Waveland, Mississippi

Last updated
Waveland, Mississippi
Motto(s): 
"America's Small Beach Town" [1]
Hancock County Mississippi Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Waveland Highlighted.svg
Location of Waveland, Mississippi
Usa edcp location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Waveland, Mississippi
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 30°17′23″N89°23′1″W / 30.28972°N 89.38361°W / 30.28972; -89.38361 Coordinates: 30°17′23″N89°23′1″W / 30.28972°N 89.38361°W / 30.28972; -89.38361
CountryUnited States
State Mississippi
County Hancock
Area
[2]
  Total8.63 sq mi (22.36 km2)
  Land8.49 sq mi (21.99 km2)
  Water0.14 sq mi (0.37 km2)
Elevation
16 ft (5 m)
Population
 (2010)
  Total6,435
  Estimate 
(2019) [3]
6,302
  Density742.29/sq mi (286.60/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central (CST))
  Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
ZIP code
39576
Area code(s) 228
FIPS code 28-78200
GNIS feature ID0679394
Website waveland.ms.gov
Waveland (left) is west of Bay St. Louis, on the Gulf of Mexico. Mississippi-Coast-towns-NOAA.jpg
Waveland (left) is west of Bay St. Louis, on the Gulf of Mexico.

Waveland is a city located in Hancock County, Mississippi, United States, on the Gulf of Mexico. It is part of the Gulfport Biloxi, Mississippi Metropolitan Statistical Area. The city of Waveland was incorporated in 1972. As of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 6,435. [4] Waveland was nearly destroyed by Hurricane Camille on August 17, 1969, and by Hurricane Katrina on August 29, 2005.

Contents

The current mayor of Waveland is Mike Smith. [5]

History

Andrew Jackson once lived and owned land in Waveland on what is now known as Jackson Ridge. [6] Much of Jackson Ridge later became Buccaneer State Park. [7]

The Silver Slipper Casino opened on November 9, 2006.

Hurricane Camille

On August 17, 1969, Hurricane Camille made landfall at the tip of Louisiana before continuing on shore at Waveland. The storm heavily damaged the areas south of the Louisville and Nashville Railroad. Recovery efforts went on for nearly a decade. The town later erected a plaque commemorating the efforts of the volunteers who committed time and resources towards rebuilding.

Hurricane Katrina

Waveland during Hurricane Katrina, August 2005 WavelandKatrina.jpg
Waveland during Hurricane Katrina, August 2005

The city of Waveland was "ground zero" of Hurricane Katrina's landfall on August 29, 2005. The city received massive damage and is still in the process of recovering and rebuilding. South of the CSXT mainline, the area was almost completely destroyed. The rest of the city took heavy flooding. In a news report, state officials said Waveland took a harder hit from the wind and water than any other town along the Gulf Coast, and that the town was obliterated. 36 years earlier, in 1969, Waveland had been severely damaged by Hurricane Camille. [8]

Official reports stated that approximately 50 people died when Waveland was hit directly by the eyewall of Katrina and the 26-foot (7.9 m) storm surge. Hurricane Katrina came ashore during the high tide of 8:01AM, +2.2 feet more. [9]

Hurricane Katrina damaged over 40 Mississippi libraries, gutting the Waveland Public Library, as a total loss, requiring a complete rebuild. [10]

Recovery

Waveland City Hall plaque to Hurricane Camille recovery volunteers, photo taken July 2006 Waveland City Hall Camille.jpg
Waveland City Hall plaque to Hurricane Camille recovery volunteers, photo taken July 2006

A group of social activists seeking to better the lives of local residents, called the "Rainbow Family", arrived in Waveland soon after Hurricane Katrina. From early September to early December 2005, they ran the "New Waveland Cafe & Clinic" [11] [12] in the parking lot of Fred's Dept Store on Highway 90. The café provided free hot meals three times a day. The clinic was staffed by volunteer doctors and nurses from throughout the United States who saw over 5,000 patients during the duration, free of charge and dispensing free medications. Donations of medications and supplies came from a multitude of sources, with International Aid [13] arranging the most donations. This was the first experience of the counter-culture Rainbow Family in running a disaster relief center. The Bastrop Christian Outreach Center also volunteered with the Rainbow Family.

Waveland Elementary School, which has served public school students in Grades K-3 (Grades 4-5 attend Second Street Elementary in nearby Bay St. Louis), was heavily damaged by Katrina. The students attending the school were educated in portable classrooms for the beginning of the 2006–2007 school year, pending a permanent solution. [14]

The recovery of Waveland was due in part to the faith-based disaster recovery effort in and around the Waveland area. Shoreline Park Baptist Church in Waveland and Pastor Ed Murphy were vital to this effort, housing and feeding hundreds of missionaries from around the country for many years following Hurricane Katrina in what were referred to as "Pods for God". Shoreline Park Baptist Church directed the repair and, in some instances, the rebuilding of homes in the area for many years after the devastation. [15] [16]

Geography

Waveland is in southeastern Hancock County along the shore of Mississippi Sound, an embayment of the Gulf of Mexico. It is bordered to the north and northeast by the city of Bay St. Louis. U.S. Route 90 passes through the northern side of the city, leading east across the Bay of Saint Louis 18 miles (29 km) to Gulfport and west 55 miles (89 km) to New Orleans.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, Waveland has a total area of 8.6 square miles (22.4 km2), of which 8.5 square miles (22.0 km2) are land and 0.2 square miles (0.4 km2), or 1.66%, are water. [4]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1890 328
1900 52058.5%
1910 5546.5%
1920 431−22.2%
1930 66353.8%
1940 76815.8%
1950 7933.3%
1960 1,10639.5%
1970 3,108181.0%
1980 4,18634.7%
1990 5,36928.3%
2000 6,67424.3%
2010 6,435−3.6%
Est. 20196,302 [3] −2.1%
U.S. Decennial Census [17]

As of the census [18] of 2000, there were 6,674 people, 2,731 households, and 1,783 families residing in the city. The population density was 980.2 people per square mile (378.4/km2). There were 3,442 housing units at an average density of 505.5 per square mile (195.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 85.38% White, 11.21% African American, 0.49% Native American, 1.50% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.49% from other races, and 0.90% from two or more races. 2.02% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 2,731 households out of which 31.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.6% were married couples living together, 14.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.7% were non-families. 29.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 3.01.

In the city, the population was spread out with 26.0% under the age of 18, 7.5% from 18 to 24, 28.3% from 25 to 44, 23.9% from 45 to 64, and 14.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $33,304, and the median income for a family was $38,438. Males had a median income of $29,762 versus $21,694 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,413. 13.7% of the population and 11.6% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 15.6% of those under the age of 18 and 11.7% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.

Education

Waveland is served by the Bay St. Louis-Waveland School District.

Notable people

Related Research Articles

Pearl River County, Mississippi U.S. county in Mississippi

Pearl River County is a county located in the U.S. state of Mississippi. The population was 55,834 at the 2010 census. Its county seat is Poplarville.

Jackson County, Mississippi U.S. county in Mississippi

Jackson County is a county located in the U.S. state of Mississippi. As of the 2010 census, the population was 139,668, making it the fifth-most populous county in Mississippi. Its county seat is Pascagoula. The county was named for Andrew Jackson, general in the United States Army and afterward President of the United States.

Harrison County, Mississippi U.S. county in Mississippi

Harrison County is a county located in the U.S. state of Mississippi. As of the 2010 census, the population was 187,105, making it the second-most populous county in Mississippi. Its county seats are Biloxi and Gulfport. The county is named after U.S. President William Henry Harrison.

Hancock County, Mississippi U.S. county in Mississippi

Hancock County is the southernmost county of the U.S. state of Mississippi. As of the 2010 census, the population was 43,929. Its county seat is Bay St. Louis. The county is named for Founding Father John Hancock.

Buras-Triumph, Louisiana Unincorporated community in Louisiana, United States

Buras-Triumph is an unincorporated community in Plaquemines Parish, Louisiana, United States. The population was 3,358 at the 2000 census. For the 2010 census, Buras-Triumph was split into the CDPs of Buras and Triumph. On the peninsula, Buras has been located higher, with Triumph located southeast of Buras.

Bay St. Louis, Mississippi City in Mississippi, United States

Bay St. Louis is a city in and the county seat of Hancock County, Mississippi, in the United States. Located on the Gulf Coast on the west side of the Bay of St. Louis, it is part of the Gulfport–Biloxi Metropolitan Statistical Area. As of 2010, Bay St. Louis’ population was 9,260.

Diamondhead, Mississippi City in Mississippi, United States

Diamondhead is a city in southeastern Hancock County, Mississippi, United States. The city is located just over 50 miles (80 km) northeast of New Orleans, Louisiana. It is part of the Gulfport−Biloxi Metropolitan Statistical Area. In February 2012, Diamondhead was officially incorporated as a city. At the time of the 2010 census, when Diamondhead was an unincorporated census-designated place, the population was 8,425. The city population, with slightly different boundaries, was estimated at 8,048 in 2019.

Pearlington, Mississippi CDP in Mississippi, United States

Pearlington is a census-designated place (CDP) in Hancock County, Mississippi, United States, on U.S. Route 90, along the Pearl River, at the Louisiana state line. It is part of the Gulfport–Biloxi, Mississippi Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 1,684 at the 2000 census. On August 29, 2005, Hurricane Katrina made landfall just south of Pearlington.

Shoreline Park, Mississippi Former CDP in Mississippi, United States

Shoreline Park is a former census-designated place (CDP) in Hancock County, Mississippi. It is part of the Gulfport–Biloxi, Mississippi Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 4,058 at the 2000 census. It was not included in the 2010 census. The area is now largely within the city limits of Bay St. Louis, although some of the western side of the former CDP is still unincorporated after Hurricane Katrina in 2005.

Biloxi, Mississippi City in Mississippi, United States

Biloxi is a city and one of two county seats of Harrison County, Mississippi, United States. The 2010 United States Census recorded the population as 44,054, and in 2019 the estimated population was 46,212. The area's first European settlers were French colonists.

DIberville, Mississippi City in Mississippi, United States of America

D'Iberville is a city in Harrison County, Mississippi, immediately north of Biloxi, across the Back Bay. As of the 2010 United States Census, it had a population of 9,486. It is part of the Gulfport–Biloxi Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Gulfport, Mississippi City in Mississippi, United States

Gulfport is the second-largest city in Mississippi after the state capital, Jackson. Along with Biloxi, Gulfport is the other county seat of Harrison County and the larger of the two principal cities of the Gulfport-Biloxi, Mississippi Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is included in the Gulfport-Biloxi-Pascagoula, Mississippi Combined Statistical Area. As of the 2010 census, the city of Gulfport had a total population of 67,793, with nearly 400,000 in the metro area as of 2018. It is also home to the US Navy Atlantic Fleet Seabees.

Long Beach, Mississippi City in Mississippi, United States

Long Beach is a city located in Harrison County, Mississippi, United States. It is part of the Gulfport–Biloxi Metropolitan Statistical Area. As of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 14,792.

Pass Christian, Mississippi City in Mississippi, United States

Pass Christian, nicknamed The Pass, is a city in Harrison County, Mississippi, United States. It is part of the Gulfport–Biloxi Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 4,613 at the 2010 census.

Ocean Springs, Mississippi City in Mississippi, United States

Ocean Springs is a city in Jackson County, Mississippi, United States, approximately 2 miles (3.2 km) east of Biloxi and west of Gautier. It is part of the Pascagoula, Mississippi Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 17,225 at the 2000 U.S. Census. As of the 2010 U.S. Census, the city of Ocean Springs had a population of 17,442.

Picayune, Mississippi City in Mississippi, United States

Picayune is the largest city in Pearl River County, Mississippi, United States. The population was 10,878 at the 2010 census. Picayune was added to the New Orleans metropolitan area in 2014. The city is located approximately 45 miles (72 km) from New Orleans, Hattiesburg and Gulfport-Biloxi. The Stennis Space Center is 10 miles (16 km) away.

Poplarville, Mississippi City in Mississippi, United States

Poplarville is a city in Pearl River County, Mississippi, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 2,894. It is the county seat of Pearl River County. It hosts an annual Blueberry Jubilee, which includes rides, craft vendors and rodeos.

Pascagoula, Mississippi City in Mississippi, United States

Pascagoulapə-ska-goo-lə is a city in Jackson County, Mississippi, United States. It is the principal city of the Pascagoula Metropolitan Statistical Area, as a part of the Gulfport–Biloxi–Pascagoula Combined Statistical Area. The population was 22,392 at the 2010 census, down from 26,200 at the 2000 census. As of 2019 the estimated population was 21,699. It is the county seat of Jackson County.

Effects of Hurricane Katrina in Mississippi

Hurricane Katrina's winds and storm surge reached the Mississippi coastline on the morning of August 29, 2005. beginning a two-day path of destruction through central Mississippi; by 10 a.m. CDT on August 29, 2005, the eye of Katrina began traveling up the entire state, only slowing from hurricane-force winds at Meridian near 7 p.m. and entering Tennessee as a tropical storm. Many coastal towns of Mississippi had already been obliterated, in a single night. Hurricane-force winds reached coastal Mississippi by 2 a.m. and lasted over 17 hours, spawning 11 tornadoes and a 28-foot storm surge flooding 6–12 miles (10–19 km) inland. Many, unable to evacuate, survived by climbing to attics or rooftops, or swimming to higher buildings and trees. The worst property damage from Katrina occurred in coastal Mississippi, where all towns flooded over 90% in hours, and waves destroyed many historic buildings, with others gutted to the 3rd story. Afterward, 238 people died in Mississippi, and all counties in Mississippi were declared disaster areas, 49 for full federal assistance. Regulations were changed later for emergency centers and casinos. The emergency command centers were moved higher because all 3 coastal centers flooded at 30 ft (9 m) above sea level. Casinos were allowed on land rather than limited to floating casino barges as in 2005.

New Waveland Cafe and Clinic

The New Waveland Café and New Waveland Clinic together formed a disaster response center consisting of a combination café, soup kitchen, medical clinic, donation center, and market, that operated free of charge from September 5 to December 1, 2005 in immediate Post-Katrina Mississippi Gulf Coast in Waveland, Hancock County, Mississippi. The cafe and clinic were founded in response to Hurricane Katrina and provided free food and free medical care to hurricane victims for three months. They were located in tents in the parking lot of Fred's Department Store at 790 Hwy 90 in Waveland, across the street from the destroyed and gutted Waveland Police Department. The New Waveland Cafe served three free meals every day to thousands of residents and volunteers. The New Waveland Clinic provided free health care to over 5,500 patient contacts. As well, a group of hippies and Christians came together to form a unique group which worked together to provide emergency relief.

References

  1. "Mayor Mike Smith Welcomes You to the City of Waveland, Mississippi". City of Waveland. Retrieved August 15, 2017.
  2. "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 26, 2020.
  3. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  4. 1 2 "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): Waveland city, Mississippi". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved August 15, 2017.
  5. "Waveland, MS Administration". Waveland-ms.gov. Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2017-05-02.
  6. "Waveland Mississippi Profile and Resource Guide, City or community of Waveland, Mississippi Facts, Information, Relocation, Real Estate, Advertising". Usacitiesonline.com. Retrieved 2017-05-02.
  7. "About Waveland, MS". Waveland-ms.gov. Archived from the original on 2015-11-25. Retrieved 2017-05-02.
  8. "Hurricane Camille Report". Sciencepolicy.colorado.edu. Retrieved 2013-05-19.
  9. "2005 NOAA Tide Predictions: Waveland" (2005), tide on 29-August-2005, NOAA, web: NOAA-tide-tables
  10. "Hurricane Katrina Related Damages to Public Libraries in Mississippi" (PDF). Mississippi Library Commission. September 2005.
  11. Archived August 2, 2015, at the Wayback Machine
  12. "Hippie Kitchens Serve Final Meal to Hurricane Victims". NPR. 2005-11-23. Retrieved 2013-05-19.
  13. "International Aid". International Aid. 2013-04-22. Retrieved 2013-05-19.
  14. Burnett, Evelina (August 16, 2015). "A Decade After Katrina, Hopes of Recovery Remain Unfulfilled in Waveland, Miss". NPR News .
  15. "Facility: Shoreline Park Baptist Church (CitizenActionTeam.org Database)". Citizencommandcenter.org. 2006-08-10. Archived from the original on 2015-11-17. Retrieved 2017-05-02.
  16. "Until it's done — Rainier man turned south at Memphis for the mission of his life | Lifestyles". Tdn.com. Retrieved 2017-05-02.
  17. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  18. "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2008-01-31.