Wattle Point Wind Farm

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Wattle Point Wind Farm
Wattle Point windmill.jpg
The information centre near the base of one of the towers.
CountryAustralia
Location Edithburgh, South Australia
Coordinates 35°7′21″S137°42′55″E / 35.12250°S 137.71528°E / -35.12250; 137.71528 Coordinates: 35°7′21″S137°42′55″E / 35.12250°S 137.71528°E / -35.12250; 137.71528
StatusOperational
Construction beganJuly 2004
Commission date April 2005
Construction cost$180 million (AUD)
Operator(s) AGL Energy
Wind farm
Type Onshore
Hub height68
Rotor diameter82
Site area17.5 square kilometres (6.8 sq mi)
Power generation
Units operational55
Nameplate capacity 91 MW
External links
Website www.agl.com.au/about-agl/how-we-source-energy/renewable-energy/wattle-point-wind-farm
Commons Related media on Commons

Wattle Point Wind Farm is a wind farm near Edithburgh on the Yorke Peninsula in South Australia, which has been operating since April 2005. When it was officially opened in June of that year it was Australia's largest wind farm at 91 megawatt s (122,000  hp ). The installation consists of 55 wind turbines covering 17.5 square kilometres (6.8 sq mi)and was built at a cost of 180 million Australian dollars. [1] It is connected to ETSA Utilities electricity transmission system via a 132  kilovolt line. [2]

Wind farm group of wind turbines

A wind farm or wind park is a group of wind turbines in the same location used to produce electricity. A large wind farm may consist of several hundred individual wind turbines and cover an extended area of hundreds of square miles, but the land between the turbines may be used for agricultural or other purposes. A wind farm can also be located offshore.

Yorke Peninsula Region in South Australia

The Yorke Peninsula is a peninsula located north-west and west of Adelaide in South Australia, between Spencer Gulf on the west and Gulf St Vincent on the east. The peninsula is separated from Kangaroo Island to the south by Investigator Strait. The most populous town in the region is Kadina.

South Australia State of Australia

South Australia is a state in the southern central part of Australia. It covers some of the most arid parts of the country. With a total land area of 983,482 square kilometres (379,725 sq mi), it is the fourth-largest of Australia's states and territories by area, and fifth largest by population. It has a total of 1.7 million people, and its population is the second most highly centralised in Australia, after Western Australia, with more than 77 percent of South Australians living in the capital, Adelaide, or its environs. Other population centres in the state are relatively small; Mount Gambier, the second largest centre, has a population of 28,684.

Contents

The location was chosen after identification as having one of mainland Australia's highest average wind speeds. The wind farm was officially opened by South Australian Premier Mike Rann and Southern Hydro Chairman, Dr Keith Turner. [3] The opening was opposed by some of the local Indigenous Australians, the Adjahdura (or Narungga). A descendant of the traditional landowners argued that construction desecrated an ancient burial ground, disturbing skeletons in the construction of turbine number four. [4] Work was halted in late 2004 after the discovery of human remains, artefacts and tools. The Aboriginal Affairs Department, and the developers, separately commissioned archaeological reports resulting in the development allowed to proceed with five towers being repositioned. Both reports concluded that the bones had come from elsewhere on the peninsula, being later reburied at Wattle Point. The region's aboriginal community was divided on construction; Narungga National Aboriginal Corporation supporting development and the Narungga Heritage Committee strongly opposing. [5]

Mike Rann Australian politician

Michael David Rann,, is an Australian former politician who was the 44th Premier of South Australia from 2002 to 2011. He accepted a professorship at Flinders University and a visiting fellowship at University of Auckland in 2012, was Australian High Commissioner to the United Kingdom from 2013 to 2014, and was Australia's Ambassador to Italy, Albania, Libya and San Marino and as Australia's Permanent Representative to the United Nation's Food and Agriculture Organization and World Food Programme from 2014 to 2016. Among several other honours, Rann was appointed a Companion of the Order of Australia (AC) in the 2016 Australia Day Honours.

Keith Sharman Turner is a New Zealand businessman. He is a Fellow of Engineering New Zealand.

Narungga Australian aboriginal group

The Narungga, otherwise known as the Narangga, are a group of Indigenous Australians whose traditional lands are located throughout Yorke Peninsula, South Australia.

Wattle Point Wind Farm was built and owned by Southern Hydro Pty Limited. Southern Hydro was owned by Meridian Energy of New Zealand until October 2005, when it was bought by the Australian Gas Light Company (AGL). [6] The windfarm was acquired by Alinta in October 2006, as part of an asset merger with AGL, and subsequently by the Australia and New Zealand Banking Group's Energy Infrastructure Trust, for 225 million dollars on 23 April 2007. [7]

Meridian Energy

Meridian Energy Limited is a New Zealand electricity generator and retailer. The company generates the largest proportion of New Zealand's electricity, generating 35 percent of the country's electricity in the year ending December 2014, and is the fourth largest retailer, with 14 percent of market share in terms of customers as of December 2015.

The Australian Gas Light Company (AGL) was an Australian gas and electricity retailer. It was formed in Sydney in 1837, and supplied town gas for the first public lighting of a street lamp in Sydney in 1841 AGL was the second company to list on the Australian Stock Exchange. The company gradually diversified into electricity and into a number of different locations. After a combination of a merger and demerger with Alinta in 2006, it was replaced by AGL Energy.

Formally known as Alinta, Alinta Energy is a leading Australian energy generator and retailer with an owned and contracted generation portfolio of around 2,000 MW and over 800,000 combined electricity and gas retail customers in Australia. With a strong presence, established over a number of decades, in Western Australia, Alinta Energy has a growing presence across the National Electricity Market (NEM), with an increasing number of customers in South Australia, New South Wales, South East Queensland and Victoria. Alinta Energy’s leadership team is based locally, along with 500 plus employees that are located throughout Australia and New Zealand.

The windfarm from the edge of Edithburgh. Wattle point windfarm south australia.JPG
The windfarm from the edge of Edithburgh.

The District Council of Yorke Peninsula approved a second wind farm, Wattle Point Stage 2. However it did not proceed due to insufficient capacity in the electrical transmission lines. [8] [ better source needed ]

The facility is closely connected to the Dalrymple ESCRI battery, a 30-megawatt battery storage facility at Dalrymple substation about 21 kilometres (13 mi) to the north.

The Dalrymple ESCRI battery is a 30 MW / 8 MW·h grid-connected battery array near Stansbury on Yorke Peninsula in South Australia. Its role is to provide improved reliability and stability to the electricity network on Yorke Peninsula and South Australia.

See also

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Edithburgh Town in South Australia

Edithburgh is a small town on the south-east corner of Yorke Peninsula in the Australian state of South Australia. Edithburgh is about 50 km (31 mi) west of Adelaide across Gulf St Vincent, but 226 km (140 mi) away by road. At the 2016 census, the locality had a population of 516 of which 454 lived in its town centre.

Cathedral Rocks Wind Farm is a wind power station located about 30 km west of Port Lincoln in South Australia, near the southern tip of the Eyre Peninsula. It has 33 wind turbines of 2 MW each, with a combined generating capacity of 66 MW of electricity. The site covers an area of about 29 km², with a coastal exposure of nearly 11 km and is private farming land. The wind farm was commissioned in September 2005.

Wind power in Australia

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AGL Energy company

AGL Energy Ltd is an Australian listed public company involved in both the generation and retailing of electricity and gas for residential and commercial use.

Wind power in South Australia South Australian use of wind turbines to generate electricity

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Hallett Wind Farm

The Hallett Wind Farm is the collective name for four wind farms near the town of Hallett, South Australia. They are owned and operated by AGL Energy.

Stansbury, South Australia Town in South Australia

Stansbury is a small town, located in the southern east coast of Yorke Peninsula, South Australia. At the 2016 census, Stansbury had a population of 648 people. It is located 25 kilometres (16 mi) south of Minlaton and 22 kilometres (14 mi) east of Yorketown. It faces the Gulf St Vincent across Oyster Bay, where shellfish were originally harvested in the 19th century. The town has also been a port used in the export of wheat and barley to Adelaide.

The proposed Crows Nest Wind Farm, will be located in south-eastern Queensland, 40 kilometres north of Toowoomba. It initially was to have an installed generating capacity of 124 MW that would produce intermittent electricity that could power some 47,000 homes during periods of high wind. It is expected that the wind farm will create 460 manufacturing and construction jobs and a further 15 full-time maintenance jobs in Crows Nest. The Crows Nest location on the western edge of the Darling Downs, offers some of the best average wind speeds available in Queensland, and the project will provide additional security of electricity supply in this fast-growing area.

Waterloo Wind Farm

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The Macarthur Wind Farm is a wind farm located in Macarthur, Victoria, Australia, near Hamilton, 260 km west of Melbourne. It is on a 5,500 ha site which has an installed capacity of 420 megawatts (MW). Based on the prevailing wind speeds at the site, it is estimated that the long-term average generation will be approximately 1,250 GWh per year, operating at a capacity factor of around 35%. The actual wind speed varies year-to-year, and during FY2015 the farm produced 977.9 GWh.

Wind turbines on public display

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The Nyngan Solar Plant or Farm is one of the largest operating solar plants in Australia. At the time of construction, it was the largest solar plant in the southern hemisphere. Located in Nyngan, western New South Wales, it is owned and operated by AGL Energy.

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References

  1. "Wattle Point Wind Farm". District council of Yorke Peninsula. Archived from the original on 2007-08-30. Retrieved 2007-11-13.
  2. "Work underway on connection to Australia's largest wind farm". ETSA Utilities. 2004-09-07. Retrieved 2007-11-13.
  3. "Australia's Largest Wind Farm Opened In SA". The national newsletter of the Petroleum Exploration Society of Australia (77). August–September 2005. Retrieved 2007-11-13.
  4. "Traditional owners condemn wind farm opening". ABC News (Australia). 2005-06-21. Retrieved 2007-11-13.
  5. Bockmann, Michelle Wiese (2005-01-27). "Wind farm built on black heritage site". The Australian. p. 2.
  6. "AGL to build Australia's largest wind farm". Renewable Energy & Greenhouse Update February 2006. Freehills. 14 March 2006. Retrieved 2006-04-26.
  7. "(pdf)Purchase of Wattle Point Wind Farm Pty Ltd" (PDF). Australia and New Zealand Banking Group. 2007-04-23. Retrieved 2007-11-13.
  8. personal communication with Acting Director Development and Community Services, Yorke Peninsula Council

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