Wawel Hill (Antarctica)

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Wawel Hill is a hill rising to 290 m north of Point Hennequin, on the east side of Admiralty Bay, King George Island. Named "Gora Wawel" in 1980 by the Polish Antarctic Expedition after a hill by this name in Kraków, historic site of the castle of the Polish kings.

Point Hennequin is a point forming the eastern side of the entrance to Martel Inlet and Mackellar Inlet, on the east side of Admiralty Bay, King George Island, in the South Shetland Islands. It was named by the French Antarctic Expedition under Jean-Baptiste Charcot, who surveyed Admiralty Bay in 1909.

Admiralty Bay (South Shetland Islands) bay in Antarctica

Admiralty Bay is an irregular bay, 8 km (5 mi) wide at its entrance between Demay Point and Martins Head, indenting the southern coast of King George Island for 16 km (10 mi), in the South Shetland Islands of Antarctica. The name appears on a map of 1822 by Captain George Powell, a British sailor, and is now established in international usage. The Henryk Arctowski Polish Antarctic Station is situated on the bay, as is the Comandante Ferraz Brazilian Antarctic Base. It has been designated an Antarctic Specially Managed Area.

The Polish Antarctic Expedition to the A. B. Dobrowolski Polar Station was conducted by a team of doctors, geophysicists, and geomorphologists between 1978-1979. It was sponsored by the Polish Academy of Sciences. This was the third expedition organised by the Polish Academy of Sciences, and included establishing a geodetic network in the Bunger Oasis, setting up an astronomical reference point, magnetic observations, and photogrammetric surveys to make maps of the vicinity of the station.

PD-icon.svg This article incorporates  public domain material from the United States Geological Survey document "Wawel Hill (Antarctica)" (content from the Geographic Names Information System ).

United States Geological Survey Scientific agency of the United States government

The United States Geological Survey is a scientific agency of the United States government. The scientists of the USGS study the landscape of the United States, its natural resources, and the natural hazards that threaten it. The organization has four major science disciplines, concerning biology, geography, geology, and hydrology. The USGS is a fact-finding research organization with no regulatory responsibility.

Geographic Names Information System geographical database

The Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) is a database that contains name and locative information about more than two million physical and cultural features located throughout the United States of America and its territories. It is a type of gazetteer. GNIS was developed by the United States Geological Survey in cooperation with the United States Board on Geographic Names (BGN) to promote the standardization of feature names.

Coordinates: 62°7′S58°24′W / 62.117°S 58.400°W / -62.117; -58.400

Geographic coordinate system Coordinate system

A geographic coordinate system is a coordinate system that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position; alternatively, a geographic position may be expressed in a combined three-dimensional Cartesian vector. A common choice of coordinates is latitude, longitude and elevation. To specify a location on a plane requires a map projection.


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Wawel Dragon

The Wawel Dragon, also known as the Dragon of Wawel Hill, is a famous dragon in Polish folklore. His lair was in a cave at the foot of Wawel Hill on the bank of the Vistula River. Wawel Hill is in Kraków, which was then the capital of Poland. It was defeated during the rule of Krakus, by his sons according to the earliest account; in a later work, the dragon-slaying is credited to a cobbler named Skuba.

Wawel Cathedral cathedral in Kraków

The Royal Archcathedral Basilica of Saints Stanislaus and Wenceslaus on the Wawel Hill, also known as the Wawel Cathedral, is a Roman Catholic church located on Wawel Hill in Kraków, Poland. More than 900 years old, it is the Polish national sanctuary and traditionally has served as coronation site of the Polish monarchs as well as the Cathedral of the Archdiocese of Kraków. Karol Wojtyla, who in 1978 became Pope John Paul II, the day after his ordination to the priesthood, offered his first Mass as a priest in the Crypt of the Cathedral on 2 November 1946, and was ordained Kraków's auxiliary bishop in the Cathedral on 28 September 1958.

Wawel Castle castle in Kraków, Poland

The Wawel Castle is a castle residency located in central Kraków, Poland. Built at the behest of King Casimir III the Great, it consists of a number of structures situated around the Italian-styled main courtyard. The castle, being one of the largest in Poland, represents nearly all European architectural styles of medieval, renaissance and baroque periods. The Wawel Royal Castle and the Wawel Hill constitute the most historically and culturally significant site in the country. In 1978 it was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site as part of the Historic Centre of Kraków.

Wawel district

Wawel is a fortified architectural complex erected over many centuries atop a limestone outcrop on the left bank of the Vistula river in Kraków, Poland, at an altitude of 228 metres above sea level.

Wawel Kraków is a Polish multisports club based in Kraków, Poland. It was founded in 1919. Wawel Kraków was the first Polish club to win the Polish League Cup back in 1952. They won the final against their rivals from Cracovia Kraków, by beating them 5-1.

Churches of Kraków

The metropolitan city of Kraków, former capital of Poland, is known as the city of churches. The abundance of landmark, historic Roman Catholic churches along with the plenitude of monasteries and convents earned the city a countrywide reputation as the "Northern Rome" in the past. The churches of Kraków comprise over 120 Roman Catholic places of worship, of which over 60 were built in the 20th century. They remain the centers of religious life for the local population and are attended regularly, while some are often crowded on Sundays.

Anna Glacier glacier in Antarctica

Anna Glacier is a glacier flowing southeast between Rose Peak and Rea Peak, tributary to Polonia Glacier/Polonia Ice Piedmont at the head of King George Bay, King George Island. It was named by the Polish Antarctic Expedition (PAE), 1981, after Anna Tokarska, field assistant of PAE geological party to King George Island, 1979–80, and wife of Antoni K. Tokarski.

Baranowski Glacier glacier in Antarctica

Baranowski Glacier is a glacier flowing east into Admiralty Bay, King George Island, northwest of Demay Point. It was named by the Polish Antarctic Expedition after Stanisław Baranowski (1935–78), Polish glaciologist who died on King George Island as a result of an accident at the Henryk Arctowski Polish Antarctic Station while a member of the 1977–78 expedition.

Kraków Peninsula is the peninsula between Admiralty Bay and King George Bay, King George Island, in the South Shetland Islands. The name "Kraków Icefield," after Kraków, the former capital of Poland, was applied in 1980 by the Polish Antarctic Expedition to the ice that nearly covers this peninsula. The original name was amended soon after so as to apply to the peninsula.

Kraków Dome

Kraków Dome is the ice dome covering Kraków Peninsula, King George Island, in the South Shetland Islands. The name Kopula Krakowa, after Kraków, the old capital of Poland, was applied to this feature by the Polish Antarctic Expedition, 1980.

Krak Glacier glacier in Antarctica

Krak Glacier is an outlet glacier of Kraków Dome at the head of Lussich Cove, Martel Inlet, Admiralty Bay, King George Island, in the South Shetland Islands.It was named by the Polish Antarctic Expedition, 1980, after the legendary prince Krak, founder of Kraków and killer of the Wawel Dragon.

Growler Rock rock in nautical Antartica

Growler Rock is a rock 1 nautical mile (2 km) northwest of Lions Rump in the western part of King George Bay, King George Island, in the South Shetland Islands. It was charted and named during 1937 by Discovery Investigations personnel on the Discovery II. The term "growler" is used to denote small pieces of ice barely showing above water.

Polar Club Glacier glacier in Antarctica

Polar Club Glacier is a broad glacier east-northeast of Stranger Point, King George Island, flowing south into Bransfield Strait. Named by the Polish Antarctic Expedition, 1980, after the Polish Polar Club.

Goetel Glacier glacier in Antarctica

Goetel Glacier is a glacier flowing south between Ullmann Spur and the Precious Peaks into Martel Inlet, Admiralty Bay, on King George Island in the South Shetland Islands. It was named by the Polish Antarctic Expedition, 1980, after Professor Walery Goetel (1889–1972), a Polish geologist and conservationist.

Harnasie Hill is a steep-sided hill rising to 250 metres (820 ft) between Vauréal Peak and Martins Head in the southern portion of Krakow Peninsula, King George Island, in the South Shetland Islands, Antarctica. It was named "Wierch Harnasie" by the Polish Antarctic Expedition, 1980, after the opera Harnasie by Karol Szymanowski.

Klekowski Crag is a rock crag rising to about 400 metres (1,300 ft) on the south side of Lange Glacier, Admiralty Bay, King George Island, in the South Shetland Islands. It was named by the Polish Antarctic Expedition in 1979 after Professor Romuald Klekowski, Director of the Institute of Ecology, Polish Academy of Sciences, which sponsored Arctowski Station on King George Island.

Lange Glacier glacier in Antarctica

Lange Glacier is a glacier flowing into the west side of Admiralty Bay close south of Admiralen Peak, King George Island, in the South Shetland Islands, Antarctica. It was charted by the French Antarctic Expedition, 1908–10, under Jean-Baptiste Charcot, and was named by the UK Antarctic Place-Names Committee in 1960 for Alexander Lange (1860–1922), a Norwegian pioneer of modern steam whaling in the South Shetland Islands in 1905–6, and commander of the Admiralen.

Wawel Chakra place on Wawel hill in Kraków in Poland, which is believed to emanate powerful spiritual energy

The Wawel Chakra - a place on Wawel hill in Kraków in Poland which is believed to emanate powerful spiritual energy. Adherents believe it to be one of the world's main centers of spiritual energy . The Wawel Chakra is said to be one of a few select places of immense power on Earth, which, like a chakra point in the human body, allegedly functions as part of an (esoteric) energetic system within Earth.

<i>Wawel Dragon</i> (statue)

Wawel Dragon Statue is a monument at the foot of the Wawel Hill in Kraków, Poland, in front of the Wawel Dragon's den, dedicated to the mythical Wawel Dragon.

<i>Wawel</i> (train)

The Wawel was an international named express train. Introduced in 1995 as an InterCity service, it was upgraded to EuroCity status by operating PKP Intercity and DB Fernverkehr in 2006. The service was withdrawn at the end of 2014.