Waukesha County, Wisconsin

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Waukesha County, Wisconsin
Waukesha courthouse.jpg
Waukesha County Courthouse
Waukesha County wi seal.png
Seal
Map of Wisconsin highlighting Waukesha County.svg
Map of Wisconsin showing Waukesha County
Map of USA WI.svg
Wisconsin's location in the contiguous United States
CountryFlag of the United States.svg United States
State Flag of Wisconsin.svg  Wisconsin
RegionSoutheastern Wisconsin
Metro area Metro Milwaukee
Incorporated 1846
County seat Waukesha
Largest city Waukesha
Area
  Total581 sq mi (1,500 km2)
  Land550 sq mi (1,400 km2)
  Water31 sq mi (80 km2)
Population
 (2010)
  Total389,891
  Estimate 
(2018)
403,072
  Rank 3rd largest county in Wisconsin
  Density670/sq mi (260/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
  Summer (DST) UTC−5 (Central)
Area codes 262, 414
Congressional districts 1st, 5th
Interstates I-43.svg I-94.svg I-41.svg
U.S. Routes US 18.svg US 41.svg US 45.svg
State Routes WIS 16.svg WIS 36.svg WIS 59.svg WIS 67.svg WIS 83.svg WIS 100.svg WIS 145.svg WIS 164.svg WIS 175.svg WIS 190.svg
Airports Waukesha County Airport Capitol Airport
Website http://www.waukeshacounty.gov/
Waukesha County sign on WIS 59 Waukesha County Wisconsin Sign WIS59.jpg
Waukesha County sign on WIS 59

Waukesha County is a county in the U.S. state of Wisconsin. As of the 2010 census, the population was 389,891, [1] making it the third-most populous county in Wisconsin. Its county seat is Waukesha. [2]

County (United States) Subdivision used by most states in the United States of America

In the United States, a county is an administrative or political subdivision of a state that consists of a geographic region with specific boundaries and usually some level of governmental authority. The term "county" is used in 48 U.S. states, while Louisiana and Alaska have functionally equivalent subdivisions called parishes and boroughs, respectively.

U.S. state constituent political entity of the United States

In the United States, a state is a constituent political entity, of which there are currently 50. Bound together in a political union, each state holds governmental jurisdiction over a separate and defined geographic territory and shares its sovereignty with the federal government. Due to this shared sovereignty, Americans are citizens both of the federal republic and of the state in which they reside. State citizenship and residency are flexible, and no government approval is required to move between states, except for persons restricted by certain types of court orders.

Wisconsin U.S. state in the United States

Wisconsin is a U.S. state located in the north-central United States, in the Midwest and Great Lakes regions. It is bordered by Minnesota to the west, Iowa to the southwest, Illinois to the south, Lake Michigan to the east, Michigan to the northeast, and Lake Superior to the north. Wisconsin is the 23rd largest state by total area and the 20th most populous. The state capital is Madison, and its largest city is Milwaukee, which is located on the western shore of Lake Michigan. The state is divided into 72 counties.

Contents

Waukesha County is included in the Milwaukee–Waukesha–West Allis, WI Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Milwaukee Largest city in Wisconsin

Milwaukee is the largest city in the state of Wisconsin and the fifth-largest city in the Midwestern United States. The seat of the eponymous county, it is on Lake Michigan's western shore. Ranked by its estimated 2014 population, Milwaukee was the 31st largest city in the United States. The city's estimated population in 2017 was 595,351. Milwaukee is the main cultural and economic center of the Milwaukee metropolitan area which had a population of 2,043,904 in the 2014 census estimate. It is the third-most densely populated metropolitan area in the Midwest, surpassed only by Chicago and Detroit, respectively. Milwaukee is considered a Gamma global city as categorized by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network with a regional GDP of over $105 billion.

West Allis, Wisconsin City in Wisconsin, United States

West Allis is a city in Milwaukee County, Wisconsin, United States. A suburb of Milwaukee, it is part of the Milwaukee metropolitan area. The population was 60,411 at the 2010 census.

The Milwaukee metropolitan area is a major metropolitan area located in Southeastern Wisconsin, consisting of the city of Milwaukee and the surrounding area. There are several definitions of the area, including the Milwaukee–Waukesha–West Allis metropolitan area and the Milwaukee–Racine–Waukesha combined statistical area. It is the largest metropolitan area in Wisconsin, and the 39th largest metropolitan area in the United States.

History

The part of Wisconsin that Waukesha County occupies was a part of Michigan Territory when Milwaukee County was organized in September 1834. [3] On July 4, 1836, the Wisconsin Territory was formed, which included land that is now in the state of Minnesota. [3] In January 1846, part of Milwaukee County was split off into Waukesha County. [4] [5] Curtis Reed was the first county chairman. [4] When a vote decided the county seat, Waukesha defeated Pewaukee by two votes. [4] The name is derived from the Potawatomi word for 'fox' because the streams in the lower part of the county drain into the Fox River. [6]

Michigan Territory territory of the USA between 1805-1837

The Territory of Michigan was an organized incorporated territory of the United States that existed from June 30, 1805, until January 26, 1837, when the final extent of the territory was admitted to the Union as the State of Michigan. Detroit was the territorial capital.

Milwaukee County, Wisconsin U.S. county in Wisconsin

Milwaukee County is a county in the U.S. state of Wisconsin. As of the 2010 census, the population was 947,735 and was estimated to be 948,201 in 2018. It is the most populous county in Wisconsin and the 45th most populous in the United States. Its county seat is Milwaukee, which is also the most populous city in the state. The county was created in 1834 as part of Michigan Territory and organized the following year.

Wisconsin Territory territory of the USA between 1836-1848

The Territory of Wisconsin was an organized incorporated territory of the United States that existed from July 3, 1836, until May 29, 1848, when an eastern portion of the territory was admitted to the Union as the State of Wisconsin. Belmont was initially chosen as the capital of the territory. In 1837, the territorial legislature met in Burlington, just north of the Skunk River on the Mississippi, which became part of the Iowa Territory in 1838. In that year, 1838, the territorial capital of Wisconsin was moved to Madison.

Waukesha was a New England settlement, and Waukesha's founders were settlers from New England, particularly Connecticut, rural Massachusetts, Vermont, New Hampshire and Maine, as well as from upstate New York who were born to parents who had migrated there from New England shortly after the American Revolution. These people were "Yankees" descended from the English Puritans who settled New England in the 1600s. They were part of a wave of New England farmers who headed west into what was the wilds of the Northwest Territory during the early 1800s. Most arrived as a result of the completion of the Erie Canal as well as the end of the Black Hawk War.

New England Region in the northeastern United States

New England is a region composed of six states in the northeastern United States: Maine, Vermont, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and Connecticut. It is bordered by the state of New York to the west and by the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick to the northeast and Quebec to the north. The Atlantic Ocean is to the east and southeast, and Long Island Sound is to the southwest. Boston is New England's largest city, as well as the capital of Massachusetts. Greater Boston is the largest metropolitan area, with nearly a third of New England's population; this area includes Worcester, Massachusetts, Manchester, New Hampshire, and Providence, Rhode Island.

Connecticut U.S. state in the United States

Connecticut is the southernmost state in the New England region of the northeastern United States. As of the 2010 Census, it has the highest per-capita income, Human Development Index (0.962), and median household income in the United States. It is bordered by Rhode Island to the east, Massachusetts to the north, New York to the west, and Long Island Sound to the south. Its capital is Hartford and its most populous city is Bridgeport. It is part of New England, although portions of it are often grouped with New York and New Jersey as the tri-state area. The state is named for the Connecticut River which approximately bisects the state. The word "Connecticut" is derived from various anglicized spellings of an Algonquian word for "long tidal river".

Massachusetts State in the northeastern United States

Massachusetts, officially the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, is the most populous state in the New England region of the northeastern United States. It borders on the Atlantic Ocean to the east, the states of Connecticut and Rhode Island to the south, New Hampshire and Vermont to the north, and New York to the west. The state is named after the Massachusett tribe, which once inhabited the east side of the area, and is one of the original thirteen states. The capital of Massachusetts is Boston, which is also the most populous city in New England. Over 80% of the population of Massachusetts lives in the Greater Boston metropolitan area, a region influential upon American history, academia, and industry. Originally dependent on agriculture, fishing and trade, Massachusetts was transformed into a manufacturing center during the Industrial Revolution. During the 20th century, Massachusetts's economy shifted from manufacturing to services. Modern Massachusetts is a global leader in biotechnology, engineering, higher education, finance, and maritime trade.

When they arrived in what is now Waukesha County, there was nothing but dense virgin forest and wild prairie. The New Englanders built farms, roads, government buildings and established post routes. They brought many of their Yankee New England values, such as a passion for education that led to the establishment of many schools as well as staunch support for abolitionism. They were mostly members of the Congregationalist Church, though some were Episcopalian. Due to the second Great Awakening some converted to Methodism, and others became Baptists before moving to what is now Waukesha County. Waukesha, like much of Wisconsin, would be culturally very continuous with early New England culture for most of its early history. [7]

The term "Yankee" and its contracted form "Yank" have several interrelated meanings, all referring to people from the United States; its various senses depend on the context. Outside the United States, "Yank" is used informally to refer to any American, including Southerners. Within the Southern United States, "Yankee" is a derisive term which refers to all Northerners, or specifically to those from the region of New England. According to the Oxford English Dictionary, it is "a nickname for a native or inhabitant of New England, or, more widely, of the northern States generally"; during the American Civil War, it was "applied by the Confederates to the soldiers of the Federal army".

Episcopal Church (United States) Anglican denomination in the United States

The Episcopal Church (TEC) is a member church of the worldwide Anglican Communion based in the United States with dioceses elsewhere. It is a mainline Christian denomination divided into nine provinces. The presiding bishop of the Episcopal Church is Michael Bruce Curry, the first African-American bishop to serve in that position.

Second Great Awakening Protestant religious revival in the early 19th-century United States

The Second Great Awakening was a Protestant religious revival during the early 19th century in the United States. The movement began around 1790, gained momentum by 1800 and, after 1820, membership rose rapidly among Baptist and Methodist congregations whose preachers led the movement. It was past its peak by the late 1840s. In a reflection of Romanticism, the Second Great Awakening was characterized by enthusiasm, emotion, and an appeal to the supernatural. It rejected the skeptical rationalism and deism of the Enlightenment.

2011 Supreme Court Election

In 2011, the initial unofficial statewide tally in a Wisconsin Supreme Court election had Democratic challenger JoAnne Kloppenburg defeating incumbent justice David Prosser by a 204-vote margin. On the Thursday after the election, Waukesha County Clerk Kathy Nickolaus reported, among other smaller errors, a failure to report votes in the Waukesha city of Brookfield. The newly reported votes gave Prosser the lead, and he retained his seat. [8] Media reports stemming from this incident referred to the county as "crucial Waukesha County," and as of 2017, the phrase has continued to be widely used in U.S. political media as an in-joke. [9] [10] [11]

Wisconsin Supreme Court the highest court in the U.S. state of Wisconsin

The Wisconsin Supreme Court is the highest appellate court in Wisconsin. The Supreme Court has jurisdiction over original actions, appeals from lower courts, and regulation or administration of the practice of law in Wisconsin.

JoAnne Kloppenburg American judge

JoAnne Kloppenburg is a judge of the Wisconsin Court of Appeals, serving in District 4. Kloppenburg was previously an assistant attorney general in the Wisconsin Department of Justice and a candidate for the Wisconsin Supreme Court in 2011 and 2016.

Brookfield, Wisconsin City in Waukesha

Brookfield is a city located in Waukesha County, Wisconsin, United States in the Milwaukee metropolitan area. It had a population of 37,920 in the 2010 census. Brookfield is the third largest city in Waukesha County. The city is adjacent to the Town of Brookfield.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 581 square miles (1,500 km2), of which 550 square miles (1,400 km2) is land and 31 square miles (80 km2) (5.3%) is water. [12]

Lake country

Because of its large number of lakes, the northwestern corner of Waukesha County is referred to as "Lake Country" by local residents. It includes Pewaukee, Delafield, Hartland, Merton, Nashotah, Chenequa, Okauchee Lake, Oconomowoc, Summit, and Lac La Belle.

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1850 19,258
1860 26,83139.3%
1870 28,2745.4%
1880 28,9572.4%
1890 33,27014.9%
1900 35,2295.9%
1910 37,1005.3%
1920 42,61214.9%
1930 52,35822.9%
1940 62,74419.8%
1950 85,90136.9%
1960 158,24984.2%
1970 231,36546.2%
1980 280,32621.2%
1990 304,7158.7%
2000 360,76718.4%
2010 389,8918.1%
Est. 2018403,072 [13] 3.4%
U.S. Decennial Census [14]
1790–1960 [15] 1900–1990 [16]
1990–2000 [17] 2010–2018 [1]
2000 Census Age Pyramid for Waukesha County USA Waukesha County, Wisconsin age pyramid.svg
2000 Census Age Pyramid for Waukesha County

2010 census

As of the census [18] of 2010, there were 389,891 people, 152,663 households, and 108,810 families residing in the county. The population density was 672 people per square mile (260/km²). There were 160,864 housing units at an average density of 277 per square mile (107/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 93.3% White, 1.3% Black or African American, 0.3% Native American, 2.7% Asian, 0.0003% Pacific Islander, 1.0% from other races, and 1.3% from two or more races. 4.1% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 152,663 households out of which 30.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.7% were married couples living together, 7.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.7% were non-families. 23.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.1% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 23.6% from 25 to 44, 31.2% from 45 to 64, and 14.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 96.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.90 males.

2000 census

As of the census [18] of 2000, there were 360,767 people, 135,229 households, and 100,475 families residing in the county. The population density was 649 people per square mile (251/km²). There were 140,309 housing units at an average density of 252 per square mile (98/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.77% White, 0.73% Black or African American, 0.22% Native American, 1.49% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.87% from other races, and 0.90% from two or more races. 2.63% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 44.5% were of German, 9.2% Polish, 7.5% Italian, and 7.7% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000. 94.3% spoke English, 2.2% Spanish and 1.2% German as their first language.

There were 135,229 households out of which 35.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.80% were married couples living together, 6.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.70% were non-families. 20.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.08.

In the county, the population was spread out with 26.30% under the age of 18, 6.80% from 18 to 24, 29.80% from 25 to 44, 25.10% from 45 to 64, and 12.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 96.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $62,839, and the median income for a family was $71,773 (these figures had risen to $71,907 and $85,116 respectively as of a 2007 estimate [19] ). Males had a median income of $49,232 versus $31,643 for females. The per capita income for the county was $29,164. About 1.7% of families and 2.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.5% of those under age 18 and 4.0% of those age 65 or over.

Government

Elected officials

Departments

There are 12 departments in Waukesha County, with most located in the Administration Center.

The Department of Administration has five divisions that provide administrative services to the county: the finance division, the human resources division, the information technology division, the purchasing and risk management division, and the administrative services division.

The Aging and Disability Resource Center of Waukesha County (ADRC) provides information, assistance, counseling and supportive services regarding adults age 60 and above, adults with physical or developmental disabilities; and adults with mental health or substance abuse concerns. It also provides publicly funded long-term care to county residents. [20]

The Waukesha County Airport serves commercial and private aircraft and is supervised by the Airport Commission.

The Bridges Library System works in partnership with 16 public libraries in Waukesha County to cooperatively provide library services. This includes the purchase of shared electronic databases, summer library programming, and circulation services. Bridges also oversees Internet access for member libraries.

The Medical Examiner investigates suspicious or unexplained deaths or deaths that result from a homicide, suicide, or accident. The office also generates statistics for the county.

The Department of Parks and Land Use (PLU), oversees six divisions that design and maintain county parks. The division also works with state and federal agencies. The planning division administers permits for construction and landscaping activities. The land conservation division works to educate on and regulate soil and water issues. Most programs look to control water runoff and soil erosion. The recycling and solid waste division oversees recycling and disposal programs. It also performs educational outreach on topics such as composting and waste reduction. The official mascot of the recycling division is Recycle Raccoon. The environmental health division oversees animal welfare issues, food safety, and air, water and sewage, and safety issues (such as radon testing, well testing, and septic system monitoring). The land information systems division coordinates databases of information relating to land use and development.

The University of Wisconsin-Extension is a partnership with Waukesha County and brings the research of the UW System to families, businesses, governments, and organizations through educational outreach programs. The UW-Extension office also houses 180° Juvenile Diversion, a non-profit organization that rehabilitates first-time young offenders in Waukesha County.

Politics

Waukesha County is the largest Republican-leaning county in Wisconsin and has been one of the Republican Party's most solid suburban strongholds for many years. It has not supported a Democrat for president since 1964, and has only supported a Democrat four other times since 1892. While other non-Southern suburban counties have moved towards Democrats since the 1990s, Waukesha and other Milwaukee suburbs have continued to vote solidly Republican. [21] The county is split between 10 state assembly districts and six state senate districts, all held by Republicans.

In 2008, Senator John McCain carried the county by a 25.7% margin over then-Senator Barack Obama, when Obama won Wisconsin by 13.9% over McCain. [22]

Presidential election results
Presidential election results [23]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 60.0%142,54333.3% 79,2246.7% 15,826
2012 66.8%162,79832.3% 78,7790.9% 2,279
2008 62.3%145,15236.6% 85,3391.0% 2,406
2004 67.3%154,92632.0% 73,6260.8% 1,811
2000 65.3%133,10531.6% 64,3193.1% 6,310
1996 55.4%91,72934.7% 57,3549.9% 16,389
1992 51.0%91,46128.1% 50,27020.9% 37,451
1988 60.8%90,46738.7% 57,5980.6% 828
1984 65.7%92,42633.6% 47,3130.7% 921
1980 58.3%81,05933.5% 46,6128.3% 11,477
1976 58.2%70,41839.3% 47,4872.5% 3,048
1972 60.9%59,39935.4% 34,5733.7% 3,650
1968 55.0%47,55736.9% 31,9478.1% 7,000
1964 47.1% 35,50252.8%39,7960.2% 131
1960 57.6%39,38042.3% 28,9630.1% 76
1956 68.9%35,21230.3% 15,4960.7% 376
1952 65.6%30,23834.2% 15,7560.3% 117
1948 54.2%17,32443.7% 13,9522.1% 674
1944 57.4%17,99541.6% 13,0380.9% 293
1940 55.9%16,72642.9% 12,8591.2% 358
1936 35.4% 8,92159.5%14,9825.1% 1,291
1932 37.8% 8,53859.7%13,4872.6% 584
1928 60.2%12,21838.6% 7,8461.2% 247
1924 45.5%7,02612.7% 1,96541.8% 6,468
1920 71.6%8,66522.8% 2,7595.6% 673
1916 45.2% 3,76850.3%4,1924.5% 375
1912 36.9% 2,71448.8%3,59414.3% 1,055
1908 55.9%4,75837.7% 3,2066.4% 546
1904 62.6%5,24732.1% 2,6935.2% 438
1900 60.9%5,12735.8% 3,0163.3% 275
1896 60.9%5,41136.0% 3,1923.1% 277
1892 47.5% 3,60048.0%3,6354.5% 337

Communities

Cities

Villages

Towns

Census-designated place

Unincorporated communities

Ghost towns/Neighborhoods

Note – for zoning purposes, a single acre of Waukesha County was annexed by the city of Milwaukee in 2003 to accommodate the Ambrosia Chocolate Factory. [24]

See also

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References

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  20. Mission Statement from "Archived copy". Archived from the original on May 22, 2008. Retrieved May 20, 2008.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  21. Cohn, Nate (May 6, 2014). "The Curious Case of Milwaukee's Suburban Voters". New York Times. Retrieved May 7, 2014.
  22. 2008 U.S. Presidential Election Results
  23. Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved August 14, 2018.
  24. Mike Mulvey. "Colleges squaring off over taxes". Milwaukee Sentinel, May 18, 1991, part 1, p. 6.

Further reading

Coordinates: 43°01′N88°19′W / 43.02°N 88.31°W / 43.02; -88.31