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|Nativity of Saint John the Baptist|
|Official name||Wattah Wattah Festival|
|Also called||Basaan Festival|
|Significance||Feast of St. John the Baptist|
Wattah Wattah Festival or Basaan Festival (literally: dousing of water) is the feast of St. John the Baptist, patron saint of San Juan, Metro Manila, and of many other communities throughout the Philippines, held every 24 June.
Literal translation, direct translation, or word-for-word translation is the rendering of text from one language to another one word at a time with or without conveying the sense of the original whole.
San Juan, officially the City of San Juan,, or simply known as San Juan City, is a 1st class highly urbanized city in Metro Manila, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 122,180 people. It is geographically located at its approximate center and is also the country's smallest city in terms of land area.
The Philippines, officially the Republic of the Philippines, is an archipelagic country in Southeast Asia. Situated in the western Pacific Ocean, it consists of about 7,641 islands that are categorized broadly under three main geographical divisions from north to south: Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. The capital city of the Philippines is Manila and the most populous city is Quezon City, both part of Metro Manila. Bounded by the South China Sea on the west, the Philippine Sea on the east and the Celebes Sea on the southwest, the Philippines shares maritime borders with Taiwan to the north, Vietnam to the west, Palau to the east, and Malaysia and Indonesia to the south.
Filipinos commemorate the birth of Saint John, who cleansed and prepared the people for the coming of Jesus Christ by baptizing them with water. Along with the birthday of the Blessed Virgin Mary, John the Baptist’s birthday is the only one celebrated; most other saints are remembered on the day of their death or some other important date.
The Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary, the Nativity of Mary, or the Birth of the Virgin Mary, refers to a Christian feast day celebrating the birth of the Blessed Virgin Mary.
Matthew 3:11 quotes Saint John as saying: "I indeed baptize you with water unto repentance but he that cometh after me is mightier than I, whose shoes I am not worthy to bear: he shall baptize you with the Holy Spirit, and with fire."
Children and grown-ups alike line up the streets and generously douse passersby or unsuspecting commuters and visitors with water, with the traditional “basaan” or "buhusan" (dousing of water)- supposedly to remind them of their baptism. They also enjoy engaging in water wars and other wet games using dippers, pails, hoses and even water pistols. Older persons my fill their ancient coconut shells with perfumed water to sprinkle on passersby. In rural areas, people take a swim at the beach, in a nearby river, or at a local spring, believing that a little exposure to water today, even just a sprinkle or splash, will bring God's blessings. This popular custom is practiced as they recall San Juan's life and mission. That is why in some places, passing buses, cars, and jeeps become the targets of water splashed and thrown about with reckless gusto.
Unfortunately, the tradition is being threatened by killjoys or local bullies who douse car owners or jeepney riders with water from open ditches. Their actions have made others question the very idea of the festivity.
Filipinos from different parts of the country celebrate this feast in various ways. Four of the most popular celebrations can be witnessed in Balayan, Batangas, Calumpit, Bulacan, Aliaga, Nueva Ecija, Cavite City, Cavite and in San Juan, Metro Manila.
Balayan, officially the Municipality of Balayan,, is a 1st class municipality in the province of Batangas, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 90,699 people.
Aliaga, officially the Municipality of Aliaga, is a 2nd class municipality in the province of Nueva Ecija, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 63,543 people.
John the Baptist was a Jewish itinerant preacher in the early first century AD. Other titles for John include John the Forerunner in Eastern Christianity and "the prophet John (Yaḥyā)" in Islam. To clarify the meaning of "Baptist", he is sometimes alternatively called John the Baptizer.
Parañaque, officially the City of Parañaque,, or simply known as Parañaque City, is a 1st class highly urbanized city in Metro Manila, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 665,822 people.
Laguna, officially known as the Province of Laguna, is a province in the Philippines, located in the Calabarzon region in Luzon. Its capital is Santa Cruz and the province is situated southeast of Metro Manila, south of the province of Rizal, west of Quezon, north of Batangas and east of Cavite. Laguna hugs the southern shores of Laguna de Bay, the largest lake in the country. As of the 2015 census, the province's total population is 3,035,081. It is also currently the seventh richest province in the country.
Calabarzon, also spelled as CALABARZON, formally known as Southern Tagalog Mainland and designated as Region IV-A, is an administrative region in the Philippines. The region comprises five provinces: Cavite, Laguna, Batangas, Rizal, and Quezon, and one highly urbanized city, Lucena. The region is the most populous region in the Philippines, having 14,414,774 inhabitants in 2015, and is also the country's second most densely populated after Metro Manila.
Bulacan is a province in the Philippines, located in the Central Luzon Region in the island of Luzon, 11 kilometres (6.8 mi) north of Manila, and part of the Metro Luzon Urban Beltway Super Region. Bulacan was established on August 15, 1578.
Saint Lorenzo Ruiz is a Filipino saint venerated in the Roman Catholic Church. A Chinese-Filipino, he became his country's protomartyr after his execution in Japan by the Tokugawa Shogunate during its persecution of Japanese Christians in the 17th century.
Saint John's Eve, starting at sunset on 23 June, is the eve of celebration before the Feast Day of Saint John the Baptist. The Gospel of Luke states that John was born six months before Jesus; therefore, the feast of John the Baptist was fixed on 24 June, six months before Christmas according to the old Roman calculation. This feast day is one of the very few saints' days which commemorates the anniversary of the birth, rather than the death, of the saint being honored.
Cavite City, officially the City of Cavite,, is a 4th class city in the province of Cavite, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 102,806 people.
Dasmariñas, officially the City of Dasmariñas,, or simply known as Dasmariñas City, is a 1st class city in the province of Cavite, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 659,019 people.
General Trias, officially the City of General Trias,, or simply known as General Trias City, is a 1st class city in the province of Cavite, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 314,303 people.
Noveleta, officially the Municipality of Noveleta,, is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Cavite, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 45,846 people.
San Juan, officially the Municipality of San Juan[Kabalianon: Lungsod sing San Juan-Cabalian], is a 5th class municipality in the province of Southern Leyte, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 14,858 people.
Numerous events and festivals are held annually in Metro Manila. They include:
Saint John the Baptist Parish is a 19th-century Roman Catholic church in San Juan City, Metro Manila, Philippines. It belongs to the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Manila.
The Prinza Dam is a gravity dam on the Zapote River located on the border between Barangay San Nicolas I in Bacoor, Cavite and Barangay Talon Dos in Las Piñas, Metro Manila, in the Philippines. It was constructed in the 19th century during the Spanish colonial era by the Augustinian Recollect friars to irrigate the land and surrounding rice fields they own and leased out in the present cities of Las Piñas and Bacoor.
The Santuario del Santo Cristo, also known as the Church of San Juan del Monte is a church and convento in San Juan, Metro Manila, Philippines. The shrine was built in 1602-1604 by the Dominicans on land that was donated to the order. Both the church and convento were burnt and destroyed during the Chinese insurrection of 1639, and later rebuilt in 1641. It was again destroyed in July 1763 as Britain briefly occupied Manila during the Seven Years' War. The current church and convento were built in 1774, and used as a shelter by Katipuneros during the 1898 Philippine Revolution against the Spanish Empire. It has since been renovated many times until the 1990s.
St. John the Baptist Parish Church, commonly known as Calamba Church, is the oldest Roman Catholic church in Calamba, Laguna, Philippines under the Roman Catholic Diocese of San Pablo. It is located adjacent to Rizal Shrine and is known as the christening site of José Rizal. The current parish priest is Monsignor Jose D. Barrion.
San Dionisio is an administrative division in southern Metro Manila, the Philippines. It is a barangay at the southwestern edge of Parañaque and north of its border with Manuyo, Las Piñas. The village is centered on the westernmost section of Dr. Santos Avenue where it veers north and parallels Elpidio Quirino Avenue, with De Leon Street and Aldana Avenue forming its boundaries with La Huerta and Manuyo Uno, respectively. It extends to the east along the San Dionisio River-Villanueva Creek by the village of Moonwalk to the north, and along Balong Creek by Manuyo Dos, Las Piñas to the south towards its border with San Isidro. San Dionisio includes a large swath of the C-5 Road South Extension properties in Parañaque including the Amvel Business Park, Avida Sucat and SM City Sucat sites, the Irasan Complex logistics hub, as well as the area surrounding the Evacom Plaza. It also covers a significant portion of the reclaimed Freedom and Long Islands in the Las Piñas–Parañaque Critical Habitat and Ecotourism Area.