Wave dash

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Wave dash (, Unicode U+301C) is a fullwidth character represented in Japanese character encoding, usually used to represent a range.


Vertical wave dash ( Wave DashV.svg )

Wave dash is also written in vertical text layout. Vertical wave dash is the vertical form by rotation and flip in Unicode and JIS C 6226. [1] [2]

Horizontal and vertical writing in East Asian scripts Writing conventions

Many East Asian scripts can be written horizontally or vertically. Chinese, Japanese and Korean scripts can be oriented in either direction, as they consist mainly of disconnected logographic or syllabic units, each occupying a square block of space, thus allowing for flexibility for which direction texts can be written, be it horizontally from left-to-right, horizontally from right-to-left, vertically from top-to-bottom, and even vertically from bottom-to-top.

See also

Code reference

Wave dash in Character sets standards
Ku-Ten / Ku-Men-Ten
Unicode 1.01991 U+301C WAVE DASH Wave Dash2.svg The glyph was different from the original JIS C 6226 or JIS X 0208.
Unicode 8.02015 U+301C WAVE DASH Wave Dash.svg The glyph was fixed in Errata fixed in Unicode 8.0.0, The Unicode Consortium, 6 Oct 2014 
JIS C 622619781-33 Wave Dash.svg The wave was not stressed this much. [3]
JIS X 0208 19901-33 Wave Dash.svg
JIS X 0213 20001-1-33 Wave Dash.svg
Wave dash in each encode [4]
ISO 2022-JP 0x2141
Shift JIS 0x8160
EUC-JP 0xA1C1(= 0x2141 + 0x8080)
UTF-8 0xE3809C

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  1. Ken Lunde (1999). CJKV Information Processing: Chinese, Japanese, Korean & Vietnamese Computing. "O'Reilly Media, Inc.". pp. 345–346, 348. ISBN   978-1-56592-224-2.
  2. Unicode Vertical Text Layout, Table 4. Glyph Changes for Vertical Orientation: www.unicode.org
  3. Katsuhiro Ogata, History of wave dash in several standards (in Japanese), http://internet.watch.impress.co.jp/docs/special/20150307_691658.html: Internet Watch
  4. JIS X 0208 (1990) to Unicode, www.unicode.org, 1994