Wauchope, New South Wales

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Wauchope
New South Wales
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Library and war memorial clock, Wauchope, NSW.
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Wauchope
Coordinates 31°27′0″S152°44′0″E / 31.45000°S 152.73333°E / -31.45000; 152.73333 Coordinates: 31°27′0″S152°44′0″E / 31.45000°S 152.73333°E / -31.45000; 152.73333
Population6,002 (2006 census (7,500 including King Creek and Redbank)) [1]
Established1836
Postcode(s) 2446
Elevation20 m (66 ft)
Location19 km (12 mi) from Port Macquarie
LGA(s) Port Macquarie-Hastings Council
County Macquarie
State electorate(s) Oxley
Federal Division(s) Lyne
Presbyterian Church, Wauchope Wauchope NSW.JPG
Presbyterian Church, Wauchope
The Hastings River at the northern end of Wauchope with the North Coast Railway bridge. Wauchope Train Bridge.JPG
The Hastings River at the northern end of Wauchope with the North Coast Railway bridge.

Wauchope /ˈwɔːhp/ is a town in the Mid North Coast region of New South Wales, Australia. It is within the boundaries of the Port Macquarie-Hastings Council area. Wauchope is inland on the Hastings River and the Oxley Highway 19 km (12 mi) west of Port Macquarie. The town is 406 km (252 mi) north of the state capital Sydney.

Mid North Coast Region in New South Wales, Australia

The Mid North Coast is a country region in the north-east of the state of New South Wales, Australia. The region covers the mid to north coast of the state, beginning at Seal Rocks, 275 km (171 mi) north of Sydney, and extending as far north as Woolgoolga, 562 km (349 mi) north of Sydney, a distance of roughly 400 km (250 mi).

New South Wales State of Australia

New South Wales is a state on the east coast of Australia. It borders Queensland to the north, Victoria to the south, and South Australia to the west. Its coast borders the Tasman Sea to the east. The Australian Capital Territory is an enclave within the state. New South Wales' state capital is Sydney, which is also Australia's most populous city. In December 2018, the population of New South Wales was over 8 million, making it Australia's most populous state. Just under two-thirds of the state's population, 5.1 million, live in the Greater Sydney area. Inhabitants of New South Wales are referred to as New South Welshmen.

Port Macquarie-Hastings Council Local government area in New South Wales, Australia

Port Macquarie-Hastings Council is a local government area in the mid north coast region of New South Wales, Australia.

Contents

Wauchope is the location of Timbertown, a popular heritage theme park inspired by the logging industry that formed the basis for Wauchope's early economy and prosperity. The town has a population of approximately 7,500 (as of 2006 - including King Creek & Redbank). It has also played an important role in the Hastings Valley dairy industry.

Timbertown Popular attraction in Australia

Timbertown is a popular attraction, depicting the colonial era of a sawmiller's village in northern New South Wales. It is located on 39 hectares of coastal blackbutt forest on the Oxley Highway at Wauchope in Australia. Timbertown is an interactive museum which has enjoyed periodic success as a family-friendly tourist attraction. The Mayor of Timbertown is Marcel Rigmond.

Logging the cutting, skidding, on-site processing, and loading of trees or logs onto transport vehicles

Logging is the cutting, skidding, on-site processing, and loading of trees or logs onto trucks or skeleton cars. Logging is the process of cutting trees, processing them, and moving them to a location for transport. It is the beginning of a supply chain that provides raw material for many products societies worldwide use for housing, construction, energy, and consumer paper products. Logging systems are also used to manage forests, reduce the risk of wildfires, and restore ecosystem functions.

History

By 1828 a number of land grants had been made along the Hastings River. It was not until 1836 that the village of Wauchope first came into existence. In that year Captain Robert Andrew Wauch (whose father dropped the 'ope' from the end of his name as a result of a family dispute) paid a deposit on 760 acres (3.1 km2) on King Creek. [2] He bought more property and built Wauch House.

Hastings River river in New South Wales, Australia

Hastings River, an open and trained intermediate wave dominated barrier estuary, is located in the Northern Tablelands and Mid North Coast districts of New South Wales, Australia.

Robert Andrew Wauch, Wauch emigrated to Australia in 1836, at the age of 50, where the town of Wauchope, New South Wales, was named after him.

Robert Wauch died in the Macleay area in 1866, and the Government Gazette published the deeds of his properties, specifying that they should be called Wauchope. When the post office opened in a nearby settlement in 1881, it was named Wauchope, although the Government Gazette misprinted the name Wanghope, an error that was not corrected until 1889.

Macleay River river in New South Wales, Australia

Macleay River, an open and trained mature wave dominated, barrier estuary, is located in the Northern Tablelands and Mid North Coast districts of New South Wales, Australia.

It is pronounced 'war-hope', although the family pronounced their name 'walk-op'. [3] This is similar to the Canadian town which is pronounced 'walk-up'.

Wauchope, Saskatchewan Unincorporated community in Saskatchewan, Canada

Wauchope is an unincorporated community in the southeast corner of the Canadian province of Saskatchewan. It is located between the towns of Manor and Redvers, and is situated on the Saskatchewan Highway 13. Once a thriving French language settlement in the early 20th century, the town used to have a Catholic Residential School (1917–64), a saloon, a general store, a motor repair shop, and other businesses. The town is in the rural municipality of Antler No. 61.

Floods

The largest recorded flood in the Hastings River at Wauchope occurred on 13 January 1968 and reached a peak level of 9.1 metres (30 ft) above the Australian height datum (m AHD). The 1968 flood was estimated[ by whom? ] to be slightly rarer than a 100-year event. The next largest flood was determined to be the flood of 5 to 7 March 1894. This flood reached a peak flood level of 8.9 m AHD at Wauchope.

The Australian Height Datum is a vertical datum in Australia. According to Geoscience Australia, "In 1971 the mean sea level for 1966-1968 was assigned the value of 0.000m on the Australian Height Datum at thirty tide gauges around the coast of the Australian continent. The resulting datum surface, with minor modifications in two metropolitan areas, has been termed the Australian Height Datum (AHD) and was adopted by the National Mapping Council as the datum to which all vertical control for mapping is to be referred."

Other major floods occurred at Wauchope in February 1950 (8.45 m AHD), February 1929 (8.3 m AHD), August 1864 (8.2 m AHD), and June 1950 (8.1 m AHD).

The 1963 flood, which is notorious for the damage it caused in the lower reaches of the river, is only ranked as the eighth highest flood at Wauchope. It reached a peak level at Wauchope of 7.75 m AHD and was considered[ by whom? ] to be a 1 in 15-year event at Wauchope.

On 23 February 2013 floodwaters peaked at 7.22 m AHD at 7.30pm after heavy rainfall in the upper catchment area. [4]

Industry and economy

Wauchope's economy was traditionally based on the timber industry. At different stages[ when? ] in its history, more timber was transported out of Wauchope than out of any other town in Australia (via Wauchope railway station). [5] Timber from Wauchope was used in the construction of the Sydney Opera House.[ citation needed ]

Industry in and around Wauchope has transformed primarily into farming and tourism. Increasingly, Wauchope and its surrounding villages and farms are becoming known for gourmet produce, including cheeses, wines and organic fruits and vegetables.[ citation needed ] The Hastings Farmers Markets are held at the Wauchope Showground on the 4th Saturday of every month and showcase a wide variety of local produce.

Timbertown, the town's best-known tourist attraction, is a colonial-era themed village, which is located on the outskirts of Wauchope. It features static displays and attractions such as a working steam train, bullock team, and a Cobb and Co stage coach. [5] [6] The Big Bull was a notable tourist attraction between Wauchope and Port Macquarie for twenty years, but was removed in 2007. [7]

Other important attractions include the historical society, historic buildings, Broken Bago vineyards and natural attractions including state forests and Bago Bluff National Park. [5]

Wauchope railway station serves as an interchange for passengers travelling to nearby coastal centres such as Port Macquarie. [8]

Layout

The township is set out along the southern bank of the Hastings River with the back drop of Bago Mountain further south.

The main street is High Street (a small section of the Oxley Highway), running generally westward through the town after coming east from Port Macquarie and across the North Coast railway line. The main street includes the Co-op general store (previously Parkers) and a number of smaller businesses and local bank branches. At the corner of Hastings Street is the local post office. Further up the main street is the town clock, a legacy of the days the town was the centre of the Hastings Shire local government area. Back along Hastings Street is the Co-op supermarket as well as the court house. In 2009 work commenced on the rebuilding of this supermarket. The old building was completely demolished and a much larger and more modern structure was completed and opened in 2010.

The main cross street is Cameron Street. The Hastings Hotel is on the south-east corner of Cameron and High and the Star Hotel is a short distance north. The RSL club is another 100 m (330 ft) north. Cameron Street leads to the Hastings River. A wharf was built at the northern end of Cameron Street for shipping produce downstream to Port Macquarie, but this no longer exists.

To the south of the main shopping area is the Wauchope Golf Course and Country Club, which occupies a premium site within the middle of the town. Further west is Timbertown, on the edge of large tracts of forestry land leading into the Bago Mountain area.

To the east of the main shopping area is the railway line from Sydney. The Hastings dairy and milk factory is located close to the point where the railway line crosses the Hastings River.

Schools

Wauchope has its own railway station on the North Coast Line of New South Wales. It is serviced by six NSW TrainLink trains per day 3 heading South (to Sydney), 3 heading further north to Grafton, Casino, and Brisbane. Passengers can alight at this station for connecting coaches to the nearby Port Macquarie.

People from Wauchope

Sister cities

The following city has been identified as a sister city of Wauchope by Sister Cities International: [9]

Related Research Articles

Bago Bluff National Park Protected area in New South Wales, Australia

Bago Bluff is a national park in New South Wales, Australia, approximately 410 km northeast of Sydney. It is situated south west of Wauchope and includes parts of the former Broken Bago State Forest and a part of Lorne State Forest. The Bago Bluff National Park also includes in the northern section the old Bago Bluff Flora Reserve and Six B Flora Reserve.

Willi Willi National Park Protected area in New South Wales, Australia

The Willi Willi National Park is a protected national park located on the North Coast region of New South Wales, Australia. Gazetted in 1996, the 29,870-hectare (73,800-acre) park is situated 325 kilometres (202 mi) northeast of Sydney and 60 kilometres (37 mi) west of Wauchope.

John Oxley British explorer

John Joseph William Molesworth Oxley was an explorer and surveyor of Australia in the early period of British colonisation. He served as Surveyor General of New South Wales and is perhaps best known for his two expeditions into the interior of New South Wales and his exploration of the Tweed River and the Brisbane River in what is now the state of Queensland.

Narromine Town in New South Wales, Australia

Narromine is a town located about 40 kilometres (25 mi) west of Dubbo in the Orana region of New South Wales, Australia. It is the centre of Narromine Shire. At the 2016 census, Narromine had a population of 3,528. The area is a popular area for gliding and the growing of citrus fruits. The Macquarie River passes through the town. The main road from Dubbo to the west also passes through, this being the Mitchell Highway named after the early explorer Sir Thomas Mitchell. Narromine is a station on the Main Western railway line. The area is characterised by hot summers and mild winters.

Macquarie River river in New South Wales, Australia

Macquarie River a watercourse that is part of the Macquarie–Barwon catchment within the Murray–Darling basin, is one of the main inland rivers in New South Wales, Australia.

Wellington, New South Wales Town in New South Wales, Australia

Wellington is a town in inland New South Wales, Australia, located at the junction of the Macquarie and Bell Rivers. It is within the local government area of Dubbo Regional Council. The town is 362 kilometres (225 mi) from Sydney on the Great Western Highway and Mitchell Highway.

Bogan River river

Bogan River, a perennial river that is part of the Macquarie–Barwon catchment within the Murray–Darling basin, is located in the central west and Orana regions of New South Wales, Australia.

Gunnedah Town in New South Wales, Australia

Gunnedah is a town in north-eastern New South Wales, Australia and is the seat of the Gunnedah Shire local government area. In the 2016 census the town recorded a population of 9,726. Gunnedah is situated within the Liverpool Plains, a fertile agricultural region, with 80% of the surrounding shire area devoted to farming. The Namoi River flows west then north-west through the town providing water beneficial to agricultural operations in the area.

Walcha, New South Wales Town in New South Wales, Australia

Walcha is a town at the south-eastern edge of the Northern Tablelands, New South Wales, Australia.

Ellenborough, New South Wales Town in New South Wales, Australia

Ellenborough is a parish and village straddling the Oxley Highway and the Ellenborough River, less than one kilometre south of its confluence with the Hastings River. The village is about 33 km west of Wauchope and approximately 71 km east of Walcha. The boundaries are within the Port Macquarie-Hastings Council and Macquarie County.

Long Flat, New South Wales Town in New South Wales, Australia

Long Flat is a rural village situated on the Oxley Highway and the southern bank of the Hastings River. This village is about 50 kilometres west of Port Macquarie, 30 kilometres west of Wauchope and 133 km east of Walcha. The boundaries are within the Port Macquarie-Hastings Council Local Government Area and Macquarie County.

Bell River, a watercourse that is part of the Macquarie catchment within the Murray–Darling basin, is located in the central west region of New South Wales, Australia.

Wauchope railway station is located on the North Coast line, in New South Wales, Australia. It serves the town of Wauchope, opening on 12 April 1915 when the line was extended from Taree. It was the terminus of the line until it was extended to Kempsey on 3 December 1917. The present station building was erected in 1990.

Electoral district of Oxley state electoral district of New South Wales, Australia

Oxley is an electoral district of the Legislative Assembly in the Australian state of New South Wales.

References

  1. Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Wauchope (State Suburb)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 6 September 2007.
  2. "Wauchope". Geographical Names Register (GNR) of NSW. Geographical Names Board of New South Wales . Retrieved 11 August 2013. OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
  3. 1949 'Pronunciation Of Wauchope', The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), 25 April, p. 2. , viewed 18 Feb 2018, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article18112628
  4. Hastings River Flood Study (pdf) (Report). Department of Transport and Regional Services, Australian Government. August 2006.
  5. 1 2 3 "Wauchope". Trave Supplement. The Age. 8 February 2004. Retrieved 2 April 2007.
  6. "Things To See & Do". Archived from the original on 3 July 2007. Retrieved 3 April 2007.
  7. Honan, Kim (15 October 2007). "Big Bull Demise". ABC Rural.
  8. "Online Directory: Australia". Sister Cities International. 2010. Retrieved 1 September 2010.