Front of the house
|Location||360 E. Main St., Circleville, Ohio|
|Area||0.3 acres (0.12 ha)|
|NRHP reference #||85001804|
|Added to NRHP||August 23, 1985|
The Watt–Groce–Fickhardt House is a historic house in Circleville, Ohio, United States. Located along Main Street on the city's eastern side,it is a distinctive landmark and has been named a historic site.
Circleville is a city in and the county seat of Pickaway County, Ohio, United States, along the Scioto River 25 miles south of Columbus. The population was 13,314 at the 2010 census. The city is best-known today as the host of the Circleville Pumpkin Show, an annual festival held since 1903.
Ohio is a Midwestern state in the Great Lakes region of the United States. Of the fifty states, it is the 34th largest by area, the seventh most populous, and the tenth most densely populated. The state's capital and largest city is Columbus.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States or America, is a country comprising 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is slightly smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U.S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D.C., and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico. The State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean. The U.S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The extremely diverse geography, climate, and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Circleville was platted in 1810 on a farm owned by Jacob Ziegler and Samuel Watt; later in the year, Ziegler sold his interest in the farm to Watt. With the community's rapid expansion, Watt sold more land; by 1820, only 148 acres (60 ha) remained in his ownership. Using the money from the land sales, Watt built a new farmhouse in 1826; two stories high, it is a brick structure with a stone foundation and a metal roof. When completed, it was a typical hall and parlor house.
In the United States, a plat is a map, drawn to scale, showing the divisions of a piece of land. United States General Land Office surveyors drafted township plats of Public Lands Surveys to show the distance and bearing between section corners, sometimes including topographic or vegetation information. City, town or village plats show subdivisions into blocks with streets and alleys. Further refinement often splits blocks into individual lots, usually for the purpose of selling the described lots; this has become known as subdivision.
A storey or story is any level part of a building with a floor that could be used by people. The plurals are "storeys" and "stories", respectively.
In engineering, a foundation is the element of a structure which connects it to the ground, and transfers loads from the structure to the ground. Foundations are generally considered either shallow or deep. Foundation engineering is the application of soil mechanics and rock mechanics in the design of foundation elements of structures.
As Circleville continued to grow, Watt sold most of his remaining land in 1835; only 5 acres (2.0 ha) remained after the end of that year. Becoming a leading local businessman, he made an extensive addition to the house in 1852; this new structure took the form of an I-house. A smaller addition, built in 1885, is a frame structure attached to the original portion of the house.
The I-house is a vernacular house type, popular in the United States from the colonial period onward. The I-house was so named in the 1930s by Fred Kniffen, a cultural geographer at Louisiana State University who was a specialist in folk architecture. He identified and analyzed the type in his 1936 study of Louisiana house types. He chose the name "I-house" because of its common occurrence in the rural farm areas of Indiana, Illinois and Iowa, all states beginning with the letter "I". He did not use the term to imply that this house type originated in, or was restricted to, those three states. It is also referred to as Plantation Plain style.
Framing, in construction, is the fitting together of pieces to give a structure support and shape. Framing materials are usually wood, engineered wood, or structural steel. The alternative to framed construction is generally called mass wall construction, where horizontal layers of stacked materials such as log building, masonry, rammed earth, adobe, etc. are used without framing.
Today, the Watt–Groce–Fickhardt House remains a well-preserved example of antebellum architecture.In 1985, the house was listed on the National Register of Historic Places, qualifying because of its historic architecture and because of its connection to a later resident, John G. Groce, who was a leading member of local society.
George Washington, elected the first president in 1789, set up a cabinet form of government, with departments of State, Treasury, and War, along with an Attorney General. Based in New York, the new government acted quickly to rebuild the nation's financial structure. Enacting the program of Treasury Secretary Alexander Hamilton, the government assumed the Revolutionary war debts of the states and the national government, and refinanced them with new federal bonds. It paid for the program through new tariffs and taxes; the tax on whiskey led to a revolt in the west; Washington raised an army and suppressed it. The nation adopted a Bill of Rights as 10 amendments to the new constitution. The Judiciary Act of 1789 established the entire federal judiciary, including the Supreme Court. The Supreme Court became important under the leadership of Chief Justice John Marshall (1801–1835), a federalist and nationalist who built a strong Supreme Court and strengthened the national government.
The National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) is the United States federal government's official list of districts, sites, buildings, structures, and objects deemed worthy of preservation for their historical significance. A property listed in the National Register, or located within a National Register Historic District, may qualify for tax incentives derived from the total value of expenses incurred preserving the property.
Riverside, The Farnsley–Moremen Landing is a historic 300-acre (120 ha) farm and house in south end Louisville, Kentucky, along the banks of the Ohio River. The house, a red brick I-house with a two-story Greek Revival portico, was built c. 1838 by Gabriel Farnsley.
Roudebush Farm is a historic farmstead located southeast of Harrison in northwestern Hamilton County, Ohio, United States. It was established in the 1850s with the construction of a small frame residence. This building, the original farmhouse, was built just one story tall and composed of two rooms. The builder was the farm's namesake, Hammand Hersh Roudebush.
The Henry P. Deuscher House is a historic farmhouse in the countryside of the southwestern part of the U.S. state of Ohio. Located near the city of Trenton, it was originally home to one of the area's leading farmers, and it has been named a historic site.
Schifferstadt, Also known as Scheifferstadt, is the oldest standing house in Frederick, Maryland. Built in 1758, it is one of the nation's finest examples of German-Georgian colonial architecture. It was designated a National Historic Landmark in 2016.
The Frederick Kindleberger Stone House and Barn is a historic farmstead in the rural southeastern region of the U.S. state of Ohio. Located near the village of Clarington in Monroe County, the complex is distinguished by its heavy masonry architecture, and it has been named a historic site.
The McClelland Homestead is a historic farm in western Lawrence County, Pennsylvania, United States. Located along McClelland Road northeast of Bessemer, the farm complex includes buildings constructed in the middle of the 19th century. It has been designated a historic site because of its well-preserved architecture.
Nutwood Place is a historic farm complex on the northern edge of Urbana, Ohio, United States. Today composed of the farmhouse, a round barn, and a small amount of former fields, the farm has been owned by some of Urbana's leading families. Colonel William Ward, the founder of Urbana and the farm's original owner, built the farmhouse in 1815. At this time, he owned 160 acres (65 ha) of land north of the village of Urbana; there he established his farm under the name of "Nutwood Place," where he lived until his 1822 death.
The Christopher C. Walker House and Farm is a historic farmstead in the far western part of the U.S. state of Ohio. Located southwest of the village of New Madison along State Route 121, it is composed of five buildings and one other structure spread out over an area of nearly 160 acres (65 ha).
The Fulton Farm, also known as "River Bend Farm," is a historic farmstead in Shelby County, Ohio, United States. Located on the southern side of the city of Sidney, the farm is composed of five buildings spread out over an area of approximately 2 acres (0.81 ha). Built primarily in 1848, the distinctively Gothic Revival farm buildings are a leading element of Shelby County rural architecture; few pre-Civil War farmhouses elsewhere in the county are more elaborate. Besides the farmhouse, the complex includes four less important buildings, two brick and two wooden: a smokehouse, a carriage house, and two smaller barns.
The Ansel T. Walling House is a historic house in Circleville, Ohio, United States. An Italianate structure that was built in 1869, it was the home of Ansel T. Walling, a state and federal legislator.
The Matthew McCrea House is a historic house in Circleville, Ohio, United States. Located along Main Street on the city's eastern side, the house mixes elements of the Greek Revival and Italianate architectural styles.
The Renick Farm is a historic farmstead located along U.S. Route 23 near the village of South Bloomfield in northern Pickaway County, Ohio, United States. Composed of six buildings dating back to 1830, the farmstead has been designated a historic site because of its unusually well-preserved architecture.
The Abner Williams Log House is a historic log cabin in the southeastern part of the U.S. state of Ohio. Located northeast of Lashley in Noble County, it was the home of one of the leading citizens of early Noble County.
The Samuel Caldwell House is a historic house in the village of Caldwell, Ohio, United States. Erected in 1832, it is the oldest house in the village.
The Valentine Wilson House was a historic residence in Madison County, Ohio, United States. Located off Interstate 70 about 1 mile (1.6 km) north of Summerford, it was the home of pioneer Valentine Wilson.
The Marcus Curtiss Inn is a historic house and post office located near Galena in Genoa Township, Delaware County, Ohio, United States. A native of Connecticut, Curtiss moved to present-day Genoa Township in 1808, becoming the first settler in the area, along with his family, his brother's family, and a third family who also moved from Connecticut. Here, he established himself on 681 acres (276 ha) of land and began to farm; part of his land was very clayey, and Curtiss decided to start a brickworks on the site. Although he left home to serve in the War of 1812, he returned to modern Delaware County after the war and resumed construction on the present house.
Redlands is a historic farmhouse near the city of Circleville in the south-central part of the U.S. state of Ohio. A grand home built in the middle of the 19th century, it has been named a historic site.
The Stevenson Peters House is a historic farm complex near the city of Circleville in Pickaway County, Ohio, United States. Built in the mid-19th century, the complex has been named a historic site.
The Gill–Morris Farm is a historic farmstead near the city of Circleville in Pickaway County, Ohio, United States. Established in the early nineteenth century, it has been named a historic site.
The Crittenden Farm is a historic farm-and-ranch complex in far northern Ashland County, Ohio, United States. Once home to an internationally prominent sheep farmer, the complex includes some of the region's most distinctive agricultural architecture as well as scattered pieces of land that have seen almost no changes since the area was first settled. It has been named a historic site because of its place in the area's history.