Watton, East Riding of Yorkshire

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Watton
East Riding of Yorkshire UK location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Watton
Location within the East Riding of Yorkshire
Population259 (2011 census) [1]
OS grid reference TA016501
Civil parish
  • Watton
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town DRIFFIELD
Postcode district YO25
Dialling code 01377
Police Humberside
Fire Humberside
Ambulance Yorkshire
EU Parliament Yorkshire and the Humber
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire
53°56′15″N0°27′13″W / 53.937501°N 0.453516°W / 53.937501; -0.453516 Coordinates: 53°56′15″N0°27′13″W / 53.937501°N 0.453516°W / 53.937501; -0.453516

Watton is a village and civil parish in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England. The village is situated on the A164 road, about 6 miles (9.7 km) north of Beverley and 6 miles (9.7 km) south of Driffield.

East Riding of Yorkshire County of England

The East Riding of Yorkshire, or simply East Riding or East Yorkshire, is an area in Northern England and can refer either to the administrative county of the East Riding of Yorkshire which is a unitary authority, to the ceremonial county (Lieutenancy) of the East Riding of Yorkshire or to the easternmost of the three subdivisions (ridings) of the traditional county of Yorkshire.

Beverley town and civil parish in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England

Beverley is a historic market town, civil parish and the county town of the East Riding of Yorkshire, England. The town is known for Beverley Minster, Beverley Westwood, North Bar and Beverley Racecourse. It inspired the naming of the city of Beverly, Massachusetts, Which in turn was the impetus for Beverly Hills, California.

Driffield market town and civil parish in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England

Driffield, also known as Great Driffield, is a market town and civil parish in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England. The civil parish is formed by the town of Driffield and the village of Little Driffield. By road, it is 70 miles (110 km) north-east of Sheffield, 29 miles (47 km) east of York, 23 miles (37 km) north of Hull, 72 miles (116 km) south-east of Middlesbrough, and 218 miles (351 km) north of London.

Contents

According to the 2011 UK census the civil parish of Watton had a population of 259, [1] an increase on the 2001 UK census figure of 238. [2]

History

In the 6th century Watton was home to a Frankish saint, Monegunda [3] of Watton [4] and in the 13th century to William de Malton, master-mason who built Beverley Minster [5] was buried here. The Venerable Bede in his Ecclesiastical History of the English People tells of a miracle of Saint John of Beverley that took place in Watton. It is also the setting for the 12th-century miracle story De Sanctimoniali de Wattun.

Franks Germanic people

The Franks were a group of Germanic peoples, whose name was first mentioned in 3rd century Roman sources, associated with tribes on the Lower and Middle Rhine, on the edge of the Roman Empire. Later the term was associated with Romanized Germanic dynasties within the collapsing Western Roman Empire, who eventually commanded the whole region between the rivers Loire and Rhine. They then imposed power over many other post-Roman kingdoms and Germanic peoples, and still later Frankish rulers were given recognition by the Catholic Church as successors to the old rulers of the Western Roman Empire.

Saint one who has been recognized for having an exceptional degree of holiness, sanctity, and virtue

A saint is a person who is recognized as having an exceptional degree of holiness or likeness or closeness to God. However, the use of the term "saint" depends on the context and denomination. In Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, Anglican, Oriental Orthodox, and Lutheran doctrine, all of their faithful deceased in Heaven are considered to be saints, but some are considered worthy of greater honor or emulation; official ecclesiastical recognition, and consequently veneration, is given to some saints through the process of canonization in the Catholic Church or glorification in the Eastern Orthodox Church.

Beverley Minster Church in England

Beverley Minster in Beverley, East Riding of Yorkshire, is a parish church in the Church of England. It is one of the largest parish churches in the UK, larger than one-third of all English cathedrals and regarded as a gothic masterpiece by many.

Watton Abbey Watton Abbey.jpg
Watton Abbey

Watton is the location for Watton Priory which was a Gilbertine double monastery founded in 1150 by Eustace fitz John. [6] The present building dates mainly from the 14th and 15th centuries, although it has earlier origins, and a house was added in the 19th century. It is a Grade I listed building. [7] [8] The priory was dissolved in 1539 by Henry VIII. The Nun of Watton, famous from Ailred of Rievaulx's De Sanctimoniali de Wattun , is noted for her pregnancy while in the priory.

Watton Priory Grade I listed building in East Riding of Yorkshire, United Kingdom

Watton Priory was a priory of the Gilbertine Order at Watton in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England. The double monastery was founded in 1150 by Eustace fitz John.

Gilbertine Order Order founded by Gilbert of Sempringham

The Gilbertine Order of Canons Regular was founded around 1130 by Saint Gilbert in Sempringham, Lincolnshire, where Gilbert was the parish priest. It was the only completely English religious order and came to an end in the 16th century at the time of the Dissolution of the Monasteries. Modest Gilbertine revivals have taken place in the late 20th and early 21st centuries on three continents.

Eustace fitz John was a powerful magnate in northern England during the reigns of Henry I, Stephen and Henry II. From a relatively humble background in the south-east of England, Eustace made his career serving Henry I, and was elevated by the king through marriage and office into one of the most important figures in the north of England. Eustace acquired a great deal of property in the region, controlled Bamburgh Castle, and served jointly with Walter Espec as justiciar of the North.

Near to the priory is the Church of St Mary which was designated a Grade I listed building in September 1966 and is now recorded in the National Heritage List for England, maintained by Historic England. [9] The church building is primarily of 15th century construction but some 13th century materials remain, [10] while the south porch, and north vestry are dated 1859. The parapet to tower is 20th century.

Listed building Protected historic structure in the United Kingdom

A listed building, or listed structure, is one that has been placed on one of the four statutory lists maintained by Historic England in England, Historic Environment Scotland in Scotland, Cadw in Wales, and the Northern Ireland Environment Agency in Northern Ireland.

The National Heritage List for England (NHLE) is England’s official list of buildings, monuments, parks and gardens, wrecks, battlefields and World Heritage Sites. It is maintained by Historic England and brings together these different designations as a single resource even though they vary in the type of legal protection afforded to each. Conservation areas do not appear on the NHLE since they are designated by the relevant local planning authority.

Historic England Executive non-departmental public body of the British Government, tasked with protecting the historical environment of England

Historic England is an executive non-departmental public body of the British Government sponsored by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport (DCMS). It is tasked with protecting the historical environment of England by preserving and listing historic buildings and ancient monuments and by advising central and local government.

Etymology

The origin of the word Watton is uncertain, but suggestions include

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References

  1. 1 2 UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Watton Parish (1170211283)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics . Retrieved 27 February 2018.
  2. "2001 Census: Key Statistics: Parish Headcounts: Area: Watton CP (Parish)". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics . Retrieved 20 May 2008.
  3. Monegunda is a female name meaning "overprotective" and was known from medieval France.
  4. Farmer, David (2011). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints . Oxford University Press.
  5. Malton, William de. A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. Oxford University Press.
  6. "Forbidden love in Watton". Where I Live - Humber. BBC. 9 January 2006. Retrieved 27 August 2010.
  7. Historic England. "Watton Abbey (1161550)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 2 August 2013.
  8. Historic England. "Watton Abbey (1161550)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 2 May 2013.
  9. Historic England. "Church of St Mary (1083772)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 2 August 2013.
  10. "Church of St Mary, Watton". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 13 March 2014.