Waubra

Last updated
Waubra
Victoria

WaubraTheSpringsHotel.JPG

The Springs Hotel at Waubra.
Australia Victoria Ballarat City location map.svg
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Waubra
Coordinates 37°22′0″S143°39′0″E / 37.36667°S 143.65000°E / -37.36667; 143.65000 Coordinates: 37°22′0″S143°39′0″E / 37.36667°S 143.65000°E / -37.36667; 143.65000
Population 275 (2016 census) [1]
Postcode(s) 3352
Location
LGA(s) City of Ballarat
State electorate(s) Ripon
Federal Division(s) Wannon

Waubra (formerly known as The Springs) is a town in Victoria, Australia. The town is on the Sunraysia Highway, 33 kilometres (21 mi) north west of Ballarat and split between the Pyrenees Shire and City of Ballarat local government areas. At the 2016 census, Waubra and the surrounding area had a population of 275. [1]

Victoria (Australia) State in Australia

Victoria is a state in south-eastern Australia. Victoria is Australia's smallest mainland state and its second-most populous state overall, making it the most densely populated state overall. Most of its population lives concentrated in the area surrounding Port Phillip Bay, which includes the metropolitan area of its state capital and largest city, Melbourne, Australia's second-largest city. Victoria is bordered by Bass Strait and Tasmania to the south, New South Wales to the north, the Tasman Sea to the east, and South Australia to the west.

Australia Country in Oceania

Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands. It is the largest country in Oceania and the world's sixth-largest country by total area. The neighbouring countries are Papua New Guinea, Indonesia and East Timor to the north; the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu to the north-east; and New Zealand to the south-east. The population of 25 million is highly urbanised and heavily concentrated on the eastern seaboard. Australia's capital is Canberra, and its largest city is Sydney. The country's other major metropolitan areas are Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth and Adelaide.

Sunraysia Highway highway in Victoria

The Sunraysia Highway (B220) is a 344 kilometres (214 mi) arterial north-south route in western Victoria. The highway extends north a length of 331 km starting from the Western Freeway near Ballarat to the Calder Highway near Ouyen. It is the north-west arterial road, linking Ballarat and Ouyen..

Contents

The town is known for the Waubra Wind Farm, one of the largest windfarms in Australia. It was the biggest wind farm in the Southern Hemisphere on completion. [2]

Waubra Wind Farm

The Waubra wind farm is located on both sides of the Sunraysia Highway 35 km north-west of Ballarat in Victoria, Australia. It is the fourth largest wind farm in Australia and was the largest wind farm by number of turbines and total capacity in the southern hemisphere upon its completion in July 2009.

The town was named after the local Wathaurong tribe "Waubra" that populated the area prior to European settlement. [3]

Wathaurong, also called the Wathaurung and Wadawurrung, are an Indigenous Australian tribe living in the area near Melbourne, Geelong and the Bellarine Peninsula. They are part of the Kulin alliance. The Wathaurung language was spoken by 25 clans south of the Werribee River and the Bellarine Peninsula to Streatham. They were sometimes referred to by Europeans as the Barrabool people. The area they inhabit has been occupied for at least the last 25,000 years, with 140 archaeological sites having been found in the region, indicating significant activity over that period.

History

The original inhabitants were the "Waubra" a Wathaurong indigenous Australian tribe. [3]

Thomas Mitchell was the first European to visit the area, and during his 1839 journey, planted a flag on nearby Mount Mitchell. [3]

Thomas Mitchell (explorer) Scottish surveyor and explorer in Australia

Lieutenant Colonel Sir Thomas Livingstone Mitchell, surveyor and explorer of south-eastern Australia, was born at Grangemouth in Stirlingshire, Scotland. In 1827 he took up an appointment as Assistant Surveyor General of New South Wales. The following year he became Surveyor General and remained in this position until his death. Mitchell was knighted in 1839 for his contribution to the surveying of Australia.

The first settler was Mr John Warne who established a pastoral run in 1857. [3] The settlement was originally known as "The Springs". The Post Office opened on 20 April 1860. [4]

The railway came to in October 1888 with the opening of a Victorian Railways 5 ft 3 in (1,600 mm) gauge branchline. [5] It was renamed Waubra in 1889. [4] In 1931, passenger services were withdrawn and the line continued as a "goods only" line through to its closure in January 1968.

The centenary of the town was celebrated in 1939 marking 100 years since Major Mitchell's sighting of the area. [3]

Culture

Recreation reserve (wind farm is visible in background) WaubraRecreationReserve.JPG
Recreation reserve (wind farm is visible in background)

The Waubra Kangaroos football team competes in the Central Highlands Football League.

Since 2010, the town has celebrated an annual Community Festival. It began as the Waubra Windfarm Festival and was sponsored by Acciona Energy, the name changed to the Waubra Windfarm Community Festival in 2011 and in 2012 became the Waubra Community Festival & Farmers Market. [6] It has attracted large crowds and is held at the recreation reserve.

Economy

Waubra's economy is based on agriculture and associated services, more than 38% of residents are farmers. [7] The farming is mostly livestock although a number of wineries operate in the district. Due to the proximity to Ballarat and struggling local industry, many people commute to the city by motor vehicle for work - the 2016 census found that 67.5% of employed people travelled by car (either as driver or as passenger). [1]

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References

  1. 1 2 3 Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Waubra (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 2017-07-07. Blue pencil.svg
  2. CAIRNS, NICOLE (19 July 2012). "Waubra Wind Farm: community divided". The Courier.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 pg. 9. The Argus. Friday 25 November 1938
  4. 1 2 Premier Postal History, Post Office List , retrieved 2008-04-11
  5. The Waubra Branch Line Turton, Keith W. Australian Railway Historical Society Bulletin, December, 1969 pp287-293
  6. Schurrman, Evan. "Winds of Change at Waubra". Ballarat Courier. - cited in "The Courier: Winds of Change at Waubra". yes2renewables.org. 17 September 2012. Retrieved 28 January 2018.
  7. 2006 Census

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