Waukaringa, South Australia

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Waukaringa
South Australia
Australia South Australia location map.svg
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Waukaringa
Coordinates 32°18′S139°26′E / 32.30°S 139.44°E / -32.30; 139.44 Coordinates: 32°18′S139°26′E / 32.30°S 139.44°E / -32.30; 139.44
Established1 November 1888 (town)
29 May 1997 [1] [2]
Postcode(s) 5440 [1]
Time zone ACST (UTC+9:30)
 • Summer (DST) ACDT (UTC+10:30)
Location
LGA(s) Pastoral Unincorporated Area [1]
Region Far North [3]
County Lytton [1]
State electorate(s) Stuart
Federal Division(s) Grey
Localities around Waukaringa:
Melton Station
Melton Station Waukaringa Melton Station
Melton Station
FootnotesAdjoining localities [1]

Waukaringa is a locality in the Australian state of South Australia located about 303 kilometres (188 mi) north-east of the state capital of Adelaide and about 35 kilometres (22 mi) north of Yunta in the state's Far North region. [1]

South Australia State of Australia

South Australia is a state in the southern central part of Australia. It covers some of the most arid parts of the country. With a total land area of 983,482 square kilometres (379,725 sq mi), it is the fourth-largest of Australia's states and territories by area, and fifth largest by population. It has a total of 1.7 million people, and its population is the second most highly centralised in Australia, after Western Australia, with more than 77 percent of South Australians living in the capital, Adelaide, or its environs. Other population centres in the state are relatively small; Mount Gambier, the second largest centre, has a population of 28,684.

Adelaide city centre Suburb of Adelaide, South Australia

Adelaide city centre is the innermost locality of Greater Adelaide, the capital city of South Australia. It is known by locals simply as "The City" or "Town" to distinguish it from Greater Adelaide and from the City of Adelaide. The locality is split into two key geographical distinctions: the city "square mile", bordered by North, East, South and West Terraces; and the section of the parklands south of the River Torrens which separates the built up part of the city from the surrounding suburbs and North Adelaide.

Yunta, South Australia Town in South Australia

Yunta is a town and locality in the Australian state of South Australia located in the state's east about 275 kilometres (171 mi) north-east of the state capital of Adelaide. It is a service centre supporting both the local area and travellers passing through on the Barrier Highway. It lies south west of Broken Hill and north east of Peterborough.

The name was first used for a town surveyed in 1888 and which was formally declared to have ceased to exist in 1982. Boundaries which include the former town were created for the locality in 1997 and which are completely surrounded by Melton Station. [1]

The area was initially settled in 1873 with the discovery of gold. In 1890, Waukaringa was estimated to have had a population of 750. [4] The former town of Waukaringa is now a ghost town after being abandoned in the 1950s. [5] Ruins of only a few buildings remain, principally the former Waukaringa Hotel.

Gold Chemical element with atomic number 79

Gold is a chemical element with symbol Au and atomic number 79, making it one of the higher atomic number elements that occur naturally. In its purest form, it is a bright, slightly reddish yellow, dense, soft, malleable, and ductile metal. Chemically, gold is a transition metal and a group 11 element. It is one of the least reactive chemical elements and is solid under standard conditions. Gold often occurs in free elemental (native) form, as nuggets or grains, in rocks, in veins, and in alluvial deposits. It occurs in a solid solution series with the native element silver and also naturally alloyed with copper and palladium. Less commonly, it occurs in minerals as gold compounds, often with tellurium.

Ghost town City depopulated of inhabitants and that stays practically intact

A ghost town is an abandoned village, town, or city, usually one that contains substantial visible remains. A town often becomes a ghost town because the economic activity that supported it has failed, or due to natural or human-caused disasters such as floods, prolonged droughts, government actions, uncontrolled lawlessness, war, pollution, or nuclear disasters. The term can sometimes refer to cities, towns, and neighbourhoods that are still populated, but significantly less so than in past years; for example, those affected by high levels of unemployment and dereliction.

The goldfields near Waukaringa produced approximately 1,427 kilograms (3,146 lb) of gold between 1873 and 1969. [6] The main mines in the goldfield were Alma and Victoria, Alma Extended, West Waukaringa and Balaclava. [6] A stone chimney from the Alma and Victoria mine is still visible. [5] The Alma and Victoria Mine Site and Structures are listed on the South Australian Heritage Register. [7]

The South Australian Heritage Register is a statutory register of historic places in South Australia. It extends legal protection regarding demolition and development under the Heritage Places Act 1993. It is administered by the South Australian Heritage Council. As a result of the progressive abolition of the Register of the National Estate during the 2000s and the devolution of responsibility for state-significant heritage to state governments, it is now the primary statutory protection for state-level heritage in South Australia.

The setting for The Silent Sea, written by Catherine Edith Macauley Martin under the pseudonym Mrs. Alick Macleod, was based on mining and life at Waukaringa. The book was partly written while Martin lived in the town. [8]

Catherine Edith Macauley Martin Australian novelist

Catherine Edith Macauley Martin was an Australian novelist who used the pseudonyms M. C., Mrs Alick MacLeod or anonymous.

Australian Rules footballer Harold Oliver was born in Waukaringa in 1891. [9]

Harold Oliver (Australian footballer) Australian rules footballer

William Harold Oliver was an Australian rules footballer. Harold Oliver was a key player to some of South Australian football's most successful teams. He starred in South Australia's victorious 1911 Australian football championship along with Port Adelaide's 1914 "Invincible's" team. After being close to retiring from the game after World War I he returned to captain both Port Adelaide to the 1921 SAFL premiership and South Australia in a game against Western Australia. His reputation as an early exponent of the spectacular mark along with his general skill at playing the game saw him regarded as one of the best players South Australia has produced. This is despite never having won the Magarey Medal, somewhat a result of his career being interrupted by World War I.

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 "Placename Details: Waukaringa with the following layers selected - "suburbs and localities", "Place names (gazetteer)", "County" and "Government Regions"". Property Location Browser. Government of South Australia. 31 March 2010. SA0019905. Retrieved 14 March 2016.
  2. Kentish, P.M. (29 May 1997). "GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES ACT 1991 Notice to Assign Boundaries to Places (localities of Beltana, Cockburn, Marree, Farina and Waukaringa)" (PDF). The South Australian Government Gazette. South Australian government. p. 2691. Retrieved 20 February 2018.
  3. "Far North SA government region" (PDF). The Government of South Australia. Retrieved 16 August 2015.
  4. "Waukaringa Gold Mines". South Australian Chronicle. 19 July 1890. Retrieved 13 March 2016.
  5. 1 2 "Discover South Australia's Mining Heritage Trails" (PDF). Australasian Mining History Association. Retrieved 13 March 2016.
  6. 1 2 "Gold". Department of State Development. State Government of South Australia. Retrieved 13 March 2016.
  7. "Former Alma and Victoria Mine Site and Structures, Waukaringa". South Australian Heritage Register. Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources. Retrieved 17 March 2016.
  8. "Australian Digital Collections: The Silent Sea" (PDF). The University of Sydney. Retrieved 13 March 2016.
  9. "Harold Oliver". Australian Football. Retrieved 6 January 2017.