Wawel Royal Castle National Art Collection

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Wawel Royal Castle National Art Collection
Zamek Królewski na Wawelu
– Państwowe Zbiory Sztuki

Krakow-Wawel-Courtyard.jpg

Arcade courtyard of the Wawel Castle
Established 1945 (1945)[ citation needed ]
Location Wawel Hill, Kraków, Poland
Coordinates 50°03′15″N19°56′07″E / 50.05417°N 19.93528°E / 50.05417; 19.93528 Coordinates: 50°03′15″N19°56′07″E / 50.05417°N 19.93528°E / 50.05417; 19.93528
Type Historic residence
Director Jan Ostrowski
Owner State-owned
Website Official website

The Wawel Royal Castle National Art Collection (Polish : Zamek Królewski na Wawelu – Państwowe Zbiory Sztuki) is the residence museum and collection housed in the historic Wawel Castle of Kraków. The collection was inaugurated officially in 1930, with its current name introduced in 1994. [1]

Polish language West Slavic language spoken in Poland

Polish is a West Slavic language of the Lechitic group. It is spoken primarily in Poland and serves as the native language of the Poles. In addition to being an official language of Poland, it is also used by Polish minorities in other countries. There are over 50 million Polish language speakers around the world and it is one of the official languages of the European Union.

Wawel Castle castle in Kraków, Poland

The Wawel Castle is a castle residency located in central Kraków, Poland. Built at the behest of King Casimir III the Great, it consists of a number of structures situated around the Italian-styled main courtyard. The castle, being one of the largest in Poland, represents nearly all European architectural styles of medieval, renaissance and baroque periods. The Wawel Royal Castle and the Wawel Hill constitute the most historically and culturally significant site in the country. In 1978 it was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site as part of the Historic Centre of Kraków.

Kraków City in Lesser Poland, Poland

Kraków, also spelled Cracow or Krakow, is the second largest and one of the oldest cities in Poland. Situated on the Vistula River in the Lesser Poland region, the city dates back to the 7th century. Kraków was the official capital of Poland until 1596 and has traditionally been one of the leading centres of Polish academic, economic, cultural and artistic life. Cited as one of Europe's most beautiful cities, its Old Town was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Contents

Divisions

Floor plans

Ground floor
First floor
Second floor

See also

Evacuation of Polish National Treasures during World War II

Between 280 and 300 objects of fine and decorative art deemed to be of exceptional artistic or historical value, which became known collectively as Polish National Treasures, were evacuated out of Poland at the onset of World War II in September 1939 and transported via Romania, France, and Britain to Canada. The bulk of them came from the Wawel Castle in Kraków and included a rich collection of Jagiellonian tapestries, as well as Szczerbiec, the medieval coronation sword of Polish kings; these came to be known as Wawel Treasures, an appellation sometimes erroneously extended to all of the evacuated items. Most of the rest of the salvaged objects were manuscripts from the National Library in Warsaw, including the earliest documents in the Polish language and Frédéric Chopin's autograph sheet music. The treasures were complemented by works of art from the Royal Castle of Warsaw and a Gutenberg Bible from the library of the Catholic Higher Seminary of Pelplin. After the end of the war, the treasures remained in Canada for nearly two decades due to competing claims made by the new communist government of Poland and the London-based Polish government-in-exile. Negotiations spanned over fifteen years before they were eventually returned to Poland in 1961.

Citations

  1. Staff writer (May 2016). "Zamek Królewski na Wawelu - Państwowe Zbiory Sztuki". Culture.pl. Instytut Adama Mickiewicza.

Sources

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