Wattis Brothers

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John Gast, American Progress, 1872. This painting depicts " Manifest Destiny", the belief that the United States should expand from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean. It became a popular, widely used scene of people moving west, guided and protected by Columbia (who represents America and is dressed in a Roman toga to represent classical republicanism) and aided by technology (railways, telegraph), driving Native Americans and bison into obscurity. American Progress (John Gast painting).jpg
John Gast, American Progress , 1872. This painting depicts " Manifest Destiny", the belief that the United States should expand from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean. It became a popular, widely used scene of people moving west, guided and protected by Columbia (who represents America and is dressed in a Roman toga to represent classical republicanism) and aided by technology (railways, telegraph), driving Native Americans and bison into obscurity.

The Wattis Brothers was a 19th-century railway contracting firm operated by three brothers Edmund Orson Wattis Jr. (1855–1934), Warren L. Wattis, and William Henry Wattis (1859–1931). It was founded in the early 1880s by William and Edmund to build railways for the Western expansion of the United States. [1]

Edmund Orson Wattis Jr. American businessman

Edmund Orson Wattis, Junior, was oldest of the brothers who founded Wattis Brothers and the Utah Construction Company.

William Henry Wattis, also known as W. H. Wattis, was one of the three Wattis Brothers who founded Utah Construction Company in 1900.

Manifest destiny political catch phrase

Manifest destiny was a widely held belief in the 19th century United States that its settlers were destined to expand across North America. There are three basic themes to manifest destiny:

In 1881, all three brothers operated the railway contracting firm and partnered with, [2] or work for, [3] the Corey Brothers in their first construction job, [2] building the Oregon Short Line Railroad lines in Idaho. They then went to Canada to work on the Canadian Pacific Railway, where their horses died of disease and they struggled to work through heavy snows. [3] Wattis Brothers then joined with the Corey Brothers in the Corey Brothers & Company organization to meet the obligations for completing the railway line. [3]

Oregon Short Line Railroad

The Oregon Short Line Railroad was a railroad in the U.S. states of Wyoming, Idaho, Utah, Montana and Oregon. The line was organized as the Oregon Short Line Railway in 1881 as a subsidiary of the Union Pacific Railway. The Union Pacific intended the line to be the shortest route from Wyoming to Oregon. In 1889 the line merged with the Utah & Northern Railway and a handful of smaller railroads to become the Oregon Short Line and Utah Northern Railway. Following the bankruptcy of Union Pacific, the line was taken into receivership and reorganized as the Oregon Short Line Railroad.

Canadian Pacific Railway railway in Canada

The Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR), also known formerly as CP Rail between 1968 and 1996, and known as simply Canadian Pacific is a historic Canadian Class I railroad incorporated in 1881. The railroad is owned by Canadian Pacific Railway Limited, which began operations as legal owner in a corporate restructuring in 2001.

Wattis Brothers prospered until the Panic of 1893, a depression that affected the entire country. [1] The company went broke after their bank failed. [3]

Panic of 1893 Financial crisis in the US

The Panic of 1893 was a serious economic depression in the United States that began in 1893 and ended in 1897. It deeply affected every sector of the economy, and produced political upheaval that led to the realigning election of 1896 and the presidency of William McKinley.

Wattis Brothers founded the Utah Construction Company in 1900, [4] and Thomas Dee and David Eccles later became significant investors in the railroad construction organization. [5]

Utah Construction Company

The Utah Construction Company was a construction company founded by Edmund Orson Wattis Jr., Warren L. Wattis and William. H. Wattis in 1900.

David Eccles (businessman) American businessman

David Eccles was an American businessman and industrialist who founded many businesses throughout the western United States and became Utah's first multimillionaire.

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White Pass and Yukon Route railway line

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Chicago Great Western Railway company

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Norfolk and Western Railway transport company

The Norfolk and Western Railway was a US class I railroad, formed by more than 200 railroad mergers between 1838 and 1982. It was headquartered in Roanoke, Virginia, for most of its existence. Its motto was "Precision Transportation"; it had a variety of nicknames, including "King Coal" and "British Railway of America" even though the N&W had mostly articulated steam on its roster. During the Civil War, the N&W was the biggest railroad in the south and moved most of the products with their steam locomotives to help the South the best way they could.

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Seaboard Air Line Railroad former American railroad (1900-1967)

The Seaboard Air Line Railroad, which styled itself "The Route of Courteous Service," was an American railroad which existed from April 14, 1900, until July 1, 1967, when it merged with the Atlantic Coast Line Railroad, its longtime rival, to form the Seaboard Coast Line Railroad. Predecessor railroads dated from the 1830s and reorganized extensively to rebuild after the American Civil War. The company was headquartered in Norfolk, Virginia, until 1958, when its main offices were relocated to Richmond, Virginia. The Seaboard Air Line Railway Building in Norfolk's historic Freemason District still stands and has been converted into apartments.


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Oregon Slough Railroad Bridge

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Joseph Hobson Canadian land surveyor, civil engineer and railway design engineer

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  1. 1 2 Eileen Hallet Stone (May 25, 2016). Historic Tales of Utah. Arcadia Publishing Incorporated. p. PT74. ISBN   978-1-4396-5621-1.
  2. 1 2 Sue Bybee (2010). Uintah. Arcadia Publishing. p. 11. ISBN   978-0-7385-7900-9.
  3. 1 2 3 4 "Edmund Ormond Wattis" (PDF). Bureau of Reclamation, U.S. Department of the Interior. Retrieved October 22, 2016.
  4. Sarah Langsdon; Melissa Johnson (2012). Legendary Locals of Ogden. Arcadia Publishing. p. 14-15. ISBN   978-1-4671-0030-4.
  5. Ronald E. Bromley (January 14, 2013). The last train to leave Cimarron, New Mexico: Why the trains left Cimarron. AuthorHouse. p. 31. ISBN   978-1-4817-0002-3.