Waveland, Mississippi

Last updated
Waveland, Mississippi
Motto(s): 
"America's Small Beach Town" [1]
Hancock County Mississippi Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Waveland Highlighted.svg
Location of Waveland, Mississippi
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Waveland, Mississippi
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 30°17′23″N89°23′1″W / 30.28972°N 89.38361°W / 30.28972; -89.38361 Coordinates: 30°17′23″N89°23′1″W / 30.28972°N 89.38361°W / 30.28972; -89.38361
CountryUnited States
State Mississippi
County Hancock
Area
[2]
  Total8.63 sq mi (22.36 km2)
  Land8.49 sq mi (21.99 km2)
  Water0.14 sq mi (0.37 km2)
Elevation
16 ft (5 m)
Population
 (2010)
  Total6,435
  Estimate 
(2018) [3]
6,322
  Density748.41/sq mi (288.97/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central (CST))
  Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
ZIP code
39576
Area code(s) 228
FIPS code 28-78200
GNIS feature ID0679394
Website waveland.ms.gov
Waveland (left) is west of Bay St. Louis, on the Gulf of Mexico. Mississippi-Coast-towns-NOAA.jpg
Waveland (left) is west of Bay St. Louis, on the Gulf of Mexico.

Waveland is a city located in Hancock County, Mississippi, United States, on the Gulf of Mexico. It is part of the Gulfport Biloxi, Mississippi Metropolitan Statistical Area. The city of Waveland was incorporated in 1972. As of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 6,435. [4] Waveland was nearly destroyed by Hurricane Camille on August 17, 1969, and by Hurricane Katrina on August 29, 2005.

Hancock County, Mississippi County in the United States

Hancock County is the southernmost county of the U.S. state of Mississippi. As of the 2010 census, the population was 43,929. Its county seat is Bay St. Louis. The county is named for Founding Father John Hancock.

Gulf of Mexico An Atlantic Ocean basin extending into southern North America

The Gulf of Mexico is an ocean basin and a marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean, largely surrounded by the North American continent. It is bounded on the northeast, north and northwest by the Gulf Coast of the United States, on the southwest and south by Mexico, and on the southeast by Cuba. The U.S. states of Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, and Florida border the Gulf on the north, which are often referred to as the "Third Coast", in comparison with the U.S. Atlantic and Pacific coasts.

Gulfport, Mississippi City in Mississippi, United States

Gulfport is the second-largest city in Mississippi after the state capital, Jackson. Along with Biloxi, Gulfport is the other county seat of Harrison County and the larger of the two principal cities of the Gulfport-Biloxi, Mississippi Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is included in the Gulfport-Biloxi-Pascagoula, Mississippi Combined Statistical Area. As of the 2010 census, the city of Gulfport had a total population of 67,793, with nearly 400,000 in the metro area as of 2018. It is also home to the US Navy Atlantic Fleet Seabees.

Contents

The current mayor of Waveland is Mike Smith. [5]

History

Andrew Jackson once lived and owned land in Waveland on what is now known as Jackson Ridge. [6] Much of Jackson Ridge later became Buccaneer State Park. [7]

Andrew Jackson 7th president of the United States

Andrew Jackson was an American soldier and statesman who served as the seventh president of the United States from 1829 to 1837. Before being elected to the presidency, Jackson gained fame as a general in the United States Army and served in both houses of Congress. As president, Jackson sought to advance the rights of the "common man" against a "corrupt aristocracy" and to preserve the Union.

Buccaneer State Park

Buccaneer State Park is a state park in the U.S. state of Mississippi. It is located off U.S. Highway 90 at Waveland. The park sits on the Gulf of Mexico and was entirely rebuilt after all its buildings were destroyed by Hurricane Katrina in 2005.

The Silver Slipper Casino opened on November 9, 2006.

Silver Slipper Casino (Waveland)

Silver Slipper Casino is a beachfront casino and hotel in Hancock County, Mississippi, owned and operated by Full House Resorts. The casino has over 961 slots, 28 table games, a keno parlor and a sports book. Dining options include a buffet, a 24-hour café, a fine dining restaurant, and an oyster bar.

Hurricane Camille

On August 17, 1969, Hurricane Camille made landfall at the tip of Louisiana before continuing on shore at Waveland. The storm heavily damaged the areas south of the Louisville and Nashville Railroad. Recovery efforts went on for nearly a decade. The town later erected a plaque commemorating the efforts of the volunteers who committed time and resources towards rebuilding.

Hurricane Camille Category 5 Atlantic hurricane in 1969

Hurricane Camille was the second most intense tropical cyclone on record to strike the United States. The most intense storm of the 1969 Atlantic hurricane season, Camille originated as a tropical depression on August 14, south of Cuba, from a long-tracked tropical wave. Located in a favorable environment for strengthening, the storm quickly intensified into a Category 2 hurricane before striking the western part of Cuba on August 15. Emerging into the Gulf of Mexico, Camille underwent another period of rapid intensification and became a Category 5 hurricane the next day as it moved northward towards the Louisiana–Mississippi region. Despite weakening slightly on August 17, the hurricane quickly re-intensified back into a Category 5 hurricane before it made landfall a half-hour before midnight in Bay St. Louis, Mississippi. At peak intensity, the hurricane had a minimum pressure of 900 mbar (26.58 inHg). This was the second-lowest pressure recorded for a U.S. landfall, and is one of just four hurricanes to make landfall in the U.S at Category 5 status. Only the 1935 Labor Day hurricane had a lower pressure at landfall. As Camille pushed inland, it quickly weakened and was a tropical depression by the time it was over the Ohio Valley. Once it emerged offshore, Camille was able to restrengthen to a strong tropical storm, before it became extratropical on August 22. Camille was subsequently absorbed by a frontal storm over the North Atlantic on the same day.

Louisville and Nashville Railroad defunct American Class I railway

The Louisville and Nashville Railroad, commonly called the L&N, was a Class I railroad that operated freight and passenger services in the southeast United States.

Hurricane Katrina

Waveland during Hurricane Katrina, August 2005 WavelandKatrina.jpg
Waveland during Hurricane Katrina, August 2005

The city of Waveland was "ground zero" of Hurricane Katrina's landfall on August 29, 2005. The city received massive damage and is still in the process of recovering and rebuilding. South of the CSXT mainline, the area was almost completely destroyed. The rest of the city took heavy flooding. In a news report, state officials said Waveland took a harder hit from the wind and water than any other town along the Gulf Coast, and that the town was obliterated. 36 years earlier, in 1969, Waveland had been severely damaged by Hurricane Camille. [8]

Hurricane Katrina Category 5 Atlantic hurricane in 2005

Hurricane Katrina was a Category 5 hurricane that made landfall on Florida and Louisiana in August 2005, causing catastrophic damage, particularly in the city of New Orleans and the surrounding areas. Subsequent flooding, caused largely as a result of fatal engineering flaws in the flood protection system known as levees around the city of New Orleans, precipitated most of the loss of lives. The storm was the third major hurricane of the record-breaking 2005 Atlantic hurricane season, as well as the fourth-most intense Atlantic hurricane on record to make landfall in the contiguous United States, behind only the 1935 Labor Day hurricane, Hurricane Camille in 1969, and Hurricane Michael in 2018.

Official reports stated that approximately 50 people died when Waveland was hit directly by the eyewall of Katrina and the 26-foot (7.9 m) storm surge. Hurricane Katrina came ashore during the high tide of 8:01AM, +2.2 feet more. [9]

Hurricane Katrina damaged over 40 Mississippi libraries, gutting the Waveland Public Library, as a total loss, requiring a complete rebuild. [10]

Recovery

Waveland City Hall plaque to Hurricane Camille recovery volunteers, photo taken July 2006 Waveland City Hall Camille.jpg
Waveland City Hall plaque to Hurricane Camille recovery volunteers, photo taken July 2006

A group of social activists seeking to better the lives of local residents, called the "Rainbow Family", arrived in Waveland soon after Hurricane Katrina. From early September to early December 2005, they ran the "New Waveland Cafe & Clinic" [11] [12] in the parking lot of Fred's Dept Store on Highway 90. The café provided free hot meals three times a day. The clinic was staffed by volunteer doctors and nurses from throughout the United States who saw over 5,000 patients during the duration, free of charge and dispensing free medications. Donations of medications and supplies came from a multitude of sources, with International Aid [13] arranging the most donations. This was the first experience of the counter-culture Rainbow Family in running a disaster relief center. The Bastrop Christian Outreach Center also volunteered with the Rainbow Family.

Waveland Elementary School, which has served public school students in Grades K-3 (Grades 4-5 attend Second Street Elementary in nearby Bay St. Louis), was heavily damaged by Katrina. The students attending the school were educated in portable classrooms for the beginning of the 2006-2007 school year, pending a permanent solution. [14]

The recovery of Waveland was due in part to the faith-based disaster recovery effort in and around the Waveland area. Shoreline Park Baptist Church in Waveland and Pastor Ed Murphy were vital to this effort, housing and feeding hundreds of missionaries from around the country for many years following Hurricane Katrina in what were referred to as "Pods for God". Shoreline Park Baptist Church directed the repair and, in some instances, the rebuilding of homes in the area for many years after the devastation. [15] [16]

Geography

Waveland is in southeastern Hancock County along the shore of Mississippi Sound, an embayment of the Gulf of Mexico. It is bordered to the north and northeast by the city of Bay St. Louis. U.S. Route 90 passes through the northern side of the city, leading east across the Bay of Saint Louis 18 miles (29 km) to Gulfport and west 55 miles (89 km) to New Orleans.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, Waveland has a total area of 8.6 square miles (22.4 km2), of which 8.5 square miles (22.0 km2) are land and 0.2 square miles (0.4 km2), or 1.66%, are water. [4]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1890 328
1900 52058.5%
1910 5546.5%
1920 431−22.2%
1930 66353.8%
1940 76815.8%
1950 7933.3%
1960 1,10639.5%
1970 3,108181.0%
1980 4,18634.7%
1990 5,36928.3%
2000 6,67424.3%
2010 6,435−3.6%
Est. 20186,322 [3] −1.8%
U.S. Decennial Census [17]

As of the census [18] of 2000, there were 6,674 people, 2,731 households, and 1,783 families residing in the city. The population density was 980.2 people per square mile (378.4/km²). There were 3,442 housing units at an average density of 505.5 per square mile (195.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 85.38% White, 11.21% African American, 0.49% Native American, 1.50% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.49% from other races, and 0.90% from two or more races. 2.02% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 2,731 households out of which 31.4% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.6% were married couples living together, 14.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.7% were non-families. 29.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.7% had someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 3.01.

In the city, the population was spread out with 26.0% under the age of 18, 7.5% from 18 to 24, 28.3% from 25 to 44, 23.9% from 45 to 64, and 14.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $33,304, and the median income for a family was $38,438. Males had a median income of $29,762 versus $21,694 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,413. 13.7% of the population and 11.6% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 15.6% of those under the age of 18 and 11.7% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.

Education

Waveland is served by the Bay St. Louis-Waveland School District.

Notable people

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New Waveland Cafe and Clinic

The New Waveland Café and New Waveland Clinic together formed a disaster response center consisting of a combination café, soup kitchen, medical clinic, donation center, and market, that operated free of charge from September 5 to December 1, 2005 in immediate Post-Katrina Mississippi Gulf Coast in Waveland, Hancock County, Mississippi. The cafe and clinic were founded in response to Hurricane Katrina and provided free food and free medical care to hurricane victims for three months. They were located in tents in the parking lot of Fred's Department Store at 790 Hwy 90 in Waveland, across the street from the destroyed and gutted Waveland Police Department. The New Waveland Cafe served three free meals every day to thousands of residents and volunteers. The New Waveland Clinic provided free health care to over 5,500 patient contacts. As well, a group of hippies and Christians came together to form a unique group which worked together to provide emergency relief.

References

  1. "Mayor Mike Smith Welcomes You to the City of Waveland, Mississippi". City of Waveland. Retrieved August 15, 2017.
  2. "2017 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jan 6, 2019.
  3. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved September 7, 2019.
  4. 1 2 "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): Waveland city, Mississippi". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved August 15, 2017.
  5. "Waveland, MS Administration". Waveland-ms.gov. Retrieved 2017-05-02.
  6. "Waveland Mississippi Profile and Resource Guide, City or community of Waveland, Mississippi Facts, Information, Relocation, Real Estate, Advertising". Usacitiesonline.com. Retrieved 2017-05-02.
  7. "About Waveland, MS". Waveland-ms.gov. Retrieved 2017-05-02.
  8. "Hurricane Camille Report". Sciencepolicy.colorado.edu. Retrieved 2013-05-19.
  9. "2005 NOAA Tide Predictions: Waveland" (2005), tide on 29-August-2005, NOAA, web: NOAA-tide-tables
  10. "Hurricane Katrina Related Damages to Public Libraries in Mississippi" (PDF). Mississippi Library Commission. September 2005.
  11. Archived August 2, 2015, at the Wayback Machine
  12. "Hippie Kitchens Serve Final Meal to Hurricane Victims". NPR. 2005-11-23. Retrieved 2013-05-19.
  13. "International Aid". International Aid. 2013-04-22. Retrieved 2013-05-19.
  14. Burnett, Evelina (August 16, 2015). "A Decade After Katrina, Hopes of Recovery Remain Unfulfilled in Waveland, Miss". NPR News .
  15. "Facility: Shoreline Park Baptist Church (CitizenActionTeam.org Database)". Citizencommandcenter.org. 2006-08-10. Retrieved 2017-05-02.
  16. "Until it's done — Rainier man turned south at Memphis for the mission of his life | Lifestyles". Tdn.com. Retrieved 2017-05-02.
  17. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  18. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2008-01-31.