Wauhatchie Union order of battle

Last updated

The following Union Army units and commanders fought in the Battle of Wauhatchie of the American Civil War. The Confederate order of battle is listed separately. Order of battle compiled from the casualty returns [1] and the reports. [2]

Union Army Land force that fought for the Union during the American Civil War

During the American Civil War, the Union Army referred to the United States Army, the land force that fought to preserve the Union of the collective states. Also known as the Federal Army, it proved essential to the preservation of the United States of America as a working, viable republic.

Battle of Wauhatchie Battle of the American Civil War

The Battle of Wauhatchie was fought October 28–29, 1863, in Hamilton and Marion Counties, Tennessee, and Dade County, Georgia, in the American Civil War. A Union force had seized Brown's Ferry on the Tennessee River, opening a supply line to the Union army in Chattanooga. Confederate forces attempted to dislodge the Union force defending the ferry and again close this supply line but were defeated. Wauhatchie was one of the few night battles of the Civil War.

American Civil War Civil war in the United States from 1861 to 1865

The American Civil War was a civil war fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865, between the North and the South. The most studied and written about episode in U.S. history, the Civil War began primarily as a result of the long-standing controversy over the enslavement of black people. War broke out in April 1861 when secessionist forces attacked Fort Sumter in South Carolina shortly after Abraham Lincoln had been inaugurated as the President of the United States. The loyalists of the Union in the North proclaimed support for the Constitution. They faced secessionists of the Confederate States in the South, who advocated for states' rights to uphold slavery.

Contents

Abbreviations used

Military rank

In the United States Army, United States Marine Corps, and United States Air Force, major general is a two-star general-officer rank, with the pay grade of O-8. Major general ranks above brigadier general and below lieutenant general. A major general typically commands division-sized units of 10,000 to 15,000 soldiers. Major general is equivalent to the two-star rank of rear admiral in the United States Navy and United States Coast Guard, and is the highest-permanent rank during peacetime in the uniformed-services. Higher ranks are technically-temporary ranks linked to specific positions, although virtually all officers promoted to those ranks are approved to retire at their highest earned rank.

Brigadier general (United States) one-star general officer in the United States Army, Air Force, and Marine Corps

In the United States Armed Forces, brigadier general is a one-star general officer with the pay grade of O-7 in the U.S. Army, U.S. Marine Corps, and U.S. Air Force. Brigadier general ranks above a colonel and below major general. The rank of brigadier general is equivalent to the rank of rear admiral in the other uniformed services. The NATO equivalent is OF-6.

Colonel (United States) Military rank of the United States

In the United States Army, Marine Corps, and Air Force, colonel is the most senior field grade military officer rank, immediately above the rank of lieutenant colonel and immediately below the rank of brigadier general. It is equivalent to the naval rank of captain in the other uniformed services. The pay grade for colonel is O-6.

Other

Hooker's Command

MG Joseph Hooker

XI Corps

MG Oliver O. Howard

DivisionBrigade Regiments and Others

Second Division
     BG Adolph von Steinwehr

1st Brigade [3]


   Col Adolphus Buschbeck

2nd Brigade


   Col Orland Smith

Third Division
     MG Carl Schurz

1st Brigade


   BG Hector Tyndale

2nd Brigade


   Col Wlodzimierz Krzyzanowski

3rd Brigade [5]


   Col Friedrich Hecker

Cavalry

XII Corps

DivisionBrigade Regiments and Others

Second Division [7]
     BG John W. Geary

2nd Brigade


   Col George A. Cobham, Jr.

3rd Brigade [9]


   BG George S. Greene (w)
   Col David Ireland

Artillery Brigade


   Maj John A. Reynolds [10]

  • Battery E, Pennsylvania Light Artillery (2 sections): Cpt Charles A. Atwell (mw), Lt Edward R. Geary (mw)

Notes

  1. Official Records, Series I, Volume XXXI, Part 1, pages 74-76
  2. Official Records, Series I, Volume XXXI, Part 1, pages 952-953
  3. In reserve
  4. On picket duty
  5. 82nd Illinois attached to the 3rd Brigade on October 21, 1863 (see: Itinerary 1st Brigade, Third Division, XI Corps), but was not mentioned in Schurz's report
  6. See: Hooker's and Howard's reports
  7. 1st Brigade (5th, 7th, 29th and 66th Ohio and 28th and 147th Pennsylvania) not present
  8. On guard duty (see: Geary's, Cobham's and Rickards reports)
  9. 60th New York detached at Whiteside Pike (see: Geary's and Ireland's reports); 102nd New York also belonged to this Brigade, but acted as escort to the division ambulance train, en route from Murfreesborough to Bridgeport (see: Geary's report and Itinerary 3rd Brigade, Second Division, XII Corps)
  10. The command of Battery E, Pennsylvania Light Artillery devolved on Reynolds as the only Artillery Officer present after Atwell and Geary were mortally wounded (see: Geary's and Reynolds' reports)

Related Research Articles

The Union order of battle during the Battle of Gettysburg includes the American Civil War officers and men of the Army of the Potomac . Order of battle compiled from the army organization during the battle, the casualty returns and the reports.

The following Union Army units and commanders fought in the Battle of Cedar Creek of the American Civil War. Order of battle compiled from the army organization during the campaign. The Confederate order of battle is listed separately.

The following Union Army units and commanders fought in the Second Battle of Bull Run of the American Civil War. The Confederate order of battle is listed separately. Order of battle compiled from the army organization during the battle, the casualty returns and the reports.

The following Confederate States Army units and commanders fought in the Second Battle of Bull Run of the American Civil War. The Union order of battle is listed separately. Order of battle compiled from the army organization during the battle, the casualty returns and the reports.

The following Confederate States Army units and commanders fought in the Battle of Antietam of the American Civil War. The Union order of battle is listed separately. Order of battle compiled from the army organization during the campaign, the casualty returns and the reports.

The following Union Army units and commanders fought in the Battle of Antietam of the American Civil War. The Confederate order of battle is listed separately. Order of battle compiled from the army organization during the Maryland Campaign, the casualty returns and the reports.

The following Union Army units and commanders fought in the Battle of Stones River of the American Civil War. The Confederate order of battle is listed separately. Order of battle compiled from the army organization during the campaign, the casualty returns and the reports.

The following Confederate States Army units and commanders fought in Virginia's Battle of Chancellorsville, which lasted from April 30 to May 6, 1863, during the American Civil War. The Union order of battle is listed separately. Order of battle has been compiled from the army organization during the campaign, the casualty returns and the reports.

The following Union Army units and commanders fought in the Battle of Chancellorsville of the American Civil War. The Confederate order of battle is listed separately. Order of battle compiled from the army organization during the battle, the casualty returns and the reports.

The following Union Army units and commanders fought in the Battle of Fredericksburg of the American Civil War. Order of battle compiled from the army organization during the campaign. The Confederate order of battle is listed separately.

The following Union Army units and commanders fought in the Battle of the Wilderness of the American Civil War. The Confederate order of battle is listed separately. Order of battle compiled from the army organization May 5, 1864, the casualty returns and the reports.

The following Union Army units and commanders fought in the Battle of Spotsylvania Court House of the American Civil War. The Confederate order of battle is listed separately. Order of battle compiled from the casualty returns and the reports.

The following Union Army units and commanders fought in the Battle of Cold Harbor of the American Civil War. The Confederate order of battle is listed separately. Order of battle compiled from the army organization May 31, 1864, army organization May 26-June 3, 1864, the casualty returns and the reports.

George A. Cobham Jr. Union Army General

George Ashworth Cobham Jr. commanded a regiment in the American Civil War and rose to brigade command before being killed in battle.

The following units and commanders fought in the Chattanooga-Ringgold Campaign of the American Civil War on the Confederate side. The Union order of battle is shown separately. Order of battle compiled from the army organization on November 20, 1863 and the reports.

The following Confederate States Army units and commanders fought in the Bristoe Campaign of the American Civil War. The Union order of battle is listed separately. Order of battle compiled from the army organization from September 30, 1863, the casualty returns and the reports.

The following Confederate States Army units and commanders fought in the Mine Run Campaign of the American Civil War. The Union order of battle is listed separately. Order of battle compiled from the army organization from October 31, 1863, the casualty returns and the reports.

The following units and commanders fought in the Chattanooga-Ringgold Campaign of the American Civil War on the Union side. The Confederate order of battle is shown separately. Order of battle compiled from the army organization during the campaign, the casualty returns and the reports.

The following Union Army units and commanders fought in the Appomattox Campaign of the American Civil War. Order of battle compiled from the army organization during the campaign. The Confederate order of battle is shown separately.

The following is the organization of the Union forces engaged in the Red River Campaign, during the American Civil War in 1864. Order of battle compiled from the army organization during the campaign. The Confederate order of battle is listed separately.

References