Waughton Castle

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Ruins of Waughton Castle Waughton Castle.jpg
Ruins of Waughton Castle

Waughton Castle is a ruined castle, dating from the fourteenth century, about 3 miles (4.8 km) north of East Linton, and 2 miles (3.2 km) west of Whitekirk in East Lothian, Scotland. [1] It is a scheduled monument. [2]

Castle Fortified residential structure of medieval Europe

A castle is a type of fortified structure built during the Middle Ages by predominantly the nobility or royalty and by military orders. Scholars debate the scope of the word castle, but usually consider it to be the private fortified residence of a lord or noble. This is distinct from a palace, which is not fortified; from a fortress, which was not always a residence for royalty or nobility; and from a fortified settlement, which was a public defence – though there are many similarities among these types of construction. Usage of the term has varied over time and has been applied to structures as diverse as hill forts and country houses. Over the approximately 900 years that castles were built, they took on a great many forms with many different features, although some, such as curtain walls and arrowslits, were commonplace.

East Linton village in the United Kingdom

East Linton is a small town and former police burgh in East Lothian, Scotland, situated on the River Tyne and A199 road five miles east of Haddington, with a population of 1,731 at the 2011 Census. During the 19th Century the population increased from 715 inhabitants in 1831 to 1042 by 1881. The 1961 census showed the village still had a population of 1579. The number did drop significantly at the end of the 20th Century but has subsequently risen again.

East Lothian Council area of Scotland

East Lothian or is one of the 32 council areas of Scotland, a historic county, registration county and lieutenancy area. The county was also known as Haddingtonshire.

Contents

Structure

Waughton Castle was a castle with a courtyard, but only part of one wing remains. [1] The ruins are on a rock terrace, which is about 15 feet higher than the surrounding ground to the west and south. The remains of a small tower, at the south-west angle, and which is built of rubble with freestone dressing, stand up to 25 feet in height. Features of a narrow window in the south wall suggest that this is a 16th-century structure. A wall has been built to east and north of the rock, with a structure at the angle, but they are believed to date from later. There is a partially artificial stairway up the rock. [3] There is a doocot in the grounds. [4]

Dovecote structure intended to house pigeons or doves

A dovecote or dovecot or doocot is a structure intended to house pigeons or doves. Dovecotes may be free-standing structures in a variety of shapes, or built into the end of a house or barn. They generally contain pigeonholes for the birds to nest. Pigeons and doves were an important food source historically in Western Europe and were kept for their eggs, flesh, and dung.

History

Interior of the ruins Waughton Castle and Doocot - geograph.org.uk - 137844.jpg
Interior of the ruins

There is a mention of a hall at ‘Walchtoun’ in a document from 1395. [3] The castle was the property of the Hepburn family. It was sacked by the English in 1547. Subsequently, when it was in the keeping of the Laird of Carmichael it was raided by a dispossessed Hepburn. [1] The Hepburns acquired the castle again by legal means, and retained it until Alexander Cockburn purchased the castle from John Hepburn. By the 18th century the castle was being used as material for building walls and cottages in the area. [4]

Hepburn is a family name of the Anglo-Scottish Border, that is associated with a variety of famous personages, eponyms, places, and things. Although commonly a Scottish name, its origins lie to the south of the border in the north of England. Specifically, the name is thought to have derived from either the town of Hebron in Northumberland or Hebburn in Tyne and Wear. The origins of the name are suggested to be the same as that of Hebborne from the Old English words heah ("high") and byrgen. Alternatively it could mean something along the lines of "high place beside the water", as the word burn is a still widely used in Northumbrian and Scots for stream.

English people Nation and ethnic group native to England

The English people are a nation and an ethnic group native to England who speak the English language. The English identity is of early medieval origin, when they were known in Old English as the Angelcynn. Their ethnonym is derived from the Angles, one of the Germanic peoples who migrated to Great Britain around the 5th century AD. England is one of the countries of the United Kingdom, and the majority of people living there are British citizens.

Carmichael, South Lanarkshire village in United Kingdom

Carmichael is a small village and civil parish between Biggar and Lanark in South Lanarkshire, Scotland. It is home to the Discover Carmichael Centre, which is full of wax models depicting not only the history of the Carmichael family in Scotland, but also the history of Scotland itself.

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References

  1. 1 2 3 Coventry,Martin (2001) The Castles of Scotland. Goblinshead. ISBN   1-899874-26-7 p.408
  2. Historic Environment Scotland. "Waughton Castle (SM5015)" . Retrieved 1 April 2019.
  3. 1 2 "Waughton Castle". Scotland’s Places. Retrieved 2009-11-25.
  4. 1 2 "Waughton Castle". Maybole. Retrieved 2009-11-27.

Coordinates: 56°01′08″N2°41′46″W / 56.0189°N 2.6962°W / 56.0189; -2.6962

Geographic coordinate system Coordinate system

A geographic coordinate system is a coordinate system that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position; alternatively, a geographic position may be expressed in a combined three-dimensional Cartesian vector. A common choice of coordinates is latitude, longitude and elevation. To specify a location on a plane requires a map projection.