Wawne

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Wawne
Main Street, Wawne.jpg
Main Street Wawne with the Post Office to the left
East Riding of Yorkshire UK location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Wawne
Location within the East Riding of Yorkshire
Population975 (2011 census) [1]
OS grid reference TA089368
Civil parish
  • Wawne
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town HULL
Postcode district HU7
Dialling code 01482
Police Humberside
Fire Humberside
Ambulance Yorkshire
EU Parliament Yorkshire and the Humber
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire
53°49′00″N0°20′46″W / 53.816742°N 0.346088°W / 53.816742; -0.346088 Coordinates: 53°49′00″N0°20′46″W / 53.816742°N 0.346088°W / 53.816742; -0.346088

Wawne /ˈwɔːn/ , also spelled Waghen, [2] is a small village and civil parish in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England. The village is situated approximately 5.5 miles (8.9 km) north of Hull city centre and 4 miles (6.4 km) south-east of Beverley on the east bank of the River Hull.

East Riding of Yorkshire County of England

The East Riding of Yorkshire, or simply East Riding or East Yorkshire, is an area in Northern England and can refer either to the administrative county of the East Riding of Yorkshire which is a unitary authority, to the ceremonial county (Lieutenancy) of the East Riding of Yorkshire or to the easternmost of the three subdivisions (ridings) of the traditional county of Yorkshire.

Kingston upon Hull City and unitary authority in England

Kingston upon Hull, usually abbreviated to Hull, is a port city and unitary authority in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England. It lies upon the River Hull at its confluence with the Humber Estuary, 25 miles (40 km) inland from the North Sea, 50 miles (80 km) east of Leeds, 34 miles (55 km) southeast of York and 54 miles (87 km) northeast of Sheffield. With a population of 260,645 (mid-2018 est.), Hull is the fourth-largest city in Yorkshire and the Humber.

Beverley town and civil parish in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England

Beverley is a historic market town, civil parish and the county town of the East Riding of Yorkshire, England. The town is known for Beverley Minster, Beverley Westwood, North Bar and Beverley Racecourse. It inspired the naming of the city of Beverly, Massachusetts, Which in turn was the impetus for Beverly Hills, California.

Contents

The civil parish consists of the village of Wawne and the hamlet of Meaux. According to the 2011 UK census, Wawne parish had a population of 975, [1] an increase on the 2001 UK census figure of 878. [3]

Hamlet (place) Small human settlement in a rural area

A hamlet is a small human settlement. In different jurisdictions and geographies, hamlets may be the size of a town, village or parish, be considered a smaller settlement or subdivision or satellite entity to a larger settlement. The word and concept of a hamlet have roots in the Anglo-Norman settlement of England, where the old French hamlet came to apply to small human settlements. In British geography, a hamlet is considered smaller than a village and distinctly without a church or other place of worship.

Meaux, East Riding of Yorkshire village in the United Kingdom

Meaux is a hamlet in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England. It is about 6 12 miles (10 km) north of Hull city centre and 3 12 miles (6 km) east of Beverley.

History

Wawne is first mentioned (as Wagene) in the Domesday Book in 1086. [4] The name is from an assumed Old English word wagen, meaning "shaking" (probably connected with Modern English "wag" or the dialect "quag"), and is therefore believed to mean "shaking ground" or "quagmire". [5]

Domesday Book 11th-century survey of landholding in England as well as the surviving manuscripts of the survey

Domesday Book is a manuscript record of the "Great Survey" of much of England and parts of Wales completed in 1086 by order of King William the Conqueror. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle states:

Then, at the midwinter [1085], was the king in Gloucester with his council .... After this had the king a large meeting, and very deep consultation with his council, about this land; how it was occupied, and by what sort of men. Then sent he his men over all England into each shire; commissioning them to find out "How many hundreds of hides were in the shire, what land the king himself had, and what stock upon the land; or, what dues he ought to have by the year from the shire."

Old English, or Anglo-Saxon, is the earliest historical form of the English language, spoken in England and southern and eastern Scotland in the early Middle Ages. It was brought to Great Britain by Anglo-Saxon settlers probably in the mid-5th century, and the first Old English literary works date from the mid-7th century. After the Norman conquest of 1066, English was replaced, for a time, as the language of the upper classes by Anglo-Norman, a relative of French. This is regarded as marking the end of the Old English era, as during this period the English language was heavily influenced by Anglo-Norman, developing into a phase known now as Middle English.

In the early Middle Ages Wawne was a very large parish, including Sutton-on-Hull and Stoneferry. Sutton became a separate parish some time in the Middle Ages. [5]

Sutton-on-Hull human settlement in United Kingdom

Sutton-on-Hull is a suburb of the city of Kingston upon Hull, in the ceremonial county of the East Riding of Yorkshire, England. It is located 3 miles (4.8 km) north east of the city centre and has the B1237 road running through it which connects the A165 road with the A1033.

Stoneferry

Stoneferry is a suburb of Kingston upon Hull, East Riding of Yorkshire, England. It was formerly a small hamlet on the east bank of the River Hull, the site of a ferry, and, after 1905, a bridge. The area is primarily industrial, and is situated on the east bank of the river, as well as close by areas on the west bank.

In 1155, Stephen the son of William, Earl of Aumale, confirmed that his father had made a gift of the Church of Wawne to the French abbey of St. Martin D’Auchy, Aumale in Normandy (Seine Maritime) and William for the first time, mentioned Wawne's dependent chapel of Sutton. However, in c.1150 William also granted the church to the abbey at Meaux. The church was later in dispute and it was possibly because of these two conflicting grants. During the time of Thomas, Abbot of Meaux (1182–97), Aumale upheld its right to Wawne against Meaux's claim, and Meaux was obliged to offer the French abbey £6 13s. 4d. in order to enjoy the church and its chapel at Sutton; before eventually losing Wawne as the result of an exchange arranged by the Archbishop of York who reserved the church to his own use and annexed it to the chancellorship of York in 1230. [6]

Aumale Commune in Normandy, France

Aumale, formerly known as Albemarle, is a commune in the Seine-Maritime department in the Normandy region in north-western France. It lies on the river Bresle.

River Hull at Wawne River Hull at Wawne.jpg
River Hull at Wawne

An alehouse at Wawne [5] was first mentioned in the 1590s, and the Plough was named in 1666. Wawne and Meaux each had one or two licensed houses in the later 18th century, but only one was recorded from the 1820s, the Anchor, or Windham Arms, at the river crossing. The Windham Arms remained open until March 1967. [7] It was later used as a farmhouse. The Waggoners Arms, on Sutton Road, was opened in the 1970s and is still trading today. For a time the "Waggoners" became a Chinese restaurant which was noted for its bright orange roof. This easily identifies the village when viewed from the air by aircraft passing overhead on their way to Humberside Airport.

Parish Church of St Peter Parish Church of St Peter, Wawne - geograph.org.uk - 1161461.jpg
Parish Church of St Peter

The Manor House in Wawne, home of the Ashe Windham family, was replaced by housing for the guards and other employees of Hull Prison. The parish church of St Peter was designated a Grade I listed building in 1968 and is now recorded in the National Heritage List for England, maintained by Historic England. [8] A small brick building was provided by the Windhams as a reading room in 1900, and evidently so used until 1926, when a First World War wooden hut was erected adjoining the room for a village institute. That hut was later replaced by another, and in the later 1980s a new brick-built village hall was put up on the site. The former reading room next door was used for church meetings. A library was run in Wawne Village Institute by the county council.

Before its 20th-century growth, the village had a cricket field on the south side of Main Street. That was replaced by another pitch, laid out on 1½ a. on the north side of Ferry Road, bought in 1963; in 1971 the parish council enlarged the site by c. ½ a., and in turn made tennis courts and a children's play area there. A pavilion had been added by the 1980s. Land south-east of the church was bought in 1966 for a new vicarage but was later used instead for allotment gardens.

Ferry

Holderness Hunt crossing the River Hull on the ferry in 1910 Wawne Ferry and Holderness Hounds 1910 (archive ref PO-1-146-4) (25135803542).jpg
Holderness Hunt crossing the River Hull on the ferry in 1910

There was a ferry across the River Hull at least as early as the 12th century. In the 1820s the Windham Arms was kept by the ferryman. [5] By the 1890s there was a punt for ferrying pedestrians and cyclists and a pontoon / chain ferry for farm machinery, for horse-drawn vehicles and farm animals. This was later used for cars, and drivers were charged sixpence or a shilling depending on the size of the vehicle. The opening of Sutton Road Bridge in Hull (1937) had a serious effect on Wawne Ferry because this was only three miles downstream. Drivers could use the new bridge for nothing but had to pay to use the ferry and were often delayed at the Thearne side of the river. The ferry continued in use during the Second World War but closed in August 1946 when the Windham Arms and the ferry rights were sold to Moors' and Robson's Brewery. They appointed Walter Twidale as their tenant and he reported that the ferry boat was no longer safe to use. [9] [10]

Geography

The Waggoners The Waggoners, Wawne - geograph.org.uk - 1527936.jpg
The Waggoners

Access to the village is provided via Meaux Road. Wawne itself was effectively a cul-de-sac, with no through roads. However, since 2002 development between the Public House and the village has taken the place of the old run down garage site.

The developments, St. Peters Walk and Church Lane have provided the village with new housing and made a more attractive approach to the main village. Local volunteers have also arranged flowerbeds and farming antiquities around the street signs, further enhancing the overall look of the village.

Both Ferry Road and Greens Lane terminate at the River Hull, where there is no crossing to the small village of Thearne on the opposite bank - Ferry Road is where the ferry was until 1946.

The Post Office is situated on Main Street. Wawne County Primary School is located on Greens Lane and hosts an annual Fete in July.

Flooding in 2007

The village was hit during the floods in June 2007, mainly in Oak Square, where a blocked drain caused water levels to rise two feet and about five houses were flooded. The rest of the village was safe from the rising waters, except for Meaux Road corner.

Connections to Sutton on Hull

Wawne has strong historic connections to the neighbouring village of Sutton on Hull, just 2½ miles to the south east. In the early 12th century, villagers of the smaller hamlet of Sutton had to come to St Peter's Church in Wawne to attend mass and all feast days, this church then being ‘senior’ to the tiny chapel in Sutton. Thus baptisms, marriages and burials could only be carried out at St Peter's, until Sutton had its own newly built church of St James’ consecrated, in 1349, the year of the height of the Black Death.

Over the centuries, there has been a great deal of connection and inter-marriage between both villages, and the Sutton & Wawne Museum is a local folk museum housed within the Old School in Sutton, with collections of many artefacts, documents and photographs of common interest to both parishes, including all the historic farms and fields in the areas now called Bransholme, Kingswood and Sutton Park, as well as Stoneferry and Wilmington. At the museum, volunteers also research local family history for visitors and residents of both parishes. Admission is free: open Fridays 10 am – 2 pm. [11]

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References

  1. 1 2 UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Wawne Parish (1170211284)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics . Retrieved 27 February 2018.
  2. Miller, G.M. (1971). BBC Pronouncing Dictionary of British Names. Oxford University Press.
  3. UK Census (2001). "Local Area Report – Wawne Parish (00FB155)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics . Retrieved 24 September 2019.
  4. Mills, A.D. (1998). Oxford Dictionary of English Place-Names (2 ed.). Oxford University Press.
  5. 1 2 3 4 Middle division: Wawne. Victoria County History. A History of the County of York East Riding: Volume 7: Holderness Wapentake, Middle and North Divisions. 2002. pp. 181–204. Retrieved 12 February 2011.
  6. Allison, K. J., ed. (1969). "The parish churches". A History of the County of York East Riding: Volume 1, the City of Kingston Upon Hull. Victoria County History . London. pp. 287–311. Retrieved 3 November 2016.
  7. Moors' and Robson's Minute Books.
  8. Historic England. "Church of St Peter (1103427)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 10 August 2013.
  9. Woodmansey Parish Council Minutes. Woodmansey Parish Council. 18 December 1946.
  10. Limon, Martin (2015). A Passage over the River Hull: the Story of Wawne Ferry.
  11. Sutton & Wawne Website Manager[ better source needed ]