Wattenheim

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Wattenheim
Wappen Wattenheim (Pfalz).png
Coat of arms
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Wattenheim
Location of Wattenheim within Bad Dürkheim district
Bad DürkheimGrünstadtGrünstadtHaßlochMeckenheimNiederkirchen bei DeidesheimRuppertsbergForst an der WeinstraßeDeidesheimWattenheimHettenleidelheimTiefenthalCarlsbergAltleiningenEllerstadtGönnheimFriedelsheimWachenheimElmsteinWeidenthalNeidenfelsLindenbergLambrechtFrankeneckEsthalKindenheimBockenheim an der WeinstraßeQuirnheimMertesheimEbertsheimObrigheimObersülzenDirmsteinGerolsheimLaumersheimGroßkarlbachBissersheimKirchheim an der WeinstraßeKleinkarlbachNeuleiningenBattenbergNeuleiningenKirchheim an der WeinstraßeWeisenheim am SandWeisenheim am SandWeisenheim am SandErpolzheimBobenheim am BergBobenheim am BergDackenheimDackenheimFreinsheimFreinsheimHerxheim am BergHerxheim am BergHerxheim am BergKallstadtKallstadtWeisenheim am BergWeisenheim am BergAlzey-WormsWormsLudwigshafenFrankenthalRhein-Pfalz-KreisGermersheim (district)Neustadt an der WeinstraßeSüdliche WeinstraßeLandauKaiserslauternKaiserslautern (district)DonnersbergkreisKaiserslauternSüdwestpfalzWattenheim
Wattenheim
Coordinates: 49°31′18″N08°03′42″E / 49.52167°N 8.06167°E / 49.52167; 8.06167 Coordinates: 49°31′18″N08°03′42″E / 49.52167°N 8.06167°E / 49.52167; 8.06167
Country Germany
State Rhineland-Palatinate
District Bad Dürkheim
Municipal assoc. Leiningerland
Government
   Mayor Andreas Werle (SPD)
Area
  Total 12.53 km2 (4.84 sq mi)
Elevation 312 m (1,024 ft)
Population (2015-12-31) [1]
  Total 1,526
  Density 120/km2 (320/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 67319
Dialling codes 06356
Vehicle registration DÜW
Website www.vg-h.de

Wattenheim is an Ortsgemeinde – a municipality belonging to a Verbandsgemeinde , a kind of collective municipality – in the Bad Dürkheim district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany.

Municipalities of Germany the lowest official level of territorial division in Germany

Municipalities are the lowest level of official territorial division in Germany. This is most commonly the third level of territorial division, ranking after the Land (state) and Kreis (district). The Gemeinde which is one level lower in those states also includes Regierungsbezirke as an intermediate territorial division. The Gemeinde is one level higher if it is not part of a Samtgemeinde. Only 10 municipalities in Germany have fifth level administrative subdivisions and all of them are in Bavaria. The highest degree of autonomy may be found in the Gemeinden which are not part of a Kreis. These Gemeinden are referred to as Kreisfreie Städte or Stadtkreise, sometimes translated as having "city status". This can be the case even for small municipalities. However, many smaller municipalities have lost this city status in various administrative reforms in the last 40 years when they were incorporated into a Kreis. In some states they retained a higher measure of autonomy than the other municipalities of the Kreis. Municipalities titled Stadt are urban municipalities while those titled Gemeinde are classified as rural municipalities.

A Verbandsgemeinde is a low-level administrative unit in the German federal states of Rhineland-Palatinate and Saxony-Anhalt. A Verbandsgemeinde is typically composed of a small group of villages or towns.

Bad Dürkheim is a district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. It is bounded by the districts of Kaiserslautern, Donnersbergkreis and Alzey-Worms, the city of Worms, the Rhein-Pfalz-Kreis, the city of Neustadt/Weinstraße, the districts of Südliche Weinstraße, the city of Landau, the district Südwestpfalz, and the city of Kaiserslautern.

Contents

Geography

Location

Wattenheim lies on a cone-shaped hill with a gentle slope. This village in the Leiningerland – the name for the lands once held by the Counts of Leiningen – is a starting point for long or short hikes. Wattenheim belongs to the Verbandsgemeinde of Leiningerland, whose seat is in Grünstadt. Until 1969 it also belonged to the now abolished district of Frankenthal.

Leiningerland is a Verbandsgemeinde in the district of Bad Dürkheim, in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. The seat of the Verbandsgemeinde is in Grünstadt, which is not part of the Verbandsgemeinde. It was formed on 1 January 2018 by the merger of the former Verbandsgemeinden Grünstadt-Land and Hettenleidelheim. It takes its name from the historic area Leiningerland.

Grünstadt Place in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany

Grünstadt is a town in the Bad Dürkheim district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany with roughly 13,200 inhabitants. It does not belong to any Verbandsgemeinde – a kind of collective municipality – but is nonetheless the administrative seat of the Verbandsgemeinde of Leiningerland.

Neighbouring municipalities

Clockwise from the northeast, these are Hettenleidelheim, Neuleiningen, Altleiningen, Carlsberg, an exclave of Neuleiningen, Bad Dürkheim, Fischbach, Enkenbach-Alsenborn, Ramsen and Eisenberg.

Hettenleidelheim Place in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany

Hettenleidelheim is an Ortsgemeinde – a municipality belonging to a Verbandsgemeinde, a kind of collective municipality – in the Bad Dürkheim district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. Until 2018, it was the seat of the like-named Verbandsgemeinde.

Neuleiningen Place in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany

Neuleiningen is an Ortsgemeinde – a municipality belonging to a Verbandsgemeinde, a kind of collective municipality – in the Bad Dürkheim district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany.

Altleiningen Place in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany

Altleiningen is an Ortsgemeinde – a municipality belonging to a Verbandsgemeinde, a kind of collective municipality – in the Bad Dürkheim district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany.

History

Various finds lead to the conclusion that the Romans had already established some kind of settlement in what is now Wattenheim. Wattenheim’s first documentary mention in 793 in the Lorsch codex is said to be disputed. It is believed that the village had its first documentary mention in 1221. [2] In the Middle Ages, Wattenheim belonged to the House of Leiningen. In 1695, it was sold to the Baron of Blumencron.

Ancient Rome History of Rome from the 8th-century BC to the 5th-century

In historiography, ancient Rome is Roman civilization from the founding of the Italian city of Rome in the 8th century BC to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, encompassing the Roman Kingdom, Roman Republic and Roman Empire until the fall of the western empire. The civilization began as an Italic settlement in the Italian Peninsula, conventionally founded in 753 BC, that grew into the city of Rome and which subsequently gave its name to the empire over which it ruled and to the widespread civilisation the empire developed. The Roman Empire expanded to become one of the largest empires in the ancient world, though still ruled from the city, with an estimated 50 to 90 million inhabitants and covering 5.0 million square kilometres at its height in AD 117.

Lorsch codex manuscript

The Lorsch Codex is an important historical document created between about 1175 to 1195 AD in the Monastery of Saint Nazarius in Lorsch, Germany. It consists of 460 pages in large format containing more than 3800 entries. It is important because it details the gifts given to the monastery and the possessions belonging to it, which thus gives some of the first mention of cities of the Middle Ages in central Germany, and in particular in the Rhein-Neckar region. Over one thousand places are named.

Middle Ages Period of European history from the 5th to the 15th century

In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages lasted from the 5th to the 15th century. It began with the fall of the Western Roman Empire and merged into the Renaissance and the Age of Discovery. The Middle Ages is the middle period of the three traditional divisions of Western history: classical antiquity, the medieval period, and the modern period. The medieval period is itself subdivided into the Early, High, and Late Middle Ages.

The Evangelical church Evangelische Kirche Wattenheim.jpg
The Evangelical church

Religion

In 2007, 42.5% of the inhabitants were Evangelical and 35.9% Catholic. The rest belonged to other faiths or adhered to none. [3]

Evangelical Church in Germany the association of 20 Lutheran, United and Reformed churches in Germany

The Evangelical Church in Germany is a federation of twenty Lutheran, Reformed (Calvinist) and United Protestant regional churches and denominations in Germany, which collectively encompasses the vast majority of Protestants in that country. In 2017, the EKD had a membership of 21,536,000 members, or 26.1% of the German population. It constitutes one of the largest national Protestant bodies in the world. Church offices managing the federation are located in Hannover-Herrenhausen, Lower Saxony. Many of its members consider themselves Lutherans.

Politics

Municipal council

The council is made up of 16 council members and the honorary mayor as chairman, who were elected at the municipal election held in a 5-year term.

The municipal election held on 25 May 2014 was sued by two voters. The administrative court of Neustadt an der Weinstraße decided in favor of the voters. The reorderd election was stated on 1 March 2015. [4]

SPD CDU FWG Voters Group Nagel Total
2015 9 4 1 2 16 seats
2009 6 8 2 - 16 seats
2004 6 8 2 - 16 seats

Coat of arms

The German blazon reads: Von Rot und Blau gespalten, rechts ein durchgehendes goldenes Kreuz, links ein rotbekleideter Tatar mit goldenbordierter roter Pelzmütze und schwarzen Stiefeln, die Linke in die Hüfte gestützt, in der Rechten ein silbernes Krummschwert mit goldenem Griff schwingend.

The municipality’s arms might in English heraldic language be described thus: Per pale gules a cross Or and azure a Tatar vested of the first wearing a fur cap of the same garnished of the second and boots sable, his sinister hand on his hip, and in his dexter hand a sabre argent and garnished of the second, the point to chief.

The arms were approved in 1958 by the Mainz Ministry of the Interior and date from a 1733 court seal in which the two fields were transposed. The cross is drawn from the arms once borne by the Counts of Leiningen-Westerburg, and the Tatar from those borne by the family Blumencron. [5]

Culture and sightseeing

The Catholic Church in the background Strasse katholische Kirche Wattenheim.jpg
The Catholic Church in the background

The Protestant church’s history dates from the first Crusades. Standing in the village centre is the Catholic church, a Gothic Revival hall church from the years 1892-1893.

Economy and infrastructure

Transport

Wattenheim is linked to the long-distance road network by Bundesautobahn 6 . At the Wattenheim exit is an Autobahn maintenance facility located.

Famous people

Sons and daughters of the town

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References

  1. "Gemeinden in Deutschland mit Bevölkerung am 31. Dezember 2015" (PDF). Statistisches Bundesamt (in German). 2016.
  2. Landkreis Bad Dürkheim
  3. KommWis, Stand: 31.12.2007 Archived 2007-09-29 at the Wayback Machine .
  4. Kommunalwahl Rheinland-Pfalz 2009, Gemeinderat auf wahlen.rlp.de
  5. Karl Heinz Debus: Das große Wappenbuch der Pfalz. Neustadt an der Weinstraße 1988, ISBN   3-9801574-2-3