Wawarsing, New York

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Coordinates: 41°45′32″N74°21′27″W / 41.75889°N 74.35750°W / 41.75889; -74.35750

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Wawarsing, New York
Ulster County New York incorporated and unincorporated areas Wawarsing highlighted.svg
Location in Ulster County and the state of New York.
Coordinates: 41°44′25″N74°23′59″W / 41.74028°N 74.39972°W / 41.74028; -74.39972
Country United States
State New York
County Ulster
Area
[1]
  Total133.86 sq mi (346.70 km2)
  Land130.51 sq mi (338.01 km2)
  Water3.36 sq mi (8.69 km2)
Elevation
1,204 ft (367 m)
Population
 (2010)
  Total13,157
  Estimate 
(2016) [2]
12,833
  Density98.33/sq mi (37.97/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
  Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
12489
Area code(s) 845
FIPS code 36-78828 [3]
GNIS feature ID0979609 [4]

Wawarsing /wəˈwɔːrsɪŋ/ is a town in Ulster County, New York, United States. The population was 13,157 at the 2010 census. The name means "a place where the stream bends" in the Warwarsink language and refers to the geography of the land; particularly the joining of the Ver Nooy Kill and the Rondout Creek. [5]

Ulster County, New York County in the United States

Ulster County is a county in the U.S. state of New York. As of the 2010 census, the population was 182,493. The county seat is Kingston. The county is named after the Irish province of Ulster.

New York (state) American state

New York is a state in the Northeastern United States. New York was one of the original thirteen colonies that formed the United States. With an estimated 19.54 million residents in 2018, it is the fourth most populous state. In order to distinguish the state from the city with the same name, it is sometimes referred to as New York State.

The Town of Wawarsing is in the western part of the county. The southern and eastern-most portions are on the Shawangunk Ridge. Most of the hilly town is in the Appalachian foot-hills, while the northernmost part is in the Catskills. It has three State Forests (Shawangunk Ridge, VerNooykill, and Witches Hole), as well as most of Minnewaska State Park and Sam's Point Preserve, and portions of the Catskill Preserve and Sundown State Park. US 209 crosses the town, passing through many principal communities: Spring Glen, Laurenkill, Ellenville, Napanoch, the hamlet of Wawarsing, Soccanissing, and Kerhonkson. US 44 begins at a junction with 209 near the east town line. N.Y. Route 52 runs east-west near the southern border. All three roads are part of the Shawangunk Ridge National Scenic Byway.

U.S. Route 44 (US 44) is an east–west United States highway that runs for 237 miles (381 km) through four states in the Northeastern region of the United States. The western terminus is at U.S. Route 209 and State Route 55 in Kerhonkson, New York, a hamlet in the Hudson Valley region. The eastern terminus is at Route 3A in Plymouth, Massachusetts.

Wawarsing is located above a leak in the underground Delaware Aqueduct, part of the New York City water supply system, which has caused subsidence and seepage problems affecting over 50 homes in the area, as well as contamination of drinking water. [6] [7]

Delaware Aqueduct

The Delaware Aqueduct is an aqueduct in the New York City water supply system. It takes water from the Rondout, Cannonsville, Neversink, and Pepacton reservoirs on the west bank of the Hudson River through the Chelsea Pump Station, then into the West Branch, Kensico, and Hillview reservoirs on the east bank, ending in at Hillview in Yonkers, New York.

History

The Lenape settlement "at Wawarasinke" was burned by English militiamen, led by Marten Crieger, after the Natives attacked Wiltwyck and took captives in 1663. In 1685, Warnaar Hoornbeek leased land there and was accepted as its first European pioneer. In 1703 the areas of Mombacus and Wawarasink, Ulster County, were made The Town of Rochester. During The Revolutionary War, Wawarsing, Napanoch and Pinebush (Kerhonkson area) where attacked by British raiders, who massacred many women and children and burned the farms. In 1906, Wawarsing, Napanoch, Laurenkil, Lackawack and Grenfield joined together to form The Town of Wawarsing out of Southern Rochester and parts of unincorporated Ulster County.

The O & W Railroad Station at Port Ben was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2002. [8]

O & W Railroad Station at Port Ben United States historic place

The abandoned O & W Railroad Station at Port Ben is located on Tow Path Road in the Town of Wawarsing, New York, United States. It is a Tudor Revival style building erected in the early 20th century by the New York, Ontario and Western Railway (O&W).

National Register of Historic Places Federal list of historic sites in the United States

The National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) is the United States federal government's official list of districts, sites, buildings, structures and objects deemed worthy of preservation for their historical significance. A property listed in the National Register, or located within a National Register Historic District, may qualify for tax incentives derived from the total value of expenses incurred in preserving the property.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 133.9 square miles (347 km2), of which 130.8 square miles (339 km2) is land and 3.1 square miles (8.0 km2) (2.32%) is water.

The western and southern borders of the town are Sullivan County, New York.

The northern part of the town is the southernmost portion of the Catskill Mountains. The eastern border is the Shawangunk Ridge (pronounced Shaw-ong-ungk). Rondout Creek passes through the town, as do the Sandburgh, Laurenkill, Beerkill, Fantinekill and VerNooykill creeks.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1820 1,811
1830 2,73851.2%
1840 4,04447.7%
1850 6,45959.7%
1860 8,31128.7%
1870 8,151−1.9%
1880 8,5474.9%
1890 7,758−9.2%
1900 7,225−6.9%
1910 7,7877.8%
1920 6,910−11.3%
1930 7,4377.6%
1940 9,26024.5%
1950 9,9127.0%
1960 11,24513.4%
1970 11,6904.0%
1980 12,95610.8%
1990 12,348−4.7%
2000 13,93612.9%
2010 13,157−5.6%
Est. 201612,833 [2] −2.5%
U.S. Decennial Census [9]

As of the census [3] of 2000, there were 12,889 people, 4,382 households, and 2,966 families residing in the town. The population density was 98.6 people per square mile (38.1/km²). There were 5,821 housing units at an average density of 44.5/sq mi (17.2/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 75.03% White, 12.45% African American, 0.52% Native American, 1.17% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 7.76% from other races, and 3.06% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 18.05% of the population.

There were 4,382 households out of which 32.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.8% were married couples living together, 14.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.3% were non-families. 26.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.07.

In the town, the population was spread out with 23.2% under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 33.1% from 25 to 44, 23.4% from 45 to 64, and 12.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 117.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 119.9 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $35,872, and the median income for a family was $43,828. Males had a median income of $32,121 versus $24,656 for females. The per capita income for the town was $16,512. About 13.3% of families and 19.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.6% of those under age 18 and 12.9% of those age 65 or over.

Communities and locations in Wawarsing

Notable people

See also

Related Research Articles

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References

  1. "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 5, 2017.
  2. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  3. 1 2 "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. "Ulster County Under the Dutch" . Retrieved 2008-05-04.
  6. "Hinchey Urges New York City Dept. of Environmental Protection To Comprehensively Address The Impact Of Leaking Delaware Aqueduct On Wawarsing" (Press release). Congressman Maurice Hinchey. 2008-07-11. Retrieved 2010-10-15.
  7. The Crumbling of America, History Channel documentary, viewed March 26, 2010
  8. 1 2 "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places . National Park Service. 2010-07-09.
  9. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.

Bibliography

Terwilliger, Katherine T. (1977). Wawarsing, Where the Streams Wind: Historical Glimpses of the Town. Ellenville, NY: Rondout Valley Publishing Company. OCLC   3480210.