffin was an American tennis player. His best major performance in singles was reaching the semi-finals of the 1916 U.S. National Championships. He also reached the quarter-finals in 1914, 1915, 1917 and 1920.
Gustave "Gus" Fitzhugh Touchard, Jr.(or "Gustav") was an American tennis player in the early part of the 20th century. He was ranked as high as No. 4 in the United States during his career.
Harold Humphrey Hackett was an American tennis player.
Wallace Ford Johnson of Philadelphia was an American tennis player in the early 20th Century.
Richard "Dick" Norris Williams II, generally known as R. Norris Williams, was an American tennis player and RMS Titanic survivor.
The 1921 U.S. National Championships was a tennis tournament that took place on the outdoor grass courts at the Germantown Cricket Club in Philadelphia, United States. The women's tournament was held from 15 August until 20 August while the men's tournament ran from 9 September until 19 September. It was the 41st staging of the U.S. National Championships and the second Grand Slam tennis event of the year.
Hugh Laurence "Laurie" Doherty was a British tennis player and the younger brother of tennis player Reginald Doherty. He was a six-time Grand Slam champion and a double Olympic Gold medalist at the 1900 Summer Olympics in singles and doubles. In 1903 he became the first non-American player to win the U.S. National Championships.
Willis Elphinstone Davis, Jr., was an American tennis player who was active in the early 20th century.
Jonkheer Christiaan van Lennep was a Dutch tennis player and multiple champion of The Netherlands.
Heinrich Kleinschroth was an amateur German tennis player who found success in the early 20th century, mainly in doubles competitions.
John Joseph 'Jack' Condon was a former male tennis player from South Africa.
Ivie John Richardson was a former male tennis player from South Africa.
George Lansing "Butch" Seewagen is a former professional tennis player from the United States.